Lillian Pierce ’02
Before Lillian Pierce ’02 met Queen Elizabeth II in Buckingham Palace, she got two pieces of advice: “Don’t contradict the Queen and don’t ask personal questions.”
When Pierce, who was studying at Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, introduced herself as a theoretical mathematician, the Queen responded, “Not many girls have the head for pure maths.”
“I couldn’t hold myself back,” remembers Pierce three years later. “I said, ‘Well, actually, I think that most women are told that they can’t do math, and then they don’t.’”
Pierce has been challenging expectations and convention ever since she started playing violin professionally at the age of 11 and read just about a novel a day during an intense period of what would have been her sophomore year of high school. She was educated in a unique, very small school started by her family, because regular classes couldn’t satisfy her boundless curiosity.
At Princeton, Pierce was able to maintain the intellectual freedom she had experienced earlier by taking classes all across the spectrum, from neuroscience and molecular biology to music, Latin and math.
Pierce had loved math from a very young age, and Professor Elias Stein, Pierce’s mentor, inspired her to continue focusing her intense intellectual energy on pure mathematics in graduate school. After earning a master’s degree at Oxford, Pierce returned to Princeton to work toward a Ph.D. in number theory and analysis with Stein, a National Medal of Science winner, as her adviser.
In 2009, she finished her Ph.D. with a thesis titled “Discrete Analogues in Harmonic Analysis.” Through funding provided by the National Science Foundation and the Simonyi Fund, she spent the next academic year as a postdoctoral research fellow at Princeton’s Institute for Advanced Study, where she continued to collaborate with Stein.
Pierce believes Princeton does well when it comes to welcoming women in the sciences and math. “There’s a society-wide assumption that girls can’t do math, and that can eventually be demoralizing,” says Pierce, who was named valedictorian of the Class of 2002. “The fact is that every math student comes across problems they can’t solve. But if you already have the idea that because of your sex you can’t do math, when you come across a challenging problem you can’t solve immediately, you might get too discouraged.”
To help break this cycle, Pierce mentors young female mathematicians. In 2010 she taught a course in the SWIM program (Summer Workshop in Mathematics) at Princeton. The program introduces very talented high school girls to the math department at Princeton. In 2008 and 2009, she helped organize an NSF-funded program for undergraduate and graduate students called Summer in Analysis at Princeton. She also started an organization a few years ago called Mentoring Möbius to create a support system for female mathematicians in all levels of undergraduate work.