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CEE 311/CHM 311/GEO 311/ENE 311Global Air PollutionStudents will study the chemical and physical processes involved in the sources, transformation, transport, and sinks of air pollutants on local to global scales. Societal problems such as photochemical smog, particulate matter, greenhouse gases, and stratospheric ozone depletion will be investigated using fundamental concepts in chemistry, physics, and engineering. For the class project, students will select a trace gas species or family of gases and analyze recent field and remote sensing data based upon material covered in the course. Environments to be studied include very clean, remote portions of the globe to urban air quality.Mark A. Zondlo
CHM 333/ENV 333/GEO 333Oil to Ozone: Chemistry of the Environment(STN)The chemical background of environmental issues. Topics include energy and fuels, global change, ozone, air pollution, chemistry of natural waters, pesticides, and heavy metals.François MorelAnne M. Morel-Kraepiel
GEO 103Natural Disasters(STL)An introduction to natural (and some society-induced) hazards and the importance of public understanding of the issues related to them. Emphasis is on the geological processes that underlie the hazards, with discussion of relevant policy issues tied to reading recent newspaper/popular science articles. Principal topics: Earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunami, hurricanes, floods, meteorite impacts, global warming. Intended primarily for non-science majors.Allan M. Rubin
GEO 202Ocean, Atmosphere, and Climate(STL)An introduction to the ocean, atmosphere, and climate from the perspective of oceanography. Covers coastal processes including waves, beaches, tides and ecosystems; open ocean processes including atmospheric circulation and its impact on the surface ocean, the wind driven circulation, and surface ocean ecosystems; and the abyssal ocean including circulation, the cycling of chemicals, and ocean sediments and what they tell us about the climate history of the earth. The final part of the course will cover humans and the earth system, including a discussion of ocean resources and climate change.Jorge L. SarmientoDanielle M. Schmitt
GEO 299/ENV 299/WRI 299/STC 299Studio Lab: El Niño, Global Climate Changes and Earth's Habitability(STN)Astronomers estimate that our galaxy has billions of planets, but the only one known to be habitable is planet Earth. Students working in small teams at Princeton's StudioLab will build models that explain how the evolution of a glorious diversity of flora and fauna depended on the recycling of water, oxygen, and carbon between the atmosphere, oceans, "solid" earth, and the biosphere, to the rhythm of climate fluctuations that include El Niño, La Niña and the seasonal cycle, that are now changing. Each team will document its research by producing a short science film that explains why our exceptional planet needs responsible stewardship.Samuel G. PhilanderSajan Saini
GEO 360/ENV 356Geochemistry of the Human Environment(STL)Humans have profoundly altered the chemistry of Earth's air, water, and soil. This course explores these changes with an emphasis on the analytical techniques used to measure the human impact. Topics include the accumulation of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) in Earth's atmosphere and the contamination of drinking water at the tap and in the ground. Students will get hands on training in mass spectrometry and spectroscopy to determine the chemical composition of air, water, and soil and will participate in an outreach project aimed at providing chemical analyses of urban tap waters to residents of Trenton, NJ.John A. Higgins
GEO 362/ENV 362Earth's Climate History(STN)This course examines the nature and causes of major events in Earth's 4-billion year climate history, ranging from Snowball Earth to the "equable" climates, lasting hundreds of millions of years, when Earth was far warmer than today. We discuss the evidence for each event, and examine its cause by analyzing interactions between the ocean, atmosphere, and biosphere. The course integrates fundamental topics in paleoclimate, including biogeochemistry and stable isotope geochemistry. Three lectures.Michael L. Bender
GEO 371/PHY 371Global Geophysics(STN)An introduction to the fundamental principles of global geophysics. Four parts, taught over three weeks each in an order allowing the material to build up to form a final coherent picture of (how we know) the structure and evolution of the solid Earth: 1. Gravity and 2. Magnetism: the description and study of the Earth's magnetic and gravitational fields. 3. Seismology: body waves, surface waves and free oscillations. 4. Geodynamics: heat flow, cooling of the Earth, and mantle convection. The emphasis is on physical principles including the mathematical derivation and solution of the governing equations.Frederik J. Simons
GEO 372Rocks(STL)This course serves as an introduction to the processes that govern the distribution of different rocks in the Earth. We learn to make observations from the microscopic to continental scale and relate these to theoretical and empirical thermodynamics. The goal is to understand the chemical, structural, and thermal influences on rock formation and how this in turn influences the plate tectonic evolution of our plant.Blair Schoene
GEO 417/CEE 417/EEB 419Environmental MicrobiologyThe study of microbial biogeochemistry and microbial ecology. Beginning with the physical/chemical characteristics and constraints of microbial metabolism, we will investigate the role of bacteria in elemental cycles, in soil, sediment and marine and freshwater communities, in bioremediation and chemical transformations.Bess Ward
GEO 424/CEE 424/ENE 425Introductory Seismology(STN)Fundamentals of seismology and seismic wave propagation. Introduction to acoustic and elastic wave propagation concepts, observational methods, and inferences that can be drawn from seismic data about the deep planetary structure of the Earth, as well as about the occurrence of oil and gas deposits in the crust. Offered every other year.Jeroen Tromp
GEO 470/CHM 470Environmental Chemistry of SoilsFocuses on the inorganic and organic constituents of aqueous, solid, and gaseous phases of soils, and fundamental chemical principles and processes governing the reactions between different constituents. The role of soil chemical processes in the major and trace element cycles, and the biogeochemical transformation of different soil contaminants will be discussed in the later parts of the course.Satish C. Myneni

Undergraduates are able to take graduate courses (500+) with permission from course professor.

Graduate Studies

AOS 537/GEO 537Atmospheric ChemistryNatural gas phase and heterogeneous chemistry in the troposphere and stratosphere, with a focus on elementary chemical kinetics; photolysis processes; oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen chemistry; transport of atmospheric trace species; tropospheric hydrocarbon chemistry and stratospheric halogen chemistry; stratospheric ozone destruction; local and regional air pollution, and chemistry-climate interactions are studied.Larry W. Horowitz
GEO 501/MSE 541Physics and Chemistry of MineralsConcepts of solid state physics and inorganic chemistry relevant to the study of minerals with emphasis on the application to study of planetary interiors. Topics include: crystal chemistry, phase transitions, equations of state, dynamic and static compression, elasticity, lattice dynamics, and transport properties.Thomas S. Duffy
GEO 503/AOS 503Responsible Conduct of Research in Geosciences (Half-Term)Course educates Geosciences and AOS students in the responsible conduct of research using case studies appropriate to these disciplines. This discussion-based course focuses on issues related to the use of scientific data, publication practices and responsible authorship, peer review, research misconduct, conflicts of interest, the role of mentors & mentees, issues encountered in collaborative research and the role of scientists in society. Successful completion is based on attendance, reading, and active participation in class discussions. Course satisfies University requirement for RCR training.Tullis C. OnstottStephan A. Fueglistaler
GEO 505Fundamentals of the GeosciencesA year-long survey, in sequence, of fundamental papers in the geosciences. Topics in 505 (Fall) include the origin and interior of the Earth, plate tectonics, geodynamics, the history of life on Earth, the composition of the Earth, its oceans and atmospheres, past climate. Topics in 506 (Spring) include present and future climate, biogeochemical processes in the ocean, geochemical cycles, orogenies, thermochronology, rock fracture and seismicity. A core course for all beginning graduate students in the geosciences.Tullis C. Onstott
GEO 507/MSE 547Topics in Mineralogy and Mineral Physics: The Deep Earth Through a Multidisciplinary LensThis course surveys the structure and properties of the deep Earth, including the lower mantle and core. Seismology, mineral physics and geodynamics are used to explore different facets of the deep Earth and the interiors of other planets, with an emphasis on fundamental and cutting edge literature.Jessica C. Irving
GEO 539Topics in Paleoecology, Paleoclimatology, and Paleoceanography: New Developments in Volcanism and Mass ExtinctionsThis course surveys new developments in volcanism, including rate of eruptions, rapid climate changes, ocean acidification and the environmental and biological effects leading to mass extinctions and delayed recovery. Examples include Deccan volcanism (India) at the KT mass extinction and delayed biotic recovery, as well as the end-Triassic and Permo-Triassic extinction events.Gerta Keller