Social Security and Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers
- What is a Social Security Number?
- Who is eligible for a Social Security Number?
- How do I apply for a Social Security Number?
- Where do I get a letter verifying my on-campus employment for social security purposes?
- What if I am a dependent of a student or scholar?
- Directions to the Social Security Office in Trenton?
- What do I do when I get to the Social Security office?
- Important application tips
- What is an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN)?
- More information about ITIN
A Social Security Number (SSN) is a tax identification number issued by the U.S. Social Security Administration to individuals in the United States who have employment authorization. The SSN is issued for life.
Generally, only non-citizens who are authorized to work in the United States by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) can get an SSN. U.S. Citizens are eligible for an SSN at birth. The SSN is used to report an individual’s wages to the government and to determine a person’s eligibility for Social Security benefits.
- F-1 and J-1 students with on-campus employment
- F-1 students with Curricular Practical Training (CPT) or Optional Practical Training (OPT)
- J-1 Scholars, H-1B, O-1, and TN visa holders
- J-2, G-4 and L-2 visa holders with an Employment Authorization Card (EAD)
**NOTE: Individuals holding H-4 or F-2 visa status are NOT eligible for employment in the U.S. and therefore, are not eligible for SSNs. J-2s without employment authorization are also not eligible for SSNs**
You must present the following items:
- Completed Social Security number application form (SS-5). The SS-5 Form and additional information may be found at the Social Security Administration website
- Your valid passport
- Your valid I-94 (small, white card stapled into your passport) if you still have one, OR, if you entered the U.S. after April 30th, 2013, the most recent admission stamp in your passport AND electronic I-94 printout that you may retrieve from www.cbp.gov/I94
- If in F-1 status, your I-20 Form
- If in J-1 visa status, your DS-2019 Form
- If in H-1B visa status, your H-1B approval notice (I-797)
- For international scholars, your Princeton appointment letter from the Dean of the Faculty
- If in J-2 visa status, the Employment Authorization Document Card (EAD) you received from U.S. Immigration.
- **Undergraduate and Graduate Students working on campus must submit a letter confirming your offer of employment and your authorization to work on campus incident to visa status.
- F-1 students with OPT approval must submit their Employment Authorization Document (EAD) on/after their EAD start date. SSA will not process your application if the employment start date on your EAD is at a future date.
- F-1 students with CPT approval may apply no earlier than 30 days prior to their CPT start date.
UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS who have on-campus employment should go to the Student Employment Office in the Financial Aid Office (220 West College) to request an Evidence of Employment Letter. This letter will require that you obtain two signatures on it from: 1) Office of Student Employment and, 2) An International Student Advisor in the Davis International Center (87 Prospect). After you obtain the required signatures, you will submit this letter with your Social Security Application and the other required documents as listed above. At the time of application, the letter of employment may be no older than 3 months.
GRADUATE STUDENTS who have an on-campus employment position must obtain an employment letter for social security purposes from your department or other on-campus employer. Your employer can reference this suggested sample employment letter for Social Security application. Bring this letter for a signature from the Davis International Center (87 Prospect). After you obtain the required signatures, submit this letter with your Social Security Application and the other required documents as listed above. At the time of application, the letter of employment may be no older than 3 months.
SCHOLARS should present your appointment letter from the Office of the Dean of the Faculty (202 Nassau Hall). If you do not have it, request a copy through your department. You may be asked to submit a copy of your appointment letter to the SSA with the other required documents as listed above.
WHAT IF I AM A DEPENDENT OF A STUDENT OR SCHOLAR?
J-2, F-2, and H-4 dependents are not generally eligible for a Social Security number. However, they are often asked to provide one for driver’s license application purposes. Therefore, J-2s, F-2s, and H-4s who wish to apply for a New Jersey Drivers License should visit the Social Security Administration Office to request a letter indicating they are NOT eligible for a social security number. The Motor Vehicle Commission Office (MVC) will accept this denial letter instead of a social security number. For tax-filing purposes, J-2s, F-2s, and H-4s who are not eligible for a Social Security number may apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). More information is available in the ITIN section of this page.
DIRECTIONS TO THE SOCIAL SECURITY OFFICE IN TRENTON
You may apply at any Social Security Administration office in the U.S. The Social Security office is open Monday through Friday, 9 AM to 4 PM. The closest location is:
635 South Clinton Avenue
(in the Roebling Market)
Trenton, New Jersey 08611
(Entrance to the office is on Elmer Street)
Directions By train:
You can take the Dinky train from Princeton to Princeton Junction. At Princeton Junction switch to the New Jersey Transit southbound/outbound train (New York to Trenton) to Trenton. Get off at the Trenton Rail Station (second stop). Exit the Trenton station following the signs for Clinton Avenue and then turn left across the (metal) bridge to go down South Clinton. Walk along South Clinton Avenue for approximately 10 minutes. At Elmer Street, turn right. The Social Security Administration is just behind the “Beauty Mart” which is in the Roebling Market shopping center on Elmer Street.
If you don’t want to walk from the train station to the Social Security office, at the Trenton Rail Station you can take the Route 601 bus to the stop at Roebling and Chambers. Look for Elmer Street. The entrance to the office is on Elmer Street.
Train fare to Trenton is $6.25 each way. Approximate time to Trenton is 30-35 minutes.
Directions By bus:
You can take the New Jersey Transit bus Route 606 to the Trenton Rail Station and either walk from there or transfer to the Route 601 bus at the Trenton Rail Station. The Route 606 bus runs from the Princeton Shopping Center on North Harrison Street, along Nassau Street, then south on U.S. 206 to downtown Trenton. To take the 606 to Trenton, wait at the Palmer Square kiosk. The bus runs twice an hour between 8 am and 6 pm on weekdays, once per hour before and after that. The schedule is posted on the kiosk but in general departures are at :25 and :55 in the middle of the day, Monday through Friday. Tell the bus driver you need to transfer to the Route 601 bus. You will need to get off at the Trenton Rail Station and either walk or take the Route 601 bus to the stop at Roebling and Chambers. From the Trenton Rail Station, walk straight across the railway bridge along South Clinton Avenue for approximately 10 minutes. At Elmer Street, turn right. The Social Security Administration is just behind the “Beauty Mart” which is in the Roebling Market shopping center on Elmer Street.
Bus fare to Trenton is $2.55 each way, exact amount required. Approximate time to downtown Trenton is 35-40 minutes.
Directions By car:
Take Route 1 south past the Nassau Park and Quakerbridge Mall areas. Get onto Route 1 south (highway, not business) toward Trenton. Bear right onto Route 129 South. From Route 129 South turn right onto South Broad Street. Turn right onto Hamilton Street, then turn right onto South Clinton Avenue and then right onto Elmer Street. You may park in the Shopping Center on the left. The office is at the end of Elmer Street.
WHAT DO I DO WHEN I GET INTO THE SOCIAL SECURITY OFFICE?
When you enter the office, you will need to take a number from the self-service kiosk and wait for your number to be called. Be sure to have all of your documents in order. When your number is called, go to the appropriate window. After you submit your application, you should request a receipt for your application. It may take 4-6 weeks for the Social Security Administration to issue you a number and mail you a social security card. If there are any problems, tracking your application, it will be easier if you have a receipt. If you do not receive a number within 8 weeks, please contact the Social Security office to check on the status of your application.
IMPORTANT APPLICATION TIPS: The following items can cause delays in your application if they are not correct.
Name: You must use your name exactly as it appears in your passport and other immigration documents. Do not use a nickname or an English version of your name. Married women can use a married name if the passport has been annotated to reflect the married name.
Address: You must provide a complete local address on the application form. This is the address to which your social security card will be mailed. Newcomers sometimes provide inaccurate or incomplete addresses resulting in a lost social security card that cannot be delivered by mail.
Citizenship: You should check the box - legal alien allowed to work.
An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) is issued to individuals in the United States who don’t qualify for a Social Security number but who need an identification number for tax-filing purposes. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issues the ITIN to help individuals comply with the U.S. tax laws, and to provide a means to process and account for tax returns and payments. The ITIN cannot be used for employment or for any purpose other than filing taxes.
Students who are not eligible for a Social Security number who are from countries that have Tax Treaties with the U. S. should apply for an ITIN IF you have a grant/scholarship in your financial aid award AND your treaty excludes "Service Income" (work) or "Scholarship/Fellowship" (grants).