The Ethics Type places high value on attention to ethical concerns as their primary manifestation of integrating faith and work. The Ethics Type manifests itself with different motivators and in different ways. The motivators are threefold, where one's faith/spirituality: guides one; compels one; and/or inspires one to take ethical actions. As with all of the Four E's variables, the Ethics Type has two different orientations towards ethical matters. There is a community orientation (toward social ethics) and a self orientation (toward personal ethics). Both orientations place high importance on discovering and having the courage to behave ethically, as mediated or informed by one's faith/spiritual teachings. The Ethics Type frequently sees their faith as a source for ethical standards and guide for behavior. They are shaped and informed by scriptural teachings, commandments, rules, narratives, parables, and wisdom literature as a motivation for their decisions and actions. Atheists and agnostics can also be Ethics Types though they respond to the three motivators without reference to God or a higher power, and they draw on non-theistic resources and disciplines for their ethical accent.
The Ethics Type with a community orientation toward ethics issues places emphasis on larger organizational, social, and structural ethical concerns that usually impact others. This might include internal business ethics issues (e.g. product and worker safety, benefits, compensation, discrimination) concerning employees and the company itself, as well as external or outward-looking ethics concerns (e.g. the environment, corporate social responsibility, corruption) that impact a wider set of public stakeholders.
The Ethics Type with a self orientation toward personal ethics issues places emphasis on personal ethical concerns regarding their own conduct and behavior. Positively expressed, the Ethics Type with a self orientation emphasizes personal virtues of integrity, character, honesty, loyalty, and respect for others, focusing on maintaining high personal ethical behaviors and standards for themselves. Negatively expressed, the Ethics Type with a self orientation places emphasis on avoiding personal misconduct issues such as, sexual impropriety, disrespectful behavior toward others, cheating on expenses, conflict of interest, and misuse of power.
The community and self orientations of the Ethics Types, while distinct, can exist in the same person. While the community and self orientations may overlap, they do reflect distinct modalities of the Ethics manifestation. Moreover, a tension can arise when one's self ethical orientation conflicts with or fails to resolve a community ethical issue and vice-versa. However, both orientations of the Ethics Type share in common the understanding that the primary way to live out their faith tradition and personal beliefs at work is to focus on ethical behaviors, policies, and concerns.