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2006-2007 Visiting Fellows

Rebecca L. Davis received her Ph.D. in History at Yale University in 2006. In September 2007 she will join the history department at the University of Delaware as an assistant professor, specializing in the histories of sexuality, immigration, and ethnicity in the United States. Her research interests also include American religious history, women’s and gender history, and the history of the social sciences. While at Princeton, she will expand and revise her dissertation, entitled “‘The Wife Your Husband Needs’: Marriage Counseling, Religion, and Sexual Politics in the United States, 1930-1980.” Her revised manuscript will examine how Christian marriage counseling shaped ideas about “moral marriage,” from the 1950s through the 1980s, among diverse groups of practicing American Christians.

K. Healan Gaston will receive her Ph.D. in History from the University of California at Berkeley in 2006. Her research focuses on the role of religion in American public life, with particular emphasis on the relationship between theology and democratic theory. She is currently working on a manuscript, entitled America’s Judeo-Christian Moment: Religion, Secularism, and the Cold War Redefinition of Democracy, 1938-1973, which places the writings of the Protestant intellectual Reinhold Niebuhr, the Jewish thinker Will Herberg, and the Catholic scholar John Courtney Murray in the context of a vigorous mid-century debate about the spiritual foundations of American democracy in an age of totalitarianism. Her account contrasts the “Judeo-Christian exceptionalism” of Niebuhr, Herberg, and Murray with the “Judeo-Christian pluralism” endorsed by defenders, both religious and secular, of a civic conception of democracy.

James McCartin received his Ph.D. in History from the University of Notre Dame in 2003 and will be on leave from his position as Assistant Professor in the Department of History at Seton Hall University. His research focuses on Catholic piety in the nineteenth- and twentieth-century United States. He has contributed to several publications, including Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas and The Columbia History of American Catholicism (Columbia University Press, forthcoming). While at Princeton, he will work on a book manuscript provisionally entitled, The Love of Things Unseen: Catholic Prayer and the Shaping of the Modern Self in the Twentieth-Century United States which argues that piety helped to promote individual freedom, rights, and responsibility throughout the twentieth century.

2006-2007 Affiliate Fellows
Ian Barber is Senior Lecturer in Archaeology in the Department of Anthropology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. His rese arch interests include New Zealand archaeology, with special interest in Maori resource use; archaeo-zoology; cultural change and contact; archaeological resource management and politics.
Jason Ānanda Josephson received his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Stanford University in July 2006. He specializes in nineteenth and early twentieth century Japan, concentrating on those practices and beliefs often considered "superstitions" on the periphery of religion such as those concerning divination, the demonic, and faith healing. His other research interests include theories of religion, the history of Buddhism and meditation in East Asia, the role of the supernatural in the formation of “modernity,” and the history of government policy toward religion and science in Japan. While at Princeton, he will be working on a book manuscript based upon his dissertation Taming Demons: The Anti-Superstition Campaign and the Invention of Religion in Japan (1853-1920), which examines a range of historical materials (from law codes, police records, textbooks, popular pamphlets, period academic journals, and newspapers) to trace the development of the distinction between “superstition” (meishin) and “religion” (shūkyō) in Japanese intellectual discourse and government policy. It then addresses the impact of this policy both upon institutions officially designated as religions (especially Buddhism) as well as upon beliefs banned as superstitions (such as those in demons and supernatural foxes).
Oliver Krueger received his Ph.D. in Comparative Studies of Religion from the University of Bonn (Germany) in 2003. His dissertation „Virtualitaet und Unsterblichkeit. Die Visionen des Posthumanismus (Virtuality and Immortality. The Visions of Posthumanism)“ was published in 2004 and was awarded with the dissertation award of the German Association for the History of Religion (DVRG). As a research fellow at the Collaborative Research Center “ Dynamics of Rituals ” at Heidelberg University (Germany) from 2002 to 2005, he focused on the ritual discourse on the Internet in the field of Wicca and Neopaganism. There, together with other researchers he initiated “ Online - Heidelberg Journal of Religions on the Internet. ” In this time he taught at the Institute for the Study of Religion at Heidelberg University. His central fields of research and teaching are the sociology of religion, new religious movements, and media and religion. His new research project at the CSR deals with “ American Funeral Culture between Commercialisation and Solidarity. ” (More information...)
Jon Pahl is Professor of the History of Christianity in North America at The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia, and Adjunct Professor of the History of Religions at Temple University.  He earned a Ph.D. from The University of Chicago Divinity School in 1990, where he completed a dissertation under Martin E. Marty that was published by Johns Hopkins as Paradox Lost:  Free Will and Political Liberty in American Culture, 1630-1760.  After leaving Chicago, he taught for twelve years at Valparaiso University in Indiana, where he completed two books in the history of youth, including Hopes and Dreams of All:  The International Walther League, and Lutheran Youth in American Culture, 1893-1993 (Wipf and Stock, 2006[1993]), and Youth Ministry in Modern America:  1930-the present (Hendrickson, 1999).  His most recent book is entitled Shopping Malls and Other Sacred Spaces:  Putting God in Place (Brazos, 2003).  He's currently working on three projects: An American Teacher:  Coming-of-Age and Coming-Out, the Memoirs of Loretta Coller, of which he is the editor; Brotherhood, which is a celebration and recommendation of brotherly love; and An Empire of Sacrifice:  The Religious Origins of American Violence, which will be the focus of his work at Princeton.
Alan Petigny recieved his PhD in history from Brown University in 2003.  He is currently on leave from the Department of History at the University of Florida.  Petigny will spend part of his year at Princeton finishing up his manuscript, "The Permissive Turn:  Psychology, Secularization, Sex and the Self, 1941-1965."  However, he will dedicate the majority of his time researching his next book, which will focus on anti-authoritarianism in American life and thought.