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Journal Issue: Fragile Families Volume 20 Number 2 Fall 2010

Mothers' Economic Conditions and Sources of Support in Fragile Families
Ariel Kalil Rebecca M. Ryan

Endnotes

  1. Sara McLanahan, "Children in Fragile Families," Working Paper 09-16-FF (Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2009).
  2. Susan E. Mayer and Christopher Jencks, "Poverty and the Distribution of Material Hardship," Journal of Human Resources 24, no. 1 (1989): 88–114.
  3. Julien O. Teitler, Nancy E. Reichman, and Lenna Nepomnyaschy, "Sources of Support, Child Care, and Hardship among Unwed Mothers, 1999–2001," Social Service Review 78, no. 1 (2004): 125–48.
  4. Melissa Radey, "The Influence of Social Supports on Employment for Hispanic, Black, and White Unmarried Mothers," Journal of Family and Economic Issues 29 (2008): 445–60.
  5. Carol Ann MacGregor, "Education Delayed: Family Structure and Postnatal Educational Attainment," Working Paper 09-07-FF (Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2009).
  6. Kristen Harknett and Jean Knab, "More Kin, Less Support: Multipartnered Fertility and Perceived Support among Mothers," Journal of Marriage and Family 69 (2007): 237–53.
  7. Michelle DeKlyen and others, "The Mental Health of Married, Cohabiting, and Non-Coresident Parents with Infants," American Journal of Public Health 96, no. 10 (2006): 1836–41.
  8. Aurora P. Jackson, Marta Tienda, and Chien-Chung Huang, "Capabilities and Employability of Unwed Mothers," Children and Youth Services Review 23, nos. 4–5 (2001): 327–51.
  9. Wendy Sigle-Rushton and Sara McLanahan, "For Richer or Poorer? Marriage as an Anti-Poverty Strategy in the United States," Population 57, no. 3 (2002): 509–26.
  10. Christine Percheski, "Maternal Employment after a Birth: Examining Variations by Family Structure," Working Paper 08-18-FF (Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2008).
  11. Rebecca Blank and Michael Barr, Insufficient Funds: Savings, Assets, Credit, and Banking among Low-Income Households (New York: Russell Sage Press, 2009).
  12. Ibid.
  13. Sigle-Rushton and McLanahan, "For Richer or Poorer?" (see note 9).
  14. Wendy Sigle-Rushton and Sara McLanahan, "The Living Arrangements of New Unmarried Mothers," Demography 39, no. 3 (2002): 415–33.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Rebecca A. London, "The Interaction between Single Mothers' Living Arrangements and Welfare Participation," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 19, no. 1 (2000): 93–117.
  17. McLanahan, "Children in Fragile Families" (see note 1).
  18. Cynthia Osborne and Sara S. McLanahan, "Partnership Instability and Child Wellbeing," Journal of Marriage and Family 69, no. 4 (2007): 1065–83.
  19. Sarah Meadows, Sara McLanahan, and Jean Knab, "Economic Trajectories in Non-Traditional Families with Children," Working Paper 09-10-FF (Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2009).
  20. Kathryn Edin and Laura Lein, Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1997).
  21. Qin Gao and Irwin Garfinkel, "Income Packaging among Unwed Fragile Families: Variation across 20 Large U.S. Cities," Working Paper (School of Social Work, Columbia University, 2004).
  22. Sigle-Rushton and McLanahan, "The Living Arrangements" (see note 14).
  23. Catherine Kenney, "Cohabiting Couple, Filing Jointly? Resource Pooling and U.S. Poverty Policies," Family Relations 53, no. 2 (2004): 237–47.
  24. Jane Lawler Dye, "Participation of Mothers in Government Assistance Programs: 2004," Current Population Reports May 2008, U.S. Bureau of the Census (www.census.gov/prod/2008pubs/p70-116.pdf [accessed May 26, 2009]).
  25. Julien O. Teitler, Nancy E. Reichman, and Lenna Nepomnyaschy, "Determinants of TANF Participation: A Multilevel Analysis," Social Service Review 81, no. 4 (2007): 633–56.
  26. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, "Public Assistance Use among Two-Parent Families: An Analysis of TANF and Food Stamp Program Eligibility and Participation," research brief (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, 2005).
  27. Gao and Garfinkel, "Income Packaging" (see note 21).
  28. Ibid.
  29. Tax Policy Center, "Earned Income Tax Credit: Number of Recipients and Amount of Credit, 1975–2007," Urban Institute and Brookings Institution (http://taxpolicycenter.org/taxfacts/displayafact.cfm?Docid=37 [accessed Sept. 22, 2009]).
  30. Janet M. Currie, The Invisible Safety Net: Protecting the Nation's Poor Children and Families (Princeton University Press, 2006).
  31. Ibid.
  32. Gao and Garfinkel, "Income Packaging" (see note 21).
  33. Currie, The Invisible Safety Net (see note 30).
  34. House Ways and Means Committee, Green Book 2004: Background Material and Data on the Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means, 108th Cong., 2nd sess. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 2004).
  35. Teitler, Reichman, and Nepomnyaschy, "Sources of Support" (see note 3).
  36. Gao and Garfinkel, "Income Packaging" (see note 21).
  37. Daphne C. Hernandez and Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest, "Income Volatility and Family Structure Patterns: Association with Stability and Change in Food Stamp Program Participation," Journal and Family Economic Issues 30 (2009): 357–71.
  38. Douglas J. Besharov and Peter Germanis, "Welfare Reform—Four Years Later," Public Interest 140 (2000): 17–35.
  39. Teitler, Reichman, and Nepomnyaschy, "Sources of Support" (see note 3).
  40. Gao and Garfinkel, "Income Packaging" (see note 21).
  41. Joanna Turner, Michel Boudreaux, and Victoria Lynch, "A Preliminary Evaluation of Health Insurance Coverage in the 2008 American Community Survey," Working Paper, health insurance (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2009).
  42. Teitler, Reichman, and Nepomnyaschy, "Sources of Support" (see note 3).
  43. Ibid.
  44. Julia Overturf Johnson, "Who's Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Winter 2002," Current Population Reports, October 2005, U.S. Bureau of the Census (www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/p70-101.pdf [accessed Sept. 22, 2009]).
  45. Child Care Bureau, "Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Families and Children Served (FFY 2006)," U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ccb/data/ccdf_data/06acf800/table1.htm [accessed Sept. 22, 2009]).
  46. Johnson, "Who's Minding the Kids?" (see note 44).
  47. Nicole D. Forry, "The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Low-Income Single Parents: An Examination of Child Care Expenditures and Family Finances," Journal of Family and Economic Issues 30, no. 1 (2009): 43–54.
  48. Lisa A. Gennetian and others, "Can Child Care Assistance in Welfare and Employment Programs Support the Employment of Low-Income Families?" Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23, no. 4 (2004): 723–43.
  49. David Blau and Erdal Tekin, "The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers in the USA," Journal of Population Economics 20, no. 4 (2007): 719–41.
  50. Gennetian and others, "Can Child Care Assistance in Welfare and Employment Programs" (see note 48).
  51. Margaret L. Usdansky and Douglas A. Wolf, "When Child Care Breaks Down: Mothers' Experiences with Child Care Problems and Resulting Missed Work," Journal of Family Issues 29, no. 9 (2008): 1185–1210.
  52. Nicole D. Forry and Sandra L. Hofferth, "Maintaining Work: The Influence of Child Care Subsidies on Child Care–Related Work Disruptions," Working Paper 09-09-FF (Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2009).
  53. Karen Schulman and Helen Blank, "State Child Care Assistance Policies 2008: Too Little Progress for Children and Families," issue brief (National Women's Law Center, 2008).
  54. Gina Adams, Kathleen Snyder, and Jodi R. Sandfort, "Getting and Retaining Child Care Assistance: How Policy and Practice Influence Parents' Experiences," Occasional Paper 55, Assessing the New Federalism (Urban Institute, 2002).
  55. Elizabeth Rigby, Rebecca M. Ryan, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, "Child Care Quality in Different State Policy Contexts," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 26, no. 4 (2007): 887–908.
  56. Edin and Lein, Making Ends Meet (see note 20).
  57. Teitler, Reichman, and Nepomnyaschy, "Sources of Support" (see note 3).
  58. Ibid.
  59. Harknett and Knab, "More Kin, Less Support" (see note 6).
  60. Edin and Lein, Making Ends Meet (see note 20).
  61. Melissa Radey and Yolanda C. Padilla, "Kin Financial Support: Receipt and Provision among Unmarried Mothers," Journal of Social Service Research 35, no. 4 (2009): 336–51.
  62. Julia R. Henly, Sandra K. Danziger, and Shira Offer, "The Contribution of Social Support to the Material Well-Being of Low-Income Families," Journal of Marriage and Family 67, no. 1 (2005): 122–40.
  63. Edin and Lein, Making Ends Meet (see note 20).
  64. Eboni C. Howard, "The Informal Social Support, Well-Being, and Employment Pathways of Low-Income Mothers," in Making It Work: Low-Wage Employment, Family Life, and Child Development, edited by Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Thomas S. Weisner, and Edward D. Lowe (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006).
  65. Rebecca M. Ryan, Ariel Kalil, and Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest, "Longitudinal Patterns of Nonresident Fathers' Involvement: The Role of Resources and Relations," Journal of Marriage and Family 70, no. 4 (2008): 962–77.
  66. Susanna Loeb and others, "Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects by Type, Quality, and Stability," Child Development 75, no. 1 (2004): 47–65.
  67. Michelle M. Livermore and Rebecca S. Powers, "Employment of Unwed Mothers: The Role of Government and Social Support," Journal of Family and Economic Issues 27 (2006): 479–94.
  68. Radey, "The Influence of Social Supports" (see note 4).
  69. Kristen Harknett, "The Relationship between Private Safety Nets and Economic Outcomes among Single Mothers," Journal of Marriage and Family 68, no. 1 (2006): 172–91.
  70. Sarah O. Meadows, "Is It There When You Need It? Mismatch in Perception of Future Availability and Subsequent Receipt of Instrumental Social Support," Journal of Family Issues 30 (2009): 1070–97.