Skip over navigation

Center for African American Studies


Eddie S. Glaude Jr.


Wallace D. Best, also Religion

Daphne A. Brooks, also English

Anne A. Cheng, also English

Eddie S. Glaude Jr., also Religion

Tera W. Hunter, also History

Imani Perry

Carolyn M. Rouse, also Anthropology

Valerie A. Smith, also English

Cornel R. West

Associate Professor

Angel L. Harris, also Sociology

Stacey Sinclair, also Psychology

Assistant Professor

Wendy L. Belcher, also Comparative Literature

Joshua B. Guild, also History

Chika Okeke-Agulu, also Art and Archaeology

Alexandra T. Vazquez, also English


Noliwe M. Rooks

Associated Faculty

Kwame Anthony Appiah, Philosophy, University Center for Human Values

Eduardo L. Cadava, English

Paul J. DiMaggio, Sociology, Woodrow Wilson School

Mitchell Duneier, Sociology

Simon E. Gikandi, English

William A. Gleason, English

Hendrik A. Hartog, History

Albert J. Raboteau, Religion

Judith L. Weisenfeld, Religion

The Center for African American Studies was founded on the assumption that the study of African American history and culture and of the role that race has played in shaping the life and the institutions of the United States is central to an American liberal education. Given the continuing and evolving centrality of race in American political, economic, social, and cultural life, and indeed, in every region of the world, reflection on race and on the distinctive experiences of black people is indispensable for all Princeton students as global citizens. Drawing on a core of distinguished faculty in areas such as anthropology, art and archaeology, English, history, philosophy, psychology, religion, and sociology, the center promotes teaching and research of race with a focus on the experience of African Americans in the United States.

The center's curriculum reflects the complex interplay between political, economic, and cultural forces that shape our understanding of the historic achievements and struggles of African-descended people in this country and their relation to others around the world. Toward that end, the certificate is organized into three thematic subfields: 

1) Global Race and Ethnicity: Using race and ethnicity as a lens, students are introduced to a critical perspective and approach to the examination of American institutions (e.g., schools, families, prisons, etc.). They are also exposed to other related questions such as the formation of racial and ethnic identities and the nature of inequality in an increasingly global context.

2) African American Culture and Life: Drawing on the insights of cultural studies, broadly understood, students encounter the rich history, literature, religion, and the arts of African Americans. Moreover, pushing the boundaries of historical accounts of African American life beyond U.S. national borders to include the diaspora in all of its diversity and plurality, this subfield also familiarizes students with many of the contributions of African-descended peoples around the world. 

3) Race and Public Policy: Exploring, among other things, the historical, cultural, political, and economic causes and consequences of problems facing African American communities, students examine the various initiatives that have defined American public policies in relation to race. In addition, they are challenged to assess the implications for creating and implementing effective public policies that directly relate to communities of color in the United States.

Admission to the Program

Students may apply for formal admission at any time once they have taken and achieved a satisfactory standing in the core course, AAS 201 Introduction to the Study of African American Cultural Practices.

Program Requirements

In addition to taking AAS 201, students seeking a certificate in African American studies are required to take two courses in the African American Culture and Life subfield. These two courses must be selected from the history (AAS 366, AAS 367) and literature (AAS 353, AAS 359) survey courses, one of which must be a pre-20th-century course. Students must also take three additional courses in AAS or approved cognates in order to qualify for the certificate. Students are strongly urged to take at least two of these additional courses either in the Race and Public Policy subfield or in the Global Race and Ethnicity subfield. The center further suggests that race figure centrally in the student's senior thesis. 

In addition to offering a certificate program, the Center for African American Studies provides an array of courses, programs, and internships, open to all students, that expand and deepen their understanding of race in the United States and in the world.

Certificate of Proficiency

Students who fulfill all the requirements of the program will receive a certificate in African American studies upon graduation.


AAS 201 Introduction to the Study of African American Cultural Practices   Fall SA

An interdisciplinary examination of the complex array of African American cultural practices from slavery to postmodern times. Close readings of classic texts will seek to provide a profound grasp of the dynamics of African American thought and practices. Two lectures, one preceptorial. E. Glaude

AAS 202 Introductory Research Methods in African American Studies (also SOC 202)   Not offered this year SA

The purposes of this course are to assist the student in developing the ability to critically evaluate social science research on the black experience and to do research in African studies. To accomplish these goals, the course will acquaint students with the processes of conceptualization and basic research techniques, and some of the unique issues in conducting research on the black experience. A variety of appropriate studies will be utilized. One three-hour seminar. Staff

AAS 211 The American Dance Experience and Africanist Dance Practices (see DAN 211)

AAS 221 Inequality: Class, Race, and Gender (see SOC 221)

AAS 230 African American English and Syntactic Variation (see LIN 270)

AAS 262 Introduction to the Evolution of Jazz Styles (see MUS 262)

AAS 266 History of African American Music   HA

This course explores aspects of the origins, style development, aesthetic philosophies, historiography, and contemporary conventions of African-American musical traditions. Topics covered include: the music of West and Central Africa, the music of colonial America, 19th-century church and dance music, minstrelsy, music of the Harlem Renaissance, jazz, blues, gospel, hip-hjop, and film music. Special attention is given to the ways that black music produces "meaning" and to how the social energy circulating within the black music articulates myriad issues about American identity at specific historical moments. Staff

AAS 305 The History of Black Gospel Music (also REL 391)   LA

This course will trace the history of black gospel music from its origins in the American South to its modern origins in 1930s Chicago and into the 1990s mainstream. Critically analyzing various compositions and the artists that performed them, we will explore the ways the musichas reflected and reproached the extant cultural climate. We will be particularly concerned with the four major historical eras from which black gospel music developed: the slave era; Reconstruction; the Great Migration, and the era of Civil Rights. Staff

AAS 309 From Negro to Black: African Americans and the 1970s (also AMS 359)  

Using film, primary documents, literature, art, and secondary sources, this course explores the ten-year period between the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1968 and 1978, when The Supreme Court case, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke upheld the constitutionality of affirmative action. This decade marks one of the most turbulent periods in American history and radical changes impacting the political, religious, artistic, legal and educational cultures of Black people occurred. N. Rooks

AAS 310 Music from the Hispanophone Caribbean (also ENG 324/MUS 256)   Spring LA

This interdisciplinary seminar utilizes the musical cultures of Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Cuba to reflect upon the aesthetic, migratory, and social histories of the Hispanophone Caribbean. Students will listen to the sounded legacies of conquest, slavery, colonialism, and U.S. intervention and occupation. The effects of transnational migration on music's performance and reception will also be one of the key themes in the course. We will not only consider the creative traditions and receptive worlds embedded in musical recordings, but will also pay attention to music's traces in literature, film, and other ephemera. A. Vazquez

AAS 311 An Introduction to Black Women's Studies (also GSS 313)   Not offered this year SA

An interdisciplinary introduction to the study of women of African descent in the United States, 1830 to the present, through sociology, history, law, religion, and film. This course discusses black women's identity as reflected in community, stereotype, and individuality. One three-hour seminar. N. Rooks

AAS 314 Model Memoirs: The Life Stories of International Fashion Models (also COM 396)   Spring LA

Explores the life-writing of American, African, and Asian women in the fashion industry as a launching point for thinking about race, gender, and class. How do ethnicity and femininity intersect? How are authenticity and difference commodified? How do women construct identities through narrative and negotiate their relationships to their bodies, families, and nations? Includes guest lectures by fashion editors and models; discussions of contemporary television programs, global fashion, and cultural studies; and student self-narratives about their relationships with cultural standards of beauty, whether vexed or not. One three-hour seminar. W. Belcher

AAS 317 Race and Public Policy (see WWS 317)

AAS 318 Black Women and Spiritual Narrative (also REL 318)   LA

Analyzes narrative accounts of African American women since the 19th century. Drawing on the hypothesis that religious metaphor and symbolism have figured prominently in black women's writing--and writing about black women--across literary genres, the class explores the various ways black women have used their narratives not only to disclose the intimacies of their religious faith, but also to understand and to critique their social context. Students will discuss themes, institutions, and structures that have traditionally shaped black women's experiences, as well as theologies black women have developed in response. One three-hour seminar. W. Best

AAS 320 African American Religious History (see REL 320)

AAS 321 Black Power and Its Theology of Liberation (also REL 321)   HA

This course examines the various pieties of the Black Power Era. It charts the explicit and implicit utopian visions of the politics of the period that, at once, criticized established black religious institutions and articulated alternative ways of imagining salvation. It also explores the attempt by black theologians to translate the prophetic black church tradition into the idiom of black power. The aim is to keep in view the significance of the Black Power era for understanding the changing role and place of black religion in black public life. Two lectures, one preceptorial. E. Glaude

AAS 323 Diversity in Black America (also AMS 321)   Fall SA

As the demographics of Blacks in America change, we are compelled to rethink the dominant stories of who African Americans are, and from whence they come. The seminar explores the deep cultural, genealogical, national origin, regional, and class-based diversity of people of African descent in the United States. One three-hour seminar. I. Perry

AAS 325 African American Autobiography (also ENG 393)   Not offered this year LA

Highlights the autobiographical tradition of African Americans from the antebellum period to the present as symbolic representations of African American material, social, and intellectual history and as narrative quests of self-development. Students will be introduced to basic methods of literary analysis and criticism, specifically focusing on cultural criticism and psychoanalytic theory on the constructed self. One three-hour seminar. Staff

AAS 326 Landmarks of French Culture and History (see FRE 330)

AAS 327 Race, Masculinity and the Rule of Law (also AMS 327)   SA

An examination of the interplay between race and masculinity in American law. Topics include race; masculinity; national identity; legal ideology; contemporary far right political movements; the construction of criminality; and multiculturalism. Materials include court decisions, transcripts of trials, scholarly articles, novels, and films. One three-hour seminar. K. Thomas

AAS 328 Race Relations and Black Identities in Post-Emancipation Brazil (also LAS 328/POR 328)  

This seminar offers an extensive review of the sociological literature on race relations and Black movements in Brazil, from Abolitionism to present-day debates on affirmative action and the place of Blacks in the Brazilian academy. Our goal is to strengthen the theoretical background of students in the social sciences interested in doing field research in Brazil or in race politics. A. Guimarães

AAS 329 Chinatown USA   LA

This course registers the tension between the domestic and the foreign that has long since haunted the ideal of American integration. It looks at the construction of "Chinatown"--as historic reality, geographic formation, cultural fantasy, even architectural innovation--in the making of the American nationalism. Students will study novels, plays, films, and photography that focus on or use Chinatown as a central backdrop in ways that highlight the complex relationship between material history and social imagination when it comes to how America incorporates (or fails to digest) its racial or immigrant "other." Two lectures, one preceptorials. A. Cheng

AAS 330 Black Metropolis: African American Urban History (also HIS 455)   HA

In this seminar, we will examine historically the transformation of African Americans from a population rooted in the rural South to one overwhelmingly located in the cities of the North and West. Beginning in the period following the Civil War, and spanning the course of the twentieth century, we will explore critically the impact of urbanization on African American social relations, political expression, family life, and cultural production. Throughout the course we will be concerned not only with the "where" and "who" of the migration narrative, but the "how" and the "why" as well. J. Guild

AAS 332 The Nation of Islam In America (also REL 332)   LA

This course will explore the various meanings attributed to Nation of Islam (NOI) cultural and religious practices. Of particular concern will be the ways in which the NOI¿s ideological structure has allowed it to function both as a "black nationalist" and religious body. Students will spend time examining the lives of such figures as Wallace D. Fard, Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and Louis Farrahkan. Other themes covered include: women and the NOI, the return to Orthodoxy, the NOI and black Christianity, and the NOI and political power. Two lectures, one preceptorial. W. Best

AAS 334 Educating a New Majority (also SOC 334)   Not offered this year SA

This course examines minority education in the United States in the context of the sociology of education and intergroup relations from a historical perspective, and the most recent conditions facing African Americans and other minorities. It will study the impact of changing demographic characteristics of these groups on the quality of their education, and the consequences of those changes for urban America and educational institutions in the 21st century. One three-hour seminar. Staff

AAS 336 Race and American Politics (see POL 336)

AAS 339 Josephine Baker and the Modern   LA

What does a black burlesque star have to do with the making of Euro-American modernity? This course situates the performance art of Josephine Baker as a dynamic fulcrum through which to trace the unexpected connections between the invention of what might be called a "modernist style" and the staging of black skin at the turn of the 20th century. We will study her work in film, photography, and cinema as an active and profound engagement with a range of modernist innovations and theories in the fields of film, photography, architecture, art, and literature. A. Cheng

AAS 340 Shades of Passing (also ENG 391/AMS 340)   LA

Studies the trope of passing in 20th-century American literary and cinematic narratives in an effort to re-examine the crisis of identity that both produces and confounds acts of passing. Examines how American novelists and filmmakers have portrayed and responded to this social phenomenon, not as merely a social performance but as a profound intersubjective process embedded within history, law, and culture. Focuses on narratives of passing across axes of difference, invoking questions such as: To what extent does the act of passing reinforce or unhinge seemingly natural categories of race, gender, and sexuality? One three-hour seminar. A. Cheng

AAS 342 Rhythm Nation (also ENG 397/MUS 364)   LA

What do we mean when we say something has "rhythm"? What happens when we identify with a nation? What part does "rhythm" play in our identification with nations or what Benedict Anderson calls "imagined communities"? This class will question and expand conceptions and re-conceptions of location, listening, mediation, performance, identification, and culture in the interdisciplinary crossroads of music, literature, cultural studies, performance studies, and sound theory. Our approach will be both historical and theoretical with an emphasis on independent research. M. Obadike, M. Martin

AAS 346 The American Jeremiad and Social Criticism in the United States (see REL 367)

AAS 347 Introduction to African American Film Studies   LA

This course examines films made by and about African Americans from the 1910s to the present. We will consider whether "Black Film" constitutes a distinct genre and the ways that casting, content, and made of production influence this question. The class will consider definitions of "Black Film" from a historical perspective, taking into account the changing meaning and significance of Black cinematic production over the last hundred years. M. Petty

AAS 348 Black Popular Music Culture   LA

An introduction to major historical, theoretical, performative, and aesthetic movements and trends in black popular music culture from the 19th century through the present day. D. Brooks, I. Perry

AAS 350 African American Studies: Environmental Justice (also ENV 350)   EM

This seminar will explore the intersection of social justice and environmental stewardship, with particular attention to issues of environmental justice. We will focus on New Orleans as a key case study. Course goals include: learning about the impact of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans and the political and ethical issues involved in rebuilding; developing the ability to reflect on and reason about issues of environmental justice; becoming familiar with the social science literature and methods used to study environmental justice; understanding how studying the social sciences can help you become a more effective citizen. K. Smith, M. Harris-Perry

AAS 351 Law, Social Policy, and African American Women (also GSS 351)  

Journeying from enslavement and Jim Crow to the post-civil rights era, this course will show how law and social policy have shaped, constrained, and been resisted by black women's experience and thought. Using a wide breadth of materials including legal scholarship, social science research, visual arts, and literature, students will also develop an understanding of how property, the body, and the structure and interpretation of domestic relations have been frameworks through which black female subjectivity in the United States was and is mediated. Two lectures, one preceptorial. I. Perry

AAS 352 Black Protest in 20th-Century America (also HIS 483)   Not offered this year HA

Examines the evolution of African American political mobilization in the 20th century. Explores the various ways that African Americans articulated their political demands and affirmed their citizenship, using worker's rights, the church, feminism, education, war, grassroots organizations, the federal bureaucracy, international allies, and the law as tools for political action. Prerequisite: HIS 387 recommended. One three-hour seminar. N. Rooks

AAS 353 African American Literature: Origins to 1910 (also ENG 352)   Fall LA

A survey of literary materials produced within the African American experience, from the 18th century through the contemporary period, with special emphasis on genre, theme, and context. The course will investigate dominant and marginalized literary histories and the importance of gender, region, and sensibility. Two lectures, one preceptorial. D. Brooks

AAS 356 Migration, Urban Space, and African American Culture (also AMS 356)   Fall SA

From 1910 until 1940, African Americans migrated from rural to urban areas. This interdisciplinary course will focus on cultural geography, or how the resulting changes and realignments of place and space have shaped and continue to shape American society and affect understandings of African American identity and culture. One three-hour seminar. N. Rooks

AAS 357 Hoodwinked and Bamboozled: Racial Masquerade in American Culture  

Ralph Ellison once wrote: "When American life is most American it is apt to be most theatrical." Tracing the genealogies of historical/cultural forms of racial masquerade in America, this course studies the spectacularization of race in various modes of theatrical performances: in dance, music, theater, film, and literature. What are the seduction, efficacy, and utility of such performances? Our goal is to generate some new terms for understanding racial visibility and for addressing the notion of agency in relation to racialized experiences beyond the binary assumptions of essence versus performance. D. Brooks, A. Cheng

AAS 358 Sexuality and Religion in America (also REL 379/GSS 359)   Fall SA

Sexuality has long been a contested and contentious issue within American religions, yet only recently have scholars and practitioners begun to forthrightly address it. This course will explore the emerging literature on sexuality and religion as a way to understand how approaches to sex and sexuality within "sacred spaces" have shaped private behavior and public opinion. We will give particular attention to American Catholic and African American religious expressions for the way they have been especially influential in framing (and inhibiting) sexual discourse and practices in the US and throughout the world. W. Best

AAS 359 African American Literature: Harlem Renaissance to Present (also ENG 366)   Spring LA

This introductory course surveys literature from the early 20th-century to the present; it covers Harlem Renaissance prose and poetry from writers including Countee Cullen, W.E.B. DuBois, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Nell Larsen, Alain Locke, James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay, and Jean Toomer; modernist poetry by Gwendolyn Brooks and Robert Hayden; drama by Lorraine Hansberry; novels by Ralph Ellison and Toni Morrison; and nonfiction by James Baldwin, Alice Walker, and Richard Wright. The course analyzes aesthetic forms and locates literary texts in social and political contexts. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Staff

AAS 362 Race and the American Legal Process: Emancipation to the Voting Rights Act (also WWS 497/POL 338)   Fall SA

This course examines the dynamic and often conflicted relationships between African American struggles for inclusion, and the legislative, administrative, and judicial decision-making responding to or rejecting those struggles, from Reconstruction to the passage of the Voting Rights Act. In tracing these relationships we will cover issues such as property, criminal law, suffrage, education, and immigration, with a focus on the following theoretical frameworks: equal protection, due process, civic participation and engagement, and political recognition. Two lectures, one preceptorial. I. Perry

AAS 363 Topics in the Politics of Writing and Difference (see SPA 352)

AAS 365 Migration and the Literary Imagination (also REL 362/ENG 394)   LA

This course will explore the various meanings of migration and mobility found in 20th-century African American literature. Through careful historical and literary analysis, we will examine the significant impact migration has had on African American writers and the ways it has framed their literary representations of modern black life. W. Best

AAS 366 African American History to 1863 (see HIS 386)

AAS 367 African American History from Reconstruction to the Present (see HIS 387)

AAS 368 Topics in African American Religion (also REL 368/POL 424)   Not offered this year EM

Assesses the value of religion and its impartations of the historical, ethical, and political in African American life. Courses will also critique African American religion from a broader contextual basis by establishing commonalities and differences across historical and cultural boundaries. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Staff

AAS 371 Africa in the African American Literary Imagination (also COM 391)   LA

In this course, we will explore how African Americans have written about and imagined Africa in their work, with a particular focus on writing about Ethiopia. Africa has appeared in African American literature in a variety of forms as origin, possible homeland, longed-for utopia, and synecdoche of African American freedom and identity. We will explore the use of Africa to construct and question African American identity as well as representations of African music, art, literature, religion, sexuality, community, and family. Staff

AAS 372 Postblack - Contemporary African American Art (also ART 374/AMS 372)   LA

As articulated by Thelma Golden, postblack refers to the work of African American artists who emerged in the 1990s with ambitious, irreverent, and sassy work. Postblack suggests the emergence of a generation of artists removed from the long tradition of black affirmation of the Harlem Renaissance, black empowerment of the Black Arts movement, and identity politics of the 1980s and early 90s. This seminar involves critical and theoretical readings on multiculturalism, race, identity, and contemporary art, and will provide an opportunity for a deep engagement with the work of African American artists of the past decade. One three-hour seminar. C. Okeke-Agulu

AAS 373 History of African American Art (see ART 373)

AAS 374 Growing Up Global: Novels and Memoirs of Transnational Childhoods (also COM 394)   Fall LA

What if the real answer to the question "Where are you from?" or "Where did you grow up?" is so complicated that you tend to give a convenient rather than honest answer? This course will explore narratives of youthful cultural and linguistic adaptation by those who have spent their childhood crossing national boundaries. Among the topics of discussion are how the narrators construct meaningful identities and produce a sense of belonging or alienation through narrative. Two lectures, one preceptorial. W. Belcher

AAS 375 Social Stigma: On Being a Target of Prejudice (also PSY 375)   SA

Individuals subject to social stigma possess, or are believed to posses, an attribute that marks them as members of a group that is devalued within a particular social context. In this course we will attempt to understand the psychological impact of being stigmatized by reading and discussing social psychological research and theories that illustrate central ideas and debates on this topic. Specifically, we will examine how social stigma affects academic performance, health, interpersonal interactions and self-understanding, as well as how people cope with stigma. S. Sinclair

AAS 383 The Black Atlantic World: Black Encounters with Europe, Asia, and the Americas (also HIS 487)  

This course explores the experiences of African Americans overseas and examines how they led transnational lifestyles throughout the twentieth century. We will investigate how African Americans established lives that defied borders and transformed national and local politics in North America, Europe, and Asia. How did African American soldiers and intellectuals in Paris shape the post-World War I Negritude movement? What role did the conception of blackness and `negrophobia' play in Nazi Germany and Hitler's party in particular? How did W.E.B. Du Bois forge a partnership between African Americans and Japan during the Great Depression? Staff

AAS 384 Prejudice: Its Causes, Consequences, and Cures (also PSY 384)   SA

Prejudice is one of the most contentious topics in modern American society. There is debate regarding its causes, pervasiveness, and impact. This goal of this course is to familiarize students with the psychological research relevant to these questions. We will review theoretical perspectives on prejudice to develop an understanding of its cognitive, affective, and motivational underpinnings. We will also discuss how these psychological biases relate to evaluations of, and behavior toward, members of targeted groups. In addition, research-based strategies for reducing prejudice will be discussed. S. Sinclair

AAS 388 Studies in African American Popular Culture   Not offered this year SA

Explores the production, reception, aesthetics, and politics of black popular culture in the United States. Examines current and historical media images and exchanges while interrogating the dynamics, tensions, and personalities shaping the reception and circulation of popular cultural texts. Two lectures, one preceptorial. N. Rooks

AAS 389 Women Writers of the African Diaspora (see ENG 389)

AAS 390 African American Intellectual History (also HIS 481)   Not offered this year HA

An examination of the ways in which African American intellectualism is constructed in the history of Africans in the United States; the written and oral works of recognized black intellectuals; and the economic, cultural, historical, social, and political conditions under which such works are created and remembered. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Staff

AAS 391 Race, Class, and Intelligence in America (also SOC 391)   Not offered this year EC

The course explores relationships among race, class, and intelligence measurements. The history of the measurement of intelligence is analyzed. Historical and contemporary conceptualizations of race, ethnicity, and social class in America, including gender inequality, are examined. The "nature versus nurture" IQ heritability controversy is given thorough examination, as are analyses of works such as The Bell Curve. Attention is given to the educational system in America, expectancy and labeling effects, stereotype threat, and to public policy. One two-hour lecture, one preceptorial. Staff

AAS 392 Topics in African American Literature (also ENG 392)   Not offered this year LA

A historical overview of black literary expression from the 19th century to present day. Will emphasize a critical and analytical approach to considering the social, cultural, and political dimensions of African American literature. Two lectures, one preceptorial. D. Brooks

AAS 393 Contemporary African American Poetry   LA

What questions and answers do twenty-first century black poets inherit from black poetry at the middle of the twentieth century? After racing through the timeline of twentieth century poetry at break-neck speed, this course begins its study with Gwendolyn Brooks and Robert Hayden at the middle of the twentieth century, when the politics of black form and content came to a head. It will continue on to the present day, landing on persistent themes and forms--including those found in poems of war and survival, praise poems, poems on the politics of love and sex, poems of place, and poems about music and language. One three-hour seminar. M. Obadike

AAS 395 Race and the Pornological   LA

This course studies the relationship between racial representations and the logic of pornography in the 19th and 20th centuries. We will map the intertwined notions of race, pornography, and violence from Victorian scientific discourse about raced and gendered bodies to contemporary ideas about the racial other and the politics of pornography. We will explore how visual technologies encourage or disrupt the visualization of nonwestern bodies -- and, in particular, women -- by Euro-American modernity. Two 90-minute seminars. A. Cheng

AAS 403 Race and Medicine (also ANT 403)   EM

In 1998, then-President Clinton set a national goal that by the year 2010 race, ethnic, and gender disparities in six disease categories would be eliminated. While the agenda, called Healthy People 2010, is a noble goal, there is one major hurdle. No study has definitively determined the cause of health disparities. This course examines the role culture plays in reproducing health inequalities in the United States. For a final project, students will be asked to propose their own solutions for eliminating health disparities. One three-hour seminar. C. Rouse

AAS 407 Race, Social Inequality, and Education (also SOC 407)   Spring SA

Education is becoming increasingly important for upward social mobility in the U.S. and abroad. Education has been linked to societal inequalities in health, income, and other life-chance measures. This course will focus on the role of education in both the production and amelioration of social inequality. Particular attention is given to racial achievement gaps. By engaging both quantitative and qualitative studies, you will acquire 1) knowledge of the historical trends and understanding of racial differences in achievement, and 2) a broad understanding of the current issues/debates in the literature. Two lectures, one preceptorial. N. Rooks, A. Harris

AAS 408 Forms of Literature (see ENG 402)

AAS 410 Race and Modernity in the Caribbean Surround (also ANT 410)   SA

This couse will examine anthropological research from varying social and cultural perspectives throughout history. Topics will address the development of social anthropology and its relationship to race. F. Romagosa

AAS 411 Art, Apartheid, and South Africa (also ART 471/AFS 411)   Fall

Apartheid, the political doctrine of separation of races in South Africa (1948-1990), dominated the (South) African political discourse in the second half of the 20th century. While it lasted, art and visual cultures were marshaled in the defense and contestation of its ideologies. Since the end of Apartheid, artists, filmmakers, dramatists, and scholars continue to reexamine the legacies of Apartheid, and the social, philosophical, and political conditions of non-racialized South Africa. Course readings examine issues of race, nationalism and politics, art and visual culture, and social memory in South Africa. C. Okeke-Agulu

AAS 413 Major Author(s) (see ENG 411)

AAS 422 Race and Sport (also HIS 482)   Not offered this year HA

Explores the connections between race, class, and gender and organized sports in 20th-century America. Looks at how athletics and team sports mirror broader social and political debates on race in American society. One three-hour seminar. Staff

AAS 428 Latina/o Performance (also ENG 428)   LA

This interdisciplinary seminar examines U.S. Latina/o performance from the 1960s to the present. Students will engage the creative traditions that have emerged from the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, the post-colonial aesthetic concerns shaped by Caribbean migration, and the social preoccupations that have defined urban and suburban life. The class will learn to put formal motifs in conversation with a set of conceptual terms, including mestisaje, borderlands, transculturation, choteo, and disidentification. We will alternate between plays, critical readings, live performances, videos, and music. A. Vazquez

AAS 445 The Post Colonial Subject (also ANT 445)   Spring SA

Power is often represented as a "top-down" phenomenon, meaning that those who have the most power and control over what we do, what we know, and even how we feel. That is particularly the case in the study of marginalized people (e.g., African Americans), who are often not seen as creative agents, but as victims of the powerful. Contemporary cultural studies challenge the "top-down" understanding of power, and look instead at the role of the individual in creating, recreating, and resisting power. This course challenges both approaches from the perspectives of race, class, and gender. One three-hour seminar. C. Rouse

AAS 448 The Media and Social Issues (see JRN 448)

AAS 476 African American Intellectuals and the Negritude Movement (also HIS 476)   HA

This course will explore major events, movements, and periods of time stressing issues of social change. Analysis of such topics will focus on major figures and movements in relationship to other historical developments in American society. M. Sagna

AAS 477 The Civil Rights Movement (also HIS 477)   HA

This course examines the evolution of African American political mobilization from 1945 to 1975. It explores the various ways that African Americans articulated their political demands and affirmed their citizenship, using workers' rights, the church, feminism, education, war, grassroots organizations, the federal bureaucracy, and the law as tools for political action. The readings for this course draw heavily from personal narratives, oral testimonies, and historical scholarship. One three-hour seminar. I. Perry, J. Guild

AAS 481 The African American Atlantic: Modernity and the Black Experience (also ENG 429)   LA

Examines the formation and transformation of the Black Atlantic World from the 18th century to the present. Through an examination of a range of literary texts, historical documents, and visual media, the course will consider how the Atlantic Ocean, often associated with the violence and pain of slavery, also became the stage in which new black identities were constructed. How did blacks in the new world imagine themselves as modern subjects? How have African, African American, and Caribbean writers and intellectuals imagined global citizenship? There will be a visit to Ghana during the spring break. One three-hour seminar. S. Gikandi

AAS 487 The Transatlantic Slave Trade   HA

This seminar addresses such issues as the nature, organization, structure, scope and profitability of the Atlantic slave trade. It examines the ethnic origins of the peoples of African descent in the Americas, their experiences during the Middle Passage and the abolition of the human commerce by the various societies involved in it. One three-hour seminar. Staff

AAS 497 Princeton Atelier (see ATL 497)