B.A. 1961, Princeton University (Oriental Studies), Ph.D. 1965 Harvard University (Near Eastern Languages and Literatures). Joined the Princeton faculty in 1967. Principal research and teaching interests: medieval Arabic narrative, and medieval Arabic and Hebrew poetry and rhetoric. Books: On the Art of Medieval Arabic Literature (Princeton University Press, 1974); The Composition of Mutanabbi’s Panegyrics to Sayf al-Dawla (E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1992). Some recent articles: “Shameful and injurious: An idea of Ibn al-Muqaffa’s in Kalila wa-Dimna and al-Adab al-kabir,”Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 32 (2006); “Rising to greet you: some comedies of manners” Middle Eastern Literatures 11 (2008). He is working on a book about medieval Arabic narratives involving issues of self-respect.