Guidelines and federal regulations governing animal research are available at the external links presented below. These web sites and documents are for reference and may be used as companion documents for Princeton’s policies, practices, and standard operating procedures.
Federal Regulations and Granting Agency Requirements
Animal Welfare Act is the only federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable standard. The Act is enforced by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Standards and Best Practice Guidebooks
Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild mammals in research Guidelines from the American Society of Mammalogists (ASM) 2011 publication. These guidelines cover current professional techniques and regulations involving mammals used in research and teaching. Included are details on marking, housing, trapping, and collecting mammals. It is recommended that investigators use these guidelines as a resource for protocols involving wild mammals.
Additional Government Resources
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA, is a multi-faceted federal agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act, and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. These efforts support the overall mission of USDA, which is to protect and promote food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues.
What Investigators Need to Know About the Use of Animals (2016) reflects the current requirements of NIH grants policy and applicability of the PHS Policy to VA, NASA and NSF surrported activities through memoranda of understanding. This publication provides an overview of investigator responsibilities when conducting research with animals. It is a helpful resource that covers the PHS Policy requirements, what needs to be described in a grant application, what to include in an IACUC protocol, and guidance for avoiding noncompliance while conducting research. This is an at-a-glance, printer-friendly factsheet.
Additional Professional Resources
American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners disseminates knowledge, ideas, and information among veterinarians and veterinary students about laboratory animal practices for the benefit of animals and society.