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Journal Issue: The Next Generation of Antipoverty Policies Volume 17 Number 2 Fall 2007

Introducing the Issue
Ron Haskins Isabel Sawhill

Endnotes

  1. John Cochran, “New Perspectives on Poverty,” Congressional Quarterly Weekly, October 23, 2006, pp. 2802–09; Julie Kosterlitz, “Social Policy: The Katrina Experiment,” National Journal, November 5, 2005, pp. 3436–42; Jason DeParle, “Liberal Hopes Ebb in Post-Storm Poverty Debate,” New York Times, October 11, 2005, p. A1.
  2. Jonathan Gruber and Gary Engelhardt, “Social Security and the Evolution of Elderly Poverty,” in Public Policy and the Income Distribution, edited by Alan Auerbach, David Card, and John Quigley (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006), pp. 259–87.
  3. For further analyses of economic factors influencing poverty rates, see Hilary Hoynes, Marianne Page, and Ann Stevens, “Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations,” Working Paper 11681 (Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, October 2005).
  4. Adam Thomas and Isabel Sawhill, “For Love and Money? The Impact of Family Structure on Family Income,” Future of Children 15, no. 2 (Fall 2005): 57–74; Hoynes, Page, and Stevens, “Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations” (see note 3).
  5. Ron Haskins and Isabel Sawhill, “Work and Marriage: The Way to End Poverty and Welfare,” Welfare Reform and Beyond Brief 28 (Brookings, September 2003); Isabel Sawhill and Adam Thomas, “A Hand Up for the Bottom Third: Toward a New Agenda for Low-Income Working Families,” Working Paper (Brookings, May 2001).
  6. Not all government spending counts in the calculation of income when the official poverty rate is calculated. But even if we use alternative Census Bureau definitions of poverty that include more government benefits in the definition of income, poverty has still increased in the face of the huge increase in government spending.
  7. Nicholas Eberstadt, “Why Poverty Doesn’t Rate” (Washington: American Enterprise Institute, September 2006).
  8. Fred Doolittle and Suzanne Lynn, Working with Low-Income Cases: Lessons for the Child Support Enforcement System from Parents’ Fair Share (New York: MDRC, 1998).
  9. Leighton Ku and Matthew Broaddus, “Coverage of Parents Helps Children, Too” (Washington: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, October 20, 2006).
  10. Isabel Sawhill, “Introducing the Issue,” Future of Children 16, no. 2 (Fall 2006): 3–17; Isabel Sawhill, “Opportunity in America: Does Education Promote Social Mobility?” Future of Children Policy Brief (Fall 2006).
  11. Pamela Morris, Lisa Gennetian, and Greg Duncan, “Effects of Welfare and Employment Policies on Young Children: New Findings on Policy Experiments Conducted in the Early 1990s,” Social Policy Report 19, no. 2 (2005); Lisa A. Gennetian and others. How Welfare and Work Policies for Parents Affect Adolescents: A Synthesis of Research (New York: MDRC, 2002); Ron Haskins, Work over Welfare: The Inside Story of the 1996 Welfare Reform Law (Brookings, 2006).
  12. Kasia O’Neill Murray and Wendell E. Primus, “Recent Data Trends Show Welfare Reform to Be a Mixed Success: Significant Policy Changes Should Accompany Reauthorization,” Review of Policy Research 22 (2005): 301–24.
  13. Sara McLanahan, Elisabeth Donahue, and Ron Haskins, “Introducing the Issue,” Future of Children 15, no. 2 (Fall 2005): 3–12.
  14. Christopher Jencks and Meredith Phillips, eds., The Black-White Test Score Gap (Brookings, 1998); Cecilia Rouse, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, and Sara McLanahan, “Introducing the Issue,” Future of Children 15, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 5–14.
  15. Frances Campbell and others, “Early-Childhood Programs and Success in School: The Abecedarian Study,” in Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty, edited by W. Steven Barnett and Sarane Spence Boocock (State University of New York, 1998), pp. 145–66; Frances Campbell and others, “Early Childhood Education: Young Adult Outcomes from the Abecedarian Project,” Applied Developmental Science 6, no. 1 (2002): 42–57; and Lawrence J. Schweinhart and others, Lifetime Effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study through Age 40 (Ypsilanti, Mich.: High/Scope Press, 2005).
  16. The additional cost of wraparound care would not increase the expense of the Duncan-Ludwig-Magnuson proposal if the child care proposal advanced by Mark Greenberg were implemented.
  17. Paul E. Barton, “One Third of a Nation: Rising Dropout Rates and Declining Opportunities” (Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service, February 2005).
  18. For a detailed proposal of a program to improve teaching in high-poverty schools, see Ron Haskins and Susanna Loeb, “A Plan to Increase the Quality of Teaching in American Schools,” Future of Children Policy Brief (Spring 2006).
  19. Marvin Kosters and Brent Mast, Closing the Education Achievement Gap (Washington: AEI Press, 2003).