Philip Nord studies the political and cultural history of modern France. He has written Paris Shopkeepers and the Politics of Resentment (1986), The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century France (1995), Impressionists and Politics: Art and Democracy in the Nineteenth Century (2000), and, edited with Nancy Bermeo, Civil Society before Democracy: Lessons from Nineteenth-Century Europe (2000). His next book examines the roots of the history of state efforts to develop and regulate French radio, theater, and film. Professor Nord was Chair of the History Department from 1995 to 2001. He teaches undergraduate courses on modern France (1815 to the present) and graduate courses on modern France and modern Europe. He is affiliated with the European Politics and Society Program and the Princeton Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts. In 2005 he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to research his next book. PhD. Columbia.