Every researcher should understand for each of their research projects which equipment and technical information or data involved in their research might trigger an export control issue. Controlled Items are found in two areas: the Commerce Control List and the US Munitions List. For a complete list, check the links below to the Commerce Control List (EAR) and the US Munitions List. (ITAR)
Commerce Control List (CCL)
Examples of items and technology that may be controlled under the CCL are:
- Quantum computing
- Advanced materials
- Pathogens and toxins
- Electronics including computers, telecommunications or information security
- Encryption software and technology
- Sensors and lasers and related technology
- Navigation and avionics equipment and technology
- Space-related propulsion systems, vehicles, their components and related technology
The full CCL may be found in Supplement 1 to part 774 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
The USML lists articles, services and related technical data designated pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act as defense articles and defense services.
Examples of research items and technology controlled under the USML are:
- All forms of military equipment, guns and armament, ammunition and ordnance, launch vehicles, guided missiles, ballistic missiles, rockets, torpedoes, bombs and mines as well as personal protective equipment (e.g. body armor) and shelters
- Vessels of war and special naval equipment, tanks and military vehicles and military aircraft
- Military electronics, including but not limited to underwater sound equipment, radar systems, radios designed to interfere with other communication devices, computers specifically designed for military application or any experimental or developmental electronic equipment designed or modified for military application
- Fire control, range finders, optical guidance and control equipment
- Spacecraft systems and associated equipment, including communications satellites, remote sensing satellites, scientific and research satellites, and navigation satellites, including GPS-receiving equipment designed or modified for military use
- Directed energy weapons, including lasers, particle beam systems, particle accelerators with destructive power, high power radio-frequency systems and target acquisition or tracking systems
- Submersible vessels and oceanographic equipment, including vessels manned or unmanned, tethered or untethered, or powered by nuclear propulsion plants
The USML is found in 22 CFR Part 121 and is regulated through the US Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
NOTE: Neither of these lists are complete and are only examples of what may be contained on the CCL or USML. To determine whether you may be working with equipment or technology that may be on either of these lists, please contact ORPA.