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Michael P. Burke Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

(2008-2010)

Michael P. Burke

Michael’s main research project was the experimental characterization and development of chemical models for the combustion of synthetic gas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide) at typical gas turbine engine conditions. Burning synthetic gas is the final stage of coal-based Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle (IGCC) systems, offering an opportunity for utilizing an abundant and relatively cheap power generation resource while still controlling air pollutant emissions, achieving high energy conversion efficiencies, and possibly sequestering carbon. He collected data at these conditions and extending the current chemical models to provide the knowledge base necessary for the successful design of reliable and efficient gas turbine engines.

He had been involved in a project focused on the spontaneous ignition of hydrogen and natural gas during high pressure tank ruptures. His group had shown experimentally that hydrogen or natural gas tank leaks can ignite without an external ignition source. They worked to identify causes of spontaneous ignition to prevent this hazard.

Relevant Publications

M.P. Burke, M. Chaos, F.L. Dryer, Y. Ju, Pressure Dependence of Mass Burning Rates of H2/CO/CO2 Mixtures, in preparation.

Z. Chen, M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, Effect of Lewis number on minimum ignition energy for spherical flame initiation, in preparation.

M.P. Burke, Z. Chen, Y. Ju, F.L. Dryer, Effect of Cylindrical Confinement on the Determination of Laminar Flame Speed Using Outwardly Propagating Flames (submitted, in revision)

Z. Chen, M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, Effects of compression and stretch on the determination of laminar flame speed using propagating spherical flames (submitted, in revision)

Z. Chen, M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, On the Accurate Determination of Laminar Flame Speed from Expanding Spherical Flames: Effect of Initial Flame Transition, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (in press), 2009.

M.-H. Wu, M.P. Burke, S.F. Son, R.A. Yetter , Flame Acceleration and the Transition to Detonation of Stoichiometric Ethylene/Oxygen in Microscale Tubes, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31 2429–2436, 2007.

Conference Papers and Presentations

M.P. Burke, M. Chaos, F.L. Dryer, Y. Ju, Pressure Dependence of H2 and H2/CO Laminar Flame Speeds, 31st International Symposium on Combustion, Montreal, Canada, August 2008, Work-in-Progress Poster.

M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, F.L. Dryer, Effect of Flow Field Perturbations on Laminar Flame Speed Determination Using Spherical Flames, 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, USA, January 2008.

M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, F.L. Dryer, Effect of Cylindrical Confinement on the Evolution of Outwardly Propagating Flames, Eastern States Meeting of the Combustion Institute, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, October 2007.

M.P. Burke, X. Qin, Y. Ju, F.L. Dryer, Measurements of Hydrogen Syngas Flame Speeds at Elevated Pressures, 5th US Combustion Meeting, San Diego, California, USA, March 2007.