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Language Courses

ARABIC

Fall Semester

*ARA 101

Elementary Arabic na, npdf
Professor: staff
Description/Objectives: In this course, students are trained, through the use of an audio/visual method, to speak, understand, read and write Modern Standard Arabic, the form of Arabic shared by all Arab countries. Classroom time is devoted to conversation (skits and discussions) and grammar exercises (including skim-reading tasks) stemming from the video material. Consistent emphasis is placed on authentic materials that derive from the living cultural context.

Sample Reading List: al-Batal, Mahmud, et al., 'al-Kitab fi ta' allum al- arabiyya'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Students spend about 90 minutes a day on homework and study and one lab hour weekly.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 16%
Final Exam 17%
Class/Precepts Participation 34%
Quizzes 33%

Other Information: This is the first semester of a two-term language course.

*ARA 105

Intermediate Arabic na, npdf
Professor: staff
Description/Objectives: In this continuation of first-year Arabic, students receive additional speaking and listening practice and attain greater reading and writing proficiency through the study of more elaborate grammar structures and the reading of more sophisticated texts.

Sample Reading List: Al-Batal, Brustad an Tonsi, 'Al-Kitab fi taallum al-arabiyya'
See instructor for complete listing

Reading/Writing Assignments: Minimum of 10 hours of preparation per week, consisting of reading and written exercises, in addition to 1 hour of language lab per week.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 15%
Final Exam 15%
Class/Precepts Participation 30%
Paper(s) 10%
Quizzes 30%

Prerequisites: ARA 102.

Other Information: This is the first semester of a two-term language course.

ARA 301

Advanced Arabic npdf
Professor: staff

Description/Objectives: Readings from modern Arabic works; systematic study of syntax; speaking and composition. Two 90 minute classes, two periods of drill.

Sample Reading List: See instructor for complete listing

Reading/Writing Assignments: Readings, compositions, and English-Arabic translations,
according to class level.

Requirements/Grading:
Final Exam 35%
Class/Precepts Participation 55%
Quizzes 10%

Prerequisites: ARA 107.
 
ARA 305
 
Colloquial Arabic na, npdf
Professor: staff

Description/Objectives: To develop students' communicating skills in the dialects of the Levant, mainly Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.

Sample Reading List: See Instructor for complete listing.

Reading/Writing Assignments: Reading from the textbook as well as selected material in order to reinforce morphology and syntax rules. Writing short sketches and compositions.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Class/Precepts Participation 10%
Design Project(s) 25%
Oral Presentation(s) 25%

Prerequisites: ARA 107 or permission of instructor.

 
ARABIC

Spring Semester

ARA 102

Elementary Arabic na, npdf
Professor: staff

Description/Objectives: This course continues the study of Modern Standard Arabic commenced in Arabic 10l. Emphasis is placed on grammatical analysis; writing and reading of increasingly longer, unvocalized texts; further vocabulary acquisition, and continued practice in listening and speaking MSA.
Sample Reading List: Al Batal, et al., 'Al Kitab fi ta'allum al arabiyya'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Approximately 6-7 hours of preparation per week, consisting of written and reading exercises, in addition to approximately 1 hour of language lab per week.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 17%
Final Exam 17%
Class/Precepts Participation 33%
Quizzes 33%

Prerequisites: ARA 101 or permission of instructor.

Other Information: This is the second semester of a two-term language course.

ARA 107

Intermediate Arabic na, npdf
Professor: staff

Description/Objectives: Study of Arabic grammar and syntax, and use of the language in functional contexts. Reading of extra material from articles, newspapers, short stories. Discussions are held in the Arabic language to enhance the students' speaking skills.

Sample Reading List: Al-Batal-Brustad-Al-Tonsi, 'Al-Kitaab fi ta'allum al-Arabiyya'
See Instructor for complete list.

Reading/Writing Assignments: Minimum of 8 hours of preparation per week, consisting of reading and written exercises, in addition to approximately 1 hour of language lab per week.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Paper in Lieu of Final 10%
Class/Precepts Participation 10%
Oral Presentation(s) 15%
Quizzes 25%

Prerequisites: ARA 105 or permission of instructor.

Other Information: This is the second semester of a two-term language course.

ARA 302

Advanced Arabic na
Professor: staff

Description/Objectives: Developing proficiency in reading modern prose; improving writing, listening, and speaking skills in modern standard Arabic.

Reading/Writing Assignments: Photocopied Arabic texts on various topics. Contemporary Arabic Readers, vol. IV; short stories. Students spend about 2 hours a day on study.

Requirements/Grading:
Final Exam 30%
Class/Precepts Participation 45%
Quizzes 25%
Other (See Instructor)

Prerequisites: ARA 301 or permission of instructor.
 
 
HEBREW

Fall Semester

*HEB 101

Elementary Hebrew na, npdf
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: Development of the basic skills of reading, speaking, aural comprehension, and writing. Essential vocabulary and grammar are presented in the textbook and workbook. Hebrew is progressively employed as the classroom language. Short articles, easy texts from Israeli newspaper and discussions about Israel. Movies are done in Hebrew, towards the middle of the second semester

Sample Reading List: Bronznick & Uveeler, 'Hayesod'
'Workbook for Hayesod, HEB 101/102 NES Department'
Headlines from Hebrew Neswpaper, 'Lamatchil'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Manageable for a Princeton student.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Class/Precepts Participation 20%
Quizzes 20%

Other Information: Course offered every Fall.
 
*HEB 105

Intermediate Hebrew na, npdf
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: Reinforcement and expansion of reading, oral, aural, and writing skills through maximum student participation, exclusive use of Hebrew in the classroom, and coverage of remainder of basic grammar. Readings of graded selections from prose, poetry, and newspapers, and viewing and discussion of Israeli films and television programs open a window on Israel and its culture.

Sample Reading List: Bronsnick & Uveeler, 'Hayesod (second half)'
Hebrew Newspaper, 'Lamatchil'
Short Stories, short essays and poems
Reading/Writing Assignments: Vary

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 30%
Final Exam 30%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 10%
Quizzes 20%
Other (See instructor) 10%

Prerequisites: HEB 102 or permission of instructor.

HEB 301

Advanced Hebrew (III, LA) na
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: This course develops an advanced, active command of the written and spoken language through reading of essays, short stories, and poems, through extensive practice in conversation, and through the viewing and discussion of Israeli films. Readings explore issues of Israeli and Jewish identity as reflected, for instance, in Hebrew Holocaust literature.

Sample Reading List: Amoz Oz, 'Articles in Hebrew'
Amnon Rubinstein, 'Articles in Hebrew'
Yehuda Amichai, 'Poems'
Daliah Rabikovitch, 'Poems'
A.Apelfeld, 'Short stories'
U.Z. Greenberg, 'Hebrew play'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Reasonable for a Princeton student.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Class/Precepts Participation 20%
Quizzes 10%
Other (See instructor) 20%

Prerequisites: HEB 107 or permission of instructor.
 
HEBREW

Spring Semester

HEB 102

Elementary Hebrew na, npdf
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: Continuation of HEB 101. Introduction to structure and vocabulary of modern Hebrew. Reading, conversation and composition.

Sample Reading List: Bronznick & Uveeler, 'Ha-Yesod'
E.Bryn-Noiman & R.Halperin, 'Workbook for Ha-yesod'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Short Hebrew essays

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 20%
Quizzes 20%
Problem Sets 20%

Prerequisites: HEB 101 or permission of instructor.
 
HEB 107

Intermediate Hebrew na, npdf
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: Completion of two-year textbook, Ha-Yesod, and reading and discussion of selected additional texts (newspaper, stories, etc.). Extensive practice in conversation.

Sample Reading List: A. Meged, 'Geshem Nedavot'
A. Burla, 'The Wedding of Zecharya'
H. Hazaz, 'Rachamim'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Vary. The student will also write a paper based on some outside reading.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 20%
Paper(s) 20%
Quizzes 20%

Prerequisites: HEB 105 or permission of instructor.

HEB 302

Advanced Hebrew (III, LA) na, npdf
Professor: E. Robbins

Description/Objectives: Readings from modern Hebrew, ranging from newspaper articles to short stories and selected poems. Topics to be discussed include the changing self-image of the Israeli, and the special statues of the Hebrew language in Israeli culture. The course develops an active command of spoken and written Hebrew.

Sample Reading List: Amos Oz, 'Articles in Hebrew'
Amnon Rubinstein, 'Articles in Hebrew'
Yehuda Amichai, 'Poems'
Daliah Rabikovitch, 'Poems'
A. B. Yehoshua, 'Short stories'
U.Z. Greenberg, 'Hebrew play'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Reasonable for a Princeton student

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 20%
Quizzes 10%
Other (See instructor) 20%

Prerequisites: HEB 107 or permission of instructor.
 
 
PERSIAN

Fall Semester

*PER 101

Elementary Persian na, npdf
Professor: Amineh Mahallati

Description/Objectives: Persian 101 is an introductory course. Its general purpose is to familiarize students with the sounds, letters, basic grammar of Persian language, and basic communication skills. The students will learn to read texts of elementary narrative style paragraphs coherently and with reasonable accuracy, and develop cultural awareness through readings and class discussions.

Sample Reading List: Stilo & Clinton, 'Spoken & Written Modern Persian'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Preparation of one lesson or more from the text. Written
exercises, oral drills and language lab.

Requirements/Grading:
Final Exam 30%
Class/Precepts Participation 30%
Quizzes 40%

Limitations: Maximum enrollment: 15.
 
PER 105

Intermediate Persian na, npdf
Professor: Amineh Mahallati

Description/Objectives: Persian 105 is designed to introduce students to intermediate level Persian. It stresses oral fluency, written expression, and reading comprehension; supplemented by language lab sessions and audio video aides. It will help the students to read texts of intermediate level difficulty communicate and converse in Persian in everyday situations write intermediate narrative style paragraphs coherently with reasonable accuracy.

Sample Reading List: Course packet

Reading/Writing Assignments: Five to ten page brief essay. Ten to twenty pages of reading, drills and exercises.

Requirements/Grading:
Final Exam 28%
Class/Precepts Participation 30%
Oral Presentation(s) 10%
Quizzes 42%

Prerequisites: PER 102 or permission of instructor.

Limitations: Maximum enrollment: 15.

Other Information: Reading material will include selected essays, short stories and poems from modern Persian, available in xerox copies.

*PER 301

Introduction to Classical Persian Literature na
Professor: Staff

Description/Objectives: An introduction to the language of classical Persian literature. Intensive reading and discussion of texts by major poets and writers from Rudaki to Hafez. Texts will vary from year to year.

Sample Reading List: Rudaki, 'selected qaside;'
Ferdowsi, Shahname, 'passages from the story of Sohrab and other tales'
Farrokhi, 'selected qaside'
Nezami Aruzi Samarqandi, 'selections from the Chahar Maqale'
Nizam al-Molk, 'selections from the Siyasatname'
Attar, 'The Story of Sheikh San'an from the Manteq ot tayr'

Reading/Writing Assignments: 5 - 30 pages of texts weekly

Requirements/Grading:
Final Exam
Other (See Instructor)

Prerequisites: PER 105.

Other Information: This course is designed to teach the language of classical Persian literature to students who know modern Persian well, and to provide them with practice in discussing and writing about literary works in Persian.
 
PERSIAN

Spring Semester

PER 102

Elementary Persian na, npdf
Professor: Amineh Mahallati

Description/Objectives: To develop the skills of understanding, speaking, reading and writing modern Persian. The classes are conducted mostly in Persian with emphasis on oral drills and conversations.

Sample Reading List: Stilo & Clinton, 'Spoken and Written Modern Persian'

Reading/Writing Assignments: Reading assignment and related reading and writing exercises.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 30%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 40%
Quizzes 30%
Other (See Instructor)

Prerequisites: PER 101 or permission of instructor.

PER 107

Intermediate Persian na, npdf
Professor: Amineh Mahallati

Description/Objectives: The emphasis is on reading modern and classical prose, and writing modern prose. Classes are conducted mostly in Persian. Advanced grammar drills and translation
exercises.

Sample Reading List: Modern poetry and prose

Reading/Writing Assignments: Varies widely.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Class/Precepts Participation 40%
Paper(s) 20%
Quizzes 20%

Prerequisites: PER 105 or permission of instructor.
 
 
TURKISH

Fall Semester

*TUR 101

Elementary Turkish na, npdf
Professor: E. H. Gilson

Description/Objectives: A performance-oriented, multi-media introductory course in modern spoken and written Turkish. Based on authentic input, grammatical properties of the language are introduced, stressing the cultural context. Language skills are developed through communicative activities in class and individualized work with interactive digitized learning aids.

Sample Reading List: Gilson, 'Turkish Manual (unpublished)'
Lewis, 'Turkish Grammar'
Hengirmen, 'Türkçe Ögrenelim I'
Ankara University, 'Hitit' Series

Reading/Writing Assignments: Manageable for a Princeton student.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 30%
Class/Precepts Participation 30%
Quizzes 20%
 
*TUR 105

Intermediate Turkish na, npdf
Professor: E. H. Gilson

Description/Objectives: Extensive exposure to current, authentic multimedia sources; review of grammar as needed. Introduction to modern Turkish literature, with close reading of selected prose and poetry. Development of all language skills and cultural understanding is emphasized.

Sample Reading List: M. Galin, ed., 'Turkish Sampler'
Hengirmen, 'Türkçe Ögrenelim 2, 3'
Ankara University, 'Hitit 2,3' Series articles from assorted media

Reading/Writing Assignments: Ten pages of prose per week. Weekly written assignments of two pages or 200 words minimum.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 30%
Class/Precepts Participation 50%

Prerequisites: TUR 102 or permission of instructor.

TURKISH

Spring Semester

TUR 102

Elementary Turkish na, npdf
Professor: E. H. Gilson

Description/Objectives: Thorough familiarity with all grammatical aspects of Modern Turkish.
Reading text of moderate difficulty; emphasis on vocabulary building. Communicative skills; ability to comprehend and engage in daily discourse; ability to write short compositions.

Sample Reading List: Gilson, 'Turkish Manual'
Hengirmen, 'Türkçe Ögrenelim I'
Ankara University 'Hitit' Series

Reading/Writing Assignments: Estimated hours of preparation and lab attendance: 5-7 hours per week.

Requirements/Grading:
Midterm Exam 20%
Final Exam 20%
Other Exam(s)
Class/Precepts Participation 40%
Quizzes 20%

Prerequisites: TUR 101 or permission of instructor.

Other Information: If necessary, the schedule will be adjusted to accommodate both graduate and undergraduate students.
 
TUR 107

Intermediate Turkish na, npdf
Professor: E. H. Gilson

Description/Objectives: To enable students to communicate in Modern Turkish, and to read Turkish (current events, editorials, literature and academic writings) with speed and accuracy.

Sample Reading List: Gilson, "Turkish Reader"
Hengirmen, "Türkçe Ögrenelim 3/4"
Ankara University, 'Hitit' Series

Reading/Writing Assignments: Selections representative of current news media, 20th century prose. Grammar as needed. Preparation time: 5-7 hours per week.

Requirements/Grading:
Take Home Final Exam 40%
Class/Precepts Participation 60%

Prerequisites: TUR 105.

Other Information: If necessary, the schedule will be readjusted to accommodate both graduate and undergraduate students.