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1999-2000 Visiting Fellows

Inderjeet Parmar

Lecturer in Government
Department of Government
University of Manchester
Project Title: "Foreign Policy Elites and the State: Comparing the (American) Council on Foreign Relations and the (British) Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1939-45

While at Princeton, I researched aspects of the following collections:

The Papers of the Council on Foreign Relations
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Fight For Freedom
Hamilton Fish Armstrong
Jacob Viner
Allen W. Dulles
John F. Dulles
Edward Mead Earle

I found the above collections very useful for my overall research project, as they documented the ideas and activities of key elements of the US foreign policy establishment during a particularly turbulent period of American (and world) history.

The collections were well-organised, the finding aids were clear and helpful, and the archivists were all very knowledgeable and experienced. I had absolutely no trouble finding the most interesting material and was able to 'get through' a tremendous amount of work in the space of about 20 working days. The system of document retrieval was efficient and fast and procedures for photocopying were similarly helpful. The staff of the Mudd Library have my deepest admiration and appreciation.

While part of my research aim was to examine material just to corroborate other material I had previously researched elsewhere, I did find a large amount of interesting new material as well. The Armstrong Papers and correspondence were very interesting in regard to the ideas, hopes, anxieties, and fears of the editor of Foreign Affairs and in regard to the role of the journal as educator of elite opinion, mobiliser of that sector of society, and as "agenda-setter" in US foreign affairs discussion.

The papers of the CDAAA and FFF were also very interesting and informative. Before my visit, I had had no idea that the CDAAA operated a branch in London, or that both CDAAA and FFF attempted to mobilise black Americans behind their pro-interventionist programmes. These papers were fascinating and I aim to publish the material in article form as well as include it in the book that I plan to write.

The JF Dulles papers were also interesting, especially the correspondence. In particular, Dulles's letters to Lionel Curtis, the founder of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, revealed the extent of affinity between these leading individuals. They were both deeply Christian in outlook and discussed how the church could influence world affairs. Each of them also helped to mobilise religious opinion in their own country.

The papers of Edward Mead Earle were a real bonus, as it turned out. Before visiting Princeton, I had been writing a paper on Earl's contribution to the rise of Realism as a theory within the American academy. The Princeton visit fell at just the right time for me to strengthen my article with documentary evidence from his papers and correspondence. Upon return to Manchester I was able to use the new material to complete the article and it should be appearing in the Review of International Studies next year.

Since my return, I have presented the results of my research at two conferences: the British International Studies Association (December 1999, at Manchester University) and at the American Politics Group meetings (January 2000, at Keele University). The feedback that I received was positive. Much of the material presented originated from material researched at Princeton. My aim is now to prepare a book proposal to send to academic publishers for their consideration.

Overall, my research visit to Princeton was interesting, stimulating, busy, and extremely enjoyable. I can say that without the Fellowship I would not have been able to afford such an extended visit to the Mudd Library. My research would have been held up without the Fellowship. I owe the Fellowship Committee a huge debt of gratitude.


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