4:1 Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Labor which sets safety and health standards and rules and regulations for virtually all businesses which affect commerce. Employers must comply with OSHA orders and provide employees with a work environment which is free from safety hazards.

To ensure enforcement, OSHA representatives may conduct workplace inspections and are authorized to examine an employer's records. If found in violation, an employer may be issued a citation. Fines and/or imprisonment may be imposed, depending on the severity of the violation. Stricter penalties may be imposed for willful or repeated violations.

OSHA requires employers to maintain a log which details workers' job-related illnesses or injuries. Information must be maintained for five years after the occurrence or incident. Annual reports which detail job-related illnesses or injuries must also be filed with the Department of Labor.

The above information is a summary only and is in no way intended to be legal advice. Furthermore, this should be read in concert with University policies and procedures. Requests for further information should be directed to your Human Resources Region Manager.