Articles of Interest
The following articles are about health care, both in the U.S. and globally, and have been chosen as worthwhile reading by the pre-health advisers. Please take the time to read through these selections. Your Princeton user i.d. and password will be required for access. A larger selection of articles is available in the HPA library, along with other resources.
- The Winnowing Fork of Premedical Education: Are We Really Separating the Wheat from the Chaff?
(Virtual Mentor, 2009): What happens to premeds? How do those eager, high-achieving, gregarious first-year students, intent on careers in medicine, become the drones that need corrective education in the humanities during their medical school years?
- Perspective: After a Century of Criticizing Premedical Education, are we missing the point? (Academic Medicine, May 2008)
- Entering the Continuum: Undergraduate Preparation for Medical School
A series of related articles written by faculty at the University of Kentucky and Vanderbilt Schools of Medicine. The project was coordinated by Dr. Elam. (NAAHP The Advisor, Sept. 2007)
- Changing Premed Requirements and the Medical Curriculum
Achieving change today in medical practice requires a comprehensive change in pre-med requirements and medical courses. (JAMA, Sept. 2006)
- Patching the Pipeline
The academic path to medicine isn't clear for everyone, but a few programs are showing minority students the way. (The New Physician, Oct. 2009)
- A Postbac Primer
Options for the ever growing population "non-traditional" med-students.
- AM Last Page: The MCAT Exam: Comparing the 1991 and 2015 Exams (Academic Medicine, May 2015)
- The New Social and Behavioral MCAT Requirements: Inspired Innovation, Missed Opportunity, or Both? (AAC&U Peer Review, Fall 2012)
- Scientific Thinking and Integrative Reasoning Skills (STIRS): Essential Outcomes for Medical Education and for Liberal Education (AAC&U Peer Review, Fall 2012)
The Application Process
- HPA Health Professional School Application Guide for applicants to medical school for 2017 matriculation
- Core Personal Competencies Important to Entering Students’ Success in Medical School: What Are They and How Could They Be Assessed Early in the Admission Process? (Academic Medicine, 2013)
- An Admissions OSCE: The Multiple Mini-Interview
Kevin W. Eva, Jack Rosenfeld, Harold I. Reiter & Geoffrey R. Norman
- Assessment of Non-cognitive Traits Through the Admissions Multiple Mini-interview
Jean-Francois Lemay, Jocelyn M. Lockyer, V. Terri Collin & Keith W. Brownell
- Multiple Mini-interviews Versus Traditional Interviews: Stakeholder Acceptability Comparison
Saleem Razack, Sonia Faremo, France Drolet, Linda Snell, Jeffrey Wiseman & Joyce Pickering
- The ACA Underway (The New Physician, 2014): A brief overview of the Affordable Care Act and its implications for medical students and residents.
- International Medical School programs for US citizens:
- Doctors with Borders: How the US Shuts out Foreign Physicians (The Atlantic, 2014)
- Second Chance Med School (NY Times, 2014)
- Where do International Medical Grads Fit in the US Healthcare Picture? (Medscape, 2016)
- Who's Tending Our Doctors? (Medical News Inc, 2014): A med school curriculum designed for the wellness of medical students.
- The Dangers of For-Profit Medical Education (Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2008): Letters to the editor
- The Big Squeeze (The New Physician, 2006): What’s being done about medical student indebtedness?
- Aren't You a Nurse? (The New Physician, 2006): Female medical students continue to grapple with gender stereotypes.
- The First Cut (The New Physician, 2007): For a student exposed to the OR for the first time, the choreographic nuances can be mystifying. You want to participate in the dance, but you don’t know how to act, what to say, where to stand or how to scrub.
- Phantom: Few Are Immune From "Medical Student Syndrome" (The New Physician, 2006). For medical students and others who work in health care, hypochondria can be an occupational hazard.
- Making the New Grade (The New Physician, 2009). Medical schools today use a variety of grading systems for required basic science courses.
- Exam-Room Rules: What's in a Name? (NY Times, 2009). Etiquette of how to address someone in the exam room.
- Becoming a Doctor, Starting a Family - Leaves of Absence from Graduate Education (NEJM, 2007). The challenge educators and policymakers, as well as residents and fellows face in dealing with parenting during training
- Rude Medicine: Are hazing, harassment and abuse an inevitable part of training? (The New Physician, 2007). Bullying surgeons. Power-pimping attendings. Boorish residents. Medical students are warned at the outset that these characters are fact, not fiction, on the wards, and trainees need to grow thick skins.
- American Medical Education 100 Years after the Flexner Report (NEJM, Sept 2006). A summary of the changes in medical education over the past century and description of the current challenges, using as a framework the key goals of professional education: to transmit knowledge, to impart skills, and to inculcate the values of the profession.
- American Medical Association Journal of Ethics
- University of Washington Bioethics Site
- Students Going Abroad for Service-Learning Experiences: Questions Considered (The Advisor, 2009). Student motivations for participating in Global Health service-learning programs, as well as outcomes and ethical issues to be considered.
- From Medical School to Mission (Virtual Mentor, 2006). The Ethics of International Medical Volunteerism
- Ethics at the Edge of Life (The New Physician, 2006): Meeting the needs and wishes of dying patients challenges students who are unprepared.
The Health Care System
- Is the Affordable Care Act Working? (NY Times, Oct 2014)
- A Primer on the Details of Health Care Reform (NY Times, Aug 2009)
- Shortage of Doctors an Obstacle to Obama Goals (NY Times, Apr 2009): Obama administration officials, alarmed at doctor shortages, are looking for ways to increase the supply of physicians to meet the needs of an aging population...
- The Systems Doctor (The New Physician, 2014): Physicians combine economics, medicine, sociology and politics to diagnose and treat health care systems.
- What Lies Ahead for Healthcare (The New Physician, Sept 2007): Forecasting the biggest changes in healthcare over the next few decades.
- Presidential Politics and the Resurgence of Health Care Reform (NEJM Nov 2007)
Comprehensive health care reform disappeared from the national agenda after the Clinton administration failed to enact universal coverage in 1993 and 1994. Instead, Congress adopted incremental measures that enjoyed bipartisan support, including the State Children's Health Insurance Program and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
- Health Care Elsewhere (The New Physician, 2008). A comparison of health care cost and benefits from country to country.
- Doctor Leads Quest for Safer Ways to Care for Patients (NY Times, 2010): A Conversation With Dr. Peter J. Pronovost
- An Evolving Foe (Harvard Magazine, 2010): Applying Genomic Tools to the Fight Against Malaria
- When the Doctor is Distressed (NY Times, 2010)
- When Doctors Make Mistakes (NY Times, 2009)
- A Doctor by Choice, a Businessman by Necessity (NY Times, 2009): "...the reality is that most doctors today, whether in academic or private practice, constantly have to think about money."
- Holding the Line (The New Physician, 2009): Among trainees, medical education can reinforce pre-existing stereotypes of race and class.
- Arrogant, Abusive and Disruptive - and a Doctor. Badly behaved physicians can cause workplace stress and medical errors.
- Breaking into the Boys' Club (The New Physician, 2008). Why do gender gaps persist in surgical subspecialties?
Exploring Health Careers
- Helping Patients Get Back on All Four Feet (NY Times, 2009). A glimpse of life as a veterinary technician.
- Deeper Healing (The New Physician, 2007). The practice of medicine most Americans are familiar with has an alternate universe…It is a world where physicians train in alternate institutions, belong to alternate professional organizations and sport an alternate degree: D.O. (doctor of osteopathy) rather than M.D
- Osteopathic Principles and Philosphy: A Contemporary View
"[Andrew Taylor Still's] basic idea - that the human body was much like a machine, one that would function well if all of the parts were in proper mechanical relationship - was unique compared to the medical thinking of the time."