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Publications


2010

243. "Surface Structure of Pd3Fe(111) and Effects of Oxygen Adsorption”, X. Yang, L. A. Welch, J. Fu and B. E. Koel, in Catalytic Materials for Energy, Green Processes and Nanotechnology, edited by C-Y. Mou, J. Liu, H.H. Kung, S. Dai (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1217, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1217-Y08-43. PDF

242. “Modification of active sites on YSZ(111) by yttria segregation”, J. Lahiri, A. Mayernick, S. L. Morrow, B. E. Koel, A. C. T. van Duin, M. J. Janik, and M. Batzill, J. Phys. Chem. C, 114(13), 5990-5996 (2010). PDF

241. Chapter 2 “Structure, Characterization and Reactivity of Pt-Alloy Surfaces”, B. E. Koel, in Model Systems in Catalysis: From Single Crystals and Size Selected Clusters to Supported Enzyme Mimics, R. M. Rioux (Ed.), (Springer, 2010), pp. 29-50.

2009

240. “Formation of Ge-Pt layer compound on Pt(100)”, T. Matsumoto, C.-S. Ho, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 21019–21021 (2009). PDF

239. “Improving Electrocatalysts for O2 Reduction by Fine-tuning the Pt-support Interaction: Pt Monolayer on the Surfaces of a Pd3Fe(111) Single-Crystal Alloy”, W.-P. Zhou, X. Yang, M. Vukmirovic, B. E. Koel, J. Jiao, G. Peng, M. Mavrikakis, and R. Adzic, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131, 12755-12762 (2009). PDF

238. “Simultaneous Oxidation and Reduction of Arsenic by Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles: Understanding the Significance of the Composite Structure”, M. A. Ramos, W. Yan, X.-Q. Li, B. E. Koel, and W.-X. Zhang, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 14591-14594 (2009). PDF

237. “Probing selectivity over Pt-Sn catalysts in reactions of n-C6 hydrocarbons: Adsorption and reactivity of n-hexane, 1-hexene, and 1,5-hexadiene on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 18152-18162 (2009). PDF

236. “Site-blocking effects of preadsorbed H on Pt(111) probed by 1,3-butadiene adsorption and reaction”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, Surf. Sci., 603, 3355-3360 (2009). PDF

235. “Ge overlayer and surface alloy on Pt(100) studied via alkali ion scattering spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and x-ray photoelectron diffraction”, T. Matsumoto, C.-S. Ho, M. Batzill, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, submitted. 

234. Probing the Chemistry of the Engel-Brewer Intermetallic Compound HfIr3 with H2, CO and Methylcyclohexane, Appl. Surf. Sci., submitted. 

233. Chapter: “Structure, Characterization and Reactivity of Pt-Alloy Surfaces”, B. E. Koel, in Model Systems in Catalysis: From Single Crystals and Size Selected Clusters to Supported Enzyme Mimics, R. M. Rioux (Ed.), (Springer, 2009), in press. 

232. “STM and LEED observations of a c(2 x 2) Ge overlayer on Pt(100)”, T. Matsumoto, M. Batzill, and B. E. Koel, Surf. Sci., 603, 2252-2262 (2009). PDF

231. “Formation and Structure of a (√19x√19)R23.4°-Ge/Pt(111) Surface Alloy”, C.-S. Ho, S. Banerjee, M. Batzill, D. E. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Surf. Sci., 603, 1161-1167 (2009). PDF

230. “Investigation of CO oxidation transient kinetics on an oxygen pre-covered Au(211) stepped surface”, J. Kim, E. Samano, and B. E. Koel, Catal. Lett., 128, 263-267 (2009). PDF

229. “An IRAS study of CO bonding on Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys at maximal pressures of 10 Torr”, A. Hightower, M. D. Perez, and B. E. Koel”, Surf. Sci., 603, 455-461 (2009). PDF

228. “A Study of Iodine Adlayers on Polycrystalline Gold Electrodes by in-situ Electrochemical Rutherford Backscattering (ECRBS)”, A. Hightower, B. E. Koel, and T. Felter, Electrochimica Acta, 54, 1777-1783 (2009). PDF

2008 

227. “Real-time scanning tunneling microscopy observations of the oxidation of a Ti/Pt(111)-(2×2) surface alloy using O2 and NO2”, S. Hsieh, G. F. Liu, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 26, 1336-1342 (2008). PDF

226. “Determination of the Oxide Layer Thickness in Core-Shell Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles”, J. Martin, A. Herzing, W. Yan, X. Li, B. Koel, C. Kiely, and W. Zhang, Langmuir, 24, 4329-4334 (2008). PDF

225. Chapter 5.3.4 “Promoters and Poisons”, B. E. Koel and J. Kim, in Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, 2nd Edition, G. Ertl, H. Knözinger, F. Schüth, and J. Weitkamp (Eds.), (VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2008), pp. 1593-1624. 

224. “VOXELS: Volume Enclosing Microstructures”, R. Gagler, A. Bugacov, B. E. Koel and P. Will, J. Micromech. Microeng., 18, 055025-30, (2008). PDF

2007 

223. “Oxidation of Au on vicinal W(110): Role of step edges and facets”, A. Varykhalov, O. Rader, V. K. Adamchuk, W. Gudat, B. E. Koel and A. M. Shikin, Phys. Rev. B, 75, 205417-1-8 (2007). PDF

222. “Investigation of the Thermal Stability of 2-D Patterns of Au Nanoparticles”, T.-Y. Shih, A. A. G. Requicha, M. E. Thompson, and B. E. Koel, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 7, 2863-2869 (2007). 

2006 

221. “Investigation of ruthenium dissolution in advanced membrane electrode assemblies for direct methanol based fuel cell stacks,” T. I. Valdez, S. Firdosy, B. E. Koel, and S. R. Narayanan, ECS Transactions, 1(6, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells V, in Honor of Supramaniam Srinivasan), 293-303 (2006). PDF

220. “Oxygen adsorption and oxidation reactions on Au(211) surfaces: Exposures using O2 at high pressures and ozone (O3) in UHV”, J. Kim, E. Samano, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 600, 4622-4632 (2006). PDF

219. “CO Adsorption and Reaction on Clean and Oxygen-Covered Au(211) Surfaces”, J. Kim, E. Samano and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. B, 110, 17512-17517 (2006). PDF

218. Chapter 3.8.4 “Adsorbed CO2, NO2, O3, SO2, OCS, and N2O on Metals”, C. Panja, J. Kim, E. C. Samano, and B. E. Koel, in Adsorbed Layers on Surfaces, Landolt-Bornstein Volume III/42 , H. Bonzel (Ed.), (Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 2006), pp. 170-241. 

217. “Catalytic oxidation of HCN over a 0.5% Pt/Al2O3 catalyst”, H. Zhao, R. G. Tonkyn, S. E. Barlow, B. E. Koel, and C. H. F. Peden, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 65, 282-290 (2006). PDF

216. “Fractional factorial study of HCN removal over a 0.5% Pt/Al2O3 catalyst: Effects of temperature, gas flow rate, and reactant partial pressure”, H. Zhao, R. G. Tonkyn, S. E. Barlow, C. H. F. Peden, and B. E. Koel, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45, 934-939 (2006). PDF

215. “Desorption of Chemisorbed Carbon on Mo(100) by Noble Gas Ion Sputtering: Validation of Ground Test Measurements of Ion Engine Lifetimes,” C.-S. Ho, S. Banerjee, B. E. Koel. O. B. Duchemin, and J. E. Polk, Appl. Surface Sci., 252, 2657-2664 (2006). PDF

2005 

214. “Demonstration of an In-situ Electrochemical RBS System to Study Electrode-Electrolyte Interfaces”, A. Hightower, B. E. Koel, and T. Felter, in Electrode Processes VII (From the 206th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, HI, Oct. 3-8, 2004, ECS Proceedings, Vol. 2004-18) , V.I. Birss, D. Evans, M. Josowicz, and M. Osawa (Eds.), (ECS, Pennington, NJ, 2005), p. 46-54. PDF

213. “Fabrication of Polystyrene Latex Nanostructures by Nanomanipulation and Thermal Processing,” E. Harel, S. E. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, M. E. Thompson, and B. E. Koel, Nano Lett., 5, 2624-2629 (2005). PDF

212. “TPD and FT-IRAS investigation of ethylene oxide (EtO) adsorption on a Au(211) stepped surface”, J. Kim and B. E. Koel, Langmuir, 21, 3886-3891 (2005). PDF

211. “Hydrogenation of 1,3-butadiene on two ordered Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 234, 24-32 (2005). PDF

210. “Reactivity of Ethyl Groups on a Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloy”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, Catal. Lett., 99, 27-32 (2005). PDF

209. “Influence of coadsorbed hydrogen on ethylene adsorption and reaction on a (√3×√3)R30°-Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, Langmuir, 21(3), 971-975 (2005). PDF

2004 

208. “Adsorption and reaction of bicyclic hydrocarbons at Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys: trans-decahydronaphthalene (C10H18) and bicyclohexane (C12H22)”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 573, 413-425 (2004). PDF

207. “Adsorption and reaction of 1,3-butadiene on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys”, H. Zhao and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 572, 261-268 (2004). PDF

206. “Fundamental studies of titanium oxide-Pt(100) interfaces - II. Influence of oxidation and reduction reactions on the surface structure of TiOx films on Pt(100)”, T. Matsumoto, M. Batzill, S. Hsieh, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 572, 146-161 (2004). PDF

205. “Fundamental studies of titanium oxide-Pt(100) interfaces - I. Stable high temperature structures formed by annealing TiOx films on Pt(100)”, T. Matsumoto, M. Batzill, S. Hsieh, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 572, 127-145 (2004). PDF

204. “Nanofiltration of natural organic matter with H2O2/UV pretreatment: fouling mitigation and membrane surface characterization”, W. Song, V. Ravindran, B. E. Koel, and M. Pirbazari, J. Membrane Sci., 241, 143-160 (2004). PDF

203. “Adsorption and reaction of NO2 on a (√3×√3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) surface alloy”, M. R. Voss, H. Zhao, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 560, 235-245 (2004). PDF

202. “Epitaxial growth of tin-oxide on Pt(111): Structure and properties of wetting layers and SnO2-crystallites”, M. Batzill, J. Kim, D. E. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 69, 165403-11 (2004). PDF

201. “Metastable surface structures of the bimetallic Sn/Pt(100) system”, M. Batzill, D. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 558, 35-48 (2004). PDF

200. “Suppressed surface alloying for a bulk-miscible system: Ge on Pt(100)”, M. Batzill, T. Matsumoto, C.-S. Ho, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 69, 113401-4 (2004). PDF

199. “Desorption Energies of Linear and Cyclic Alkanes on Surfaces: Anomalous Scaling with Length, “ R. Z. Lei, A. J. Gellman, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 554, 125-140 (2004). PDF

198. “Alloy formation and CO adsorption on bimetallic Ca/Pd(111) surfaces”, D. I. Jerdev, B. E. Koel, and R. Prins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 108 (38), 14417-27 (2004). PDF

197. “TPD and HREELS reinvestigation of ethylene oxide adsorption on Pt(111)”, J. Kim, H. Zhao, C. Panja, A. Olivas and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 564, 53-61 (2004). PDF

196. “Thermal stability of ultrathin titanium films on a Pt(111) substrate”, S. Hsieh, T. Matsumoto, and B. E. Koel, Thin Solid Films, 466, 123-127 (2004). PDF

195. “Silver on Pt(100)-Room Temperature Growth and High Temperature Alloying,” M. Batzill and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 553, 50-60 (2004). PDF

194. “Probing the Chemistry of CH3I on Pt-Sn Alloys”, C. Panja, E. C. Samano, N. Saliba, H. He, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 553, 39-49 (2004). PDF

193. “Hydrogenation of Cyclohexanone on Pt-Sn Surface Alloys,” A. Olivas, D. Jerdev, and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 222, 285-292 (2004). PDF

2003 

192. “Structural and chemical properties of a c(2×2)-Ti/Pt(100) second-layer alloy – a probe of strong ligand effects on surface Pt atoms”, S. Hsieh, T. Matsumoto, M. Batzill, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 68, 205417-1-11 (2003). PDF

191. “Adsorption and reaction of acetaldehyde on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) surface alloys”, H. Zhao, J. Kim and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 538, 147-159 (2003). PDF

190. “Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides,” S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A. G. Requicha, Nature Materials, 2, 229-232 (2003). (Cover article) PDF

189. Chapter 25 “Surfaces and Films”, B. E. Koel and R. Resch, in Physics Desk Reference, 3rd ed., E. R. Cohen, D. R. Lide, and G. L. Trigg (Eds.), (AIP Press, New York, 2003), pp. 756-790. PDF

188. “State-of-the-art characterization of single-crystal surfaces—a view of nanostructures”, M. Batzill, S. Banerjee, and B. E. Koel, in Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces, A. Wieckowski, E. R. Savinova, and C. G. Vayenas (Eds.), (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2003), pp. 109-169. PDF

187. “Energy transport in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides,” S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, L. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, A. Polman, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, A. A. G. Requicha ,and B. E. Koel, MRS Proc., 777(Nanostructuring Materials with Energetic Beams), 129-140 (2003). PDF

186. “Silver on Pt(100): Alloying vs. surface reconstruction - two competing mechanisms to reduce surface stress”, M. Batzill and B. E. Koel, Europhys. Lett., 64, 70-76 (2003). PDF

2002 

185. “Field emission array cathode material selection for compatibility with electric propulsion applications,” C. M. Marrese-Reading, J. Polk, W. A. Mackie, C. Dandeneau, B. E. Koel, and M. Quinlan, Proc. ECS, 2002-18(Cold Cathodes), 137-157 (2002). 

184. “Probing the Reactivity of C6-hydrocarbons on Au Surfaces: Cyclohexane, Cyclohexyl and Cyclohexene Adsorption on Au(111)”, D. Syomin and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 498, 61-73 (2002). PDF

183. “Fe Deposition on Pt(111): A Route to Fe-Containing Pt-Fe Alloy Surfaces”, D. I. Jerdev and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 513, L391-L396 (2002). PDF

182. “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, Proc. SPIE, 4810 (2002). PDF

181. “Evidence for Slow Oxygen-Exchange Between Multiple Adsorption Sites at High Oxygen Coverages on Pt(111),” D. I. Jerdev, J.-H. Kim, M. Batzill, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 498, L91-L96 (2002). PDF

180. “UHV instrument that combines variable-temperature STM with FT-IRAS for studies of chemical reactions at surfaces,” D. Beck, M. Batzill, C. Baur, J. Kim and B. E. Koel, Rev. Sci. Instr., 73,1267-72, (2002). PDF

179. “IRAS studies of the Orientation of Acetone Molecules in Monolayer and Multilayer Films on Au(111) Surfaces,” D. Syomin and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 498, 53-60 (2002). 

178. “Hydrogenation of Crotonaldehyde over Sn/Pt(111) Alloy Model Catalysts,” D. Jerdev, A. Olivas, and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 205, 278-288 (2002). 

177. “Imaging and Manipulation of Gold Nanorods with an Atomic Force Microscope,” S. Hsieh, S. Meltzer, C. R. Wang, A. A. G. Requicha, M. E. Thompson, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. B; 106, 231-234 (2002). 

176. “Deposition of Silver on the Pt(100)-hex surface: Kinetic control of alloy formation and composition by surface reconstruction,” M. Batzill and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 498 (1-2) L85-90 (2002). 

175. “Observation of Coupled Plasmon-Polariton Modes of Plasmon Waveguides for Electromagnetic Energy Transport Below the Diffraction Limit”, S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A.G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, Materials and Devices for Optoelectronics and Microphotonics, R.B. Wehrspohn, S. Noda, C. Soukoulis and R. März, Eds., MRS Proceedings, 722, L6.2.1-6 (2002). 

2001 

174. “Plasmonics - A Route to Nanoscale Optical Devices”, S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, B. E. Koel, H. A. Atwater, Adv. Mater., 13, 1501-1505 (2001). [Erratum published in Adv. Mater., 15, 562 (2003) concerns the correct author list.] 

173. “Manipulation of Nanoscale Components with the AFM: Principles and Applications", A. A. G. Requicha, S. Meltzer, F. P. Teran Arce, J. H. Makaliwe, H. Siken, S. Hsieh, D. Lewis, B. E. Koel, and M. E. Thompson, in: Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology. IEEE-NANO 2001 (Cat. No.01EX516); Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, xxvii+571, p. 81-6 (2001). 

172. “Structure of Monolayer Tin Oxide Films on Pt(111) Formed Using NO2 as an Efficient Oxidant ", M. Batzill, D. Beck, D. Jerdev, B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 64, 245402/1-10 (2001). 

171. “Oxidation of Ordered Pt-Sn Surface Alloys by O2”, D. Jerdev and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 492,106-114 (2001). 

170. “Tuning the Chemistry of Metal Surfaces: II. Acetylene Cyclotrimerization on Ultrathin Pd Films on Ta(110)”, D. E. Beck, J. M. Heitzinger and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 491, 63-76 (2001). 

169. “Monolayer and Multilayer Films of Nitrobenzene on Au(111) Surfaces; Bonding and Geometry”, D. Syomin and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 495, L827-L833 (2001). 


168. “Coordination and Bonding Geometry of Nitromethane on Au(111) Surfaces”, J. Wang, H. Busse, D. Semin, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 494, L741-7 (2001). 

167. “Immobilizing Au Nanoparticles on SiO2 Surfaces using ODS Monolayers”, R. Resch, S. Meltzer, T. Vallant, H. Hoffmann, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Langmuir, 17, 5666-70 (2001). 

166. “Identification of Adsorbed Phenyl (C6H5) Groups on Metal Surfaces: Benzene EID on Au(111)”, D. Syomin, B. E. Koel, and G. B. Ellison, J. Phys. Chem., 105, 8387-8394(2001). 

165. “Adsorption and Reaction of Gaseous H (D) Atoms with D (H) Adatoms on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, H. Busse, M. R. Voss, D. Jerdev, B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 490, 133-143 (2001). 

164. “Adsorption of Iodobenzene on the Au(111) Surface and the Production of Biphenyl”, D. Syomin and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 490, 265-273 (2001). 

163. “Tuning the Chemistry of Metal Surfaces: I. Adsorption and Reaction of NO and N2O on Ultrathin Pd Films on Ta(110)”, D. E. Beck, J. M. Heitzinger, A. Avoyan, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 491, 48-62 (2001). 

162. “Selectivity of Bond-Breaking in Electron-Induced Dissociation (EID) of Hydrocarbon Films on Au Surfaces”, D. Syomin and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 492, L693-L699 (2001). 

161. “Layered nanoassembly of three-dimensional structures”, A. A. G. Requicha, S. Meltzer, R. Resch, D. Lewis, B. E. Koel, and M. E. Thompson, in: Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE Int’l Conference on Robotics and Automation (Cat. No. 01CH37164); Piscataway, NJ, USA : IEEE, 4 vol. XLIX+4261, vol. 4, p. 3408-11 (2001). 

160. “Tin-Oxide Overlayer Formation by Oxidation of Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, M. Batzill, D. E. Beck, D. Jerdev, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 19, 1953-58 (2001). 

159. “Self-Organized Molecular-Sized, Hexagonally Ordered SnOx Nanodot Superlattices on Pt(111)”, M. Batzill, D. E. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Appl. Phys. Lett., 78, 2766-68 (2001). 

158. “Fabrication of Nanostructures by Hydroxylamine-Seeding of Gold Nanoparticle Templates”, S. Meltzer, R. Resch, B. E. Koel, M. E. Thompson, A. Madhukar, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Langmuir, 17, 1713-18 (2001). 

157. “Acetylene Chemisorption on Sn/Pt(100) Alloys”, C. Panja, N. Saliba, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105, 3786-3796 (2001). 

2000 

156. "The Effect of Carbon Deposition on Accelerator Grid Wear Rates in Ion Engine Ground Testing", J. E. Polk, O. B. Duchemin, C.-S. Ho, and B. E. Koel, in Proc. 36th Joint Propulsion Conference, Huntsville, AL, 2000. AIAA-2000-3662 (pp. 1-17). 


155. “Electronic Contrast in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, M. Batzill, D. E. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 466, L821-L826 (2000). 

154. “Coking Resistance of Pt-Sn alloys Probed by Acetylene Chemisorption”, C. Panja, N. Saliba, and B. E. Koel, Catal. Lett., 68, 175-180 (2000). 

153. “Bi Adsorption and Poisoning on Ni(100) Surfaces as Probed by CO Chemisorption”, C. Panja, M. E. Jones, J. M. Heitzinger, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 104, 3130-3139 (2000). 

152. “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles in liquid environments using scanning force microscopy”, R. Resch, D. Lewis, S. Meltzer, N. Montoya, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Ultramicroscopy, 82, 135-139 (2000). 

151. “Influence of Alloyed Sn on Adsorption and Reaction of NO on Pt(100) Surfaces ”, C. Panja and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 104, 2486-2497(2000). 

150. “Scanning Force Microscopy Study of Etch Pits Formed during Dissolution of a Barite (001) Surface in CDTA and EDTA Solutions,” K.-S. Wang, R. Resch, K. Dunn, P. Shuler, Y. Tang, B. E. Koel, and T. F. Yen, Langmuir, 16, 649-655 (2000). 

1999 

149. "Towards Hierarchical Nanoassembly", A. A. G. Requicha, R. Resch, N. Montoya, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, and P. Will, in: Proceedings 1999 IEEE/RSJ Int’l Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. Human and Environment Friendly Robots with High Intelligence and Emotional Quotients (Cat. No. 99CH36289); Piscataway, NJ, USA : IEEE, 3 vol. XXXVIII+1925, vol. 2, p. 889-93 (1999). 

148. “Study of the Dissolution of the Barium Sulfate (001) Surface with Hydrochloric Acid by Atomic Force Microscopy,” K.-S. Wang, R. Resch, B. E. Koel, P. Shuler, Y. Tang, H. Chen and T. F. Yen, J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 219, 212-215 (1999). 

147. “Linking and Manipulation of Gold Multi-Nanoparticle Structures using Dithiols and Scanning Force Microscopy”, R. Resch, C. Baur, A. Bugacov, B. E. Koel, P. M. Echternach, A. Madhukar, N. Montoya, A. A. G. Requicha and P. Will, J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 3647-3650 (1999). 

146. “Measuring the Tip-Sample Separation by Dynamic Force Microscopy”, A. Bugacov, R. Resch, C. Baur, N. Montoya, K. Woronowicz, A. Papson, B. E. Koel, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Probe Microscopy, 1, 345-354 (1999). 

145. “Electrical Properties of K-doped Superfulleride Thin Films ”, N. Swami, M. E. Thompson, and B. E. Koel, J. Appl. Phys., 85, 3696-700 (1999). 

144. “Control of the Growth of Ordered C60 Films by Chemical Modification of Pt(111) Surfaces”, H. He, N. Swami, and B. E. Koel, Thin Solid Films, 348, 30-37 (1999). 

143. “Dissolution of the Barite (001) Surface by the Chelating Agent DTPA as Studied with Non-Contact Atomic Force Microscopy,” K.-S. Wang, R. Resch, K. Dunn, P. Shuler, Y. Tang, B. E. Koel, and T. F. Yen, Colloids and Surfaces A, 160(3), 217-227 (1999). 

142. “Reactions of N2O4 with Ice at Low Temperatures on Au(111) Surfaces”, J. Wang and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 436, 15-28 (1999). 

141. “Oxidation of Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys and Thermal Stability of the Oxides Formed”, N. A. Saliba, Y.-L. Tsai and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., B 103, 1532-1541 (1999). 

140. “Ordering and Stabilization of C60 Films on the (√3×√3)R30° Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloy”, N. Swami, H. He and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 425, 141-151 (1999). 

139. “Polymerization and Decomposition of C60 on Pt(111) Surfaces”, N. Swami, H. He, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B , 59, 8283-91 (1999). 

138. “Reaction of C60 with Oxygen Adatoms on Pt(111)”, H. He, N. Swami, and B. E. Koel, J. Chem. Phys., 110, 1173-1179 (1999). 

137. “Oxidation of Pt(111) by Ozone (O3) Under UHV Conditions”, N. A. Saliba, Y.-L. Tsai, C. Panja, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 419, 79-88 (1999). 

1998 

136. “Probing the Influence of Alloyed Sn on Pt(100) Surface Chemistry by CO Chemisorption”, C. Panja and B. E. Koel, Israel J. Chem., 38, 365-374 (1998). 

135. “Building and Manipulating 3-D and Linked 2-D Structures of Nanoparticles Using Scanning Force Microscopy”, R. Resch, C. Baur, A. Bugacov, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, and A. A. G. Requicha, Langmuir, 10, 6613-6616 (1998). (Cover article) 

134. “Adsorption of Thermal D Atoms on Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, M. R. Voss, H. Busse, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 414, 330-340 (1998). 

133. “Manipulation of Nanoparticles Using Dynamic Force Microscopy: Simulations and Experiments”, R. Resch, A. Bugacov, C. Baur, C. Gazen, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Appl. Phys. A, Materials Science & Processing, 67, 265-271 (1998). (Invited) 

132. “IRAS Studies of NO2, N2O3 and N2O4 Adsorbed on Au(111) Surfaces and Reactions with Coadsorbed H2O”, J. Wang and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. A, 102, 8573-8579 (1998). 

131. “Nanoparticle Manipulation by Mechanical Pushing: Underlying Phenomena and Real- Time Monitoring”, C. Baur, A. Bugacov, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, N. Montoya, T. R. Ramachandran, A. A. G. Requicha, R. Resch and P. Will, Nanotechnology, 9, 360-364 (1998). (Cover article) 

130. “Deuterium Dissociation on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, P. Samson, A. Nesbitt, B. E. Koel, and A. Hodgson, J. Chem. Phys., 109, 3255-64 (1998). 

129. “Nanorobotic Assembly of Two-Dimensional Structures”, A. A. G. Requicha, C. Baur, A. Bugacov, B. C. Gazen, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, T. R. Ramachandran, R. Resch, and P. Will, in: Proceedings 1998 IEEE Int’l Conf. on Robotics and Automation (Cat. No. 98 CH36146); New York, NY, USA : IEEE, 4 vol. LXV+3744, vol. 4, p. 3368-74 (1998). 

128. “Chemisorbed Oxygen on Au(111) by a Novel Route: NO2 + H2O Coadsorption”, J. Wang, M. R. Voss, H. Busse, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem. B, 102, 4693-4696 (1998). 

127. “Imaging and Direct Manipulation of Nanoscale Three-Dimensional Features using the Non-Contact Atomic Force Microscope, T. R. Ramachandran, A. Madhukar, P. Chen, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 16, 1425-1429 (1998). 

126. “Growth and Characterization of Potassium-doped Superfulleride Thin Films”, N. Swami, Y. You, M. E. Thompson, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 16,. 2395-2399 (1998). 

125. “Direct and Controlled Manipulation of Nanometer-Sized Particles Using the Non-Contact Atomic Force Microscope”, T. R. Ramachandran, C. Baur, A. Bugacov, A. Madhukar, B. E. Koel, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. C. Gazen, Nanotechnology, 9, 237-245 (1998). 

124. “Adsorption of Oxygen on Au(111) by Exposure to Ozone”, N. Saliba, D. H. Parker, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 410, 270-282 (1998). 

123. “Thermochemistry of the Selective Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexane to Benzene on Pt Surfaces”, B. E. Koel, D. A. Blank, and E. A. Carter, J. Molecular Catalysis A, 131, 39-53 (1998). 

122. “A temperature programmed desorption study of the Reaction of Methylacetylene on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys”, J. W. Peck, D. I. Mahon and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 410, 200-213 (1998). 

121. “TPD, HREELS and UPS Study of the Adsorption and Reaction of Methyl Nitrite (CH3ONO) on Pt(111)”, J. W. Peck, D. I. Mahon, D. E. Beck, B. Bansenauer and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 410, 214-227 (1998). 

120. “Reactivity of Pt and Pt-Sn Alloy Surfaces Probed by Activation of C5-C8 Cycloalkanes via Electron Induced Dissociation (EID) of Multilayers”, Y.-L. Tsai and B. E. Koel, Langmuir, 14, 1290-1300 (1998). 

119. “TPD Study of the Adsorption and Reaction of Nitromethane and Methyl Nitrite on Ordered Pt-Sn Surface Alloys”, J. W. Peck, D. I. Mahon, D. E. Beck, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 410, 170-188 (1998). 

118. "Adsorption of Methanol, Ethanol and Water on Well Characterized Pt-Sn Surface Alloys", C. Panja, N. Saliba, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 395, 248-259 (1998). 

117. "Methyl Nitrite Adsorption as a Novel Route to the Surface Methoxy Intermediate ", J. W. Peck, D. Beck, D. Mahon, C. Panja, N. Saliba, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 102, 3321-3323 (1998). 

116. "Nitromethane and Methyl Nitrite Adsorption on Au(111) Surfaces", J. Wang, B. A. Bansenauer, and B. E. Koel, Langmuir, 14, 3255-3263 (1998). 

1997 

115. "Probing the Structures of Bimetallic Sn/Rh(111) Surfaces: Alkali Ion Scattering and X- ray Photoelectron Diffraction Studies", Y. Li, M. R. Voss, N. Swami, Y.-L. Tsai, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 56, 15982-94 (1997). 

114. "Importance of Hydrocarbon Fragment Diffusion in the Formation of Adsorbed Alkyls via EID of Multilayers on Pt(111)", Y.-L. Tsai and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 101, 4781-4786 (1997). 

113. "Surface Processes", H. Busse and B. E. Koel, Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, Vol. 20, (VCH Publishers, Weinheim, 1997) pp. 273-309. 

112. "Adsorption and Reaction of Nitromethane (CH3NO2) on Pt(111)", N. Saliba, J. Wang, B. A. Bansenauer, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 389, 147-161 (1997). 

111. "Temperature Programmed Desorption Investigation of the Adsorption and Reaction of Butene Isomers on Pt(111) and Ordered Pt-Sn Surface Alloys", Y.-L. Tsai and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., B101, 2895-2906 (1997). 

110. "Chemisorption of Ethylene, Propylene, and Isobutylene on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", Y.-L. Tsai, C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 385, 37-59 (1997). 

109. "Robotic Nanomanipulation with an SPM in a Networked Computing Environment", C. Baur, B. C. Gazen, B. E. Koel, T. R. Ramachandran, A. A. G. Requicha and L. Zini, 4th Int'l Conf. on Nanometer-Scale Science & Technology, Beijing, P. R. China, September 8-12, 1996; in J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 15, 1577-1580 (1997). 

1996 

108. "Selective Dehydrogenation of 1,3-Cyclohexadiene on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", J. W. Peck and B. E. Koel, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 118, 2708-2717 (1996). 

1995 

107. "Dehydrogenation of Methylcyclohexane on Pt(111)", C. Xu, B. E. Koel, M. A. Newton, N. A. Frei, and C. T. Campbell, J. Phys. Chem., 99, 16670-16675 (1995). 

106. "Adsorption and Reaction of CH3COOH and CD3COOD on the MgO(100) Surface: An FTIR and TPD Study", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, J. Chem. Phys., 102, 8158-8166 (1995). 

105. "Structural Studies of Sn/Pt(100) Surfaces: Conditions for Alloy Formation", Y. Li and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 330, 193-206 (1995). 

104. "Influence of Alloyed Sn Atoms on the Chemisorption Properties of Ni(111) as Probed by RAIRS and TPD Studies of CO Adsorption", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 327, 38-46 (1995). 

1994 

103. "Superfulleride Formation and Electronic Properties of C60 on K/Rh(111) Surfaces, L. Q. Jiang and B. E. Koel, Chem. Phys. Lett., 223, 69-75 (1994). 

102. "Electronic and CO Chemisorption Properties of Ultrathin Pd Films Vapor-Deposited on Au(111)", A. Sellidj and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 49, 8367-8376 (1994). 

101. "Surface Alloy Formation and the Structure of c(2×2)-Sn/Ni(100) Determined by Low Energy Alkali Ion Scattering", Y. D. Li, L. Q. Jiang, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. B, 49, 2813-2820 (1994). 

100. "A LEED, TPD, and HREELS Investigation of NO Adsorption on Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 310, 198-208 (1994). 

99. "Probing the Modifier Precursor State: Adsorption of CO on Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 304, L505-L511 (1994). 

98. "Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexene on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 304, 249-266 (1994). 

97. "Adsorption of Cyclohexane and Benzene on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu, Y.-L. Tsai, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 98, 585-593 (1994). 

96. "Adsorption and Desorption Behavior of n-Butane and Isobutane on Pt(111) and Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu, B. E. Koel, and M. T. Paffett, Langmuir, 10, 166-171 (1994). 

95. "Adsorption Kinetics on Chemically Modified or Bimetallic Surfaces", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, J. Chem. Phys., 100, 664-670 (1994). 

94. "Charge Transfer from Potassium into the t1g Band of C60", L. Q. Jiang and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. Lett., 72, 140-143 (1994). 

1993 

93. "Methylcyclohexane to Benzene Conversion over K-promoted Pt(111)", L. Q. Jiang, A. Avoyan, B. E. Koel, and J. L. Falconer, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 115, 12106-12110 (1993). 

92. "Model Reaction Studies of the Direct Synthesis of Methylchlorosilanes", K. A. Magrini, J. L. Falconer and B. E. Koel, in Catalyzed Direct Reactions of Silicon, K. M. Lewis and D. G. Rethwisch (Eds.), (Elsevier, 1993), 249-264 . 

91. "Electron-Induced Dissociation of Hydrocarbon Multilayers", C. Xu and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 292, L803-L809 (1993). 

90. "Trajectory-Dependent Neutralization of Low Energy Li+ Scattered from Alkali Adsorbates on Ni(111)", L. Q. Jiang, Y. D. Li, and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 2649-2652 (1993). 

89. "Vibrational and Electronic Properties of Monolayer and Multilayer C60 Films on Rh(111)", A. Sellidj and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 97, 10076-10082 (1993). 

88. "Chemisorption of Ethylene and Acetylene on Ultrathin Pd Films on Mo(100)", J. M. Heitzinger, S. C. Gebhard, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 97, 5327-5332 (1993). 

87. "CO Chemisorption Properties of Ultrathin Pd Films on Ta(110)", A. Sellidj and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 284, 139-153 (1993). 

86. "Hydrogen Adsorption and Absorption on Ultrathin Pd Films on Ta(110)", J. M. Heitzinger, A. Avoyan, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 294, 251-264 (1993). 

85. "A New Catalysis for Benzene Production from Acetylene under UHV Conditions: Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", C. Xu, J. W. Peck, and B. E. Koel, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 115, 751-755 (1993). 

84. "Reactivity of Oxygen Adatoms on the Au(111) Surface", M. A. Lazaga, D. T. Wickham, D. H. Parker, G. N. Kastanas and B. E. Koel, in Catalytic Selective Oxidation, ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 523, S. T. Oyama and J. W. Hightower, Eds., (ACS Books, Washington, 1993), 90-109. 

83. "Growth Mechanism and Structure of Ultrathin Pd Films Vapor-Deposited on Ta(110)", A. Sellidj and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 281, 223-233 (1993). 

82. "Interaction of Chlorine with the Au(111) Surface in the Temperature Range of 120 - 1000 K", G. N. Kastanas and B. E. Koel, Appl. Surface Sci., 64, 235-249 (1993). 

1992 

81. "Chemisorption of Hydrogen on Ultrathin Pd Films on Mo(100)", J. M. Heitzinger, S. C. Gebhard, and B. E. Koel, Chem. Phys. Lett., 200, 65-70 (1992). 

80. "Hydrocarbon Trapping and Condensation on Pt(111)", L. Q. Jiang and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 96, 8694-8697 (1992). 

79. "Chemisorption of CO on Ultrathin Films of Pd on Mo(100)", J. M. Heitzinger, S. C. Gebhard, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 275, 209-222 (1992). 

78. "Effects of K, O, and H Adatoms on the Adsorption Kinetics of CO on Pt(111)", L. Q. Jiang, B. E. Koel, and J. L. Falconer, Surface Sci., 273, 273-284 (1992). 

77. "Low Energy Electron Induced Chemistry: C2H5Cl on Ag(111)", X.-L. Zhou, P. M. Blass, B. E. Koel, and J. M. White, Surface Sci., 271, 452-467 (1992). 

76. "Low Energy Electron Induced Chemistry: CH3Cl on Ag(111)", X.-L. Zhou, P. M. Blass, B. E. Koel, and J. M. White, Surface Sci., 271, 427-451 (1992). 

75. "Ultrathin Films of Pd on Au(111): Evidence for Surface Alloy Formation", B. E. Koel, A. Sellidj, and M. T. Paffett, Phys. Rev. B, 46, 7846-7856 (1992). 

74. "Influence of Potassium on the Adsorption of H2 on Pt(111)", S. C. Gebhard and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 96, 7056-7063 (1992). 

73. "Growth Mechanism and Structure of Ultrathin Palladium Films Formed by Deposition on Mo(100)", J. M. Heitzinger, S. C. Gebhard, D. H. Parker, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 260, 151-162 (1992). 

72. "High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (HREELS)", B. E. Koel, in Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization: Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, C. R. Brundle, C. A. Evans, Jr., and S. Wilson, Eds., (Butterworth, 1992), pp. 442-459. 

1991 

71. "Hydrogen-Induced CO Displacement from the Pt(111) Surface: An Isothermal Kinetic Study", D. H. Parker, D. A. Fischer, J. Colbert, B. E. Koel, and J. L. Gland, Surface Sci., 258, 75-81 (1991). 

70. "Structure of Metal Overlayers by Low Energy Alkali Ion Scattering: Cu/Ru (0001) and Sn/Pt (111)", S. H. Overbury, D. R. Mullins, M. T. Paffett, and B. E. Koel, in The Structure of Surfaces III, Springer Series in Surface Sciences, Vol. 24, M. A. Van Hove, K. Takayanagi, and X. D. Xie (Eds.), (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991), pp. 323-327. 

69. "A Vibrational Study of Borazine Adsorbed on Pt(111) and Au(111) Surfaces", R. J. Simonson, M. T. Paffett, M. E. Jones, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 254, 29-44 (1991). 

68. "Surface Structural Determination of Sn Deposited on Pt(111) by Low Energy Alkali Ion Scattering", S. H. Overbury, D. R. Mullins, M. T. Paffett, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 
254, 45-57 (1991). 

67. "A Multitechnique Surface Science Examination of Sn Deposition on Pt(100)", M. T. Paffett, A. D. Logan, R. J. Simonson, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 250, 123-138 (1991). 

66. "Interpretation of the Carbon Auger Line Shapes for the Adsorption and Decomposition of Ethylene on Ni(100)", F. L. Hutson, D. E. Ramaker, B. E. Koel, and S. C. Gebhard, 
Surface Sci., 248, 119-133 (1991). 

65. "Spectroscopic Evidence for Carbon-Carbon Bonding in "Carbidic" Layers on Metals", F. L. Hutson, D. E. Ramaker, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 248, 104-118 (1991). 

64. "Methyl Chloride and Trichlorosilane Adsorption on Cu(110)", K. A. Magrini, S. Gebhard, B. E. Koel, and J. L. Falconer, Surface Sci., 248, 93-103 (1991). 

63. "Adsorption of Nitrogen Dioxide and Nitric Oxide on Pd(111)", D. T. Wickham, B. A. Banse, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 243, 83-95 (1991). 

1990 


62. "Hydrogen-Induced Low Temperature CO Displacement from the Pt(111) Surface", D. H. Parker, D. A. Fischer, J. Colbert, B. E. Koel, and J. L. Gland, Surface Sci., 236, L372-L376 (1990). 

61. "Adsorption of Nitrogen Dioxide on Polycrystalline Gold", D. T. Wickham, B. A. Banse, and B. E. Koel, Catal. Lett., 6, 163-172 (1990). 

60. "Chemisorption of CO, H2, and O2 on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", M. T. Paffett, S. C. Gebhard, R. G. Windham, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 94, 6831-6839 (1990). 

59. "Interaction of Oxygen with Pd(111): High Effective O2 Pressure Conditions by Using Nitrogen Dioxide", B. A. Banse and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 232, 275-285 (1990). 

58. "Interaction of Dimethylamine with Clean and Partially Oxidized Copper Surfaces", J. A. Kelber, J. W. Rogers, Jr., B. A. Banse, and B. E. Koel, Appl. Surface Sci., 44, 193-204 
(1990). 

57. "Temperature Programmed Desorption of Bi on Ni(100)", M. E. Jones, J. M. Heitzinger, R. J. Smith, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 8, 2512-2516 (1990). 

56. "Chemisorption of High Coverages of Atomic Oxygen on the Pt(111), Pd(111), and Au(111) Surfaces", D. H. Parker and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 8, 2585-2590 
(1990). 

55. "The Adsorption of CO on Pd Thin Films on Ta(110)", B. E. Koel, R. Smith, and P. J. Berlowitz, Surface Sci., 231, 325-332 (1990). 

54. "Determination of the Reaction Order and Activation Energy for Desorption Kinetics Using TPD Spectra: Application to D2 Desorption from Ag(111)", D. Parker, M. E. Jones and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 233, 65-74 (1990). 

53. "Reactions of the Adsorption Isomers of Nitrogen Dioxide on Well-Defined Surfaces", B. E. Koel, in Chemically Modified Surfaces, Vol. 3, D. E. Leyden (Ed.), (Gordon and Breach, 1990), pp. 189-194. 

52. "A Method for Estimating Surface Reaction Energetics: Application to the Mechanism of Ethylene Decomposition on Pt(111)", E. A. Carter and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 226, 339-357 (1990). 

51. "A Comprehensive Investigation of HCl- and Br2/NH3(aq)-Etched p-InP Interfaces", P. R. Segar, C. A. Koval, B. E. Koel and S. C. Gebhard, J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 544-552 
(1990). 

50. "Coadsorption of Ethylene and Potassium on Pt(111). 2. Influence of Potassium on the Decomposition of Ethylene", R. G. Windham and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 94, 1489-1496 (1990). 

1989 

49. "Electronic Effects of Surface Oxygen on the Bonding of NO to Pt(111)", M. E. Bartram, R. G. Windham, B. E. Koel, and E. A. Carter, Surface Sci., 219, 467-489 (1989). 

48. "Chemisorption of Ethylene on Ordered Sn/Pt(111) Surface Alloys", S. C. Gebhard, R. G. Windham, B. E. Koel, and M. T. Paffett, Surface Sci., 223, 449-464 (1989). 

47. "The Adsorption of Nitric Oxide and Nitrogen Dioxide on Polycrystalline Platinum", D. T. Wickham, B. A. Banse, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 223, 82-100 (1989). 

46. "Small Scale Electrochemical Cleaning of Molybdenum to Improve Spot-Welding Characteristics", M. E. Jones, B. E. Koel, and R. T. Weppner, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 60, 3067-3068 (1989). 

45. "Transient Kinetic Studies of the Catalytic Reduction of NO by CO on Platinum", B. A. Banse, D. T. Wickham, and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 119, 238-248 (1989). 

44. "Chemisorption of Atomic Hydrogen on Clean and Cl-covered Ag(111)", X. - L. Zhou, J. M. White and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 218, 201-210 (1989). 

43. "Direct Formation of (CH3) 2HSiCl from Si and CH3Cl", K. A. Magrini, J. L. Falconer and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 93, 5563-5568 (1989). 

42. "Study of High Coverages of Atomic Oxygen on the Pt(111) Surface", D. H. Parker, M. E. Bartram, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 217, 489-510 (1989). 

41. "The Molecular Adsorption of NO2 and the Formation of N2O3 on Au(111)", M. E. Bartram and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 213, 137-156 (1989). 

40. "A Multitechnique Surface Analysis Study of the Adsorption of H2, CO, and O2 on Bi/Pt(111) Surfaces", M. T. Paffett, C. T. Campbell, R. G. Windham, and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 207, 274-296 (1989). 

1988 

39. "Steady-State Kinetics of the Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Dioxide by Carbon Monoxide on Platinum", D. T. Wickham and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 114, 207-216 (1988). 

38. "Coadsorption of Ethylene and Potassium on Pt(111). 1. Formation of a π-bonded State of Ethylene", R. G. Windham, M. E. Bartram, and B. E. Koel, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 2862-2870 (1988). 

37. "Studies of the Ensemble Size Requirements for Ethylene Adsorption and Decomposition on Pt(111): Ethylene and Bismuth Coadsorption", R. G. Windham, B. E. Koel, and M. T. Paffett, Langmuir, 4, 1113-1118 (1988). 

36. "NO2 Chemisorption: An Example of Surface Linkage Isomerism", M. E. Bartram and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 6, 782-784 (1988). (Summary Abstract) 

35. "Coadsorption of Nitrogen Dioxide and Oxygen on Pt(111)", M. E. Bartram, R. G. Windham, and B. E. Koel, Langmuir , 4, 240-246 (1988). 

34. "Surface Chemistry of Thin Palladium Films", D. L. Neiman and B. E. Koel, in Physical and Chemical Properties of Thin Metal Overlayers and Alloy Surfaces, D. M. Zehner and D. W. Goodman (Eds.),(Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1988), p. 143-153. 

1987 

33. "A Model Study of Alkali Promotion of Water-Gas Shift Catalysts: Cs/Cu(111)", C. T. Campbell and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 186, 393-411 (1987). 

32. "Surface Science Studies of the Water-Gas Shift Reaction on a Model Cu(111) Catalyst", C. T. Campbell, B. E. Koel, and K. A. Daube, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 5, 810-813 (1987). 

31. "The Influence of Potassium on Ethylene Adsorption and Decomposition on Pt(111)", R. G. Windham, M. E. Bartram, and B. E. Koel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., A 5, 457-458 (1987). (Summary Abstract) 

30. "The Molecular Adsorption of Nitrogen Dioxide on Pt(111) Studied by Temperature Programmed Desorption and Vibrational Spectroscopy", M. E. Bartram, R. G. Windham, and B. E. Koel, Surface. Sci., 184, 57-74 (1987). 

29. "H2S/Cu(111): A Model Study of Sulfur Poisoning of Water Gas Shift Catalysts", C. T. Campbell and B. E. Koel, Surface Sci., 183, 100-112 (1987). 

28. "Bonding and Thermal Decomposition of Propylene, Propadiene, and Methylacetylene on the Rh(111) Single-Crystal Surface", B. E. Bent, C. M. Mate, J. E. Crowell, B. E. Koel, and G. A. Somorjai, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1493-1502 (1987). 

27. "Chemical Modification of Surface Properties", B. E. Koel and R. G. Windham, in Proceedings, Industry-University Advanced Materials Conference, Denver, CO, J. G. Morse (Ed.), (The Metallurgical Society, Inc., Warrendale, PA, 1987), pp. 77-87. 

1986 


26. "Auger Lineshape Determination of the Hybridization of Ethylene Adsorbed on Ni(100)", B. E. Koel and D. L. Neiman, Chem. Phys. Lett., 130, 164-169 (1986). 

25. "Thermal Decomposition of Benzene on the Rh(111) Crystal Surface", B. E. Koel, J. E. Crowell, C. M. Mate, B. E. Bent, and G. A. Somorjai, J. Phys. Chem., 90, 2949-2956 (1986). 

1985 

24. "Vibrational Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Monolayers", B. E. Koel, Scanning Electron Microsc., 1985 Vol. IV, 1421-1440, (1985). 

23. "Chlorine Promotion of Selective Ethylene Oxidation over Ag(110): Kinetics and Mechanism", C. T. Campbell and B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 92, 272-283 (1985). 

22. Chapter 3 “Surface Structural Chemistry”, B. E. Koel and G. A. Somorjai, in Catalysis: Science and Technology, Vol. 7, J. R. Anderson and M. Boudart, (Eds.),(Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), pp. 159-218. 

1984 

21. "Hydrogenation and H, D Exchange Studies of Ethylidyne (CCH3) on Rh(111) Crystal Surfaces at 1 atm. Pressure Using High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy", B. E. Koel, B. E. Bent and G. A. Somorjai, Surface Sci., 146, 211-228 (1984). 

20. "A High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Study of the Surface Structure of Benzene Adsorbed on the Rh(111) Crystal Face", B. E. Koel, J. E. Crowell, C. M. Mate and G. A. Somorjai, J. Phys. Chem., 88, 1988-1996 (1984). 

1983 

19. "LEED and HREELS Studies of Benzene Adsorbed on Rh(111)", M. A. Van Hove, R. Lin, R. J. Koestner, B. E. Koel, M. Mate, J. E. Crowell and G. A. Somorjai, Vacuum , 33, 860-861 (1983). 

18. "Photon- and Electron-Stimulated Desorption from Rare Earth Oxides", G. Loubriel, M. L. Knotek, R. H. Stulen, B. E. Koel, and C. C. Parks, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1, 1145-1148 (1983) 

17. "Vibrational Spectroscopy Using HREELS of Benzene Adsorbed on the Rh(111) Crystal Surface", B. E. Koel and G. A. Somorjai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 29, 287-292 (1983). 

1982 

16. "Hydrogen Surface Segregation on Si(111) by Photon Stimulated Desorption at the Si K- Edge", M. L. Knotek, G. M. Loubriel, R. H. Stulen, C. C. Parks and B. E. Koel, Phys. Rev., B 26, 2292-2295 (1982). 

15. "The Adsorption and Decomposition of Ethylene on Ni(100)", B. E. Koel, J. M. White and D. W. Goodman, Chem. Phys. Lett., 88, 236-242 (1982). 

14. "Low Temperature Coadsorption of Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide on Ni(100): II. ELS and XPS Studies", B. E. Koel, D. E. Peebles and J. M. White, Surface Sci., 125, 739-761 (1983). 

13. "Low Temperature Coadsorption of Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide on Ni(100): I. TPD, Δφ, and UPS Studies", B. E. Koel, D. E. Peebles and J. M. White, Surface Sci., 125, 709-73 (1983). 

12. "C(KVV) Auger Line Shape of Chemisorbed CO", B. E. Koel, J. M. White and G. M. Loubriel, J. Chem. Phys., 77, 2665-2669 (1982). 

11. "An Electron Spectroscopic Study of Coadsorbed H2 and CO on Ni(100)", B. E. Koel, D. E. Peebles and J. M. White, J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 20, 889-890 (1982). 

10. "Resonant Photon-Stimulated Desorption of Ions from Oxidized Cerium", B. E. Koel, G. Loubriel, M. L. Knotek, R. H. Stulen, R. A. Rosenberg and C. C. Parks, Phys. Rev., B 25, 5551-5554 (1982). 

9. "Water-Induced Effects on CO Adsorption on Ru(001)", H.-I. Lee, B. E. Koel, W. M. Daniel and J. M. White, J. Catal., 74, 192-195 (1982). 

1981 

8. "The Interaction of Coadsorbed Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide on Ni(100)", B. E. Koel, D. E. Peebles and J. M. White, Surface Sci., 107, L367-L373 (1981). 

7. "Interference of O Kα Ghost Features in X-ray Excited Auger Spectra", B. E. Koel and J. M. White, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 22, 237-245 (1981). 

1980 

6. "X-ray Photoelectron Study of the Reaction of Water with Cerium", B. E. Koel, G. Praline, H.-I. Lee, J. M. White and R. L. Hance, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 21, 31-46 (1980). 

5. "X-ray Photoelectron Study of the Reaction of Oxygen with Cerium", G. Praline, B. E. Koel, R. L. Hance, H.-I. Lee and J. M. White, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 21, 17-30 (1980). 

4. "Incorporation of Oxygen Chemisorbed on Ru(001)", G. Praline, B. E. Koel, H.-I. Lee and J. M. White, Applic. Surface Sci. 5, 296-312 (1980). 

3. "The Behavior of H2O, CO, and O2 on the Basal Plane of Ruthenium", H.-I. Lee, W. M. Daniel, G. Praline, B. E. Koel and J. M. White, Kinam , 2A, 45-79 (1980). PDF

2. "Photoeffects on Reactions over Transition Metals", B. E. Koel, J. M. White, J. L. Erskine and P. R. Antoniewicz, in Advances in Chemistry Series No. 184, Interfacial Photoprocesses: Energy Conversion and Synthesis, M. S. Wrighton (Ed.) (ACS, Washington, D. C., 1980), pp. 27-45. PDF

1979 

1. "Oxygen Chemisorption on a Stepped Ru(001) Crystal", S. L. Parrott, G. Praline, B. E. Koel, J. M. White and T. N. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys., 71, 3352-3354 (1979). PDF


Book Chapters, Application Notes, Symposia, and Book Reviews: 


233. Chapter: “Structure, Characterization and Reactivity of Pt-Alloy Surfaces”, B. E. Koel, in Model Systems in Catalysis: From Single Crystals and Size Selected Clusters to Supported Enzyme Mimics, R. M. Rioux (Ed.), (Springer, 2009), in press. 

225. Chapter 5.3.4 “Promoters and Poisons”, B. E. Koel and J. Kim, in Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, 2nd Edition, G. Ertl, H. Knözinger, F. Schüth, and J. Weitkamp (Eds.), (VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2008), pp. 1593-1624. 

218. Chapter 3.8.4 “Adsorbed CO2, NO2, O3, SO2, OCS, and N2O on Metals”, C. Panja, J. Kim, E. C. Samano, and B. E. Koel, in Adsorbed Layers on Surfaces, Landolt-Bornstein Volume III/42 , H. Bonzel (Ed.), (Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 2006), pp. 170-241. 

189. Chapter 25 “Surfaces and Films”, B. E. Koel and R. Resch, in Physics Desk Reference, 3rd ed., edited by E. R. Cohen, D. R. Lide, and G. L. Trigg (AIP Press, New York, 2003), pp. 756-790. 

188. “State-of-the-art characterization of single-crystal surfaces—a view of nanostructures”, M. Batzill, S. Banerjee, and B. E. Koel, in Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces, A. Wieckowski, E. R. Savinova, and C. G. Vayenas (Eds.), (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2003), pp. 109-169. 

113. “Surface Processes”, H. Busse and B. E. Koel, Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, Vol. 20, (VCH Publishers, Weinheim, 1997) pp. 273-309. 

72. “High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (HREELS)”, B. E. Koel, in Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization: Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, C. R. Brundle, C.A. Evans, Jr., and S. Wilson, Eds., (Butterworth, 1992), pp. 442-459. 

22. Chapter 3 “Surface Structural Chemistry”, B. E. Koel and G. A. Somorjai, in Catalysis: Science and Technology, Vol. 7, J. R. Anderson and M. Boudart, (Eds.),(Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), pp. 159-218. 

2. "Photoeffects on Reactions over Transition Metals", B. E. Koel, J. M. White, J. L. Erskine and P. R. Antoniewicz, in Advances in Chemistry Series No. 184, Interfacial Photoprocesses: Energy Conversion and Synthesis, M. S. Wrighton (Ed.) (ACS, Washington, D. C., 1980), pp. 27-45. 

“Manipulation of gold nanoparticles in liquids using MAC Mode? Atomic Force Microscopy”, R. Resch, N. Montoya, B. E. Koel, A. Madhukar, A. A. G. Requicha, and P. Will, Molecular Imaging Application Notes, Molecular Imaging Corp., Phoenix, AZ (1999). 

“Book Review for Heterogeneous Reaction Dynamics. By Steven L. Bernasek VCH, Weinheim, 1995”, B. E. Koel, J. Catal., 163, 506 (1996). 

“Symposium on Bimetallic Surface Chemistry and Catalysis: Preface”, B. E. Koel and C. T. Campbell, Langmuir, 4, 1075-1076 (1988).