Wagner is on leave from his regular position as Professor of Macroeconomics and Director of the Hagen Institute for Management Studies at the University of Hagen (FernUniversität), Germany. He has served as Jena Monnet Chair of European Integration, and is a regular visitor at the IMF. He has written extensively on international currency, monetary, fiscal and pension issues in the G-8 and the EU, with particular attention to the effects of financial instability. PhD. University of Regensburg.