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Journal Articles, Books, Conference Papers and Others

2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | Before 1994


2012

Lanzini, A., T.G. Kreutz and E. Martelli. (2012). Techno-Economic Analysis of Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell Power Plants Capturing CO2. GT2012-69579, ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Martelli, E., T.G. Kreutz, M. Gatti, P. Chiesa and S. Consonni. (2012). Design Criteria and Optimization of Heat Recovery Steam Cycles for High-Efficiency, Coal-Fired, Fischer-Tropsch Plants. GT2012-69661, ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Larson, E.D., and Z. Li (Co-Convening Lead Authors), R.H. Williams (Lead Author), and T. Fleisch, G. Liu, G. Nicolaides, X. Ren (Contributing Authors) (2012). Fossil Energy Systems, Chapter 12 of The Global Energy Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.



2011

Martelli, E., T. Kreutz, M. Carbo, S. Consonni, D. Jansen. (2011). Shell coal IGCCS with carbon capture: Conventional gas quench vs. innovative configurations. Applied Energy, 88(11): 3978-3989.

Guo, X., G. Liu, and E.D. Larson. (2011). High octane gasoline production by upgrading low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch syncrude. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 50(16): 9743-9747.

Williams, R.H., G. Liu, T.G Kreutz, and E.D. Larson. (2011). Coal and Biomass to Fuels and Power. Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering 2(1): 529-553.

Liu, G., R. H. Williams, E.D. Larson and T.G. Kreutz. (2011). Design/economics of low-carbon power generation from natural gas and biomass with synthetic fuels co-production. Energy Procedia; 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 4(0): 1989-1996.

Williams, R.H., G. Liu, T.G. Kreutz and E.D. Larson. (2011). Alternatives for decarbonizing existing USA coal power plant sites. Energy Procedia: 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 4(0): 1843-1850.

Kreutz, T. (2011). Prospects for producing low carbon transportation fuels from captured CO2 in a climate constrained world. Energy Procedia: 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 4(0): 2121-2128.

Liu, G., E.D. Larson, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz, X. Guo. (2011). Making Fischer−Tropsch Fuels and Electricity from Coal and Biomass: Performance and Cost Analysis. Energy & Fuels 25(1): 415-437.

Williams, R.H., G. Liu, E.D. Larson, and T.G. Kreutz. (2011). Low-C power from fossil fuel and biomass with synthetic fuels coproduction. Paper prepared for ACS Fuel Division Symposium on Fuels, Chemicals, Materials, and Energy from Biomass, Coal, and Natural Resources, Anaheim California, 27-31 March.



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2010

Zheng, Z., E.D. Larson, Z. Li, G. Liu, and R.H. Williams. (2010). Near-term mega-scale CO2 capture and storage demonstration opportunities in China. Energy & Environmental Science 3(9): 1153-1169.

Kreutz, T.G., E. Martelli, M. Carbo, S. Consonni S. and D. Jansen. (2010). Shell Gasifier-Based Coal IGCC with CO2 Capture and Storage: Partial Water Quench vs. Novel Water-Gas Shift. Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2010, Glasgow, UK.

Larson, E.D., G. Fiorese, G. Liu, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz and S. Consonni. (2010). Co-production of decarbonized synfuels and electricity from coal + biomass with CO2 capture and storage: an Illinois case study. Energy & Environmental Science 3(1): 28-42.

Larson, E.D., G. Fiorese, G. Liu, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz, S. Consonni. (2010). Co-production of synfuels and electricity from coal + biomass with zero net carbon emissions: An Illinois case study. Energy Procedia: 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 1(1): 4371-4378.



2009

Consonni S., R.E. Katofsky, and E.D. Larson. (2009). A Gasification-Based Biorefinery for the Pulp and Paper Industry. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 87(9): 1293–1317.

Dryer, F., Princeton Next Generation Jet Fuels Project (NGJFP) commentary, BBC News.

Tilman, D., R. Socolow, J. Foley, J. Hill, E.D. Larson, L. Lynd, S. Pacala, J. Reilly, T. Searchinger, C. Somerville, and R.H. Williams. (2009). Beneficial Biofuels—The Food, Energy, and Environment Trilemma. Science 325(5938): 270-271.

Six letters commenting on “Beneficial Biofuels…” and authors’ response. (Science Magazine, 4 December 2009).

Jin, H., E.D. Larson, and F.E. Celik. (2009). Performance and cost analysis of future, commercially mature gasification-based electric power generation from switchgrass. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 3(2): 142-173.

Laser, M., E. Larson, B. Dale, M. Wang, N. Greene, and L.R. Lynd. (2009). Comparative analysis of efficiency, environmental impact, and process economics for mature biomass refining scenarios. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 3(2): 247-270.

Lynd, L.R., E. Larson, N. Greene, M. Laser, J. Sheehan, B.E. Dale. S. McLaughlin, M. Wang. (2009). The role of biomass in America's energy future: framing the analysis. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 3(2): 113-123.

Williams, R.H., E.D. Larson, G. Liu, and TG.Kreutz. (2009). Fischer–Tropsch fuels from coal and biomass: Strategic advantages of once-through ("polygeneration") configurations. Energy Procedia: 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 1(1): 4379-4386.

Larson, E.D., H. Jin, and F.E. Celik. (2009). Large-scale gasification-based coproduction of fuels and electricity from switchgrass. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 3(2): 174-194.

Larson E.D., S. Consonni, R. E. Katofsky, K. Iisa and J. Frederick. (2009). An assessment of gasification-based biorefining at kraft pulp and paper mills in United States, Part B: Results. TAPPI JOURNAL.

Panel on Alternative Liquid Transportation Fuels, Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass: Technological Costs, Status, and Environmental Impacts, National Academies Press, Washington DC, 20 May 2009. (Though not authors, Kreutz, Larson, Liu, and Williams provided extensive inputs to the Panel members who prepared this report. The report is one of three panel reports backing up the major National Research Council Study, America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation, the summary of which was published in June 2009). The estimated energy and carbon balances, capital costs, and synfuel production costs for synthetic fuels derived from coal, biomass, and coal + biomass published in both the report of the Alternative Liquid Transportation Fuels report and the America’s Energy Future study are the values provided to the NRC by the Princeton ESAG.

Carbo, M., T.G. Kreutz, R.H. Williams, R.W. van den Brink, D. Jansen, R.H. Socolow, and A.H.M. Verkooijen. (2009). CO2 slurries for transport and pressurization of low rank coals in IGCC power plants with CCS, Poster presentation. Proceedings of the 8th Annual DOE/NETL Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, 4-7 May.

Williams, R.H. (2009). A CCS early action initiative to spur realization at low cost of multiple low-carbon and energy security benefits at existing coal power plant sites. Poster presentation. Proceedings of the 8th Annual DOE/NETL Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 4-7, 2009.

2008


Larson E.D., S. Consonni, R. E. Katofsky, K. Iisa and J. Frederick. (2008). An assessment of gasification-based biorefining at kraft pulp and paper mills in United States, Part A: Background and assumptions. TAPPI JOURNAL.

Kreutz T.G., E.D. Larson, G. Liu G., R.H. Williams. (2008). Fischer-Tropsch Fuels from Coal and Biomass. 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

R. Williams, E. Larson, G. Liu, and T. Kreutz. (2008). Fischer-Tropsch Fuels from Coal and Biomass: Strategic Advantages of Once-Through (‘Polygeneration’) Configurations, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Washington, DC, 16-20 November.

Martelli, E., T. Kreutz, and S. Consonni. (2009). Comparison of coal IGCC with and without CO2 capture and storage: Shell gasification with standard vs. partial water quench. Energy Procedia: 9th International Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, 1(1): 607-614.

Lorenzo, L.D., T.G. Kreutz, P. Chiesa, R.H. Williams. (2008). Carbon-Free Hydrogen and Electricity From Coal: Options for Syngas Cooling in Systems Using a Hydrogen Separation Membrane Reactor. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 130(3): 031401.

Succar S., R.H. Williams. (2008). Compressed Air Energy Storage: Theory, Resources, and Applications for Wind Power. Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University.

Larson, E. (2008). Biofuel production technologies: status, prospects and implications for trade and development. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva.



2007

Larson E.D., S. Consonni, R.E. Katofsky, K. Iisa, and J. Frederick. (2007). Gasification-Based Biorefining at Kraft Pulp and Paper Mills in the United States. Preprint for the 2007 International Chemical Recovery Conference, Quebec City, Canada.

Lu, G.Q., J.C. Diniz da Costa, M. Duke, S. Giessler, R.H. Socolow, R.H. Williams, T.G. Kreutz. (2007). Inorganic membranes for hydrogen production and purification: A critical review and perspective. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 314(2): 589-603.



2006

Larson, E.D., R.H. Williams, H. Jin. (2006). Fuels and electricity from biomass with CO2 capture and storage. 8th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Trondheim, Norway.

R.H. Williams, E.D. Larson, and H. Jin. (2006). Synthetic fuels in a world with high oil and carbon prices. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Trondheim, Norway, 19-22 June.

S. Succar, D. Denkenberger, J. B. Greenblatt, and R. H. Williams. (2006). An integrated optimization of large-scale wind with variable rating coupled to compressed air energy storage. Proceedings of AWEA Windpower 2006, Pittsburgh, PA.

Larson, E.D. (2006). A review of life-cycle analysis studies on liquid biofuel systems for the transport sector. Energy for Sustainable Development 10(2): 109-126.

Larson, E.D., S. Consonni, R. Katofsky, K. Iisa, and D. Frederick. (2006). A Cost-Benefit Assessment of Gasification-Based Biorefining in the Kraft Pulp and Paper Industry. Final Report (4 Volumes) - Volume 1, Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4, Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University.

Tribute to Amulya Reddy 1930-2006. (2006). Energy for Sustainable Development, Volume 10(2).

S. Succar, J.B. Greenblatt, and R.H. Williams. (2006). Comparing coal IGCC with CCS and wind-CAES baseload power options in a carbon-constrained world. Proceedings of the 5th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration-DOE/NETL, Alexandria, Virginia, 8-11 May.



2005

Chiesa, P., S. Consonni, T.G. Kreutz and R.H. Williams. (2005). Co-production of hydrogen, electricity and CO2 from coal with commercially ready technology. Part A: Performance and emissions. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 30(7): 747-767.

Kreutz, T., R.H. Williams, S. Consonni and P. Chiesa. (2005). Co-production of hydrogen, electricity and CO2 from coal with commercially ready technology. Part B: Economic analysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 30(7): 769-784.

K. Thambimuthu, M. Soltanieh, and J.C. Abanades (coordinating lead authors) and R. Allam, O. Boland, J. Davison, P. Feron, F. Goede, A. Herrera, M. Iijima, D. Jansen, I. Leites, P. Mathieu, E. Rubin, D. Simbeck, K. Warmuzinski, M. Wilkinson, and R.H. Williams. (2005). Capture of CO2, Chapter 3 in Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, a Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 431 pages.

J. Gale (coordinating lead author) and J. Bradshaw, Z. Chen, A. Garg, D. Gomez, H.-H. Rogner, D. Simbeck, and R.H. Williams (lead authors). (2005). Sources of CO2, Chapter 2 in Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, a Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 431 pages.



2004

Celik, F., E.D. Larson, and  R.H. Williams. (2004). Transportation fuel from coal with low CO2 emissions. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Vancouver, Canada.

Larson, E.D. and H. Yang. (2004). Dimethyl ether (DME) from coal as a household cooking fuel in China. Energy for Sustainable Development 8(3): 115-126.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson,  K.N. Amulya Reddy, R.H. Williams. (2004). A global clean cooking fuel initiative. Energy for Sustainable Development, 8 (3). pp. 5-12.

Kreutz, T.G, and R.H. Williams. (2004). Competition between coal and natural gas in producing H2 and electricity under CO2 emission constraints. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Vacouver, Canada.
 

Goldemberg, J., and T.B. Johansson, eds. (2004). World Energy Assessment: Overview, 2004 Update [with contributions from 21 authors, including Williams], United Nations Development Programme, New York, 85 pages. The WEA is a project of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and the World Energy Council.

De Lorenzo, L., T. Kreutz, P. Chiesa, and R. H. Williams. (2004). Carbon-free hydrogen and electricity from coal: options for syngas cooling in systems using a hydrogen separation membrane reactor, Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Alexandria, VA, May 3-6.



2003

Larson, E.D., S. Consonni, R.E. Katofsky. (2003). A Cost-Benefit Assessment of Biomass Gasification Power Generation in the Pulp and Paper Industry. Final Report, Princeton University.

Hongtao, Z., L. Zheng, N. Weidou, E.D. Larson, R. Tingjin. (2003). Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China. Energy for Sustainable Development 7(4): 63-78.

Williams, R.H. and E.D. Larson. (2003). A comparison of direct and indirect liquefaction technologies for making fluid fuels from coal. Energy for Sustainable Development 7(4): 103-129.

Larson, E.D. and R. Tingjin. (2003). Synthetic fuel production by indirect coal liquefaction. Energy for Sustainable Development 7(4): 79-102.

De Laquil, P., C. Wenying, and E.D. Larson. (2003). Modeling China's energy future. Energy for Sustainable Development 7(4): 40-56.

Williams, R.H.( 2003). Decarbonized fossil energy carriers and their energy technological competitors, pp. 119-135, in Proceedings of the Workshop on Carbon Capture and Storage of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, published by ECN (Energy Research Center of The Netherlands), 178 pp.

Williams, R.H. (2003). Toward zero emissions for transportation using fossil fuels. pp. 63-103, in Proceedings of the VIII Biennial Asilomar Conference on Transportation, Energy, and Environmental Policy: Managing Transitions, K.S. Kurani and D. Sperling (eds.), Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 284 pp.



2002

Larson, E.D., P. DeLaquil, Z. Wu, W. Chen, and P. Gao. (2002). Exploring Implications to 2050 of Energy-Technology Options for China. Prepared for 6th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Williams, R.H. (2002). Decarbonized Fossil Energy Carriers and Their Energy Technological Competitors. Prepared for the IPCC Workshop on Carbon Capture and Storage, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Kreutz, T.G., R.H. Williams, R.H. Socolow, P. Chiesa and G. Lozza. (2002). Production of Hydrogen and Electricity from Coal with CO2 Capture. Prepared for 6th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Ogden, J.M. (2002). Modeling Infrastructure for a Fossil Hydrogen Energy System with CO2 Sequestration. Prepared for 6th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, Kyoto, Japan.

Williams, R.H. (2002). Nuclear and alternative energy supply options for an environmentally constrained world: a long-term perspective, Chapter 6, pp. 85-122, in Nuclear Power and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons: Can We Have One Without the Other?, P. Leventhal, S. Tanzer, and S. Dolley, eds., Brassey’s, Washington, DC, 340 pp.



2001

Williams, R.H. (2001). Advanced energy supply technologies. World Energy Assessment, Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, Ch. 8:273-329, United Nations Development Programme, New York.

Li J., X. Zhuang, P. DeLaquil, and E.D. Larson. (2001). Biomass energy in China and its potential. Energy for Sustainable Development, 5(4):66-80.

Zongxin, W., P. DeLaquil, E.D. Larson, C. Wenying, G. Pengfei. (2001). Future implications of China's energy-technology choices: summary of a report to the Working Group on Energy Strategies and Technologies. Energy for Sustainable Development 5(4): 19-31.

Williams, R.H. (2001). Nuclear and Alternative Energy Supply Options for an Environmentally Constrained World, A Long-Term Perspective. Prepared for the Nuclear Control Institute’s 20th Anniversary Conference “Nuclear Power and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons: Can We Have One Without the Other?

Ogden, J. M. (2001). Review of Small Stationary Reformers for Hydrogen Production. Report to the International Energy Agency.

Ogden, J. M., R.H. Williams and  E.D. Larson. (2001). Toward a Hydrogen-Based Transportation System.

Payne, A., R. Duke, R.H. Williams. (2001). Accelerating residential PV expansion: supply analysis for competitive electricity markets. Energy Policy 29(10): 787-800.

Williams, R.H. (2001). Toward zero emissions from coal in China. Energy for Sustainable Development 5(4): 39-65.

Wu Z., P. DeLaquil, E.D. Larson,  W. Chen, and P. Gao. (2001). Future Implications of China’s Energy-Technology Choices. Prepared for the Working Group on Energy Strategies and Technologies (WGEST), China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED).

Larson, E.D., R.H. Williams, M. Regis, L.V. Leal. (2001). A review of biomass integrated-gasifier/gas turbine combined cycle technology and its application in sugarcane industries, with an analysis for Cuba." Energy for Sustainable Development 5(1): 54-76.



2000

Henderick, P. and R.H. Williams. (2000). Trigeneration in a northern Chinese village using crop residues. Energy for Sustainable Development 4(3): 26-42.

Azar, C. and E.D. Larson. (2000). Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil. Energy for Sustainable Development 4(3): 64-71.

Kartha, S., T.G. Kreutz, R.H. Williams. (2000). Small-scale biomass fuel cell/gas turbine power systems for rural areas. Energy for Sustainable Development 4(1): 85-89.

Kartha, S. and E.D. Larson. (2000). Bioenergy Primer: Modernized biomass Energy for Sustainable Development. United Nations Development Programme.

Larson, E.D. and S. Kartha. (2000). Expanding roles for modernized biomass energy. Energy for Sustainable Development 4(3): 15-25.

WEA Editorial Board. (2000). Overview: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability—the World Energy Assessment, 28 pp., UN Development Programme, New York. [The Overview of the World Energy Assessment (WEA) is the collective responsibility of the 10 convening lead authors of WEA chapters (of which Williams is one), the Chair, the 5 Vice Chairs, and the 3 representatives of the establishing institutions.]

Goldemberg, J. (Convening Lead Author), and A.K.N. Reddy, K. Smith, and R.H. Williams (Lead Authors). 2000). Rural energy for developing countries, Chapter 10, pp. 369 to 389, in Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability—the World Energy Assessment, 508 pages, UN Development Programme, New York.

Williams, R.H. (Convening Lead Author). (2000). Advanced energy supply technologies, Chapter 8, pp. 274 to 329, in Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability—World Energy Assessment, 508 pages, UN Development Programme, New York.



1999

Larson, E.D. and H. Jin. (1999). A Preliminary Assessment of Biomass Conversion to Fischer-Tropsch Cooking Fuels for Rural China. Prepared for Proceedings of the 4th Biomass Conference of the Americas, Elsevier Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK.

Larson, E.D. and H. Jin. (1999). Biomass Conversion to Fischer-Tropsch Liquids: Preliminary Energy Balances. Prepared for Proceedings of the 4th Biomass Conference of the Americas, Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, UK.

Ogden, J.M. (1999). Developing an infrastructure for hydrogen vehicles: a Southern California case study. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 24(8): 709-730.

Ogden, J.M. (1999). Prospect for building a hydrogen energy infrastructure. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 24(1): 227-279.

Williams, R.H. (1999). Hydrogen Production from Coal and Coal Bed Methane, Using Byproduct CO2 for Enhanced Methane Recovery and Sequestering the CO2 in the Coal Bed. Reprinted from Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, B. Eliasson, P. Riemer, and A. Wokaun, eds., Pergamon, Amsterdam.

Williams, R.H. (1999). Toward Zero Emissions from Coal: Roles for Inorganic Membranes. Proceedings of Symposium: Toward Zero Emissions: The Challenge for Hydrocarbons. Eni Technology, Rome, Italy, pp. 212-242.



1998

Blok, K., R.H. Williams, R.E. Katofsky, C.A. Hendricks. (1998). Hydrogen production from natural gas, sequestration of recovered CO2 in depleted gas wells and enhanced natural gas recovery. Energy 22(2-3): 161-168.

Williams, R.H. (1998). Fuel decarbonization for fuel cell applications and sequestration of the separated CO2. Chapter 6 (180-222) in Eco-restructuring: Implications for Sustainable Development, R.U. Ayres, ed., United Nations University Press, Tokyo.

Kreutz, T.G.,  E.D. Larson and S. Consonni. (1998). Performance and Preliminary Economics of Black Liquor Gasification Combined Cycles for a Range of Kraft Pulp Mill Sizes. Prepared for the TAPPI International Chemical Recovery Conference, Tampa, Florida, June.

Larson, E.D. (1998). Small-Scale Gasification-Based Biomass Power Generation. Prepared for the Biomass Workshop, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

Ogden, J. M., T.G. Kreutz and M. Steinbugler. (1998). Fuels for Fuel Cell Vehicles: Vehicle Design and Infrastructure Issues. SAE International, Technical Paper Series 982500, International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, California.

Williams, R.H. (1998). A Technological Strategy for Making Fossil Fuels Environment- and Climate-Friendly. World Energy Council Journal, 59-67.

Williams, R.H., and B. Wells. (1998). Solar-assisted hydrogen production from natural gas with low CO2 emissions, pp. 503-512, in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Technologies for Activities Implemented Jointly: Proceedings of the International Conference on Activities Implemented Jointly, May 26-29, 1997,Vancouver, British Columbia, P.W.F. Riemer, A.J. Smith, and K.V. Thambimuthu (eds.).



1997

Larson, E.D., T.G. Kreutz and  S. Consonni. (1999). 99/00582 Biomass and black liquor gasifier gas turbine cogeneration at pulp and paper mills. Fuel and Energy Abstracts 40(1): 57.

Larson, E.D. and D.R. Raymond. (1997). Report on the Workshop on Commercialization of Black Liquor and Biomass Gasification for Gas Turbine Applications in the Pulp and Paper Industry. Hosted by The Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University.

Larson, E.D. and D.R. Raymond. (1997). Commercializing Black Liquor and Biomass Gasifier/Gas Turbine Technology. TAPPI Journal, 80(12):50-57.

Larson E.D. and S. Consonni. (1997). Performance of Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Cogeneration in the Kraft Pulp and Paper Industry. In Proceedings of the 3rd Biomass Conference of the Americas, R.P. Overend and E. Chornet, eds., 2:1495-1512, Elsevier/Pergamon.

Ogden, J.M. (1997). Infrastructure for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles: A Southern California Case Study. Presented at the ’97 World Car Conference, Riverside, California.

Ogden, J.M., M. Steinbugler, and T.G. Kreutz. (1997). Hydrogen as a Fuel for Fuel Cell Vehicles: A Technical and Economic Comparison. Presented at the National Hydrogen Association, 8th Annual Conference, Arlington, Virginia.

Reddy, A.K.N., R.H. Williams, T.B. Johansson. (1997). Energy after Rio, Prospects and Challenges,United Nations Development Program, New York, NY,176 pp.



1996

Larson, E.D., E. Worrell, and J.S. Chen. (1996). Clean fuels from municipal solid waste for fuel cell buses in metropolitan areas. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 17(4): 273-298.

Williams, R.H. and E.D. Larson. (1996). Biomass gasifier gas turbine power generating technology. Biomass and Bioenergy 10(2-3): 149-166.

Johansson, T.B., R.H. Williams, H. Ishitani, and J.A. Edmonds. (1996). Options for reducing CO2 emissions from the energy supply sector. Energy Policy 24(10-11): 985-1003.

Williams, R.H. (1996). The Need for Research on Modernised Biomass in the Global Energy Economy. Renewable Energy for Development, Stockholm Environment Institute Newsletter of the Energy, Environment & Development Programme 9(3-4).

Williams, R.H. (+ other lead authors). (1996). Chapter 19: Energy supply mitigation options, pp. 588-647, in Climate Change 1995 - Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses, R.T. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera, R.H. Moss, eds., Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 879 pp.



1995

Larson, E.D. and R.H. Williams. (1995). Biomass Plantation Energy Systems and Sustainable Development. In Energy as an Instrument for Socio-Economic Development, J. Goldemberg and T.B. Johansson, eds., 91-106.

Williams, R.H. (1995). Variants of a Low CO2-Emitting Energy Supply System (LESS) for the World. Prepared for the IPCC Second Assessment Report, Working Group IIa, Energy Supply Mitigation Options, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington.

Williams, R.H. (1995). The Prospects for Affordable Renewable Energy. Siemens Review, R&D Special, 15-19.

Williams, R.H., E.D. Larson, R.E. Katofsky, and J. Chen. (1995). Methanol and hydrogen from biomass for transportation. Energy for Sustainable Development 1(5): 18-34.

Larson, E.D., C.I. Marrison, and  R.H. Williams. (1995). CO2 Mitigation Potential of Biomass Energy Plantations in Developing Regions. PU/CEES Working Paper No. 138.

Marrison, C.I. and E.D. Larson (1995). Cost versus Scale for Advanced Plantation-Based Biomass Energy Systems in the U.S.A. and Brazil. In Proceedings of the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, Environment, Agriculture, and Industry, 1272-1290, NREL, Golden, Colorado.

Marrison, C.I. and E.D. Larson. (1995). Cost versus Scale for Advanced Plantation-Based Biomass Energy Systems in the U.S.A. U.S. EPA Symposium on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Research Washington, DC.



1994

Larson, E.D., L.C. Rodriguez, and T.R. de Azevedo. (1994). Farm Forestry in Brazil. Prepared for BioResources ’94 Biomass Resources: a means to sustainable development, Bangalore, India.

Ogden, J.  and M. Steinbugler. (1994). Notes on the meeting: The Fuel Cell for the Next Generation Vehicle. Vice President Gore’s Automotive Technology Symposium #2, White House Conference Center, Washington, DC.

Williams, R.H., Roles for Biomass Energy in Sustainable Development . Industrial Ecology and Global Change, R. Socolow, C. Andrews, F. Berkhout, and V. Thomas, eds. Chapter 14, 199-225.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson, A.K.N. Reddy and R.H. Williams. (1994). Energy efficiency from the perspective of developing countries. Energy for Sustainable Development 1(2): 28-34.

Larson, E.D. and A. Subbiah (1994). The technology menu for efficient energy use in India. Energy for Sustainable Development 1(1): 36-38.

Williams, R.H. (1994). Roles for biomass energy in sustainable development. pp. 199-225, in Industrial Ecology and Global Change, R.H. Socolow et al. (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.



Before 1994

Carpentieri, A.E., E.D. Larson, and J. Woods. (1993). Future biomass-based electricity supply in Northeast Brazil. Biomass and Bioenergy 4(3): 149-173.

Larson, E.D. (1993). Technology for Electricity and Fuels from Biomass. Annual Review of Energy & Environment, 18:567-630, Annual Reviews Inc., 1993.

Ogden, J. M. (1993). Renewable Hydrogen Energy System Studies. Submitted to the NREL, Golden, Colorado.

Johansson, T.B., H. Kelly, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams. (1993). A renewables intensive global energy scenario, pp. 1071 1142, in Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity.

Hall, D.O., F. Rosillo-Calle, R.H. Williams, and J. Woods. (1993). Biomass for energy: supply prospects, pp. 593-652, in Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels & Electricity.

Williams, R.H., and E.D. Larson. (1993). Advanced gasification-based biomass power generation, pp. 729-785, in Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity.

Johansson, T.B., H. Kelly, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams.(1993). Renewable fuels and electricity for a growing world economy, pp. 172, in Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity.

Williams, R.H. (1992). Powering the future. EPA Journal, Post-Rio: The Challenge at Home, 18(4):15-18, United States EPA, September/October.

Williams, R.H. (1992). The Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions with Modern Energy Technology: An Illustrative Scenario for the Power Sector in China. Science & Global Security, 3:1-42, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers S.A., USA.

Fengqi, Z. Comments on The Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions in China with Modern Technology. Science & Global Security, 3:43-47, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers S.A., United States of America, 1992.

Blok, K., C.A. Hendriks, W.C. Turkenburg and R.H. Williams. (1991). Producing Fuel and Electricity from Coal with Low Carbon Dioxide Emissions.

Ogden, J.M., S. Hochgreb and M. Hylton, (1990). Steam Economy and Cogeneration in Sugar Cane Factories. International Sugar Journal.

Weinberg, C., and R.H. Williams. (1990). Energy from the Sun. Scientific American, 263, (3):146-155

Larson, E.D., R.H. Williams, J.M. Ogden, and M.G. HyltonIn. (1991). Biomass-Gasifier Steam-Injected Gas Turbine Cogeneration for the Cane Sugar Industry. Energy from Biomass and Wastes XIV, D.L. Klass, ed., Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, Illinois.

Larson, E.D., (1991). Trends in the Consumption of Energy-Intensive Basic Materials in Industrialized Countries and Implications for Developing Regions. Prepared for ESETT ’9: The International Symposium on Environmentally Sound Energy Technologies and their Transfer to Developing Countries and European Economies in Transition, Milan, Italy.

Hall, D.O., H.E. Mynick, and R.H. Williams. (1991). Cooling the greenhouse with bioenergy. Nature 353(6339): 11-12.

Ogden, J.M., R.H. Williams, and M.E. Fulmer. (1990). Cogeneration Applications of Biomass gasifier/Gas Turbine Technologies in the Cane Sugar and Alcohol Industries. Prepared for the session on Industrial Processes and Materials Manufacture at the Conference on Energy and Environment in the 21st Century, MIT Cambridge.

Ogden, J. M. and R.H. Williams. (1990). Electrolytic hydrogen from thin-film solar cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 15(3): 155-169.

Ogden, J. M., S. Hochgreb, and M. Hylton. (1989). Process Energy Efficiency and Cogeneration in Cane Sugar Factories. Proceedings of the Twentieth Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Ogden, J.M., S. Hochgreb, M. Hylton. Steam Economy and Cogeneration in Cane Sugar Factories. Proceeding/Memorias Vol. 1, Inter-American Sugar Cane Seminars.

Williams, R.H., E.D. Larson, and M.H. Ross. (1987). Materials, Affluence, and Industrial Energy Use. Annual Review of Energy 12(1): 99-144.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson, A.K.N.Reddy, and R.H. Williams. (1985). Basic Needs and Much More with One Kilowatt per Capita. Ambio 14(4/5): 190-200.

Johansson, T.B., H. Kelly, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams, eds. (1993). Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity, Island Press, Wash., DC, 1160 pp.

Ogden, J.M., and R.H. Williams. (1989). Solar Hydrogen: Moving Beyond Fossil Fuels, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.

Johansson, T.B., B. Bodlund, and R.H. Williams, eds. (1989). Electricity: Efficient End-Use and New Generation Technologies, and Their Planning Implications, Lund University Press, Lund, Sweden, 960 pp.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams. (1988). Energy for a Sustainable World, Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, 517 pp.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams. (1987). Energy for Development, World Resources Institute, 73 pp.

Goldemberg, J., T.B. Johansson, A.K.N. Reddy, and R.H. Williams. (1987). Energy for a Sustainable World, World Resources Institute, 119 pp.

Ross, M.H., and R.H. Williams. (1981). Our Energy: Regaining Control, McGraw Hill.

Williams, R.H., ed. (1978). Toward a Solar Civilization, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Williams, R.H., ed. (1975). The Energy Conservation Papers, a collection of special reports of the Energy Policy Project of the Ford Foundation, Ballinger, Cambridge.

EPP Staff (including Williams). (1974). A Time to Choose: America's Energy Future, the Final Report of the Energy Policy Project (EPP) of the Ford Foundation, Ballinger, Cambridge.