Princeton's Policy on Export Controls
The University must fully comply with all United States export control laws and regulations, including the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) under the Department of Commerce, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) under the Department of State, and other such regulations imposed by the Treasury Department through the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).
Export control laws apply to a broad range of activities and technologies, including technical data. An export license may be required to ship or otherwise transport a controlled technology to a foreign country or to provide foreign nationals with controlled technology. The transfer of controlled technology to foreign persons, is known as a "deemed export" because the transfer is “deemed” to be to the country where the person is a resident or a citizen.
An export license is not required to expose the research results to foreign nationals -- IF there are no publication or access restrictions on the research. The University’s strict policy of open access and publication of research results provides protection under the fundamental research exemption. Fundamental research includes basic or applied research in science and engineering at an accredited institution of higher learning in the United States where the resulting information, is ordinarily published and shared broadly in the scientific community and where the research results are intended to be published.
All researchers are responsible for recognizing whether the technology or equipment involved in their research might be export controlled and for complying with export control law. The Office of Research and Project Administration (ORPA) is available to assist researchers in their compliance efforts.