Director’s Book Forum
The aim of this forum is to provide opportunities for Princeton faculty working in international and regional studies to present their most recently published work to the Princeton community.
The series will be held at noon; lunch will be provided. Registration required. Contact Carole Frantzen, email@example.com or 609.258.7497.
Wednesday, March 5, 2014
The Ethics of Scientific Communication under Uncertainty
Robert O. Keohane, Professor of Public and International Affairs, WWS
Melissa Lane, Professor of Politics: Director, Program in Values and Public Life
Michael Oppenheimer, Albert G. Milbank Professor of Geosciences and International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School
219 Aaron Burr Hall
Communication by scientists with policymakers and attentive publics raises ethical issues. Scientists need to decide how to communicate knowledge effectively in a way that non-scientists can understand and use, while remaining honest scientists and presenting estimates of the uncertainty of their inferences. They need to understand their own ethical choices in using scientific information to communicate to audiences. These issues were salient in the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with respect to possible sea-level rise from disintegration of the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets. Due to uncertainty, the reported values of projected sea level rise were incomplete, leading some relevant audiences to underestimate future risk. Such judgments should be made in a principled rather than ad hoc manner. Five principles for scientific communication under such conditions are important: honesty, precision, audience relevance, process transparency, and specification of uncertainty about conclusions. Some of these principles are of intrinsic importance while others are merely instrumental and subject to trade-offs among them. Scientists engaged in assessments under uncertainty should understand these principles and which trade-offs are acceptable. (Forthcoming, Politics, Philosophy and Economics.)
Wednesday, April 9, 2014
How Societies Mind the Gap: Generating Comparative Data
Susan T. Fiske, Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology, Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs
219 Aaron Burr Hall
Fiske will speak on her coauthored paper, "Nations' Income Inequality Predicts Ambivalence in Stereotype Content: How Societies Mind the Gap," published in the British Journal of Social Psychology in 2013.
Global contact requires accurate cultural maps, just as much as accurate geographic maps. The Stereotype Content Model, already validated in more than three dozen samples across 25 countries, maps how groups in a society relate to each other, in terms of perceived alliances and status hierarchies. These two universal dimensions—a group’s perceived warmth (intentions, trustworthiness) and competence (status, capability)—describe shared cultural stereotypes, not only how groups think about each other but also how they feel and act. Mapping these groups is a useful, efficient way to acquire some rapid initial cultural insight. For example, more unequal countries identify more groups in ambivalent terms, high on either warmth or competence but not both. These mixed images help “explain” income inequality (for example, disabled but deserving, rich but cold). In recent data from six Middle Eastern countries, Fiske and her coauthors examined a new type of cultural comparison: degree of conflict within the country. What happens as groups polarize in a civil war? Indicators of societal conflict and disorder generate both general principles and case-study descriptions.
About the Author
Susan T. Fiske investigates social cognition, especially cognitive stereotypes and emotional prejudices, at cultural, interpersonal, and neuro-scientific levels. Author of over 300 publications and winner of numerous scientific awards, she has most recently been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Wednesday, September 25, 2013
The Itinerant Languages of Photography
Princeton University Art Museum (2013).
Eduardo Cadava, Professor of English
Gabriela Nouzeilles, Professor and Chair, Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languagesand Cultures
About the book:
While photographs have been exchanged, appropriated, and mobilized in different contexts since the 19th century, their movement is now occurring at an unprecedented speed. The Itinerant Languages of Photography examines photography’s capacity to circulate across time and space as well as across other media, such as art, literature, and cinema. Taking its point of departure from Latin American and Spanish-Catalonian photographic archives, the volume offers an alternative history of photography by focusing on the transnational dimension of technological traffic and image production at a time when photography is at the center of current debates on the role of representation, authorship, and reception in a global contemporary culture.
Featuring a wide-range of photographs — images that converse across temporal, political, and cultural boundaries by artists such as Lola and Manuel Alvarez Bravo, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Marcelo Brodsky, Joan Colom, Marc Ferrez, Joan Fontcuberta, Graciela Iturbide, Susan Meiselas, and Rosângela Rennó — the book argues that the photographic image comes into being only as a consequence of reproduction, displacement, and itinerancy.
Exhibit at Princeton University Art Museum Sept. 7, 2013 - Jan. 19, 2014
Publisher's Web site: Princeton University Art Museum
Distributor's Web site:Yale University Press
Available October 29, 2013
Princeton Art Museum Exhibit: September 7, 2013 - January 19, 2014
Thursday, October 3, 2013
The Worldly Philosopher: The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirshman
Princeton University Press (2013).
Jeremy Adelman, Walter Samuel Carpenter III Professor in Spanish Civilization and Culture, professor of history, and director of the Council for International Teaching and Research and of the Fund for Canadian Studies
219 Aaron Burr Hall
About the book:
Worldly Philosopher chronicles the times and writings of Albert O. Hirschman, one of the twentieth century's most original and provocative thinkers. In this gripping biography, Jeremy Adelman tells the story of a man shaped by modern horrors and hopes, a worldly intellectual who fought for and wrote in defense of the values of tolerance and change.
Publisher's Web site:Princeton University Press