IIP Placements in Engineering, Physics and Math
Location: Kigali, Rwanda
About: Bridges to Prosperity provides isolated communities with access to essential healthcare, education, and economic opportunities by building footbridges over impassible rivers. By working within the local context and training local technicians, their programs aim to develop locally appropriate designs which can be economically and safely replicated. Two placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: The interns will be expected to train and work on a cable-suspended bridge project.The project will be under the guidance and, when necessary, supervision of the Bridges to Prosperity Program Manager.
Qualifications: The ideal candidates for this internship would have experience working in rural areas of the developing world and experience in basic construction and masonry skills. Candidates with an academic background in civil engineering are encouraged to apply. Interns should be prepared to live and work in a rural area, lacking electricity and running potable water.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Assisted in supervising onsite construction of a bridge, including quality and safety control as well as directing workers for excavations, concrete-mixing, masonry, cable-setting, decking, etc.
View a PowerPoint presentation (.pdf) by a past intern (#1).
View a PowerPoint presentation (.pdf) by a past intern (#2).
Centre for Internet & Society
Location: Bangalore, India
The Centre for Internet & Society is seeking interns with a strong background in policy research and advocacy in Access to Knowledge (IP Reforms), Openness (Open Access, Open Content, Open Video, Open Standards, Openness, Free and Open Source Software and Open Data), Internet Governance (Free Speech and Expression, Privacy, Information Technology Act and Rules), and Telecom (Broadband Policies and Spectrum). The Centre for Internet & Society is devoted to policy research and gives feedback to various state departments on programs dealing with Access to Knowledge, Openness, Internet Governance, and Telecom. Interns are expected to have sound knowledge (or a willingness to learn) Indian and international laws, public speaking skills (including interaction with the media), a willingness to travel (nationally and internationally), the ability to conduct research on the topics listed above and to draft documents that can be submitted to various ministries such as the Department of Telecommunications, the Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Human Resource Development, etc., and also to write blog entries of their experience from participating in workshops and other events. Two placements have been created for the International Internship Program.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Published original articles to Centre website; hosted meetings and events; represented the Centre at various distant conferences; wrote research papers.
Location: Entebbe, Uganda
About: Digital Solutions (DS) is a Ugandan-based software development company. The company builds custom applications mainly for telecom industry clients in Africa, Asia, and the United States. The IIP intern will join the DS team as it seeks to meet demanding client expectations. DS’s work involves significant research and innovative approaches to application building. One placement has been established for an IIP intern.
Intern responsibilities: IIP intern responsibilities may include: co-leading a team as programmer on existing projects; programming skills transfer/lead on in-house training for staff; helping in the maintenance of system development process and controls; and providing an independent quality assurance on existing applications to improve security, quality of execution and to ensure up-to-date documentation. Specific projects may include MMS Gateway Development, Dynamic SIM Toolkit application development, and NFC programming.
Qualifications: This placement is ideal for IIP interns with interest in computer science. Software development in C, Python, Ruby, or Java is required.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Designed, implemented, and tested a framework to manage communications with many types of mobile-to-mobile devices, written in Python.
Locations: Santiago, Temuco, Antofagasta, Puerto Varas, and Concepcion, Chile
Endeavor transforms emerging countries by establishing high-impact entrepreneurship as the leading force for sustainable economic development. At Endeavor Chile, we search & select for high-impact entrepreneurs and then support them with services to improve their business models, expand their networks, and catalyze sustainable growth. IIP interns will have the opportunity to support the Search & Selection, Entrepreneur Services, Outreach, or Metrics Analysis team at one of the Endeavor offices. A detailed description of each position area is available in the IIP office. Endeavor Chile also spearheading an education initiative called “Aprendimiento”. The “Aprendimiento” program aspires to promote a culture of entrepreneurship within Chile by sponsoring programs that inspire and empower students to become responsible global citizens. The program supports IIP interns by fostering entrepreneurial values such as leadership, creativity, taking initiative, thinking “outside the box”, and trustworthiness. The IIP interns will learn to leverage their entrepreneurial spirit, identify opportunities for their future, and prepare for their future. IIP candidates interested in working on the education initiative would be staffed at the Puerto Varas office. This IIP placement is an ideal opportunity for IIP candidates with interests in entrepreneurship and Latin America. Skills and/ or experience in business would be an asset. Spanish proficiency is preferred, but not required. When applying interns should rank the offices at which they would be interested in working. IIP Interns should also specify if they are applying to work on the “Aprendimiento” education initiative. If an IIP intern is not applying to work on the education initiative,please indicate if you have a strong preference for supporting Endeavor in a certain focus area: Search & Selection, Entrepreneurship Services, Outreach, & Metrics Analysis. This placement is ideal for students with interest in entrepreneurship; Latin America and Latin American development, economic development, microfinance, finance, economics, engineering, business, management, public policy and/or information technology. Good knowledge of Spanish is required. Three placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns.
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
Eurofish is an international organization established to assist the development of fisheries and aquaculture in Central and Eastern Europe focusing on post-harvest fisheries and aquaculture industries. Eurofish contributes to the development of fisheries and the aquaculture sector through the publication of marketing and industry related information in the Eurofish Magazine, Eurofish website, Eurofish Magazine website, as well as through the organization of conferences, workshops and seminars, business–to–business meetings and by executing a variety of projects in the fields of trade and market, processing and aquaculture. The key objectives of Eurofish are to contribute to the sustainable development of the fisheries and aquaculture sector; promote trade of high quality, value-added fishery products; and facilitate the transfer of information and knowledge. IIP interns with Eurofish may have any of the following responsibilities: assisting in the preparation of market studies; writing project applications in the field of fisheries; performing IT/web design/ maintenance and database management; assisting in promotion and communication activities; conducting market research and socio-economical studies; research various sales and promotional agencies/ institutions and perform other duties as required. IIP candidates with interests in marketing, business administration, economics, journalism; project management and/or computer science are encouraged to apply. One placement has been created for an International Internship Program (IIP) intern.
Geodynamics Group, Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University (ANU)
Location: Canberra, Australia
About: The research of the Geodynamics Group at the Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, is focused on using space-based observations to study changes on Earth. With strong backgrounds in geodesy, the researchers in the group are studying a wide range of topics including crustal deformation (tectonic drift, earthquakes), glacial isostatic adjustment as well as climate-related topics such as sea level rise and melting of polar ice sheets. Space-geodetic missions such as satellite altimeters (Jason-2, Envisat, IceSAT), space gravity (GRACE) and positioning systems (e.g. GPS) provide the observations for these studies. The research involves generating numerical models and processing the data such that estimates of these geophysical signals can be made. We know that Antarctica and Greenland are melting because of the satellite altimetry and GRACE missions, we know the global pattern of sea level rise only because of the satellite altimetry missions. Three placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: The IIP intern will work as part of a team to study some aspect of change on Earth using space-geodetic observations. There are many possible projects from which to choose: improving the modelling of satellite orbits, estimating changes in groundwater aquifers, quantifying crustal strain across continents and/or known active fault zones, deriving estimates of regional sea level rise, or measuring actual melting rates of polar regions, among others. Possible responsibilities may include developing software to model satellite orbits, processing actual satellite observations to derive estimates of geophysical processes on Earth, developing and assessing different types of models for certain processes. The work is computationally intensive and the IIP intern could be involved in writing software, processing data, deriving estimates, interpreting and evaluating the results. Previous IIP interns have worked on projects that have been submitted for publication with the intern as a co-author.
Qualifications: Strengths in maths/physics are essential for this IIP internship.View a PowerPoint presentation (.pdf) from a past intern.
International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Location: Accra, Ghana
About: IWMI is an international scientific non-profit organization that undertakes world-class research to help improve water management in developing countries. IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods, and the environment. Two placements have been established for IIP interns. Intern responsibilities: The interns will be placed in pairs. Each intern pair will conduct research that will include: defining the main products/activities, target audiences and aims of the different products/activities; setting up the methodology for assessment, based on face-to-face interviews; undertaking this analysis (travel in the allocated country may be required); analyzing the results, and participating in a workshop; presenting these results and making recommendations for future marketing and communications.
Qualifications: IIP candidates with interests in communications, science, agriculture, environmental studies, or development are encouraged to apply. Experience conducting surveys, interviews, and data analysis would be an asset.
View a Powerpoint presentation (.pdf) by a past intern.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Intern 1: Wrote software in the R programming language to help manage input and output to and from the SWAT water modeling package; Drafted policy briefs from lengthy research reports to present to public officials; Helped write the text for an informational guide. Intern 2: Wrote new Office brochure; reached out to government/NGO/press officials for a TV launch/publicity event; edited subtitles for their English TV series; data entry and basic linear regressions on excel; organized a file system for Office data.
Location: Goettingen, Germany
The Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization is a research institute for investigations of complex non-equilibrium systems, particularly in physics and biology. Its founding history goes back to Ludwig Prandtl who in 1911 requested a Kaiser Wilhelm Institute to be founded for the investigation of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics. As a first step, the Aeronautische Versuchsanstalt (now the DLR) was established in 1915 and then finally the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Flow Research was established in 1924. In 1948 it became part of the Max Planck Society. In 2003 it was renamed to Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-organisation. It is one of 80 institutes in the Max Planck Society (Max Planck Gesellschaft). The institute has four departments conducting research in the following areas: nonlinear dynamics, fluid dynamics, pattern formation, biocomplexity, and dynamics of complex fluids. IIP interns will work on tasks related to the experimental and theoretical projects of the Institute. IIP candidates with interests in physics, biology, math, and natural sciences are encouraged to apply. Four placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns.
Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST)
Location: Arusha, Tanzania
About: The Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology in Arusha (NM AIST-Arusha) is one in a network of Pan-African Institutes of Science and Technology located across the continent. These institutes, which are the proud brainchild of Nelson Mandela, are envisioned to train and develop the next generation of African scientists and engineers with a view to impact profoundly on the continent’s development through the application of science, engineering and technology (SET). The institution seeks to stimulate, catalyze and promote intensification of agricultural production, and value addition to the various natural products (agricultural, mineral, etc) produced in Tanzania and the Eastern African region. In collaboration with Dr. Padmanabhan Seshaiyer (a faculty member of Mathematical Sciences at George Mason University and as well as a faculty member of their institute) NM-AIST created the, “Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) Science research program on Computational Mathematics, Modeling and Analysis of Biological, Bio-inspired and Engineering Systems.” This project that was supported by the NSF and USAID has helped increase STEM capacity in Tanzania through research projects that has benefited new advances in potentially providing scientific and engineering solutions to real-world problems from the areas of food security, environment, education, water and global health. Through these projects, the participants have been able to work directly with the appropriate governmental agencies in Tanzania to collect data that has helped validate their models and help create better infrastructure. Four placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: The proposed IIP internship projects will help create the much needed awareness to pursue multidisciplinary real-world problem solving using STEM and in turn help increase STEM majors in the country. IIP internship projects will include the following:
- Test preparation and Science and Engineering projects (robotics and mobile application development): Two IIP interns will work with K-12 students and teachers, as well as college bound brilliant underprivileged students from schools in different parts of Arusha to prepare them for taking competitive entrance exams by teaching them the necessary quantitative (math) and verbal (English) skills required to excel. They will also work with the students to create innovative science and engineering projects by using mobile application development and robotics-based approaches to create innovations that can help address some real problems in the society. The IIP students will work with students at the local schools including Il Boru school, Massai Girls School, Nambala Primary school, Orkeeswa and help them as mentors. These K-12 students will be given an opportunity through this interaction to learn about the various STEM areas that they can pursue later on in their career. This is also a valuable opportunity for Princeton students to gain mentorship experience.
- Development of novel sensor networks to track rhinos and elephants: Illegal poaching of rhinos and elephants is becoming a major threat in Africa. Many systems have been developed, but with different engineering trade-offs that meet only the needs of domestic animal applications. However, there is no reported system that can monitor rhinos and elephants at the "panic stage" before being killed by the poachers. Hence, there is a need of developing an intelligent sensor tracking system. Two Princeton IIP interns will work with faculty members and graduate students at NMAIST to develop novel sensor networks with wireless design architecture and mobile to monitor and track the movement of these animals and come up with solutions to stop illegal poaching in Africa. Students must be ready to travel with the research group to collect data required for the project.
Location: Phnom Penh, Cambodia
About: NRG Solutions is a renewable energy start-up looking for ways to empower people in Cambodia with clean energy solutions. NRG has two main areas of focus: They are starting to build a national distribution network for clean energy products and efficient appliances to reduce energy poverty in rural Cambodia and improve people’s lives by providing appropriate solutions. They also have an engineering team who tailors larger rooftop solutions to both urban and rural customers throughout the country. NRG has installed 13 rooftop systems ranging from 300W-4KW, mostly in schools, clinics, hospitals, private homes, and other small businesses. Three placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: Interns will be able to choose their projects based on their skills and background. The projects listed below are examples of projects that are currently in progress:
- Research and Development: The intern will be part of the research and development team. This may involve taking information from our field staff, understanding the problems that people face, and trying to identify or develop a solution to these problems. The intern will also have to consider the financial feasibility, logistics of the supply chain, from purchase, to delivery, to after sales maintenance of the solutions.
- IT and Software Solutions: This project will have to do with the implementation of technologies, development/improvement of software to facilitate the distribution of our solutions to the end user, follow up the product and customer satisfaction, as well as better evaluate the impact of the solution on over time. Specific tasks under this project could be as basic as improving the website and database, to more complicated tasks such as developing mobile apps and even applying voice recognition software to improve our education and after sales services.
- Project Engineer: The intern may assist our project managers in the evaluation/ sizing/ installation/ maintenance of our rooftop installations. The intern will be asked to help in any phase of the project and might be involved in different project at different phases at any given time. When not assisting the project manager in these tasks, the project engineer will be looking at ways to improve our engineering processes and design tools.
- Business Development: The intern will spend more time with the managers and director understanding the business and looking at the business model, supply chain, marketing strategy, financial planning, to help the business be more effective and sustainable.
Qualifications: IIP candidates with interests in electrical, mechanical, or environmental engineering, as well as renewable energy, business, marketing/communications, fundraising, accounting, and/or web development are encouraged to apply. Experience in Solar Energy Specific software, web programming, CRM software, financial modeling, or marketing would also be an asset.
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Rakuten is an internet services company whose mission is to empower people and society through the Internet. One of their businesses is the Internet shopping mall Rakuten Ichiba. This site was created based on the concept of creating a platform that enabled "ordinary people skilled in retail" to open their own online shops. Rakuten Ichiba is a global pioneer of the B2B2C marketplace, which provides the platform, traffic, and expertise to empower small-scale retailers to set up their businesses on the Internet. Through Ichiba, Rakuten aims to introduce consumers to "the joy of discovery" through Internet shopping and to create an environment where merchants and consumers can interact in the same way they might in a real-world marketplace. Beyond their flagship e-commerce business Rakuten Ichiba, the Rakuten Group has expanded into a diverse array of online services, including eBooks and eReading, travel, banking, securities, credit cards, eMoney, portal media, online marketing, and professional sports. The integration of all of their services, which are anchored around their membership loyalty program, Rakuten Super Points, is the Rakuten Ecosystem and the core strategy of their international expansion. Rakuten is currently accelerating the global expansion of the Rakuten Ecosystem into the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Oceania, starting with their e-commerce, eBooks and eReading, and travel businesses. There are two areas that are accepting IIP interns business and engineering.
- For the IIP placement in business, the selected IIP interns will work on e-commerce with a focus on cross border trade marketing that includes promotion planning to increase sales of international trading transaction and channel management, and marketing analysis. IIP interns will also work in the area of creative and web design by creating a mobile strategy, working on global creative and web design (design UI for global services, improve site usability and marketing activities, conduct various analysis on global subsidiaries), conduct creative and web design strategy web analytics and web architecture (SEO analysis). Basic information technology skills are required for this placement.
- For the IIP placement in engineering, the IIP interns will work on the affiliate tracking developer, smart device technology, information systems, and a big data prototype. IIP candidates for this placement should have a background in engineering and programming experience in Java or PHP and some Linux/Unix administration experience. Skills in machine learning, NLP, database/search, algorithms for large data, and development experiences of applications for smart devices would be an asset.
Conversational Japanese is recommended. Six placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns.
Tsinghua University, Department of Precision Instrumentation and Mechanology
Location: Beijing, China
About: The Department of Precision Instruments and Mechanology (DPIM) originated from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tsinghua University, which was founded in 1932. With a high reputation, the department is the earliest engineering discipline department in China, mainly engaged in talent cultivation and scientific research in the field of advanced manufacturing, including Mechanical Engineering, Optical Engineering, and Instrument Science and Technology. Adhering to the advanced educational conception of Tsinghua University, i.e. “cultivate talents with a sound character of state and social services,” the DPIM always treats talent cultivation as its primary task, with the aim of cultivating outstanding “research, managerial, innovative, international” personnel in advanced manufacturing who master the trends of the times and pursue academic excellence. Two placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: The IIP placement is within the Department of Precision Instruments and Mechanology and will focus on one of the following two projects:
- “Observation on the velocity profile of blood flow in microchannel using micro-PIV system." The motion of the red blood cells (RBC) in microvascular is strongly dependent on time, flow and geometries, and the microfluidics provide a good platform to study the blood flow in complex geometries. In this study, a T-junction microchannel is to be designed and fabricated based on soft lithograph technology, to observe the red blood cells (RBC) motion in the daughter branches. The velocity profiles of the blood flow is to be measured by the micro-PIV system using the RBCs as tracers, and the effect of the size ratio of the daughter branches on the motion of the RBCs is to be investigated.
- "Observation of the cavitation in a small glass venturi channel." The cavitating flow through a converging-diverging nozzle has important impacts on the engineering pipe flow and biomedical heart valves. To udnerstand the cavitation of the liquid in small channels, a glass venturi shaped channel with the characteristic length of milllimeter is to be designed and fabricated. Using this device, the cavitation phenomenon is to be observed by a fast camera under the controlled driven pressures. Then the cavitation number and the effect of the liquid-solid interface are to be investigated.
The IIP intern will participate in the experimental research related to microfluidic systems, and he/she will be responsible for the design and the proceeding of the experimental work.
Qualifications: This IIP placement is ideal for IIP candidates with interests in Mechanical Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Bio Engineering, and Chemical Engineering. Experience and/or skills in technical drawing and common computer software, and basic experimental skills would be an asset.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Research pulsatile flow and steady flow of red blood cells in a bifurcating microchannel and their clotting effects. This includes designing the experimental setup, acquiring the necessary equipment and blood, fabricating microdevices, and running experiments.
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Location: Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) was established in 1997 when PETRONAS was invited by the Malaysian government to set up a university. UTP offers a wide range of engineering and technology programs at undergraduate and postgraduate levels complemented with a strong focus on Research and Development. The programs are designed with high industry relevance to provide a dynamic learning environment. The Civil Engineering Department involves the application of engineering principles and applied sciences to the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of capital projects in a typical asset life cycle. This includes buildings, roads, bridges, dams, airports, water and wastewater treatment plants, oil and gas production facilities, special purpose structures and any engineered structures for the comfort of mankind. Research projects of the department include focuses in computer aided design, surveying, transportation engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, pavement and materials engineering, construction and project management, steel and concrete design, water and wastewater engineering. IIP interns will work on a research project on rice husk ash. Two placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns. Here is some background information on the projects:
- Rice husk ash project: About 600 million tons of rice is produced each year throughout the world, which generates about 120 million tons of rice husk. Disposal of the rice husk has become a big problem and usually rice husk is burnt in open air or stacked on farmland, releasing large amounts of hazardous substances, occupying land resources, and polluting the environment. The utilization of rice husk ash as a pozzolanic material in cement and concrete provides several advantages such as improved strength and durability, reduced materials cost due to cement savings and environmental benefits related to the disposal of waste materials and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. It has been demonstrated that in order to produce reactive rice husk ash, specific temperature and duration of burning has to be maintained. Controlled burning can produce amorphous rice husk ash with high silica content and this can significantly enhance the properties of concrete. Recent studies have shown that RHA, rich in silica (about 85% to 90%), can be utilized in construction materials by controlling the burning temperature. Replacing the cement by RHA burned under controlled temperature, the compressive strength of the concrete increased. The concrete with RHA also lowers initial surface absorption, lowers the permeability, and increase the resistance of concrete to chloride ion penetration in comparison to conventional concrete. One of the controlled burning methods is using a microwave incinerator. Microwave Incinerator Rice Husk Ash (MIRHA) is obtained by burning rice husk in UTPMI--a microwave incinerator at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, with a controlled temperature. The UTPMI used for the burning process produce good quality MIRHA. Concrete and cement industry can contribute to sustainable development by adopting MIRHA as cement replacement material to save natural resources, energy, reducing CO2 emissions, and protect the environment. Through this IIP placement, the IIP intern will learn how to evaluate the microstructure of cementitious materials using equipment such as: ESEM, FE-SEM, XRD, X-ray tomography etc., and will gain the knowledge of the basic principles of mix-designing various types of concrete as well as knowledge of the production process of concrete and how to evaluate the properties of concrete such as compressive, flexural and tensile strengths, workability, including rheology and microstructure. Interested IIP candidates should possess a systematic understanding and advanced knowledge of various cement replacement materials, their effects on concrete properties, and their suitability for concrete production.
- Fly ash/palm oil fuel ash project: Steel coating requires anti-corrosion property to expand the lifespan of the equipment especially for pipes or instruments that are used in abrasive environment. Severe corrosion can be observed in equipments made from steel alloy that is operated in very abrasive environment. Operating under high pressure or/and high temperature (a temperature about 35% of the absolute melting range of a given metal or alloy) for a period of time and exposing the equipment to chemical attack, will degrade the effectiveness of the coating. Looking at a greener alternative of coating material, geopolymer material seems to be promising to be used as steel coating. Geopolymer, which is an inorganic polymer, is prepared by alkaline activation of an aluminosilicate source such as fly ash, metakaolin, slag or agriculture waste such as palm oil fuel ash/rice husk ash etc.; that can form amorphous to semi-crystalline three-dimensional silica-aluminate material. Geopolymer possess excellent mechanical properties, impressive fire resistance and high resistance to chemical attack. The proposed work will provide the intern with more information and hands-on laboratory work in the development of green coating materials for steel substrate using waste materials which are in abundance worldwide. Through this placement the IIP intern will need to conduct a brief literature review on coating material (with emphasis on geopolymer-based coating material) for metal substrate to gain better understanding of the project; will learn how to prepare specific material (in this case geopolymer-based coating material) using fly ash/palm oil fuel ash or fly ash/metakaolin as the basic raw materials; will conduct various experiments will be to obtain reasonable geopolymer product for the application on steel substrate, evaluate the coating properties of geopolymer products, as well as, the chemical, physical and micro-structural properties of the raw materials, geopolymer product and the coating properties using equipments such as FESEM, XRD, XRF, FTIR, and other related analytical tools. This IIP intern will gain the knowledge of the basic principles and hands-on material preparation, synthesis, characterization and properties of coating material and coating application. IIP candidates with interests in material development and chemical engineering are encouraged to apply. Technical skills in material processing and characterization would be an asset.
- Offshore Structures: There are about ten thousand offshore platforms located in various water depths ranging from 30m to 2,500m all over the world. The majority of these are fixed platforms located in water depths up to about 20m. For deeper regions, floating platforms are installed connected by mooring lines to the seabed. These structures are planned, designed, fabricated, transported, installed, operated, maintained, and decommissioned by civil engineers. This training will give the student insight into all aspects related to the analysis and design of offshore platforms. The trainee will get an exposure to model tests being conducted in very costly and sophisticated wave tanks fitted with the latest instrumentation such as optical motion capture system. Also, the trainee will get some exposure to using very costly commercial software used in the oil and gas industry. IIP intern responsibilities will include: attending the course "Offshore Structures," conducting an assignment for generating random waves and determining wave forces on members of jacket platforms; modeling tests in offshore laboratory on floating platforms subjected to waves and current and using commercial software for design of jacket platforms. IIP candidates with interests in the theory of structures or fluid mechanics are encouraged to apply.
- Ionic Liquids Project: Most of the heavy metals that occur in the environment are toxic and persistent. The occurrence of the heavy metals in the environment would therefore be particular dangerous even though it may only be a trace amount. The recent European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) sets high Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) for priority substances in surface water regulating the annual averages and maximum allowable concentration in surface water. Most of the heavy metals and their compounds belong to the list of priority substances due to their level of toxicity, bioaccumulation and other constraints. There are many approaches developed for the metal extraction from liquid effluents. This includes dissolving an organic solvent such as kerosene, toluene, or using an extraction agent. However, the extraction process could not be regarded as green technology as they would cause detrimental effect to the environment and the human body. Furthermore, some other drawbacks include cost and disposal problems associated with the resin, decrease of removal efficiency when multiple metals are present. Study was conducted by using ionic liquids for selective liquid/liquid extraction of heavy metals. Ionic liquids are generally defined as molten salts, consisting entirely of anions and organic cations, and and exist in liquid form at temperatures below 100°C. Integrating imidazolium cations with functionalized groups act as metalligating moieties. The scope of this work will cover the synthesis of ionic liquids and apply them in separation of heavy metals from waste water. Characterization and instrumentation work using analytical equipment such as NMR, HPLC, FTIR and AAS will be included in this work. IIP intern responsibilities will include synthesizing a range of imidazolium ionic liquids using the quaternisation reactions; characterizing the ionic liquids using NMR, HPLC and FTIR instruments. The IIP intern will gain basic knowledge in designing separation parameters for the removal of metals from waste water and learn the ionic liquids properties in relations to its design of cations and anions. IIP candidates with interests in Chemistry or Chemical Engineering are encouraged to apply. A basic knowledge in chemistry practicals is essential.
- Glycerol project: A growing environmental concern, a rapid increase of oil price and political fallout arising from the escalating fossil fuel based-energy demand constitute the primary impetus behind the search for renewable sources of energy and chemicals. In recent findings, the biomass (oxygenated hydrocarbon) transformations over supported transition metals are touted as promising routes towards sustainable production of fuel precursors. Fuels derived from biomass are considered CO2-neutral since they provide a closed carbon cycle, therefore, eliminating greenhouse gas (CO2) emission to atmosphere. One of the key solutions is employing glycerol as a reactant in dry reforming process to produce syngas (mixture H2, CO and CO2). Thus, we propose to investigate the use of chemically treated limestone based catalyst for glycerol reforming using CO2. Furthermore, this process will address the environmental-degradation issue associated with greenhouse gas (CO2) emission. More importantly, dry reforming of glycerol remains elusive and its potential has yet been explored. During glycerol steam reforming, carbon laydown was substantial, hence affecting its longevity performance. This IIP intern will be expected to synthesize the catalysts that would be used in syngas production. The IIP intern will learn to evaluate the characteristics of the catalysts using XRD, SEM and other related instruments. Finally, the IIP intern will run a few experiments related to syngas production.IIP candidates with interests in chemical engineering or chemistry are encouraged to apply.
- Engineering Cementitious Composite Material project: Increasing pressure on bridge designers to eliminate existing expansion joints on bridge decks in order to reduce maintenance and long-term rehabilitation cost led to an innovative solution by replacing these joints using concrete link slab. A concrete link slab is relatively thin reinforced concrete slab that typically connects simply supported deck spans. However, concrete link slabs do not possess the large tensile strain capacity and micro-cracking behavior and therefore mustbe heavily reinforced to keep crack widths within the concrete link slabs below acceptable serviceability limits allowed by the AASHTO bridge design code. This high reinforcement ration within concrete link slabs unnecessarily stiffens the link slabs. In addition, it was found that these slabs are sensitive to poor construction practices. The unique capability of engineering cementitious composite (ECC) material to deform up to 4% strain in uniaxial tension while maintaining low crack widths allows the ECC link slab to accommodate the deformations imposed by the adjacent decks (i.e. due to thermal expansion and contraction). However, the ability of these slabs to withstand the rigors of repeated deflection caused by cycling loading of the bridge structure is stil unclear. Therefore, the main objective of this proposed research work is to develop a fatigue models for ECC link slabs. Investigate experimentally and theoretically (using 3D nonlinear finite element method) the load capacity and fatigue performance of ECC link slabs, along with the development of cracking on the tensile face of the ECC link slab. The expected outcome of this research is the development fatigue model of ECC link slabs that will encourage the authorities on using them to replace the current joint system. This research works will also establish a necessary data and aid on the design and analysis of ECC link slabs. The IIP intern will contribute to this research. IIP candidates with interests in concrete engineering are encouraged to apply. Technical knowledge in structural behavior would be an asset.
- High Performance Cloud Computing project: High Performance Cloud computing is a set of infrastructure that is able to provide services that is able to compute jobs that are data intensive (processing big data) and computationally intensive.
Sub-Project 1: Towards reliable, maintainable and high performance cloud computing: A high performance cloud services must be reliable and maintainable to provide high quality services to its continuing expanding sets of users and increasing number of complicated services. Performance is also crucial when considering the various parallel high computation and data intensive jobs that are running on limited amount of physical resources. As such, design of the services and cloud infrastructure are very crucial to ensure that the services are reliable, maintainable and have acceptable performance. The quality of the services and infrastructure must also be verified. Formal methods for verification have the advantage where it provides better assurance on the quality of the computer systems. However, formal methods have always had the problem with scalability where these methods are difficult and not applicable to verify large and complex systems; a cloud-based system is a complex computer system. The research work will focus on enabling formal verification of cloud computing services for performance, reliability and maintainability.
Sub-Project 2: Advanced Computational and Simulation Study of Lithium Batteries over the Cloud: The focus of this research is the development of a high performance cloud computing platform for the computational and simulation studies of lithium batteries. The system is expected to as fast and as accurate as possible compared to a conventional computing platform. High performance cloud offers many advantages compared to HPC clusters: Computational tasks are no longer bound to a fixed number processors and job waiting queues, as resources are now made scalable. Resources can be made available on demand when an increasing number of jobs were required to be processed; thus I/O and compute intensive simulation tasks will not experience any waiting time or job queue.
Processing in the clouds is not bound to a location as it is with HPC clusters. Cloud users are able to submit their computational jobs via the network (Internet or intranet) to the clouds, which may consist of many other HPC clusters located at different geographical locations to give the computational power needed. Therefore, this offers ubiquitous access to the simulation and modelling.
Sub-Project 3: 3D Cloud Interface for Distributed Interactive Genetic Algorithm: Interactive Genetic Algorithm (IGA) allows users to influence the outcome of a Genetic Algorithm (GA) search through visualization and interaction. Thus far IGA has been applied for relatively simple form of GA problems. More complex form of GA, such as highly distributed, parallel population GA, would need a more complex interface, and such interface has to be systematically investigated so as not to require too much user effort and so as to be accessible via a cloud-based interface. The use of systematic Human-Computer Interaction methods together with 3D user interfaces and immersive visualization will be investigated as part of the research.
Sub-Project 4: GPU-ization and GPU Virtualization over the Cloud: The use of GPU nowadays has extended from gaming and graphics to non-graphical applications such as numerical computing and data sorting. While much work has been done on single-GPU programming for a variety of applications, a systematic approach to application development for multiple, heterogeneous GPU is still lacking. Further, little work has been done on making GPU applications be cloud-accessible. The main focus in this research is hence two-fold: develop a methodology for converting non-GPU applications to GPU versions, and studying the cloud-accessibility of the applications via GPU virtualization. Applications to be considered include the following: 1. finite-element simulation 2. neural network. 3. ray tracing. IIP candidates for this project should have interests in computer science and experience/ skills in C++ and Java programming, scripting for Linux operating system, working in Linux environment, design of computer system using modeling languages such as UML, and verification of computer systems preferably using formal techniques. Two placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Reading and researching scientific literature to acquire knowledge on a particular study. Calculating different ratios of materials for concrete mixes. Batching and casting concrete and/or cement mixtures in various sized molds.
University of Science and Technology Beijing, School of Mechanical Engineering
Location: Beijing, China
About: The University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB) was founded in 1952 following the amalgamation of the best departments in related fields of five eminent universities as a result of a nationwide reorganization of the higher education system. Over half a century of growth, it has developed into one of the most influential key national universities sponsored by the Chinese Ministry of Education. USTB is renowned for its study of metallurgy and materials science. Its main focus is on engineering; at the same time it maintains a balanced program of science, management, humanities, economics, and law. USTB is now working towards its goal of becoming one of the top-ranking research universities in China and an internationally renowned higher education institute with its own distinguishing features. Two placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: The IIP placement is within the School of Mechanical Engineering and the IIP interns will contribute to a project entitled “Observation of the Cavitation in a Small Glass Venturi Channel": The cavitating flow through a converging-diverging nozzle has important impacts on the engineering pipe flow and biomedical heart valves. To understand the cavitation of the liquid in small channels, a glass Venturi shaped channel with the characteristic length of millimeter is to be designed and fabricated. Using this device, the cavitation phenomenon is to be observed by a fast camera under the controlled driven pressures. Then, the cavitation number and the effect of the liquid-solid interface are to be investigated. The IIP interns will participate in the experimental research related to microfluidic systems, and he/she will be responsible for the design and the proceeding of the experimental work.
Qualifications: This IIP placement is ideal for IIP candidates with interests in Mechanical Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Bio Engineering, and Chemical Engineering. Experience and/or skills in technical drawing and common computer software, and basic experimental skills would be an asset.
University of South Bohemia, Institute of Physical Biology
Location: South Bohemia, Czech Republic
This project is part of the Biological Engineering Group in the Institute of Physical Biology. IIP interns may choose from a few existing projects. In addition, projects that align with the IIP intern's own interests may be arranged. Here is some brief background on the Group's main project: Frontiers of biology lie now in exact evaluation of biological processes, whether the field is called Systems Biology, Biological Engineering, or another name. There is currently discrepancy between processes observed in living cells, for example by microscopy, and models that are based mainly on biochemical observations--that is, interactions of proteins and metabolites extracted from the cell culture and examined in the test tube. There are many examples of non-homogeneous behavior in cells that have essential functional meaning and may be crucial for discrimination between living and non-living matter. In contrast to the prevalent approach the Group examines the macroscopic properties of cells and uses a stochastic systems approach from control engineering for model building. For that a new mathematical method of point information contribution and point information entropy hsa been developed, which is implemented into software used for evaluation of processes in living cells. IIP intern responsibilities will include work in one or more of the following areas: 1) cell monolayer cultivation, cell time-lapse microscopy, simple data evaluation all with relation to cancer research, implantology, intestinal tract diseases, etc. 2) software testing, participation in image analysis or chromatography data analysis software development, building of data storage systems; 3) mathematical modeling of biological processes, fluid flow description in bioreactors by CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) codes, laboratory Couette-Taylor bioreactor testing, design of experiments to identify model parameters, proposal of new experimental protocols for essential biotechnology processes. At the end of the summer, the IIP interns will participate in a project presentation. IIP candidates should have an academic background in experimental or theoretical physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, informatics, or mechanical, chemical, or electrical engineering. Basic chemical or biological laboratory skills, teamwork skills and computer knowledge are recommended. Skills in Spanish, Czech, German, or Swedish would be an asset but are not required. Three placements have been established for International Internship Program (IIP) interns.
Previous work responsibilities (in the words of the previous IIP intern): Tested and calibrated microscope equipment to determine its optimal functional limits; analyzed data from these tests using the lab's computational analysis protocols; and made a final poster and presentation.
Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, College of Architecture
Location: Anhui Province, Gansu Province and Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
About: Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, College of Architecture was established by two pioneers in modern architecture education in China. In 1956, during the third nationwide restructuring of universities and colleges, the College of Architecture was established as a merger of the two departments. There are three undergraduate programs: architecture, urban planning, and landscape, among which urban planning is designated as the national specialty. The school has nine subsidiary institutes together with an innovative national research team for architectural environment and energy consumption control theory in West China, a key lab for architecture technology in West China, and the Shaanxi Research Center of Monuments and Sites Reservation Engineering and Technology. The school maintains the leading position in the following areas of research: human settlement in vulnerable areas in West China, human settlement of underprivileged people, and cultural heritage preservation. In partnership with Wu Zhi Qiao Charitable Foundation, they are working to create sustainable infrastructure for bridges in rural communities in Western China. Wu Zhi Qiao (Bridge to China) Charitable Foundation is a non-profit organization based in Hong Kong that encourages volunteers, especially university student volunteers from Hong Kong and Mainland China, to build footbridges and village facilities in remote and poor villages in the Mainland with green concepts. Their organization aspires to: foster better communication, mutual understanding and integration between Hong Kong and the Mainland; improve lives of underprivileged villages in remote areas of Mainland China; and inspire respect, appreciation and preservation of local culture and environment, and promulgate the concept of sustainability. Six placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: In partnership with local volunteers, IIP interns will contribute to areas of investigation, design study, experiments, field construction and technical on-site supervision, so as to explore and demonstrate a suitable way towards ecological architecture suitable for China's poor rural regions. Throughout the project, IIP interns will need to understand the local livelihood, culture and environment; fully utilize local materials; and work closely with villagers to transfer practical skills and knowledge so that the villagers can take charge of maintenance work in the future. Over the past few years, the Foundation has successfully completed multiple bridge projects and one postquake village re-building demonstration. In 2015, specific projects will include:
- Macha village center project in Huining County, Gansu Province: By utilizing advanced rammed earth in rural construction, IIP interns with a team of volunteers and villagers will help design and build public facilities not only to solve the local's issues in public service and activity, but also to demonstrate to the locals an affordable and sustainable way of rural construction. In They have already completed the field investigation, experimental study, and initial design. Detailed facilities, decoration and landscape design will be completed insummer 2015. This IIP intern may participate in a series of actions, such as investigations, design, construction experiments, field construction and technical on-site supervision for left work.
- Conservation and development of traditional village in Liping County: This project is a research project for conversation and development of a poor traditional village, in which the traditional structure is still being used by locals. IIP interns will work with a team of volunteers and villagers to explore a series of solutions for improvement of living conditions, public environment, livelihood and traditional conservation. This will include a series of on-site design and hands-on work such as dwelling reformation, infrastructure construction, landscape development, etc. This IIP intern may participate in a series of actions, such as investigations, design, construction experiments, field construction and technical on-site supervision for left work.
Qualifications: IIP candidates with interests in architecture and civil engineering are encouraged to apply. Since the earth-based technology is easy to handle, IIP interns can participate not only in the design scheme, construction experiments, and on-site design during construction, but also parts of construction work.
View PowerPoint presentations (.pdf) from past interns:
- Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology intern #1
- Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology intern #2
Zambian Institute for Sustainable Development
Location: Lusaka, Zambia
About: The Zambian Institute for Sustainable Development is a non-governmental organization dedicated to transforming Zambia into a prosperous nation by empowering people through sustainable socioeconomic development. The Institute brings together local and global experts to identify and implement innovative solutions to Zambia’s social, economic, and technological problems. They offer need-based merit scholarships to the most brilliant underprivileged high school students through their Breaking the Chains of Poverty in Zambia Scholarship Program. Their unique, multifaceted approach to alleviating poverty promotes education in synergy with entrepreneurship and innovation, information technology, health, agriculture, and renewable energy. The Institute has achieved tremendous growth by expanding its scholarship program to 49 students at 13 schools across five cities since its launch in 2010. They plan to expand the program to 100 students next year and ultimately impact 6,000 students (top percentile) by 2020. Three graduating classes with 60 students have successfully completed high school with some of the highest scores in the nation. These students are realizing their hopes and dreams and have been awarded scholarships to study at universities in Zambia, Russia, and China. Five placements have been established for IIP interns.
Intern responsibilities: IIP interns will work on one or more of the following projects:
- SAT Preparation - IIP interns will teach students math and English skills and then mentor them in the college application process.
- Renewable Energy Program, Solar Technology - IIP interns will conduct workshops using the We Share Solar curriculum and Solar Suitcase, train students in solar technology, contribute to the illumination of off-grid households via solar home lighting systems, provide practical training lessons in installing community-level solar applications such as computer labs and water pumps, empower beneficiaries through education and capacity building, and will mobilize citizen-sector support for efforts to eradicate energy poverty. For this project, IIP interns will also install We Share Solar suitcases at power deficient schools.
- Software Development Program - IIP interns will provide students with basic education in software development and promoting entrepreneurship that capitalizes on emerging technology and markets.
- Exposure - IIP interns will expose students to current information on technologies that include web development, mobile development, networking, robotics, and other areas of computer science and communications.
- Mobile Development - IIP interns will teach students how to create simple mobile applications that help their communities and can be monetized to generate revenue. These lessons will be based on Google App Inventor which is being used all over the world to teach novice software developers of all ages how to create applications that run on the Android platform. Since the Android platform powers some of the best smart phones available, students will be able to reach a worldwide audience with their creations.
- Robotics - IIP interns, over the course of the internship,will teach students how to develop software for inexpensive robots that can be constructed from educational kits. Leveraging Mindstorms robots that emerged out of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) as a teaching tool for secondary school students, the program will provide students with tangible and engaging hardware that motivates learning.
- Entrepreneurship - IIP interns will help in crafting the future leaders of Zambia by emphasizing entrepreneurial thinking in order to galvanize students into creating successful businesses. In order to create innovative solutions and technology, students must first become familiar with existing technology to better understand their capabilities and limitations. Exposing students to a variety of technology serves to broaden their understanding while allowing them to develop novel ideas based on their own ingenuity.
Qualifications: IIP candidates with interests in tutoring, coaching, computer science, and solar technology are encouraged to apply. Skills in SAT preparation, software development, and constructing solar energy systems would be an asset.