Johannes Haushofer

Assistant Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs

427 Peretsman-Scully Hall
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08540


Johannes Haushofer

Curriculum Vitae: PDF

CV of Failures: PDF

Short bio: HTML

For current and prospective students, postdocs, and RAs: PDF

Welcome! I will be moving to the Department of Economics at Stockholm University in 2021. For this reason I cannot accept new PhD students at Princeton. If you are interested in a PhD in Economics in Stockholm, please get in touch! I will also continue recruiting RAs based in Nairobi in most years.



  1. Christensen, D., Dube, O., Haushofer, J., Siddiqi, B., & Voors, M. (in press). Building Resilient Health Systems: Experimental Evidence from Sierra Leone and the 2014 Ebola Outbreak. Quarterly Journal of Economics. PDF

  2. Balakrishnan, U., Haushofer, J., & Jakiela, P. (2020). How Soon Is Now? Evidence of Present Bias from Convex Time Budget Experiments. Experimental Economics. PDF

  3. Baranov, V., Haushofer, J., & Jang, C. (2020). Can Positive Psychology Improve Psychological Wellbeingand Economic Decision-Making? Experimental Evidence from Kenya. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 68(4), 1345–1376. PDF

  4. Christensen, D., Dube, O., Haushofer, J., Siddiqi, B., & Voors, M. (2020). Community-Based Crisis Response: Evidence from Sierra Leone’s Ebola Outbreak. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 110, 260–264. PDF

  5. Haushofer, J., Chemin, M., Jang, C., & Abraham, J. (2020). Economic and Psychological Effects of Health Insurance and Cash Transfers: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Kenya. Journal of Development Economics, 144, 102416. PDF
  6. Haushofer, J. & Metcalf, C. J. E. (2020). Which interventions work best in a pandemic? Science, 368(6495), 1063–1065. PDF

  7. Haushofer, J., Ringdal, C., Shapiro, J., & Wang, X.-Y. (2020). Spousal (dis)agreement in reporting of intimate partner violence in Kenya. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 110, 620–624. PDF

  8. Esopo, K., Derby, L., & Haushofer, J. (2020). Interventions to improve adherence to antenatal andpostnatal care regimens among pregnant women in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20, 316. PDF

  9. Haushofer, J. (2019). Psychological origins of the industrial revolution: Why we need causal methods and historians. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, e200. PDF

  10. Haushofer, J. & Reisinger, J. (2019). Atheist primes reduce religiosity and subjective wellbeing. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 9(2), 126–142. PDF
  11. Haushofer, J., Riis-Vestergaard, M. I., & Shapiro, J. (2019). Is there a social cost of randomization? Social Choice and Welfare, 52(4), 709–739. PDF

  12. Tol, W. A., Murray, S., Lund, C., Bolton, P. A., Murray, L., Davies, T., Haushofer, J., Orkin, K., Witte, M., Salama, L., Patel, V., Thornicroft, G., & Bass, J. (2019). Can mental healthtreatments help prevent or reduce intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries? A systematic review. BMC Women’s Health, 19(1), 728. PDF

  13. de Quidt, J., Haushofer, J., & Roth, C. (2018). Measuring and Bounding Experimenter Demand. American Economic Review, 108(11), 3266–3302. PDF
    Online appendix: PDF 

  14. Esopo, K., Mellow, D., Thomas, C., Uckat, H., Abraham, J., Jain, P., Jang, C., Otis, N., Riis-Vestergaard, M., Starcev, A., Orkin, K., & Haushofer, J. (2018). Measuring self-efficacy, executive function, and temporal discounting in Kenya. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 101, 30–45. PDF

  15. Lund, C., Brooke-Sumner, C., Baingana, F., Baron, E. C., Breuer, E., Chandra, P., Haushofer, J., Herrman, H., Jordans, M., Kieling, C., Medina-Mora, M. E., Morgan, E., Omigbodun, O., Tol, W., Patel, V., Saxena, S. (2018). Social Determinants of Mental Health Disorders and the Sustainable Development Goals: A systematic review of reviews. The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(4), 357–369. PDF
  16. Riis-Vestergaard, M. I., Ast, V. van, Cornelisse, S., Joëls, M., & Haushofer, J. (2018). The effect of hydrocortisone administration on intertemporal choice. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 88, 173–182. PDF

  17. Bryan, C. J., Mazar, N., Jamison, J., Braithwaite, J., Dechausay, N., Fishbane, A., Fox, E., Gauri, V., Glennerster, R., Haushofer, J., Karlan, D., & Vakis, R. (2017). Overcoming Behavioral Obstacles to Escaping Poverty. Behavioral Science and Policy, 3(1), 81–92. PDF

  18. Riis-Vestergaard, M. I., & Haushofer, J. (2017). Stuff goes wrong, so act now. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e340. PDF

  19. Haushofer, J., & Shapiro, J. (2016). The Short-Term Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers to the Poor: Experimental Evidence from Kenya. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 131(4), 1973–2042. PDF
    Online appendix: PDF Pre-analysis plan: PDF Erratum: ZIP Questionnaire: XLSX Data and code: ZIP

  20. Steinbeis, N., Haushofer, J., Fehr, E., & Singer, T. (2016). Development of Behavioral Control and Associated vmPFC–DLPFC Connectivity Explains Children’s Increased Resistance to Temptation in Intertemporal Choice. Cerebral Cortex, 26(1), 32–42. PDF

  21. Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2014). On the psychology of poverty. Science, 344(6186), 862–867. PDF
    Online appendix: PDF

  22. Haushofer, J., Cornelisse, S., Seinstra, M., Fehr, E., Joëls, M., & Kalenscher, T. (2013). No Effects of Psychosocial Stress on Intertemporal Choice. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e78597. PDF

  23. Eisenegger, C., Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2011). The role of testosterone in social interaction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(6), 263–271. PDF

  24. Haushofer, J., Biletzki, A., & Kanwisher, N. (2010). Both sides retaliate in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(42), 17927–17932. PDF
    Supplementary Information: PDF

  25. Haushofer, J., Baker, C. I., Livingstone, M. S., & Kanwisher, N. (2008). Privileged Coding of Convex Shapes in Human Object-Selective Cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 100(2), 753–762. PDF

  26. Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2008). You shouldn’t have: your brain on others’ crimes. Neuron, 60(5), 738–740. PDF

  27. Haushofer, J., Livingstone, M. S., & Kanwisher, N. (2008). Multivariate Patterns in Object-Selective Cortex Dissociate Perceptual and Physical Shape Similarity. PLOS Biology, 6(7), e187. PDF

  28. Op de Beeck, H. P., Haushofer, J., & Kanwisher, N. G. (2008). Interpreting fMRI data: maps, modules and dimensions. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(2), 123–135. PDF

  29. Saxe, R., & Haushofer, J. (2008). For love or money: a common neural currency for social and monetary reward. Neuron, 58(2), 164–165. PDF

  30. Haushofer, J., & Kanwisher, N. (2007). In the eye of the beholder: visual experience and categories in the human brain. Neuron, 53(6), 773–775. PDF

  31. Schiller, P. H., & Haushofer, J. (2005). What is the coordinate frame utilized for the generation of express saccades in monkeys? Experimental Brain Research, 167(2), 178–186. PDF

  32. Schiller, P. H., Haushofer, J., & Kendall, G. (2004a). An examination of the variables that affect express saccade generation. Visual Neuroscience, 21(2), 119–127. PDF

  33. Schiller, P. H., Haushofer, J., & Kendall, G. (2004b). How do target predictability and precueing affect the production of express saccades in monkeys? The European Journal of Neuroscience, 19(7), 1963–1968. PDF



  1. Egger, D., Miguel, E., Warren, S. S., Parkerson, D., Mobarak, A. M., Fink, G., . . . Vernot, C. (2020). Falling Living Standards during the COVID-19 Crisis: Quantitative Evidence from Nine Developing Countries. Working Paper. Revise-and-resubmit, Science Advances.

  2. Esopo, K., Haushofer, J., Kleppin, L., & Skarpeid, I. (2019). Acute Stress Decreases Competitiveness Among Men. Revise-and-resubmit, Experimental Economics. PDF
  3. Haushofer, J., Jain, P., Musau, A., & Ndetei, D. M. (2020). Stress Increases Choice of Sooner Outcomes, But Not Temporal Discounting. Working Paper. Revise-and-resubmit, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.

  4. Egger, D., Haushofer, J., Miguel, E., Niehaus, P., & Walker, M. (2019). General Equilibrium Effects of Unconditional Cash Transfers: Experimental Evidence from Kenya. NBER Working Paper 26600. Revise-and-resubmit, Econometrica. PDF

  5. Haushofer, J., John, A., & Orkin, K. (2019). Can Simple Psychological Interventions Increase Preventive Health Investment? NBER Working Paper 25731. Revise-and-resubmit, Journal of the European Economic Association. PDF


Working Papers

  1. Haushofer, J., Mudida, R., & Shapiro, J. (2020). The Comparative Impact of Cash Transfers and Psychotherapy on Psychological and Economic Well-being. Working Paper. PDF

  2. Fetzer, T., Witte, M., Hensel, L., Jachimowicz, J., Haushofer, J., Ivchenko, A., Caria, S., Reutskaja, E., Roth, C., Fiorin, S., Gómez, M., Kraft-Todd, G., Götz, F. M., & Yoeli, E. (2020). Global Behaviors and Perceptions in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Working Paper. PDF

  3. Haushofer, J. (2019a). Correlations Severely Underestimate the Causal Impact of Income on Well-Being. Working Paper. Available upon request.

  4. Haushofer, J. & Fehr, E. (2019). Negative Income Shocks Increase Discount Rates. Working Paper. PDF

  5. Almås, I., Haushofer, J., & Shapiro, J. (2019). The Income Elasticity for Nutrition: Evidence from Unconditional Cash Transfers in Kenya. NBER Working Paper 25711. PDF

  6. Bedoya, G., Coville, A., Haushofer, J., Isaqzadeh, M., & Shapiro, J. P. (2019). No Household Left Behind: Afghanistan Targeting the Ultra Poor Impact Evaluation. NBER Working Paper 25981. PDF

  7. Graff, T., Haushofer, J., Reisinger, J., & Shapiro, J. (2019). Psychological well-being is much more strongly related to income than to inequality. Working Paper. Available upon request.
    (Previously circulated as "Is Your Gain My Pain? Effects of Relative Income and Inequality on Psychological Well-being")

  8. Haushofer, J. (2019b). Is there a Psychological Poverty Trap? Working Paper. PDF

  9. Haushofer, J., Ringdal, C., Shapiro, J., & Wang, X.-Y. (2019). Income Changes and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Unconditional Cash Transfers in Kenya. NBER Working Paper 25627. PDF

  10. Haushofer, J., Jang, C., Lynham, J., & Abraham, J. (2018). Stress and Temporal Discounting: Do Domains Matter? Working Paper. PDF

  11. Haushofer, J. & Shapiro, J. (2018b). The Long-Term Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers to the Poor: Experimental Evidence from Kenya. Working Paper. PDF

  12. de Quidt, J., & Haushofer, J. (2016). Depression for Economists. NBER Working Paper 22973. PDF

  13. Haushofer, J. (2015). The Cost of Keeping Track. Working Paper. PDF

  14. Haushofer, J., Collins, M., Giusti, D., Giovanna, Njoroge, J. M., Odero, A., … Hughes, C. (2014). A Methodology for Laboratory Experiments in Developing Countries: Examples from the Busara Center. Working Paper. PDF

  15. Chemin, M., de Laat, J., & Haushofer, J. (2013). Poverty and Stress: Rainfall Shocks Increase Levels of the Stress Hormone Cortisol. Working Paper. PDF

  16. Haushofer, J. (2013). The psychology of poverty: Evidence from 43 countries. Working Paper. PDF

  17. Haushofer, J., & Zurlinden, N. (2013). Market Convergence and Equilibrium in a Kenyan Informal Settlement. Working Paper. PDF

  18. Haushofer, J., Cornelisse, S., Joels, M., Kalenscher, T., & Fehr, E. (2011). Low income is associated with high baseline levels and low stress reactivity of cortisol, but not alpha amylase. Working Paper. PDF



  1. de Quidt, J. & Haushofer, J. (2019). Depression through the Lens of Economics: A Research Agenda. In The Economics of Poverty Traps (pp. 127–152). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. PDF

  2. Lawson, G., Haushofer, J., & Crockett, M. (2015). Neurobiological Poverty Traps. In World Development Report (background chapter). Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

  3. Sheehy-Skeffington, J., & Haushofer, J. (2014). The Behavioural Economics of Poverty (with Jennifer Sheehy-Skeffington). In Barriers to and Opportunities for Poverty Reduction: Prospects for Private Sector Led-Interventions. Istanbul: UNDP Istanbul International Center for Private Sector in Development. PDF


Popular writing

  1. Haushofer, J. & Shapiro, J. (2018a). GiveDirectly Three-Year Impacts, Explained by the Authors. Devleopment Impact Blog. Link

  2. Haushofer, J., Pomeranz, D., Roser, M., & Schilbach, F. (2017). Daten gegen Armut [Data Against Poverty]. DIE ZEIT (Germany). Link

  3. Haushofer, J. (2016). The psychological consequences of poverty. TEDMED Talk. Link

  4. Thomas, C., & Haushofer, J. (2015). Cash: A simple remedy for domestic violence? International Growth Centre Blog. Link

  5. Thomas, C., & Haushofer, J. (2015). Get Happy, Get Rich: The Relationship Between Depression and Poverty. Foreign Affairs. PDF

  6. Haushofer, J. (2014). The Price of Poverty. Foreign Affairs. PDF

  7. Haushofer, J., & Shapiro, J. (2014). Broadening the Aperture of Measurement. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Link

  8. Haushofer, J., & Fehr, E. (2009). The Legal Brain: How Does the Brain Make Judgments about Crimes? Scientific American Online. Link


Meanwhile at a recent dinner party...

Is the Chocolate-Eating, Coffee-Drinking, Dog-Walking Red Wine Drinker a Prototype? (With Kathwin Hill!, Matt Karp, Beth Lew-Williams, and Casey Lew-Williams). November 2014. PDF