Matthew M. McCarty (DPhil, Oxford) is a Classical archaeologist and ancient historian whose work focuses on the edges of the Roman Empire, ancient religion, and the relationships between material objects and knowledge. His teaching at Princeton covers topics including Roman archaeology, conflict in Roman religious life, and comparative analysis of the Roman and Han Chinese empires. As director of the Apulum Mithraeum III Project, an excavation aimed at understanding the ritual and social dimensions of a Roman "mystery cult," he also brings students abroad to study field archaeology over the summer. He is currently completing a monograph based on his dissertation, Empire and Worship in Roman Africa (Cambridge UP), which focuses on child sacrifice and the agency of Roman hegemony in re-shaping fundamental premises about the gods, society, ritual, and personhood in the ancient Maghreb. McCarty's next book project, The Materiality of Religion in the Roman World, argues that because religious knowledge in the ancient world was not created and circulated by texts but instead by the manipulation of objects, images, and environments, a history of religion in the Roman world ought to start from the archaeological record. Using cults of Mithras (including the one he is excavating) and site-based case-studies, this book will attempt to write such a material-based history of Roman religion. His published articles and chapters cover a range of themes from concepts of of historical continuity to the cognitive dimensions of ritual practice to the problems with using the concept of "heritage" to shape archaeological agendas in North Africa. Prior to joining the Society of Fellows, he served as a Lecturer in Ancient History at Worcester College (Oxford), Lecturer in Classics & Ancient History at the University of Warwick, and Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in the Humanities at Yale.