Skip over navigation

Carl Pray


Dr. Pray is currently a Visiting Scholar at the Agricultural and Resource Economics Department, University of California, Berkeley. He is a Professor II in the Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics at Rutgers University. He is also an Adjunct Professor and Advisor of the Ph.D. Program of the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Science.

The focus of his current research is agricultural science and technology policy in China, India, South Africa, and other developing countries. Key issues of his research are: How does government research investment, intellectual property rights, regulations, and advances in basic sciences influence private agricultural research and the adoption of new technology? What are the economic and institutional impacts of new agricultural biotechnology? In the recent past he has studied how patents and industry concentration have affected the biotech research in the U.S., how public policies could induce private companies to conduct research that would reduce hunger and poverty in developing countries, and the political economy of public sector research in developing countries. The results of this research have been published in Science, Nature, the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Economic Development and Cultural Change, and elsewhere.

He received his B.A. in history at Carleton College in Minnesota and then worked as an agricultural extension agent in the Peace Corps in India. His PhD, in Economic History, is from the University of Pennsylvania.