'FAST Copper' is a research project jointly pursued by Mung Chiang (Princeton University), Alexander Fraser (Fraser Research
Institute), and John Cioffi (Stanford University), funded by U.S. National
Science Foundation's Information Technology Research program 2004-2008 with NSF Grant 0427677.
Access networks are often the rate-reach-reliability-quality
bottleneck of end-to-end connections in wide area networks.
Realizing the vision of truly broadband and ubiquitous access
to almost everyone in the U.S. is a formidable task, with many
significant technical and socio-economic challenges. Although
the fiber-to-the-home solutions promise to provide broadband
delivery, the labor costs associated with fiber installation need
to be divided over the number of customers served by the fiber.
Such cost becomes increasingly expensive as the number of
customers served decreases, which happens when fiber gets closer and closer to the customer, especially in suburban areas.
That last segment labor cost of deployment is the dominant
economic limitation in broadband access, especially given the
population density in established suburban neighborhoods in
This goal will be achieved through two threads of research:
dynamic and joint optimization of resources in Frequency,
Amplitude, Space, and Time (thus the name ‘FAST’) to
overcome the attenuation and crosstalk bottlenecks, and the integration
of communication, networking, computation, modeling,
and distributed information management for architectural
design of broadband access networks.
M. Chiang, J. Huang, D. Xu, Y. Yi, C. W. Tan, R. Cendrillon, 'FAST Copper For Broadband Access ', Proc. 44th Allerton Conference, September 2006.