Scott Barrett (Visiting Research Scholar, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; September 2012 – June 2013). Barrett is Lenfest-Earth Institute Professor of Natural Resource Economics at Columbia University, based in the School of International and Public Affairs. He is also chairman of the board of directors of the Beijer Institute. Barrett’s research focuses on global collective action in such areas as climate change, infectious diseases, and high seas fisheries. His books include, Why Cooperate? The Incentive to Supply Global Public Goods (2007) and Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making (2003). Ph.D. London School of Economics
Felix Creutzig (Visiting Associate Research Scholar, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; October – November 2012 and March – April 2013). Creutzig is leader of the Land Use, Infrastructures, and Transport group at the Berlin-based Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change. His research focuses on the determinants of transportation demand and the challenges of comprehensively assessing large-scale bioenergy. He is concerned with overly narrow systems boundaries and the dangers of excessive quantification. His book, Sustainable Low Carbon Transport, is forthcoming. Ph.D. Humboldt Universität zu Berlin.
Milind Kandlikar (Visiting Research Scholar, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change/Reed Visiting Environmental Economist in the Princeton Environmental Institute; September 2012 – June 2013). Kandlikar is a professor with the Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability, and the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. His work focuses on the intersection of technology innovation, human development, and the global environment. Kandlikar's current research examines the co-impacts of improved air quality and climate change mitigation from air pollution reductions, scientific capacity at the climate change science/policy interface in developing countries, and the risks and regulation of emerging bio and nanotechnologies. Other ongoing projects include the determinants of the diffusion of solar lighting systems in India, lifecycle energy impacts of information technologies, and the implications of India's use of Universal Identification technologies on the delivery of social services to the poor. He has also published extensively on the science and policy of climate change. Ph.D. Carnegie Mellon University.
Jonathan Kirshner (World Politics Visiting Fellow; September 2012 – June 2013). Kirshner is a professor of government and director of the Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at Cornell University. He is also coeditor of the multidisciplinary book series, Cornell Studies in Money. His primary fields of interest are international relations and political economy. Much of his research has engaged two themes: economics and national security, and the politics of money. His book, Currency and Coercion: The Political Economy of International Monetary Power (1995) integrates these two interests with an exploration of how states can, and have, manipulated international monetary relations to advance security-related goals. Another book, Appeasing Bankers: Financial Caution on the Road to War (2007) considers how financial interests and international financial markets can shape and constrain states’ grand strategies and influence decisions about war and peace. While at Princeton, Kirshner will work on research related to American power and world politics after the financial crisis. Ph.D. Princeton University.
Ezra Markowitz (Postdoctoral Research Associate, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; September 2012 – June 2013). Markowitz’s research centers on the intersection of psychology, public policy, morality, human well-being, and environmental sustainability with a focus on the psychological factors that influence public engagement with climate change. His dissertation research examines the role of moral emotions in shaping individuals’ perceptions of responsibility toward future generations within the context of global climate change. Other projects include examinations of public perceptions of bioethical issues (e.g., stem cell research) and the role of affect in shaping charitable decision-making in the environmental domain, as well as an exploration of cross-national climate change threat perceptions using a hierarchical modeling framework. Ph.D. University of Oregon.
Olena Nikolayenko (Departmental Guest, PIIRS; September 2012 - December 2013). Nikolayenko is an assistant professor of political science at Fordham University. Her research interests include comparative democratization, social movements, public opinion, and youth, with a regional focus on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Her publications include the book, Citizens in the Making in Post-Soviet States (2011), and articles in Canadian Journal of Political Science, Comparative Politics, Europe-Asia Studies, Youth and Society, and other journals. She is currently completing a book-length manuscript on nonviolent youth movements in the postcommunist region. While at Princeton, Nikolayenko will conduct research on hate crimes in Russia. Ph.D. University of Toronto.
Sanjay Ruparelia (Visiting Associate Research Scholar, Project on Democracy and Development; September 2012 – June 2013). Ruparelia is an assistant professor of politics at the New School for Social Research. For several years he has explored the rise and fall of the broader Indian left, prospects of power sharing in federal parliamentary democracies, and the role of institutions, strategy, and judgment in politics. His publications include Divided We Govern: The Paradoxes of Power in Contemporary Indian Democracy (forthcoming) and Understanding India’s New Political Economy: A Great Transformation? (2011), as well as articles on India’s democratic exceptionalism, militant Hindu nationalism, and new economic inequalities in India and China. At Princeton, Ruparelia will pursue a new research project that examines the move to enact a right to various socioeconomic entitlements through an innovative state-building project in contemporary Indian democracy. It is part of a longer-term collaborative research initiative to map, explain, and assess the phenomenon of prosperity, inequality, and reform in India and China. Ph.D. University of Cambridge.
Kazuto Suzuki (Visiting Fellow, European Union Program; September 2012 – June 2013). Suzuki is a professor of international political economy at Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan. An expert on space policy, he also advises the Space Development Committee of Liberal Democratic Party of Japan and has been involved in the development of Japan’s space decision-making process, including the establishment of the Basic Law for Space Activities of 2008 and Midterm Plan for Space Activities of 2009. His research has focused on European integration and transformation of national policies with respect to security, technology, and economy, and on space, export control, science and technology, and market regulation policies from an international political economy perspective. He also has been actively involved in the Independent Investigation Commission of Fukushima nuclear accident as an expert of science and technology policy. At Princeton, Suzuki will continue his current research on how globalization influences contemporary political economy and on developing an analytical framework for the relationship between politics and science and technology. A prolific author, Suzuki’s most recent publications include, Regulatory Power of European Union (2012, Japanese) and Space and International Politics (2011, Japanese). Ph.D. University of Sussex.
Johannes Urpelainen (Visiting Associate Research Scholar, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; September 2012 – June 2013). Urpelainen is an assistant professor of political science at Columbia University. His research focuses on international cooperation and institutions, with a particular focus on global environmental politics. He has published widely on the problems of enforcement and participation in international institutions. At Princeton, Urpelainen plans to initiate a research project that involves developing a theory of distributional conflict and collective action in a global context characterized by scientific uncertainty, applying the theory to efforts to address climate change, and using insights from theoretical and empirical analyses to develop policies and institutions designed for global climate cooperation. Ph.D. University of Michigan.
Elke Weber (Visiting Research Collaborator, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; November 2012). Weber is Jerome A. Chazen Professor of International Business, Earth Institute Professor, and a professor of psychology at Columbia University. She also founded and codirects two centers at Columbia, the Center for the Decision Sciences and the Center for Research on Environmental Decisions. Her areas of expertise include cognitive and affective processes in judgment and choice, cross-cultural issues in management, environmental decision making and policy, medical decision making, and risk management. Working at the intersection of psychology and economics, her expertise is in behavioral models of judgment and decision making under risk and uncertainty. She has recently been investigating psychologically appropriate ways to measure and model individual and cultural differences in risk taking, specifically in risky financial situations and environmental issues. She is a lead author on risk management for Working Group III for the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Ph.D. Harvard University.
Tokio Yamaoka (Visiting Professional Specialist, Japanese Ministry of Finance; September 2012– June 2013). Yamaoka was most recently senior manager and head of the Intelligence and Targeting Center of Japan Customs, Tokyo Customs/Ministry of Finance with expertise in international trade negotiations, policy, and facilitation, as well as in customs-related security issues. He joined the Ministry in 1989 where he had been in charge of World Trade Organization (WTO) issues and, from 1997-2000, worked for United Nations Conference on Trade and Development to assist countries acceding to the WTO. From 2003–06 he was Japan’s customs attaché to the World Customs Organization (WCO) in Belgium and from 2006–09 served as WCO deputy director. Yamaoka's publications include "Accession of China" (2001); "Analysis of China’s Accession Commitments in the WTO: New Taxonomy of More and Less Stringent Commitments, and the Struggle for Mitigation by China" (Journal of World Trade, 2013); and "The De facto Accession of the European Communities to the World Customs Organization: Process and Signficance" (forthcoming). In his second year at Princeton, Yamaoka will work on an analysis of overlapping issues of customs classifications bewteen the WTO and the WCO from a legal perspective. M.A. Tsukuba University.
Gary Yohe (Visiting Research Collaborator, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; September 2012 – June 2013). Yohe is the Huffington Foundation Professor of Economics and Environmental Studies at Wesleyan University. Most of his recent work has focused on developing and applying iterative risk-management techniques to the mitigation and adaptation/impacts sides of the climate issue. His current research includes visioning global equity and sustainability over the long term, expressing and communicating uncertainty in impacts and vulnerabilities, and evaluating the robustness of detection and attribution conclusions to inform a globally coherent climate fingerprint. Yohe is the author of more than 100 scholarly articles and several books, and has been a contributor to media coverage of climate issues. Involved since the early 1990s with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that received a share of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, he served as a lead author for four different chapters in the Third Assessment Report (2001), as convening lead author for the last chapter of the contribution of Working Group II to the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (2007), and as a convening lead author of the detection and attribution chapter in the ongoing Fifth Assessment Report. Yohe was also a member of the core writing team for the Synthesis Report for the Fourth Assessment and continues in that role for the Fifth Assessment. In 2011 he was appointed as vice chair of the National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee for a three-year term, and he is coeditor, with Michael Oppenheimer, of the journal Climatic Change. Ph.D. Yale University.
Stéphane Zuber (Visiting Associate Research Scholar, Research Community on Communicating Uncertainty: Science, Institutions, and Ethics in the Politics of Global Climate Change; January – June 2013). Zuber is an economist at Centre de Recherche Sens, Ethique et Societe (CERSES) in Paris. He works on issues of intergenerational equity and climate policy with a focus on the problem of climate-related risks: how to design equitable climate policies in an uncertain world and how to deal with catastrophic and correlated risks. His current research, in collaboration with Marc Fleurbaey, is how to change standard ex ante evaluations of risk, taking into account fairness issues of intra- and intergenerational equity; a second project, in collaboration with Geir B. Asheim, concerns rank-discounted utilitarianism and its implications for climate policy and population ethics. His publications in English include, with Asheim, “Justifying Social Discounting: the Rank-Discounted Utilitarian Approach,” Journal of Economic Theory 147 (2012). Ph.D. Toulouse School of Economics.