Ulrich Krotz is a Visiting Research Scholar in the International Security Program at PIIRS , September 2008-June 2009. Krotz is assistant professor of political science at Brown University. He also taught at Oxford University, and held research positions at Harvard University, the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies at the European University Institute in Florence, and at Oxford. He has just has completed a book drat titled Flying Tiger: Arms Procurement and Reality Production in Franco-German Relations. Recent journal publication include "Parapublic Underpinnings of International Relations: The Franco-German Construction of Europeanization of a Particular Kind" (European Journal of International Relations, September 2007) and "Momentum and Impediments: Why Europe Won’t Emerge as a Full Political Actor on World Stage Soon" (Journal of Common Market Studies, forthcoming). His main research project at Princeton, "Special Relations in International Politics," investigates the nature and political implications of "special" inter-state relationships as an important and particular international historical phenomenon. Ph.D. Cornell University.