Woodrow Wilson School
Cecilia E. Rouse
Keith A. Wailoo
Director of Graduate Studies
Denise L. Mauzerall (PhD)
R. Douglas Arnold (MPA)
R. Douglas Arnold, Public Affairs, Politics
Gary J. Bass, International Affairs, Politics
Roland Benabou, Public Affairs, Economics
Alan S. Blinder, Economics, Public Affairs
Carles Boix, Public Affairs, Politics
Charles M. Cameron, Public Affairs, Politics
Brandice Canes-Wrone, Public Affairs, Politics
Anne C. Case, Public Affairs, Economics
Miguel A. Centeno, Sociology, International Affairs
Sylvain Chassang, Public Affairs, Economics
Thomas J. Christensen, International Affairs, Politics
Christopher F. Chyba, International Affairs, Astrophysical Sciences
Janet M. Currie, Public Affairs, Economics
Christina Davis, International Affairs, Politics
Angus S. Deaton, International Affairs, Economics
Paul J. DiMaggio, Sociology, International Affairs
Christopher L. Eisgruber, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values
Edward W. Felten, Computer Science, Public Affairs
Susan T. Fiske, Psychology, Public Affairs
Marc Fleurbaey, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values
Aaron L. Friedberg, International Affairs, Politics
Noreen J. Goldman, Public Affairs, Demography
Bryan Grenfell, Public Affairs, Ecology and Environmental Biology
Gene M. Grossman, International Affairs, Economics
G. John Ikenberry, International Affairs, Politics
Harold James, History, Public Affairs
Robert O. Keohane, Public and International Affairs
Atul Kohli, International Affairs, Politics
Stephen M. Kotkin, History, International Affairs
Alan B. Krueger, Public Affairs, Economics
Paul R. Krugman, International Affairs, Economics
David S. Lee, Public Affairs, Economics
John B. Londregan, International Affairs, Politics
Alexandre Mas, Public Affairs, Economics
Douglas S. Massey, Public Affairs, Sociology
Denise L. Mauzerall, Public and International Affairs, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Nolan M. McCarty, Public Affairs, Politics
Sara S. McLanahan, Public Affairs, Sociology
Atif R. Mian, Public Affairs, Economics
Helen V. Milner, International Affairs, Politics
Andrew M. Moravcsik, Politics, International Affairs
Michael Oppenheimer, International Affairs, Geosciences
Deborah A. Prentice, Psychology, Public Affairs
Stephen J. Redding, International Affairs, Economics
Uwe E. Reinhardt, Public Affairs, Economics
Richard Rogerson, Public Affairs, Economics
Thomas Romer, Public Affairs, Politics
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, International Affairs, Economics
Cecilia E. Rouse, Public Affairs, Economics
Kim Lane Scheppele, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values, Sociology
Eldar B. Shafir, Psychology, Public Affairs
Lee M. Silver, Molecular Biology, Public Affairs
Paul E. Starr, Sociology, Public Affairs
Marta Tienda, Public Affairs, Sociology
James Trussell, Public Affairs, Economics
Keith A. Wailoo, History, Public Affairs
Mark W. Watson, Public Affairs, Economics
Jennifer Widner, International Affairs, Politics
David S. Wilcove, Public Affairs, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Robert D. Willig, Public Affairs, Economics
Deborah J. Yashar, Public Affairs, Politics
Julian E. Zelizer, Public Affairs, History
Daniel C. Kurtzer, S. Daniel Abraham Visiting Professor in Middle East Policy Studies
Elizabeth M. Armstrong, Sociology, Public Affairs
Grigore Pop-Eleches, Public Affairs, Politics
Markus Prior, Public Affairs, Politics
Emily Pronin, Psychology, Public Affairs
Rafaela M. Dancygier, International Affairs, Politics
Jan DeLoecker, Public Affairs, Economics
Alexander Glaser, International Affairs, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Alexander V. Hirsch, Public Affairs, Politics
Oleg Itskhoki, International Affairs, Economics
Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Psychology, Public Affairs
Benjamin Moll, International Affairs, Economics
Eduardo Morales, International Affairs, Economics
Jacob N. Shapiro, International Affairs, Politics
Tom S. Vogl, International Affairs, Economics
Keren Yarhi-Milo, International Affairs, Politics
Lecturer with Rank of Professor
Stanley N. Katz, Public and International Affairs
Adel A. Mahmoud, Molecular Biology
Barbara K. Bodine, Public and International Affairs
Will Dobbie, Public Affairs, Economics
Edward Freeland, Public and International Affairs
Jean Baldwin Grossman, Public and International Affairs, Economics
Jeffrey S. Hammer, Public and International Affairs
Ashoka Mody, Public and International Affairs
Nathan Scovronick, Public and International Affairs
Silvia Weyerbrock, Economics, Public and International Affairs
João Biehl, Anthropology
Markus K. Brunnermeier, Economics
Alison E. Isenberg, History
Evan S. Lieberman, Politics
The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs offers advanced training for careers in public and international affairs. The school seeks to meet the need for broadly trained professionals who will create, interpret, and implement public policy. It therefore provides a generalist training in public affairs that is quite different from the programs appropriate for those who plan careers in private business, private law, or the specialized tasks of public administration.
Woodrow Wilson School graduates pursue widely varied careers in the U.S. federal government, international agencies, foreign governments, state and local governments, nonprofit agencies, and the private sector. The school encourages its students to pursue careers in public and international affairs and commits substantial resources to fellowship funding to ensure that financial obligations will not be a deterrent to public service careers. It also keeps its student enrollment relatively small. The Woodrow Wilson School has built a large and diversified faculty, but it has also deliberately maintained a low student-faculty ratio, allowing for a great deal of informal exchange among faculty, students, and staff.
In addition to its programs of instruction, the Woodrow Wilson School sponsors a wide range of research through 22 affiliated centers and programs. To cite just a few, the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS) promotes collaborative, interdisciplinary scholarship and teaching on issues of global importance. It also publishes the quarterly journal World Politics . The Office of Population Research is a leading center of demographic study and publisher of Population Index . The Center for Health and Wellbeing seeks to foster the interdisciplinary study of health, health policy, and well-being in both developed and developing countries.
The School of Public and International Affairs (as it was originally named) was founded at Princeton in 1930 with a focus on both international affairs and domestic public affairs. Although a graduate professional program was planned from the outset, the initial venture was an interdisciplinary program for undergraduates in Princeton’s liberal arts college. The master’s program was created in 1948, and it was significantly expanded and strengthened beginning in the 1960s as a result of a major gift from Marie and Charles Robertson. More than 50 years later, the Woodrow Wilson School, with a distinguished graduate faculty, 22 affiliated research centers and programs, and a small program of doctoral studies, has become a major international center of advanced training and research in public and international affairs.
The principal graduate program of the school is a two-year curriculum leading to the degree of Master in Public Affairs (M.P.A.). Students can earn a joint degree in public affairs and law (M.P.A.-J.D.) after four years of study in the Woodrow Wilson School and a collaborating law school. The school also has a graduate program leading to a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in public and international affairs, as well as a one-year Master in Public Policy (M.P.P.) for mid-career professionals.
Master in Public Affairs
The Master in Public Affairs (M.P.A.) offers rigorous preparation for international and domestic policy careers. This two-year, full-time residential program cultivates among its students and graduates a lasting commitment to public service. Through its core curriculum and elective courses, it teaches analytical skills that address the political, economic, quantitative, organizational, and normative aspects of complex policy problems. It fosters an appreciation of the historical, institutional, and cultural contexts and interactions that encompass both domestic and international arenas.
The Woodrow Wilson School believes that it is essential for students of public affairs to understand how issues of gender, race, class, and cultural diversity affect public policy decisions, implementation, and outcomes. The school’s ongoing commitment to incorporate these issues into its curriculum, research centers, colloquia, public affairs programs, and other activities is embraced by both students and faculty. To strengthen the future leadership of society, the school promotes opportunities for students from the broadest possible socioeconomic, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds to receive the highest quality of professional training and to build dynamic careers of public service. The financial aid resources of the school are dedicated to permitting the majority of its students to receive graduate degrees without incurring loan indebtedness, and to guide them toward public service careers in the public and nonprofit sectors. Over 90 percent of M.P.A. students receive financial aid, and more than half receive full scholarships for tuition and living expenses.
The school maintains a formal advising structure to ensure that each individual course of study both satisfies degree requirements and maximizes opportunities for mastery of core analytical skills. In the beginning of the fall semester, first-year students are assigned a faculty adviser who assists in designing a program of study. This may involve planning a tentative four-semester schedule of courses, which is then updated as the student progresses through the M.P.A. curriculum. In addition to the counsel they receive from faculty members, each new student is assigned a second-year M.P.A. student adviser for informal advice.
By the second year of the program, the commitment to one of the four fields of study is confirmed, so the faculty field coordinator serves as the principal academic adviser for second-year students.
The assistant dean for graduate education is also available to provide academic advice to all students during the two-year program, and the director of the Graduate Program Office serves as an informal adviser on both academic and non-academic issues. While the M.P.A. program is quite academically demanding, in recent years 98 percent of entering students have earned their degrees.
The curriculum of the M.P.A. program includes five required core courses that address skills and techniques needed for the systematic study of public policy problems. The courses cover political analysis, quantitative methods, and economic and behavioral analysis. Each M.P.A. candidate selects a policy field in which to specialize from the school’s four fields of concentration: international relations, development studies, domestic policy, and economics and public policy. Students may also take courses leading to a joint degree in public affairs and law (M.P.A./J.D.), or with other professional degree programs, by special request. Certificate programs in demography through the Office of Population Research; health and health policy in conjunction with the Center for Health and Wellbeing; the Program in Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy (STEP); and most recently, urban policy or urban policy and planning offer additional areas of specialization among the four fields of concentration.
A unique hallmark of the school’s curriculum is the collaborative approach to planning elective courses and graduate policy workshops by faculty field coordinators, first-year students, and administrators. This enables the school not only to draw upon the strengths of its faculty, but also to adapt to the most pressing issues of domestic or international affairs and be highly responsive to the individual and collective interests of students. The school’s resources also enable it to offer high -profile appointments to visiting scholars and policy practitioners who complement the academic and professional expertise of the faculty.
At the end of the first semester, students take part in a policy project called the Integrated Policy Exercise (IPE). The IPE requires students to synthesize the skills they acquired in the fall-term analytic courses. Recent topics have included: rebuilding New Orleans after Katrina; medical malpractice liability and tort reform; cotton tariffs and U.S.-China relations; SUVs and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; smallpox vaccinations; and prescription drug coverage for seniors. Students are given briefing materials to review in advance, and are then required to respond to a set of specific policy questions in the form of a comprehensive analytical memorandum.
In May, at the end of their first year, students are required to take the Qualifying Examination (QE1), an exercise that closely parallels the IPE. Like the IPE, the QE1 requires an integrated use of analytical skills acquired in the core curriculum during the first year. Recent topics have included living wage campaigns, mercury emissions reduction, immigration policy reform, air transportation security , oil drilling in the Arctic, and California's electricity market.
Second-year students complete a qualifying exam (QE2) in their respective field of concentration in lieu of a master’s thesis or independent project.
Some students may wish to combine the school’s program in public affairs with study for a degree in a related professional field. A joint M.P.A.-J.D. degree program that combines public affairs with the study of law is offered in cooperation with the law schools of Columbia University, New York University, Stanford University, and Yale University. On occasion, joint programs with other law schools have been possible, when approved by the Woodrow Wilson School and the cooperating law school.
The joint program shortens the time involved in obtaining the two degrees and makes possible an effective combination of the several disciplines involved in public policy analysis. Participating students spend five semesters at the cooperating law school and three semesters at the Woodrow Wilson School, thus reducing by two semesters the normal time required to earn the two degrees. Enrollment in the joint program requires separate application and admission to each school.
For a limited number of exceptionally strong candidates, the school is prepared to accept joint programs that combine public affairs with the study for a degree in fields such as business management, engineering, and public health. Proposals giving a detailed rationale for such a joint program must be submitted to the faculty chair of the M.P.A. program. Because combined fields entail overlapping study, joint-degree programs normally shorten by one semester the length of time required to complete each of the individual programs.
Certificate Program in Health and Health Policy
A certificate in health and health policy, sponsored by the Center for Health and Wellbeing, is offered for graduate students who plan to pursue careers in health-related areas in the public and not-for-profit sectors. The program is designed for students with domestic and international health interests and provides both broad training in core topics in health and health policy as well as courses in specialized areas. Both M.P.A. and M.P.P. students are eligible for the certificate, as are graduate students in other departments. The certificate requires two core courses (political economy of health systems and epidemiology) and two electives courses.
Certificate Program in Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy (STEP)
The STEP certificate program encourages each student to acquire additional depth within a focus area and a mature understanding of a key issue in the fields of science, technology, or environmental policy. Candidates for the STEP certificate must complete four STEP-approved courses (most of which are taught by STEP core or associated faculty) and an advanced policy research paper. It is expected that most M.P.A. and M.P.P. candidates will write the policy paper in the context of one of those courses; papers receiving a grade of B+ or above will be eligible to satisfy this requirement. With permission of the STEP director, up to two of the courses may be taken in departments outside the Woodrow Wilson School, such as chemistry, ecology and evolutionary biology, engineering, geosciences, or molecular biology.
Certificate in Demography
By successfully completing four courses in population studies (one of which entails an individual research project), students at the Woodrow Wilson School are able to earn a certificate in demography in conjunction with the M.P.A. Students may wish to combine their study of population with a specialization in development studies or in the demographic aspects of urbanization and urban planning.
Certificate Program in Urban Policy and Urban Policy and Planning
Two distinct certificates are offered to all M.P.A. and highly focused M.P.P. students. They are grounded in the interdisciplinary and comparative study of cities and urban problems in both advanced industrialized and developing countries. The urban policy certificate emphasizes the social, economic, and political dimensions of urban problems and is designed to prepare students for careers in urban policy analysis and development in international agencies, national, state and local governments, nonprofit organizations, and think tanks. The urban policy and planning certificate builds on this scholarly foundation with a focus on physical planning. Both certificates require core courses in the “Social Organization of Cities” and “Urbanization and Development,” and the urban policy certificate also requires three elective requirements (for a total of five required courses). For the urban policy and planning certificate, students must take two electives and two additional core courses in planning theory and methods (for a total of six required courses). In both certificate programs, students are also required to complete a policy workshop that has been designated for urban policy.
M.P.P. Program for Mid-Career Professionals
The Woodrow Wilson School’s M.P.P. program offers practicing public policy professionals the opportunity to earn a degree in one year. In addition to studying for the M.P.P. degree, students may also earn a certificate in science, technology, and environmental policy; urban and regional planning; or demography. The M.P.P. program has recently been expanded to qualified physicians, Ph.D. scientists, and lawyers. Outstanding professionals in the fields of medicine, science, and law thus will have the opportunity to develop and hone their policy skills in order to bring crucial expertise to bear on specialized public policy issues.
M.P.P. for Mid-Career Professionals
The M.P.P. degree for mid-career professionals provides rising leaders in international and domestic public policy with an opportunity to broaden their economic, policy, and leadership skills. This rigorous in-residence program is designed for mid-career professionals with seven or more years of public service experience in government agencies or nonprofit organizations in the United States and abroad . The program aims to prepare experienced professionals to return to their career ready to assume significant leadership positions in an increasingly complex public service environment. The program teaches skills in analyzing the political, economic, quantitative, organizational, and normative aspects of complex problems. M.P.P. candidates come from a variety of educational and professional backgrounds and their courses of study at the Woodrow Wilson School naturally reflect this diversity. Mid-career professionals enrolled in the M.P.P. generally have significant public sector work experience ranging from 10 to 20 years.
M.P.P. for Physicians
The M.P.P. for physicians aims to enroll medical doctors in a one-year training program in public policy. M.D.’s play an active role in policy issues related to health, and medical degrees are implicitly, if not explicitly, a prerequisite for many senior policy positions concerned with health. The M.P.P. degree can be distinguished from a Master’s in Public Health (M.P.H.) by its focus on economics, politics, sociology, and statistics as tools for policy analysis. These skills are important for future health policymakers.
In addition, the Woodrow Wilson School offers a graduate certificate in health and health policy (HPP), geared toward policy students who want to pursue domestic or international careers in health-related fields. The HHP certificate is earned by completing two required health courses—in political economy of health systems and epidemiology—in addition to two full-term elective courses (or the equivalent in half terms) drawn from a wide array of topics, including health economics, health and the environment, healthcare in developing countries, HIV/AIDS policy, and poverty, inequality, and health. Physicians enrolled in the M.P.P. program will be encouraged, but not required, to enroll in the HHP certificate program.
M.P.P. for Ph.D. Scientists
The M.P.P. for Ph.D. scientists was created, in part, because many of today’s most pressing and controversial policy issues are rooted in science, such as global warming, stem cell research, the evolution of drug-resistant strains of disease organisms, and the protection of privacy in an increasingly wired world . While none of these issues are the exclusive domain of scientists, scientists will play an increasingly important role in addressing them. Therefore, the Woodrow Wilson School seeks to enroll leading professionals in the natural and physical sciences in such disciplines as physics, biology, engineering, information technology, atmospheric sciences, and the geosciences. Candidates for this one-year degree must have completed their Ph.D. when they apply to the Woodrow Wilson School graduate program.
The vast majority of leaders and innovators in contemporary science have doctoral degrees, yet a Ph.D. in a scientific field typically provides no training in public policy. The result is a widening gulf between the scientific and policy communities, arising at a time when the need for dialogue, cooperation, and leadership is growing.
The school currently offers a graduate certificate in science, technology, and environmental policy (STEP), which includes a wide array of elective courses in science policy. Ph.D. scientists enrolled in the M.P.P. program will be encouraged, but not required, to enroll in the STEP certificate program. It is expected that candidates for the M.P.P. degree for Ph.D. scientists also will take courses in economics, politics, and statistics to round out their curriculum.
M.P.P. for Lawyers
The M.P.P degree for lawyers is intended for those who have completed their J.D.’s and recognized, after several years of work experience, the need to acquire the analytical tools for policy analysis. They also may enroll in courses in international relations or domestic policy analysis, depending on their interests.
As with the other M.P.P. degrees, the M.P.P for lawyers will add crucial exposure to politics, economics, and policy that students would not get in the routine course of their other professional education.
The Ph.D. Program in Public Affairs
The Woodrow Wilson School admits a small number of students each year into a program leading to a Ph.D. in public affairs to meet the need for researchers capable of applying social science methods to the study of important public policy questions. In the Ph.D. curriculum, there are five clusters (principal fields). Each of the clusters represents an area of substantial faculty research interest in the school, in some cases cutting across disciplinary lines. Individual faculty members choose which clusters, if any, to join; depending on interests, some faculty may wish to join more than one cluster. The faculty coordinator of each cluster assumes primary responsibility for students in that cluster. These clusters and areas of concentration are (I) Politics and Public Policy*, (II) Political Economy, (III) Population and Public Policy, (IV) Urban Policy, and (V) Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy. Applications are considered from individuals who have an outstanding academic record and a strong commitment to research in international or domestic policy.
Requirements for the degree differ by area of specialization. Usually at least 10 graduate courses are required, including work in economics, politics and quantitative analysis. Courses are typically taken in the Woodrow Wilson School or in neighboring departments, such as politics, sociology, and economics . The general examination consists of either two or three written components and one oral one. On the basis of need and merit, the Woodrow Wilson School provides fellowships for tuition and a stipend for living expenses.
Students must also demonstrate reading proficiency in a foreign language during the first year of study.
A six-hour teaching assignment (precepting), usually following the general examination, is required.
Dissertation and Final Public Oral
Admission to the dissertation phase is granted by the Ph.D. Program Committee after the candidate successfully completes the general examination and defends a written dissertation prospectus.
A final public oral examination is required by University regulations, and is conducted after the dissertation has been recommended for acceptance by the Woodrow Wilson School.
Charles M. Cameron, Grigore Pop-Eleches, Andrew Moravcsik
WWS 502 Psychology for Policy Analysis and Implementation
Elizabeth L. Paluck, Alin Coman
WWS 503 The Management of Organizations
WWS 504 Policy Issues and Analysis of Nonprofits, NGOs, and Philanthropy
Stanley N. Katz
WWS 505 Financial Management in the Corporate and Public Sectors
Uwe E. Reinhardt
WWS 507C Quantitative Analysis (Advanced)
WWS 508A Econometrics and Public Policy: Applications: Applied (Half Term)
WWS 508C Econometrics and Public Policy (Advanced)
WWS 509/ECO 509 Generalized Linear Statistical Models
WWS 511B Microeconomic Analysis: Basic
WWS 511C Microeconomic Analysis (Advanced)
Jan K. De Loecker
WWS 511D Microeconomics Analysis (Accelerated)
WWS 512B Macroeconomic Analysis
WWS 512C Macroeconomic Analysis (Advanced)
Roland J. Benabou
WWS 515C Program and Policy Evaluation
WWS 520 Historical Methods and Public Policy
WWS 521 Domestic Politics
R. Douglas Arnold
WWS 522 Microeconomic Analysis of Domestic Policy
WWS 523 Legal and Regulatory Policy Toward Markets
Robert D. Willig
WWS 524 Advanced Macroeconomics: Domestic Policy Issues
Alan S. Blinder
WWS 525 Microeconomic Analysis of Government Activity
WWS 526 Employment, Poverty and Social Policy
WWS 529 Great Leadership in Historical Perspective
WWS 531/POL 546 Congress and Public Policy
WWS 533 Planning Theory and Process
David N. Kinsey
WWS 535 Planning Methods
Thomas K. Wright
WWS 536/SOC 536 Immigration, Ethnicity, and Public Policy
WWS 537 Social Organization of Cities
Douglas S. Massey
WWS 538 The Politics of Policy-making in Metropolitan Areas
WWS 540/SOC 575 Urbanization and Development
WWS 541 International Politics
WWS 543 International Trade Policy
WWS 544 International Macroeconomics
WWS 545/POL 555 International Legal Order
WWS 546 American Foreign Policy
WWS 547 The Conduct of International Diplomacy
WWS 549 National Security Policy
Aaron L. Friedberg
WWS 550 PhD Gateway in Security Studies
WWS 552 Globalization and Development
WWS 559 The Rule of Law
WWS 561/POL 523 The Comparative Political Economy of Development
WWS 562B Economic Analysis of Development (Basic)
Jeffrey S. Hammer
WWS 562C Economic Analysis of Development (Advanced)
Anne C. Case
WWS 563 International Aspects of Economic Development
WWS 564/POP 504 Poverty, Inequality and Health in the World
Angus S. Deaton
WWS 567/ECO 573 Population and Development
WWS 568/POP 502 Economics of Health in Developing Countries
Jeffrey S. Hammer
WWS 569 Strategies for Rural Dev: Peasantry and Agrarian Transformation
WWS 571/WWS 572 Topics in Development
WWS 575/WWS 576 Topics in Regional and Country Studies
WWS 589 Methods in Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy
WWS 590A Economic Perspectives on Inequality (Half-Term)
WWS 590S Workshop in Social Policy
WWS 591 Policy Workshops
WWS 593/WWS 594 Policy Analysis: Selected Topics (Half-Term)
WWS 597 The Political Economy of Health Systems
Uwe E. Reinhardt
WWS 598/POP 508 Epidemiology