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Publications


Unpublished Current Activities

3) "Cumulative Total Emissions and Global Warming Policy"  S. H. Lam and B. S. H. Royce

2) "The Earth's Climate Sensitivity and Thermal Inertia"  B.S. H. Royce & S. H. Lam Updated July  (2013)

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1307.6821v1.pdf

1) " The Earth's Outward Radiation Window and Equilibrium Climate Sensitivity"

B. S. H. Royce & S. H. Lam (2008)

Archived Publications

1.     "Bombardment Conductivity in Rhombic Sulphur," Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 3, 219 (1958).

2.     "Bombardment Conductivity and Photoconductivity in Rhombic Sulphur," (with P.J. Dean and  F.C.  Champion), Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 75, 119 (1960).

3.     "Effect of Plastic Deformation on the Low Temperature Ionic Conductivity of Potassium Chloride," (with R. Smoluchowski), Phys. Rev. 122, 1125 (196l).

4.     "0riented Dislocations and Ionic Conduction of KCl," (with R. Smoluchowski), Phy.Rev. 122, 1125 (1961).

5.     "Point Defect Formation in Alkali Halides," (with J. Sharma, R. Smoluchowski and R N Euwema), Int. Conf. on Crystal Lattice Defects, Japan 1962, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, Sup. II, 321 (1963).

6.     "The Effect of Ionizing Radiation on the Optical and Electrical Properties of the Alkali Halides," Invited paper ASTM symposium on "Chemical and Physical Effects of High Energy Radiation," June 1963. ASTM Special Technical Publication 359, 98 (1963).

7.     "Radiation Damage and Ionic Conductivity in Alkali Halides,"Bull. Am. Phys. Socï. 8, 251 (1963).

8.     "The Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on the Structure Sensitive Ionic Conductivity in KCl," (with W.B. Daniels, W.H. Taylor and R. Smoluchowski); Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 228 (1964), and   J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 39 (1966).

9.     "The Effect of Plastic Deformation on Early State Colour Centre Formation in KCl,"  (with B.L. Damsky), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 262 (1964).

10. "Annealing of Vacancies in Alkali Halide X-Rayed at Low Temperatures,"  (with N. Itoh and R. Smoluchowski), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 9, 261 (1964).

11. "Dislocation Interactions During the Plastic Deformation of Ionic Crystals at Low Temperatures,"  (with R. Smoluchowski), Discussions of the Faraday Society 38, 218 (1964).

12.  "Recombination of Vacancies and Interstitials in KBr at Low Temperatures,"  (with N. Itoh and R. Smoluchowski), Phys. Rev. 137, A1010 (1965).

13. “Thermal Stability of Interstitial Halide Ions in Pure and Cl Doped KBr,” (with N. Itoh and  R. Smoluchowski), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 348 (1965), and  Phys. Rev. 138, A1766 (1965).

14. "Formation of Complex Centres in Alkali Halides," Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 10, 307 (1965).

15. "Interactions Between Point Defects in Alkali Halides," in Lattice Defects and Their Interactions, Hasiguti, Ed. Gordon & Breach, 331 (1965)16

16. "Low Temperature Annealing Processes in Alkali Halides," ASTM Symposium on "Chemical and Physical Effects of Radiation on Inorganic Substances," Seattle (1965).  ASTM Special Technical Publication 400, 75 (1965).

17. "Complementary Centres in Alkali Halides," (with N. Itoh), J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1366 (1966).

18. "Absorption Spectra of KI Resulting from a Redistribution of Traps at Liquid Nitrogen Temperatures," (with G.W. Romney), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.11, 463 (1966).

19. "The Creation of Negative Ion Vacancies in Alkali Halides with Low Energy X-Rays,"  Commissariat an l'Energie Atomique Rpt. #CEA S.3 (1965).

20. "The Creation of Point Defects in Alkali Halides," Progress in Solid-State Chemistry,   Vol. 4, Ed. H. Reiss, 213 (1967).

21. "X-Ray Induced Volume Expansion of KCl at 80 K," (with E.H. Farnum), Bull. Am.Phys. Soc. 12, 350 (1967); and Phys. Letters 26A, 164 (1967).

22. "Temperature Dependence of X-Ray Defect Production in KBr," (with D. Treacy),  Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 12, 350 (1967); and Proc. Int. Conf. on Color Centers, Rome 232, (1968).

23. "Hole and Electron Traps in Orthorhombic Sulphur," (with F. Sanchez Sinencio and S.Mascarenhas), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 12, (1967); and Phys. Lett. 26A, 70 (1967).

24. "Dielectric Relaxation in Hydroxyapatite," (with J. Arends, J. Siegel and R. Smoluchowski), Phys. Letters 27A, 720 (1968).

25. "Irradiation Induced Low Temperature Volume Expansion of KBr," (with E.H. Farnum),    Proc. Int. Conf. on Color Centers, Rome, 91 (1968).

26. "The Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium in X-Irradiated KCl,"  (with C.H. Seager and D.O. Welch), Proc. Int. Conf. on Color Centers, Rome, 241 (1968).

27. "The Thermal Production of M Centers in KCl," (with C.H. Seager and D.O. Welch), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 14, 324 (1969).

28. "Ionic Conduction in Single Crystalline Potassium Azide," (with J. Sharma and A. Danemar), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 14, 303 (1969).

29. "The Characteristic Volume Expansion of Point Defects in KBr," (with E.H. Farnum),   Phys. Rev. 187, 1160 (1969).

30. "Dipole Centers and Optical Absorption in CaF:Ce 3+ ," (with S. Mascarenhas),  Phys. Rev. Letters 24, 98 (1970).

31. "Hydrogen & Deuterium Defect Dipoles in Rare Earth Doped CaF 2 ,  Bull. Am. Phys.Soc. 16, 378 (1971).

32. "Ionic Conductivity of Fluorapatite," (with J. Siegel and C. Tse),  Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.16, 378 (1971).

33. "A.C. Conductivity of KN ; Formation and Migration Energies of Vacancies," (with A. Danemar), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.16, 378 (1971).

34. "The Surface Energy of Fluorapatite," (with M. Aning and D.O. Welch),   Physics Letters 37A, 253 (1971).

35. "Conversion and Equilibrium Between F and F 2 -Centers in X-Irradiated KCl, I Slow Warm Up Experiments," (with C.H. Seager and D.O. Welch), Physica Status Solidi (b) 49, 609 (1972).

36. “Conversion and Equilibrium Between F and F 2 -Centers in X-Irradiated KCl-II Dynamic Equilibrium,” (with C.H. Seager and D.O. Welch), Physica Status Solidi (b) 50, 241(1972).

37. "V-Centers in KBr," (with D.J. Treacy), J. Phys. Chem. Solids 33, 853 (1972).

38. "The Diffusion of Calcium and Phosphate Ions in Fluorapatite," (with H. den Hartog),  Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 17, 265 (1972).

39. "Calculations of Anion Migration Energy in the Calcium Apatites," (with C. Tse and  D.O. Welch), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 17, 265 (1972).

40. "Repulsive Interactions in the Alkali Azides," (with A. Danemar and D.O. Welch),  Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 17, 283 (1972).

41. "Calculated Energies in Schottky Pair Formation and Cation Motion in KN 3 ,"  (with A. Danemar and D.O. Welch), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 17, 283 (1972).

42. “Internal Photoemission of Holes and Electron into KN 3 ,” (with A. dePanafieu),   Physics Letters 39A, 77 (1972).

43. "The Diffusion of Calcium, Phosphorous and OD -  Ions in Fluorapatite,"  (with H. den Hartog and D. O. Welch), Physica Status Solidi (b) 53, 201 (1972).

44. "A Born Model Calculation of the Energies of Schottky Pair Formation and Cation Migration in Potassium Azide," (with A. Danemar and D.O. Welch), Physica Status Solidi (b) 55, 201 (1973).

45. “The Trap Structure of Pyrolytic Al 2 O 3  in MOS Capacitors,”  (with E. Harari), Applied Physics Letters 22, 106 (1973).

46. “Lattice Defects and the Electrical and Transport Properties of Apatite," (with J. Arends, D.O. Welch and R. Smoluchowski). Chapter 8 in "Structure and Properties of Hydroxyapatite and Related Compounds," Brown and Young, Eds., Gordon and Breach, (1972).

47. "The Migration of F - , OH -  and OD -  Ions in Apatite," (with C. Tse and D.O. Welch),  Calcified Tissue Research 13, 47 (1973).

48. "One-Dimensional Anion Vacancy Diffusion in the Calcium Apatites," (with D.O. Welch),   Physica Status Solidi (b) 57, 193 (1973). 

49. "Theory of MN o  Centers in NaCl," (with G.J. Dienes, R.D. Hatcher, O.W. Lazareth and  R. Smoluchowski), Phys. Rev. B 7, 5332 (1973).

50. "The Effects of Electron and Hole Trapping on the Radiation Hardness of Al 2 O 3  MIS Devices," (with E. Harari), IEEE Trans.NS.20, 280 (1973).

51. "Oxide Charge Trapping Induced by Ion Implantation Displacement Damage," (with E. Harari), IEEE Trans. NS.20, 288 (1973).

52. "The Defect Structure and Ionic Transport Properties of Calcium Apatite," Proceedings of the Europhysics Topical Conference, Marseille 1973. J. de Physique 34, C9-327 (1973).

53. "Field Induced Transport Mechanisms in Hydroxyapatite," Proceedings of the Conference on Electrically Mediated Growth Mechanisms in Living Systems. New York 1973.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 238, 313 (1974).

54. "Thermal Decomposition of Potassium Azide,"(with A. dePanafieu and T.J. Russel),   Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 19, 326 (1974).

55. "Optical Absorption Induced by Ion Implantation in SiO 2  Films," (with T.J. Russell, E. Harari and T. Pandolfi), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 19, 209 (1974); and Proc. Int. Conf. on Color Centers in Ionic Crystals    -- Sendai, Japan (1974).

56. "Theory of Diffusion in Potassium Azide," (with A. Danemar and D.O. Welch),  Physica Status Solidi (b) 65, 153 (1974).

57. "Low Temperature Irradiation Effects in SiO 2  Insulated MIS Devices,"  (with E. Harari and S. Wang), J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1310 (1975).

58. "Born Model Calculations of the Properties of the Alkali Azides: I. Cohesive Energies, Lattice Parameters and Specific Volumes, (with A. Danemar and D.O. Welch),  Physica Status Solidi (b) 70, 663 (1975).

59. "Born Model Calculations of the Properties of the Alkali Azides: II. Azide Vibrational Frequencies and Elastic Moduli," (with D.O. Welch and A. Danemar), Physica Status Solidi (b) 71, 159 (1975).

60. "Thermal Decomposition of KN 3 ," (with A. de Panafieu and T. Russell),  Journal of Chemical Physics 64, 1473 (1976).

61. "Displacement Damage and Radiation Effects in Boron Implanted Sapphire," (with T. Russell and E. Harari), IEEE Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects Conference (1975),  IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science NS-22, 2168 (1975).

62. "The Effects of Ion Implantation on Oxide Charge Storage in MOS Devices," (with S. Wang and       T. Russell), IEEE Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects Conference (1975),  IEEE Trans. on Nuclear Science NS-22, 2168 (1975).

63. "Optical Studies of the Magnetic Phase Diagram of MnCl 2  and MnBr 2 ," (with M. Regis and          Y. Farge), 21st Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Abstract 8E-4, (1975).

64. "Optical Studies of the Magnetic Phase Diagram of MnBr 2 ," (with Y. Farge and M. Regis),   J. de Physique 37, 637 (1976).

65. "Electron Trapping in Al-Ion Implanted SiO 2 ," (with S.T. Wang),  Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 21, 274 (1976).

66. "High Field Current Instabilities in Ion Implanted SiO 2 ," (with S.T. Wang),   Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 21, 274 (1976).

67. "Thermally Stimulated Current Studies of X-Irradiated Al 2 O 3 ," (with V.T. Gritsyna,  S. Kawamura, and T. Pandolfi), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 21, 345 (1976).

68. "Radiation Induced Charge Storage in Metal Oxide Semiconductor Devices," Int. Symp. on Electrets and Dielectrics. Ed. M. Soares de Campos. Acad. Bras. de Ciencas, Rio de Janeiro, 155 (1976).

69. "Radiation Induced Leakage Currents in Silicon on Sapphire MOS Transistors," (with S.T. Wang), IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-23, 1586 (1976).

70. “The Semiconductivity and Stability of Palladium Oxide,” (with E. Rey, M.R. Kamal and                 R.B. Miles), Journal of Materials Science 13, 812 (1978).

71. "Thermally Stimulated Current Studies of Electron and Hope Traps in Single Crystal Al 2 O 3 ,"      (with S. Kawamura), Physica Status Solidi (a) 50, 669 (1978).

72. "Proposed Photoenhanced Electrolysis by Evanescent Excitation," (with R.B. Miles and  J. Gelfand), Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics 61, 658 (1978).

73. "Field Dependent Magnetic Behavior of CsNiF 3 ," (with J. Griffin, J. Folkins, J. Ferre and M. Regis), Proceedings 24th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, (1978).

74. "Time Domain Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids," (with A. Mandelis),  Journal of Applied Physics 50, 4330 (1979), and American Physical Society Bulletin 24, 68 (1979).

75. "Phase Measurements in the Frequency Domain Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids,"   (with A. Mandelis and Y.C. Teng), Journal of Applied Physics 50, 7138 (1979).

76. "Nonradiative Lifetime Measurements in Time Domain Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids,"   (with A. Mandelis), Journal of Applied Physics 51, 610 (1980).

77. "Relaxation Time Measurements in Frequency and Time Domain Photoacoustic Spectroscopy," (with A. Mandelis), Paper WA6. Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Ames, Iowa (1979), and Journal of the Optical Society of America 70, 474 (1980).

78. "Absolute Optical Absorption Coefficient Measurements Using PAS Amplitude and Phase Information," (with Y.C. Teng), Paper ThA4. Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Ames, Iowa (1979) and Journal of the Optical Society of America 70, 557 (1980).

79. "Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids," (with J. Enns and Y.C. Teng), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 25, 408 (1980).

80. "Elimination of Dispersion Induced Distortion in Infrared Absorption Spectra by the Use of Photoacoustic Spectroscopy," (with G. Laufer, J.T. Huneke and Y.C. Teng),   Applied Physics Letters 37, 517 (1980).

81. "Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids," (with Y.C. Teng and J. Enns), Paper H2. IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics, Boston, (November 5-7, 1980). 1980 Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, 652 (1982).

82. “Quantitative Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Condensed Phases,"        (with Y.C. Teng), Paper TuA2. 2nd International Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Berkeley, (June 1981), and Applied Optics 21, 77 (1982).

83. "Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Condensed Phases," (with Y.C. Teng). International Conference on Acoustic Emission and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, London (July 1981). Proceedings Institute of Acoustics, unpaged (1982).

84. "Reactions in Polymers Studied with FTIR-Photoacoustic Spectroscopy,"   (with Y.C. Teng and J.A. Ors). IEEE Symposium on Ultrasonics, Chicago (October 14-16, 1981). 1981Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, 784 (1982).

85. "Optical Studies of the Photocorrosion of ZnSe," (with F. Sanchez- Sinencio, R. Goldstein, R. Muratore, R. Williams and W.M. Yim). Bulletin of the American Physical Society 27, (1982) 243, and Journal of the Electrochemical Society 129, 2393 (1982).

86. "Optical Properties of CdTe Thin Films Studied by Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy,"         (with J.G. Mendoza-Alvarez, F. Sanchez­-Sinencio, O. Zelaya-Angel, C. Menezes and R. Triboulet). Bulletin of the American Physical Society 28, (1983) 534, and Thin Solid Films 102, 259 (1983).

87. “Mirage Effect Studies of Electrochemical Processes,” (with D. Voss and A. Bocarsly).  Third International Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Spectroscopy, Paper 4.15, Paris (April 1983), and Journal de Physique 44, C6-325 (1983).

88. "Coupling of Transport and Chemical Processes in Catalytic Combustion,"   (with F.V. Bracco, C. Bruno, D. Santavicca, N. Sinha and Y. Stein), NASA Combustion Fundamentals Research Conference (October 1982).

89. "Photoacoustic Spectroscopy in the Study of Calcium Phosphates." Invited Paper.  Gordon Research Conference (August 1983).

90. "Mirage Effect Studies of Electrochemical Interfaces," (with A.B. Bocarsly and R. Muratore)  Electrochemical Society, 164th Meeting, Washington, D.C., Paper 506 RNP (1983).

91. “Photopolymer Dielectrics: The Characterization of Curing Behavior for Modified Acrylate Systems,” (with R.D. Small and J.A. Ors). Polymers in Electronics, T. Davidson, Ed., ACS, Washington, D.C., Symposium Series 242, p. 325 (1984).

92. "Optical and Electrical Properties of Doped CdTe Thin Films," (with J.G. Mendoza-Alvarez,                F. Sanchez-Sinencio, O. Zelaya-Angel, M. Cardenas and C. Menezes),  Bulletin of the American Physical Society, March (1984).

93. "Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Absorption on Powders," (with S.J. McGovern and J.B. Benziger). Applications of Surface Science 18, 401, (1984).

94. "Fundamental Mode Laser Beam Propagation in Optically Inhomogeneous Electrochemical Media with Chemical Species Concentration Gradients," (with A. Mandelis).  Applied Optics 23, 2892 (1984).

95. "Photoacoustic Spectroscopy and Applications to Biological Systems," Invited Paper,   Second Summer College in Biophysics, International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy (1984).

96. "An Experimental Study of Transient Catalytic Combustion," (with Y. Stein, D. Santavicca and        A. Lovell). 20th International Symposium on Combustion, University of Michigan, (August 1984).

97. "Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Applied to Heterogeneous Catalysis," (with S. McGovern and  J.B. Benziger). American Institute of Chemical Engineering Annual Meeting, Paper 53f (1984).

98. "The Importance of Interstitial Gas Expansion in Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Powders," (with S.J. McGovern and J.B. Benziger). Journal of Applied Physics 57, 1710 (1985).

99. "IR Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Silica and Aluminum Oxide," (with J.B. Benziger and S.J. McGovern), Catalyst Characterization Science, Surface and Solid State Chemistry,  Eds. M.L. Deviney and J.L. Gland, ACS, Washington, D.C., Symposium Series 288,

100. "Analytical Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Catalysts," American Laboratory 17, 16 (1985).

101. "High Temperature Fourier Transform Photoacoustic Spectroscopy: Sample Emission Effects," (with S.J. McGovern and J.B. Benziger). Applied Optics 24, 1512 (1985).

102. "Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Catalytic Powders," (with S.J. McGovern and  J.B. Benziger). Proceedings Ultrasonics International '85, London, 213 (1985).

103. "The Pressure and Temperature Dependence of Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopic Signals," (with N. Moore, J.D. Spear, and J.B. Benziger). Proceedings 4th International Conference on Photoacoustic, Thermal, and Related Sciences, Quebec, MA8 (1985).

104. “The Characterization of Cryogenic Material by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy,”    Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials, 32, 459, International Cryogenic Materials Conference, Cambridge, MA, Paper #AX-1 (Invited Paper), (August 1985).

105. "Fourier Transform Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids," (with J.B. Benziger).   IEEE Trans. UFFC Special Issue on Photoacoustics, UFFC-33, 56l, (September 1986).

106. "Fourier Transform Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Condensed Phases," (with J. Alexander). Proc. 5th Int. Topical Mtg. on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena, Springer Verlag (1987).

107. "Fourier Transform Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Solids," in   "Photoacoustic and Thermal Wave Phenomena in Semiconductors." Editor, A. Mandelis, J. Wiley (1987).

108. "Differential Thermal Expansion in Microelectronic Systems," Proc. Thermal Phenomena  in Fabrication and Operation of Electronic Components, Vol. 4, pp. 454-463, (May 1988).  Also, IEEE CHMT Transactions, Editor, Avram Bar-Cohen.

109. "Lecture Notes on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena," IPN, Mexico City  (1989).

110. "Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena II," Springer-Verlag (1990). Eds. J.C. Murphy, J.W. Maclachlan-Spicer, L.C. Aamodt, and B.S.H. Royce.

111. "Engineering Workstations for Sophomore Laboratories,"  Proceedings of the ASEE Annual Conference, Vol. 1, p. 528 (1992).

112. "The Development of a Computer-Aided Machining Facility for Undergraduate Instruction,"  Proceedings of the ASEE Annual Conference, Vol. 1, p. 334 (1992).

113. "Constrained Euler Buckling," with Philip Holmes and Gabor Domokos. J. Nonlinear Science 7 (1997) 281 - 314

114. “An Interactive Laboratory Notebook," (1997)

115. “The Engineer and the Bicycle," (1997),              

116. "The Structure and Properties of Engineering Materials," (2002) http://www.princeton.edu/~maelabs/mae324/index_1.html

117. "Constrained Euler Buckling", .(with G. Domokos and P. Holmes), Mechanics: From Theory to Computation, Ed. J. Nonlinear Sci., p 413-446 Springer (1999)

118. “Human Powered Transportation,” (1999) http://www.princeton.edu/~maelabs/hpt/cover_1.html

119. "Carbon Emissions,"  Letters to the Editor, Times Literary Supplement, April 22, 2007 p 17.

Tomorrow do thy worst, for I have liv'd today.