Graduate Course 2007
Spring Term 2007
MAE 530/MSE 520 – Topics in Engineering Science:
Engineering Applications of Quantum Optics
Instructor: Lecturer with rank of Professor Marlan O. Scully
The advent of new techniques in quantum optics from stable femtosecond pulses to quantum coherence effects, such as lasing without inversion, ultraslow light, and laser cooled gases, provide a host of new tools with many applications to engineering science as explored in the following: Introductory lectures on the basics coupled with topical seminars on the same subjects. These will include the foundations of quantum mechanics, interferometry of matter waves applied to, e.g., inertial guidance gyros, quantum (photon-photon) interferometry with applications to astronomy (Brown-Twiss) and microscopy beyond the Rayleigh limit, as well as Dicke super and subradiance. Laser spectroscopy including conventional and resonance Raman. Coherent Anti-Stokes Spectroscopy (CARS) and extensions, maximizing quantum coherence via quantum control.
Application to detection of anthrax and CARS microscopy. Quantum information science: Quantum searching, teleportation, quantum eraser, quantum dense coding and prospects for quantum computing. Molecular motors and quantum thermodynamics: Useful work from Brownian chaos and flashing molecular ratchets. Demons, engines, and quantum coherence. Bose condensation from the laser phase transition analogy to interacting (Bogoliubov) condensates and the use of ultracold gases to study quantum materials.
Prerequisite: One semester of Quantum Mechanics, or the equivalent.
Textbook: Quantum Optics, M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy (Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, England, 1997)
Feb 6 David Pritchard (MIT) and Marlan Scully
Matter Wave Interferometry: Foundations from Hamiltonian-Jacobi to Schrödinger, matter-wave experiments with electrons, neutrons, atoms, and molecules. Inertial guidance gyro devices at and beyond the quantum limit.
Feb 13 Roy Glauber (Harvard) and Marlan Scully
Photon Correlation Interferometry: From Hanbury-Brown Twiss to Dicke and quantum eraser, photon-photon interferometry and quantum lithography beyond the Rayleigh limit.
WORKSHOP ON FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED QUANTUM MECHANICS
Co-directors: Daniel Greenberger (CCNY), Dudley Herschbach (TAMU and Harvard), and MOS.
Mar 6 Federico Capasso (Harvard) and Marlan Scully
Quantum Cascade Lasers: Fundamentals of Quantum band gap engineering with applications to the study of bifurcation instabilities and laser spectroscopy, including remote sensing of atmospheric pollutants such as NO.
Mar 13 Keith Nelson (MIT) and Marlan Scully
THz Coherent Optics and Spectroscopy: The generation and utilization of quantum coherence via
femtosecond lasers, applications to laser spectroscopy and remote sensing of bio and chemical
pathogens, including anthrax and enhanced LIDAR via coherent backward wave phase matching.
WORKSHOP ON REMOTE DETECTION
Co-directors: Alexei Sokolov (TAMU) and Marlan Scully
Apr 3 Norman Ramsey (Harvard) and Marlan Scully
Quantum Thermodynamics: Negative temperatures, quantum heat engines, the photo-Carnot engine, Brownian motors, the Maxwell demon paradox and its resolution.
Apr 10 Mikhail Lukin (Harvard) and Marlan Scully
Quantum Optics and Condensed Physics: Quantum Optics as a Proving Ground for Quantum Materials: Bose Einstein condensation, photon statistics of the atom laser and the use of ultracold laser cooled gases to study quantum materials.
Apr 13, 14
WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM MATERIALS ENGINEERING
Co-directors: Anatoly Svidzinsky and Marlan Scully
May 1 Randy Hulet (Rice) and Marlan Scully
Laser Cooled Gases: Ultracold gases, quantum materials, and new insights into condensed matter.
May 8 Wolfgang Schleich (Ulm) and Marlan Scully
Number Theory and Quantum Informatics: Quantum informatics, e.g., quantum code breaking via the quantum Fourier transform, and number theory mathematics are shown to be surprisingly synergistic.