Director, Security Sector Reform and Small Arms, United Nations Integrated Mission in Burundi
Integration and Amalgamation, Training
ethnic representation, donor relations, integration and amalgamation of forces
Tue Apr 1 2008
Col. Mbaye Faye of the United Nations Integrated Mission in Burundi contends that during the peacekeeping phase, it was difficult to initiate reform because the nation had not reconciled itself, and elections were needed to determine the direction security would take. After the 2002 ceasefire, there was a choice possible between the integration and the fusion of forces. The army was 95% Tutsi, but Tutsis represented only 10% of the overall population. The major challenges facing the police were integration and rank amalgamation. Training was delivered regardless of the educational levels of the police, and moralization of the force was a major issue. Coordination between international actors was weak at first in 2004 but improved in 2006 with sectoral plans in SSR/SA, governance, and human rights/justice. The larger part of the work was left to bilaterals because the bilaterals can be involved in the longer run. The transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding was difficult for the United Nations. Faye stresses that nationals need to be in the driver’s seat, saying "We are here to help them do the job, not to do the job for them." At the end of the interview, police adviser Alexi Ouedraogo adds some comments about the main priorities of the Burundi National Police and describes some of the existing programs by bilaterals and some of the projects that the U.N. mission was launching.
At the time of this interview, Col. Mbaye Faye had served 40 years in the Senegal army and was the director of security sector reform and small arms for the United Nations Integrated Mission in Burundi. He received additional training from the French military officers' academy in St. Cyr.