"The Integration Box (TIB): An Individual and Institutional Faith, Religion, and Spirituality at Work Assessment Tool" in Handbook of Faith and Spirituality (2013) -David Miller and Timothy Ewest
This chapter seeks to convey the developmental origins of Miller’s The Integration Box (TIB) theory and its accompanying psychometric scale (in the final stages of development). Social movements theory (Diani, 1992), was used in the development of the TIB theory allowing the theory to capture both the multivariate nature of workplace spirituality and their individual expressions. Specifically, this chapter will outline the original TIB theory and its development, delineate the most current rendition of the TIB theory, contextualize the theory referencing existing workplace spirituality research and psychometric scales, discuss a new organizational rubric for workplace spirituality instruments to assist in addressing future research considerations for the TIB and multidimensional theories, and position the new TIB instrument to serve as an individual and institutional faith, religion, and spirituality at work assessment tool.
David Miller & Tim Ewest - March 2013
This paper seeks to offer a review of and constructive framing for workplace considerations and contexts, where increasing religious pluralism, opacity, and a desire for integration of faith and work is becoming more widespread. This paper also seeks to offer an organizational frame, by delineating and extending Miller’s (2007) original conception of a "faith-friendly" workplace, extending it into three other categories and providing an assessment rubric. As a whole, this paper seeks to point the way forward for scholars and organizations who are seeking to study, understand, and constructively respond to the growing interest in workplace spirituality, as part of diversity management and other organizational rubrics.
Casey Shutt - September 2012
This paper investigates how evangelicals integrate their faith with their work. Utilizing qualitative methods including ethnography and interviews with forty evangelicals, I argue that when thinking about faith in the workplace, evangelicals consider evangelism to be of the utmost importance. Yet it is a style of evangelism that is careful to avoid overstepping any unwritten boundaries present in a religiously pluralistic context, which produces an irony related to David W. Miller’s four categories of integration. Evangelicals, as expected, place great emphasis upon evangelism yet evangelicals regularly employ a different category of integration, ethics, in order to accomplish evangelism.
David Miller & Tim Ewest - January 2011
This paper seeks to review the growing body of qualitative and theoretical research on the field of workplace spirituality, with particular attention to determining the nature, aims, and unmet needs specific to scale development for spirituality in the workplace and faith at work. Extending the earlier and broader literature review work of Gorsuch and Miller (1999), Hill and Hood (1999), the Fetzer Group (1999), Moberg (2002), Mohamed, et al (2004), Day (2004), and Lund Dean and Fornaciari (2007), this paper also seeks to advance the direction of future psychometric scale development in the burgeoning and interdisciplinary academic field of workplace spirituality and faith at work. By suggesting a new rubric for understanding the literature (manifestation, development, and adherence), and analyzing the scale validity and reliability the authors hope to expand the conceptual imagination for new scale research.
Specifically, this paper argues that the previous research has begun to address important aspects of research scale development, although it has been limited in its applicability to workplace contexts, does not address diverse religious traditions, and falls short of understanding how and the degree to which individual or collective spirituality integrates and manifests itself in the workplace. Moreover, while much scale research has been directed towards personal fulfillment, faith maturity and wellness (Hill and Hood, 1999; Moberg, 2002), only recently have scales been developed with an eye towards workplace spirituality and faith at work.
"Rethinking the Impact of Religion on Business Values: Understanding its Reemergence and Measuring its Manifestations", David W. Miller and Timothy Ewest, in Journal of International Business Ethics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2010, pp.49-57.
David Miller & Timothy Ewest - January 2011
Caux International and CIBE 25th Global Dialogue and Conference, "A Values Based Economy for China and the World - Caux Rountable - Beijing, China
This paper argues that religious values have impacts on and in the workplace, as was suggested as early as Weber (1905), and that these impacts are still extant, worthy of continued research, and are possible to measure. Moreover, the recent emergence of intense scholarly interest in the study of the connections between religion/spirituality and the workplace is driven not only by a desire to understand the variables and interrelationships of the phenomenon, but increasingly also by other interdisciplinary questions of interest to scholars and practitioners alike, such as leadership studies, ethics, diversity and inclusion, cultural competence, human rights, globalism, and changes in immigration patterns, organizational and economic structures, and geo-politics. Finally, if religion/spirituality should be a going concern for business professionals, the paper suggests a comprehensive pattern of how religious/spiritual identity manifests itself at work, and understanding this would allow business professionals and management to potentially measure and adjust for the spiritual climate of their organization. The paper concludes by offering The Integration Box (TIB) theory as a means to understand and potentially evaluate how individuals integrate faith and work, as well as a means for organizations to understand, and respond constructively to the phenomena of religious values in the workplace.
David Miller & Tim Ewest - December 2010
Spirituality & Religion Inaugural Conference: Spirituality & Management: Strangers no more - International Association of Management - Vienna, Austria
This paper considers the evolution of leadership theory from an outward focus oriented on behavior to an inward focus oriented on the interpersonal and spiritual dimensions of leaders. While the empirical existence and personal importance of faith, spirituality, and religious identity in the life of leaders and employees is becoming more widely accepted, there are still several outstanding descriptive and prescriptive questions pertaining to the level and kinds of integration of spirituality in the workplace. To address some of these concerns we propose Miller’s (2007) theory, The Integration Box (TIB) theory, as a means to understand and measure the primary manifestations and levels of how individuals of multiple faith traditions integrate their religion/spirituality and work, as well as a means for organizations to understand, and respond constructively to the phenomena of these metaphysically inspired workplace spirituality manifestations and values.
David Miller - June 2010
Christian Scholars' Conference 2010 - Lipscomb University - Nashville, TN
Once taboo, employees are increasingly bringing their faith, religious, or spiritual identity to work. But what does this mean and how does it manifest itself? How do you measure or understand it? What are the policy ramifications? How will it impact corporate commitments to ethics, attracting and retaining top talent, and diversity and inclusion? This paper explores these and related questions, with particular attention to the development of a validated instrument to measure the individual and institutional manifestations of faith, religion, and spirituality at work. Dr. Miller will present his assessment tool, The Integration Box, as a work in process.