75. Arnold Guyot and Geology at Princeton

 


Dr. Arnold Guyot was Princeton’s first professor of geology and founded a natural history museum in Nassau Hall in 1856, for which he commissioned this painting of dinosaurs entitled “Cretaceous Life in NJ” by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins.  Guyot and President McCosh were among the few early supporters of Darwin’s highly controversial theory of evolution.  Guyot’s studies also helped establish the theory of glaciation and the field of weather forecasting.  He often brought Princeton students on his field research trips to determine Appalachian mountain elevations.  Three mountains, a glacier, a moon crater, and Princeton’s geology building were named for him, as are the flat-topped seamounts (“guyots”) that constitute large parts of the ocean floor.

  • To learn more about notable Princeton professors, see icon #7, quotation #6, 13, 15, 20, 21, 26, 27, 31, 32, 34, 39, and 40, and Café Vivian picture #10, 14, 17, 22, 25, 29, 43, 51, 57, 59, 60, 68, 87, 94, 101, and 108.

  • To learn more about Arnold Guyot, see Café Vivian picture #68.

  • To learn more about James McCosh, see quotation #9 and Café Vivian picture #6, 8, 11, 18, 68, 79, 95, and 101.

  • To learn more about the history of science at Princeton, see icon #2, 5, 6, and 7, quotation #9, 27, 34, and 39, and Café Vivian picture #14, 15, 22, 25, 32, 35, 41, 43, 51, 64, 78, 83, 87, 90, 114, and 131.

  • To learn more about Nassau Hall, see icon #1, quotation #1 and 35, and Café Vivian picture #4, 20, 33, 92, and 95.

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