Additional Health Professions
Many Princeton undergraduates enter believing that becoming an MD is the best route for them, but may explore other options once they become more aware of their values, abilities, and other considerations before committing to one career. Explorehealthcareers.org provides overviews of over 100 health care professions that may suit a student with a strong interest in helping others with health concerns. The Association of American Medical Colleges' subgroup on graduate education provides an overview of biomedical research careers that students may pursue with a PhD in Biomedical Sciences.
Below are some additional health-related paths:
University of Pennsylvania Center for Bioethics
The field of bioethics emerged over thirty-five years ago. It provides a practical language for mediating between developments in science and popular culture and a means for our society to talk about its deepest moral concerns, fears and hopes. The Center for Bioethics employs this language to promote scholarly and public understanding of the ethical, legal, social and public policy implications of advances in the life sciences and medicine. It fosters informed dialogue about these issues across a broad spectrum of opinions that not only are the right questions addressed, but that the answers given rest upon solid facts and cogent arguments. ♦
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB)
The University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB) is a partnership between the University of Toronto and affiliated healthcare organizations. The JCB studies important ethical, health-related topics through research and clinical activities. The JCB is a network of over 180 multidisciplinary professionals seeking to improve health care standards at both national and international levels. At the JCB, theory is put into practice.
Their mission is to provide leadership in bioethics research, education, practice and public engagement. ♦
Complementary & Alternative Medicine
NIH National Center for Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM)
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) is the Federal Government's lead agency for scientific research on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). They are 1 of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ♦
Council of Colleges of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine
The CCAOM was formed in 1982 for the purpose of advancing the status of acupuncture and Oriental medicine in the United States by promoting educational excellence within the field. The founders and early members of the Council were educators, and as such understood that the integrity of any profession is directly dependent upon the quality of its educational system. By promoting educational excellence within the field, the Council has assisted the acceptance of acupuncture and Oriental medicine in the United States. ♦
Complementary & Alternative Medicine Program (CAM) at Georgetown
CAM, at Georgetown University, was created in 2003 in response to a nation-wide NIH-funded educational initiative to incorporate CAM into medical and graduate school curricula. This program is focused on training students to objectively assess the safety and efficacy of various CAM modalities such as acupuncture, massage, herbs and supplements, and mind-body interactions and introducing scientific rigor to much needed evidence-based research. ♦
Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges (AANMC)
The Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges (AANMC) was established in February 2001 to propel and foster the naturopathic medical profession by actively supporting the academic efforts of accredited and recognized schools of naturopathic medicine.
The AANMC supports member schools and colleges in an effort to:
- Improve their quality of education, operations, research and patient care.
- Enhance their visibility.
- Aid in the development, growth and preservation of the naturopathic medical profession.
- Foster collaboration between AANMC members and compatible organizations.
- Engage in activities, such as fundraising, in an effort to accomplish these shared goals. ♦
Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Inegrative Medicine
The mission of the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine is to advance the principles and practices of integrative healthcare within academic institutions. The Consortium provides its institutional membership with a community of support for their academic missions and a collective voice for influencing change. Their mission is accomplished through the goals of:
- Supporting and mentoring academic leaders, faculty, and students to advance integrative healthcare curricula, research, and clinical care.
- Disseminating information on rigorous scientific research, educational curricula in integrative health and sustainable models of clinical care.
- Informing health care policy. ♦
National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC)
Genetic Counseling Programs
Accredited by the ABGC, over two dozen masters level Genetic Counseling Programs have either Full , Interim, or Recognized New Program Status. Programs with any of the three types of accreditation meet the rigorous accreditation criteria established by the American Board of Genetic Counseling (ABGC). ♦
Genetic Societies of America
Founded in 1931, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) is the professional membership organization for geneticists and science educators. Its more than 4,000 members work to advance knowledge in the basic mechanisms of inheritance, from the molecular to the population level. The GSA supports genetics education through conferences, communications, travel fellowships and poster awards for students of genetics. ♦
Institute of Human Genetics
The Institute of Human Genetics, at the University of Minnesota, is dedicated to promoting research and education focused on the medical and scientific significance of variation in human genome sequences. This includes inherited and acquired variation in genome sequences as well as methods to change or add DNA sequences to human cells for therapeutic purposes (i.e., "gene therapy"). The Institute of Human Genetics also serves as a university-wide resource for outreach about issues related to understanding the extent and meaning of human DNA sequence variation. The Institute of Human Genetics contributes to these goals by sponsoring pilot grants, symposia and workshops, teaching classes, and advising staff that run core facilities or control resources that are valuable for human genetics research. ♦
Assocation of Medical Illustrators
The Association of Medical Illustrators is composed of medical illustrators, related professionals, and students of medical illustration. The association is dedicated to:
- Enhancing the competency and professionalism of medical illustrators
- Advancing the profession of medical illustration
- Serving society by supporting education, research and commerce in the biomedical sciences and health-related fields, through the work of its members
- Supporting the right of all creators of intellectual property to own, control and preserve their rights to those creations as guaranteed by national and international copyright laws and conventions ♦
The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)
The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) is the national voice for America's baccalaureate- and higher-degree nursing education programs.
AACN's educational, research, governmental advocacy, data collection, publications, and other programs work to establish quality standards for bachelor's- and graduate-degree nursing education, assist deans and directors to implement those standards, influence the nursing profession to improve health care, and promote public support of baccalaureate and graduate education, research, and practice in nursing— the nation's largest health care profession. ♦
American Academy of Nurse Pratitioners (AANP)
Formed in 1985, the AANP is the largest and only full-service professional membership organization in the United States for NPs of all specialties. AANP has steadily expanded services to meet its mission to:
- Promote excellence in NP practice, education and research
- Shape the future of healthcare through advancing health policy
- Build a positive image of the NP role as a leader in the national and global healthcare community ♦
American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM)
The mission of ACNM is to promote the health and well-being of women and infants within their families and communities through the development and support of the profession of midwifery as practiced by certified nurse-midwives, and certified midwives. The philosophy inherent in the profession states that nurse-midwives believe every individual has the right to safe, satisfying health care with respect for human dignity and cultural variations. ♦
Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow (NHT)
Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow (NHT) is a coalition of 43 nursing and healthcare organizations working together to wage a communications campaign to attract people to the nursing profession.
The nation is facing a potentially dangerous nursing shortage. The risk of a major nursing shortage is both short and long-term, and is more serious in some geographic areas than others. Rather than wait until the problem is severe and patients are at risk, NHT is working now to heighten awareness about the looming nursing shortage and the excellent opportunities that await those who seek a career in nursing. ♦
American Dietetic Association (ADA) Career Toolbox
The American Dietetic Association's Student Center Career Toolbox is an excellent resource to help you get started on the path of your career as a nutritionist. They offer resume templates; access to job postings in the Food and Nutrition industry; mentoring and career opportunities; volunteer opportunities and much more... ♦
American Society for Nutrition
The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) is a non-profit organization dedicated to bringing together the world's top researchers, clinical nutritionists and industry to advance our knowledge and application of nutrition for the sake of humans and animals. Our focus ranges from the most critical details of research and application to the broadest applications in society, in the United States and around the world. ♦
American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. (AOTA)
The American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. advances the quality, availability, use, and support of occupational therapy through standard-setting, advocacy, education, and research on behalf of its members and the public. ♦
Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO)
The Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO) is committed to achieving excellence in optometric education and to helping its member schools prepare well-qualified graduates for entrance into the profession of optometry. ♦
Orthotics & Prosthetics
Orthotics and prosthetics (O&P) is the evaluation, fabrication, and custom fitting of artificial limbs and orthopedic braces.
American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists
Washington University Program in Physical Therapy
The Program in Physical Therapy at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is one of the most respected physical therapy programs in the United States. A primary focus of their faculty is on the advancement of diagnoses related to movement dysfunction as a basis for choosing among management options. Of equal importance is their focus on promoting health and wellness as a means for improving the quality of life of their patients and clients. Their faculty's strong committment to conducting clinically-relevant research and engaging in critical analysis of evidence provides a solid foundation for our clinical and educational efforts. ♦
American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA)
The American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) is the only national professional association that represents all PAs across all medical and surgical specialties in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, the armed forces, and the federal services. AAPA provides comprehensive support and advocacy for physician assistants so that they may, in turn, provide patients with increased access to quality, cost-effective health care. ♦
American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine (AACPM)
The American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine's mission is to enhance academic podiatric medicine. AACPM’s membership consists of eight colleges and more than 200 hospitals and institutions that offer postdoctoral training in podiatric medicine. The Association serves as a national forum for the exchange of ideas, issues formation and concerns relating to podiatric medical education. ♦
American College of Sports Medicine
The American College of Sports Medicine promotes and integrates scientific research, education, and practical applications of sports medicine and exercise science to maintain and enhance physical performance, fitness, health, and quality of life. Their Career Resources page highlights careers outside of the traditional MD path that allow professionals to work with athletes, such as exercise physiology, dietetics, and exercise epidemiology. ♦