Skip over navigation

World Politics

Vol. 65, No.3

July 2013

Abstract
Union Density and Political Strikes
By Johannes Lindvall

Why do trade unions organize antigovernment strikes in some countries but not in others? This article argues that there is a curvilinear relationship between union density and political strike activity. Political strikes are rare in countries with low union density, since effective protests require a basic level of organizational capacity. They are also rare in countries with high union density, since a government that faces a strong union movement has powerful incentives to adjust its policies in order to avoid open confrontation. But political strikes are relatively common in countries with moderate levels of union density, since it is difficult for governments and unions to find viable compromises when the strength of the unions is not secure. The empirical part of the article estimates the relationship between union density and the likelihood of political strikes in two samples of advanced democracies.


Please note that authors do not provide copies of their articles. For information about ordering a particular issue and/or about subscribing to World Politics, please visit the Web site of our publisher Cambridge University Press.