Staff, Visitors, and Graduate Students
Robert Goldston is a leading researcher in plasma physics and fusion energy, and was director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), 1997 – 2009. Goldston has collaborated with SGS staff on a number of research topics since 2009. He contributed a section on Fusion Energy to a chapter on Nuclear Energy prepared by Frank von Hippel for the IIASA Global Energy Assessment. Goldston and Alex Glaser published on the potential proliferation risks associated with magnetic fusion energy, and the role of safeguards in minimizing these risks. Goldston chaired an IAEA Consultative Group on this topic. Goldston and Glaser also published on proliferation risks specifically associated with Inertial Fusion Energy; their perspectives are reflected in the NAS Panel Report on Inertial Fusion Energy. Most recently Goldston has collaborated with Glaser and Boaz Barak of Microsoft Research, New England, on a “Zero-Knowledge Protocol” for warhead verification as an element of arms control. They received a “V Fund” grant from the State Department, and a larger grant from the National Nuclear Security Administration as part of a new national Center for Verification Technology led by the University of Michigan. Goldston and Glaser are constructing facilities to test this technique experimentally at PPPL.
Visiting Faculty and Scholars
Pervez Hoodbhoy (Consultant) retired in 2010 as Chair of the Department of Physics at Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad, Pakistan. In 2003, Hoodbhoy was awarded UNESCO's Kalinga Prize for the popularization of science. He is a long-time collaborator with Mian and Nayyar in an effort to educate the Pakistani public on the dangers of nuclear weapons. In 2001, with support from the Center for Defense Information, Hoodbhoy and Mian completed the documentary film, Pakistan and India Under the Nuclear Shadow, which Hoodbhoy directed and narrated. In 2004, with MacArthur Foundation support, they completed a second film, Crossing the Lines: Kashmir, India, Pakistan on the India-Pakistan conflict over Kashmir, the most likely flashpoint for a South Asian nuclear war., In 2010, he was awarded jointly with Abdul Nayyar the American Physical Society’s Joseph Burton Award “for broadening the public understanding of science in Pakistan and for informing the public of the dangers of the nuclear arms race in South Asia.” Pervez is a frequent visitor to SGS.
Abdul Nayyar (Summer Visiting Senior Research Scholar) is Executive Director of the Ali Institute for Education, Lahore, Pakistan. He was a Senior Research Fellow at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad, leading their programs on security and energy issues, and on reforming the curriculum and textbooks used in Pakistan’s public schools. He retired in 2005 from the Department of Physics at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. He has been a regular summer visitor with the South Asia Project since 1998. In 2010, he was awarded jointly with Pervez Hoodbhoy the 2010 American Physical Society’s Joseph Burton Award “for broadening the public understanding of science in Pakistan and for informing the public of the dangers of the nuclear arms race in South Asia.” Nayyar is a frequent visitor to SGS.
Post-doctoral Research Associates -- 2016/2017
Bernadette Kafwimbi Cogswell
Bernadette Cogswell joined the Program as a Postdoctoral Research Associate in mid-Fall 2014. Her work examines nuclear reactor and nuclear fuel cycle safeguards, including an assessment of the viability of antineutrino monitoring as a safeguards tool, the technical challenges for arms control verification and the feasibility of nuclear energy for developing nations. She has a PhD in theoretical particle physics from Vanderbilt University, where her research focused on neutrino oscillation phenomenology.
Malte joined the Program on Science and Global Security in October 2015 as a post-doctoral researcher and a fellow of the Consortium for Verification Technology. He is interested in technical and policy issues of verifying future nuclear arms control and disarmament agreements. At Princeton, he is working on warhead authentication based on nuclear measurements and overarching verification concepts and schemes. Malte holds a doctoral degree in physics from the University of Hamburg, where he worked as a research assistant at the Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker-Centre for Science and Peace Research from 2012 until 2015. Earlier, he had been a visiting scholar at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. Malte is affiliated with the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Disarmament, Arms Control and Risk Technologies of the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy in Hamburg.
Michael Schoeppner joined the Program on Science and Global Security fall 2014. His research focuses on atmospheric transport modelling of radioactive noble gases for the verification of nuclear arms control treaties. Michael has Master’s degrees from the University of Muenster (Germany) and the University of Hamburg (Germany), and a PhD from the Roma Tre University (Italy). Before joining the Program he was working as a consultant for the Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) in Vienna (Austria) where he returned in June, 2016. While he is at the CTBTO he remains afiliated with SGS as a Visiting Research Collaborator.
Ryan A. Snyder
Ryan Snyder joined the Program on Science and Global Security in August 2014 as a post-doctoral researcher. He is working on technical and policy questions related to the proliferation risk from the use of laser isotope separation for uranium enrichment and on improving international safeguards on the nuclear fuel cycle, and the future of nuclear power. He was previously a Fellow for Energy Studies at the Federation of American Scientists and an adjunct lecturer in physics at American University, both in Washington D.C. In graduate school he worked at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility as part of a collaboration that used parity-violating electron scattering to measure the strange-quark contribution to the structure of the nucleon. He received a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the University of Virginia and a B.A. in physics from Kenyon College.
Caroline (Reilly) Milne
Caroline joined SGS in fall 2010 as a PhD candidate in Security Studies at the Woodrow Wilson School, working with Christopher Chyba on questions of nuclear force posture and arms control. Prior to coming to Princeton, she was a research assistant with the RAND Corporation, involved mostly with strategic force planning issues. Caroline is writing a dissertation on the processes by which nuclear-armed adversaries perceive and respond to the condition of mutually-assured destruction. In the fall, she will return to RAND as a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow. Caroline has a B.S. in aerospace engineering from MIT and a M.A. from the War Studies Department at King’s College London.
Tamara Patton is a current PhD student in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Her research centers on verification options for future nuclear arms control and disarmament measures, including working with virtual reality environments to design and simulate possible systems for verifying warhead and fissile material reductions. Previously, she worked as a researcher at the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation where she focused on emerging technologies for nuclear verification, including in the areas of visualization, virtual reality, and geospatial analysis. She has an MA in nonproliferation studies from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies and a BA in international studies from the University of Washington.
Sébastien joined Princeton University in July 2012 as a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering within the Nuclear Futures Laboratory. Prior to coming to Princeton, Sébastien worked for two years within the French Ministry of Defense: first as a graduate research fellow within the Strategic Research Institute of the French Military Academy in Paris (IRSEM); and then for 18 months in the defense procurement agency (DGA) as an engineer responsible for implementing and maintaining military nuclear safety regulations in the French oceanic strategic force. He received a master’s degree in Mechanical and Design Engineering from the French National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA, Lyon) in 2010 and a B.A.I. from Trinity College Dublin in 2009 as part of a joint European degree program.
Ben Reimold joined the Program on Global Security and the Nuclear Futures Laboratory team in 2015 as an Applied Physics Ph.D. student in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Ben’s research focuses on technical approaches for verification challenges in arms control, including most recently a project on verifying numerical limits on treaty accountable items. Also interested in non-Western perspectives on issues of security and identity, Ben earned his MA in International Relations from Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey in 2014. His master’s thesis investigated the linkages between pursuit of nuclear weapons and the national identity conceptions of decision-makers in India and Brazil. Ben holds a B.S. in nuclear engineering from Penn State University, and speaks Turkish.
Mark Walker is a PhD candidate in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Prior to coming to Princeton, he was involved with research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory on verification technology for nuclear arms control treaties, with a specific focus on active neutron interrogation techniques. He earned his bachelor’s degree in nuclear engineering from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville in 2012.