from PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
Nye, Shapiro to be honored with alumni awards
PRINCETON, N.J. -- Two Princeton graduates who have made notable contributions in the field of higher education have been selected as the 2004 recipients of the University's top honors for alumni.
Joseph S. Nye Jr., dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and Harold T. Shapiro, president emeritus of Princeton, will receive their awards and deliver addresses on campus during Alumni Day activities on Saturday, Feb. 21.
Nye, who earned his A.B. in public affairs from Princeton in 1958, has been chosen for the Woodrow Wilson Award. The honor is bestowed annually upon an undergraduate alumnus or alumna whose career embodies the call to duty in Wilson's famous speech, "Princeton in the Nation's Service." Also a Princeton graduate, Wilson served as president of the University and as president of the United States.
Shapiro, who earned his Ph.D. in economics from Princeton in 1964, will receive the James Madison Medal. Named for the fourth president of the United States and the person many consider Princeton's first graduate student, the medal was established by the Association of Princeton Graduate Alumni and is given each year to an alumnus or alumna of the Graduate School who has had a distinguished career, advanced the cause of graduate education or achieved an outstanding record of public service.
On Alumni Day, Shapiro will present a lecture titled "Toward a More General Purpose: Higher Education and Society Non-Nobis Solum (Not for Ourselves Alone)" at 9:15 a.m. Nye will speak on "Soft Power and the War on Terrorism" at 10:30 a.m. Both lectures will take place in Richardson Auditorium of Alexander Hall.
Wilson Award winner
After graduating summa cum laude from Princeton, Nye attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar. He earned a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 1964, and joined the Harvard faculty the same year.
Nye has interrupted his academic career several times to serve in the federal government: from 1977 to 1979, he was deputy undersecretary of state for security assistance, science and technology and was chair of the National Security Council Group on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons; in 1993 and 1994, he was chair of the National Intelligence Council; and, in 1994 and 1995, he was assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs. During his government service, he received the State Department's highest recommendation, the Distinguished Honor Award, and earned two Distinguished Service Medals for his work in the Defense Department.
In an article in the Feb. 12, 2003, online edition of the Princeton Alumni Weekly, Nye credited Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs with launching his career spanning academia and government. At Princeton, he said he was able to combine his interests in politics, economics and history. "I still hearken back to things I learned at Princeton," he said in the article. "It gave me a tremendous base for the things I went on to do."
Nye was named dean of the Kennedy School in 1995 and also serves as the Don K. Price Professor of Public Policy. The author of numerous books, he recently has written "The Paradox of American Power" and "Understanding International Conflicts."
Shapiro returned to Princeton as president in 1988 after serving for eight years as president of the University of Michigan, where he had been a faculty member for 24 years. During his 13 years at Princeton's helm, he was the architect of one of the most intensive periods of growth and renewal in the University's history. He has been credited with strengthening the University's faculty and student body, enhancing its programs of teaching and research, revitalizing its campus and dramatically increasing its endowment.
After retiring from the presidency in 2001, Shapiro took a year's sabbatical, then returned to full-time teaching and research in the Department of Economics and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He teaches courses on bioethics and public policy and on academic research ethics. He also is publishing a book on higher education and has launched a major research project in collaboration with his wife, Vivian, to examine the history of rare book collections in university libraries.
During his presidency, Shapiro chaired the boards of the Association of American Universities and the Consortium on Financing Higher Education and was active in many other organizations. He served two U.S. presidents: George Bush as a member and vice chair (1992-93) of the President's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology; and Bill Clinton as chair of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (1996-2001).
Shapiro has continued his public service activities, recently chairing a national panel to review the organizational structure of the National Institutes of Health and serving on committees to study and restructure the medical education system in New Jersey. In a Nov. 10, 2003, article in the Princeton Weekly Bulletin, Shapiro said he is enjoying his post-presidency life: "The mix of teaching and research and public service has been extremely rewarding and reminds me why I got into this academic life in the first place."