Princeton University  

Research Projects and Emerging Audio Technologies


  1. BACCH™ 3D Sound
  2. BACCH™ 3D Sound (previously called "Pure Stereo 3D Audio™") is a recent breakthrough in audio technology, based on BACCH™ Filters, (and licensed by Princeton University) that yields unprecedented spatial realism in loudspeaker-based audio playback allowing the listener to hear, through only two loudspeakers, a truly 3D reproduction of a recorded soundfield with uncanny accuracy and detail, and with a high level of tonal and spatial fidelity that is simply unapproachable by even the most expensive and advanced existing high-end audio systems. Learn more about BACCH™ 3D Sound through these 20 Questions and Answers.

  3. BACCH™ Filters: Optimized Crosstalk Cancellation for 3D Audio Over Two Loudpseakers
  4. BACCH™ Filters are optimized crosstalk cancellation (XTC) filters that allow 3D audio reproduction over a pair of loudspeakers. They yield maximum crosstalk cancellation level without introducing any spectral coloration to the input signal. An introduction to BACCH™ Filters can be found here.

    BACCH™ Filters are at the heart of BACCH™ 3D Sound, Dynasonix, and other emerging technologies from the 3D3A Lab.

  5. Loudspeaker Directivity: An Ongoing Experimental Survey
  6. Loudspeaker directivity is the extent to which loudspeakers focus the sound in a particular direction (typically towards the listener) instead of broadcasting it in all directions around the room. It is the single most important loudspeaker property for 3D audio with crosstalk cancellation (XTC), since room reflections directly degrade the level of XTC. There is a very high correlation between loudspeakers with high directivity and high XTC levels. Consequently, the 3D3A Lab is conducting detailed measurements of the directivity of various loudspeakers measured in the lab's anechoic chamber. At present the database contains the measured directivity data for seventeen loudspeakers.

  7. The Princeton Headphone Open Archive (PHOnA)
  8. The Princeton Headphone Open Archive (PHOnA) is a dataset of measured headphone transfer functions (HpTFs) from many different research institutions around the world. Visit this webpage to access the dataset.

  9. Binaural Rendering of Recorded 3D Soundfields
  10. Traditional binaural recordings are inherently restricted to the vantage point of the recording individual and only possess the idiosyncratic 3D localization cues for that individual. However, using an array of microphones, such as the Eigenmike by mh acoustics, the incident soundfield can be extracted and the binaural signals that a given listener would hear from a certain vantage point in the soundfield can then be computed numerically. It is the aim of this research project to develop tools and techniques to capture and process real 3D soundfields to generate individualized and navigable binaural renderings of the recorded soundfields.

  11. 3D Audio for 3D TV
  12. The 3D3A Lab is developing 3D audio for 3D TVs and other 3D video and cinema applications. The approach relies on advanced loudspeaker and DSP technologies. Visit this webpage to learn about the latest development.

  13. Advanced Hearing Aids for the Hearing Impaired
  14. The 3D3A Lab is developing techniques for improving the sound localization capability of hearing aids for the hearing impaired. More on this will soon be published on this webpage.