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Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures

Chair

Gabriela Nouzeilles

Departmental Representative

Angel G. Loureiro (fall)

Germán Labrador Méndez (spring)

Director of Graduate Studies

Ronald E. Surtz

Professor

Marina S. Brownlee, also Comparative Literature

Rubén Gallo

Angel G. Loureiro

Pedro Meira Monteiro

Gabriela Nouzeilles

Ronald E. Surtz

Assistant Professor

Bruno M. Carvalho

Javier Guerrero

Germán Labrador Méndez

Rachel L. Price

Senior Lecturer

Alberto Bruzos Moro

Nicola T. Cooney

Lecturer

Larissa Brewer-Garcia, also Council of the Humanities

Megwen M. Loveless

Dunia Catalina Méndez-Vallejo

Sylvia Zetterstrand

Associated Faculty

Jeremy I. Adelman, History

João G. Biehl, Anthropology


Information and Departmental Plan of Study

The Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures offers a liberal arts major designed to give students a thorough grounding in languages, literatures, and cultures. Students are encouraged to complement their courses in Spanish or Portuguese with related and varied courses in other literatures, as well as in art history, history, anthropology, sociology, comparative literature, and other humanities subjects.

In addition to serving as the focus for an education in liberal arts, the Spanish and Portuguese concentration can be the basis for graduate or professional study. In mostly small classes and seminars, allowing extensive student/teacher interaction, students become equipped to take up careers in many walks of life, including journalism, business, law, government service, and international affairs, as well as teaching and research careers. For nonconcentrators, the department offers a rich set of language, literature, and culture courses, from introductory to very advanced. It also offers a popular certificate program, allowing the study of Spanish or Portuguese to be combined with any concentration available at Princeton.

Advanced Placement

A language Advanced Placement Examination score of 5 or SAT Subject Test score of at least 760 is required to satisfy the A.B. foreign language requirement at entrance, or for admission to a 200-level course.

Prerequisites

The normal requirement for admission to the department is successful completion of two 200-level courses in Spanish or one 200-level course in Portuguese.

Early Concentration

Qualified students are encouraged to decide on their concentration as early as possible in their sophomore year. In this way they can benefit from departmental advising on course selection and on the possibility of spending a semester or the whole junior year abroad.

Program of Study

All concentrators are strongly advised to include one advanced language course (SPA 207 or SPA 307 for Spanish; POR 207B, POR 208, or POR 209 for Portuguese) in their subject(s) of concentration. All Spanish concentrators must take one course in pre-1800 literature. University regulations limit to 12 the number of departmental courses allowed to each student in his or her concentration.

Tracks. Departmental courses cover a wide array of literary, cultural, social, historical, and political topics. Students are, therefore, able to pursue courses of study that are almost tailor-made to their own individual interests.

The concentration offers two possible tracks of study:

1. Concentration in literature and culture (Spanish or Portuguese). It requires a minimum of eight upper-division courses, at least five of which must be in the language of concentration. With the approval of the departmental representative, up to three cognate courses in other departments can be counted toward the concentration in this track. Up to three courses taken during a semester abroad may be approved toward the concentration. Freshman seminars on topics related to the area of concentration may be counted toward the required eight upper-division courses.

2. Concentration in translation theory and practice. It requires SPA 307 and at least seven more upper-division courses in Spanish. At least three of the seven upper-division SPA courses must focus on translation, taken from among 309, 380, 381, 382, or 384. With the approval of the departmental representative, up to three courses related to translation taught in other departments can be counted toward concentration in this track. Students enrolled in this track can count TRA 200 as one of the two 200-level courses required as prerequisites for the concentration. Up to three courses taken during a semester abroad may be approved toward the concentration. Freshman seminars on Hispanic topics may be counted toward the eight upper-division courses required for the concentration.

In both tracks, students have the option of combining two languages in the concentration. The two-language option requires five courses in Spanish or Portuguese, and three courses in any other language.

Language Programs. Students who wish to continue a language begun in secondary school must have their proficiency measured either by a College Board score for admission (see Advanced Placement above) or by the department's placement test administered online during the summer before course registration. Placement will depend on previous training and proficiency.

Spanish Language Program. The normal program for beginners seeking a basic mastery of Spanish is the sequence 101, 102, 107, which satisfies the University's language requirement.

Students with advanced placement in Spanish will be placed in either 103 or 105, and will proceed respectively to 107 or 108 to satisfy the University language requirement. They may also be placed directly into 108. Students who have successfully completed 107 may not take 108.

Course credit in 107 or 108 is also available through approved summer courses abroad (see Study and Work Abroad below). To satisfy the language requirement, students must take the departmental placement test. Funding may be available for selected and committed students.

All questions concerning placement and summer study are dealt with by the senior lecturer.

Portuguese Language Program. The sequence for beginners seeking a basic mastery of Portuguese is 101, 102, 109. The sequence for students who have a previous knowledge of a Romance language is 108, 109, which also satisfies the University's language requirement. POR 108 is designed for, but not limited to, students who have already fulfilled the language requirement in Spanish, French, or Italian. Students are encouraged to contact an instructor of Portuguese to find out whether they qualify to take 108. POR 110 is an intensive one-semester course and may not be used to fulfill the language requirement.

For questions concerning placement and summer study, please contact the senior lecturer.

Independent Work

Junior Papers. Students should discuss as soon as possible their area of interest with the departmental representative in order to find the most appropriate advisers for the junior papers (JPs). By the end of September (first JP), and by mid-February (second JP), all juniors should have contacted their advisers to discuss a plan of work. The first JP (fall semester) should be about 4,000 words, and the second JP (spring semester) should be between 5,000 and 8,000 words. Both JPs may be written in English, in which case a three-page summary in the target language must be provided. Or, the JPs can be written in the target language in which case a summary is not needed. Include the Princeton University pledge on all papers.

Students following two languages are encouraged to write one JP in each of the languages of concentration.

Senior Thesis. Students should select a senior thesis adviser by the end of September at the latest. The senior thesis is normally written in English, and should be between 15,000 and 20,000 words. Topics chosen in the past have ranged over the whole field of Spanish and Portuguese studies, from linguistic problems and literary techniques through close textual analysis to thematic and ideological studies. Students primarily interested in culture and civilization have written on art, political and economic issues, education, and a variety of social questions. The senior thesis is a major commitment of a student's time and energy, and the most important yardstick for choosing a topic is willingness to spend many hours on a particular set of texts or problems.

Resources are available to assist students with the costs of senior thesis research, including, when appropriate, travel abroad. The best time to use them is the summer preceding the senior year.

Senior Departmental Examination

The senior departmental examination, taken in May of the senior year, is designed to ensure that students have become familiar with a list of indispensable literary texts. A list of required and recommended readings is provided for each of the languages and literatures taught in the department and guides students in preparing for the written examination. For the examination, students choose one of the reading lists. On the first day of the examination (Part I), students write essays on the required readings. On the second day (Part II), students identify and comment upon five out of eight passages excerpted from the chosen reading list. Essays in Part I have to be written in the language of concentration, while answers in Part II may be written in English.

Study and Work Abroad

The department strongly encourages its concentrators to spend as much time as they can in any country where their language(s) of concentration is (are) spoken. There are many ways of doing this within the four-year undergraduate degree: through study abroad for one or two semesters; through summer study abroad; and through a summer internship abroad. All students must visit the Office of International Programs, 36 University Place, Suite 350, to become acquainted with the administrative procedures related to study abroad.

Junior Semester/Junior Year Abroad. Students planning to spend a semester or their whole junior year abroad should seek advice from the departmental representative and from relevant faculty in choosing a suitable program of study. Further assistance is available from the Office of International Programs. Departmental and University approval of programs abroad is required.

Grades awarded by foreign institutions for courses that are recognized in lieu of Princeton courses are not included in the consideration of departmental honors.

Students who study abroad are not exempted from independent work requirements. If necessary, the department will make arrangements to find a JP adviser in the location where the student spends the semester or year abroad or will indicate a department adviser who will be in contact with the student throughout the term or year abroad.

Approved courses taken abroad in one semester will normally count for up to three departmental courses. Students must complete the program abroad to the standards required by the foreign institution.

Summer Language Study. All students interested in languages are encouraged to study abroad during the summer in one of the programs recommended by the department and the Office of International Programs. The Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures has summer programs in Toledo, Spain, and Buenos Aires, Argentina for students with intermediate and advanced knowledge of Spanish, and a summer program in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for students with intermediate to advanced knowledge of Portuguese. The department offers a number of scholarships to attend those programs, as well as to attend other language programs in Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries.

Summer Work Abroad. Information about placements and internships abroad may be obtained from the Office of International Programs.

Certificate in Language and Culture

Admission. The program is open to all undergraduates in all departments. Ordinarily, students concentrating in language and literature departments, including comparative literature, will be eligible for the certificate in language and culture provided that: (a) the linguistic base for the language and culture certificate is different from the linguistic base of the concentration; and (b) the work required for the language and culture certificate does not duplicate the requirements of the concentration. Students pursuing area studies certificates may earn the certificate in language and culture provided that: (a) the courses they elect to satisfy the requirements of the area studies program are different from those they elect to satisfy the requirements of the language and culture certificate program (in agreement with the Program in Latin American Studies, one course can be used toward both a certificate in Spanish and Portuguese and a certificate from the Program in Latin American Studies); and (b) they submit a piece of independent work in addition to the independent work that satisfies the requirements of the area studies program.

Application forms are available on the department's Web page. Completed forms are submitted during the senior year. A separate application must be completed for each language in which a certificate will be pursued.

Plan of Study. The certificate in language and culture is available in Spanish and Portuguese and involves satisfactory completion of the following course requirements:

Spanish:
1. Four upper-level courses (beyond SPA 209), at least three of which must be 300-level (or higher) departmental courses in the Spanish language, literature, or culture. The department strongly recommends SPA 222, 224, or 227 as an entryway into the Certificate Program. Courses must be taken for a letter grade, no Pass/D/Fail or Audit. At the discretion of the departmental representative, students who study abroad during the academic year may count one pre-approved course per semester abroad toward the certificate. Also, two pre-approved courses in a summer program abroad can count for one course toward the certificate. In no case, however, can more than two courses taken abroad count toward the certificate. Any upper-level Spanish course taught in English will require all written work to be completed in Spanish in order to count toward the certificate.

2. Independent work. During their senior year, students must write a paper on a topic agreed upon with the departmental representative. The paper must be written in Spanish and be at least 6,000 words in length. This paper must be an extension of a paper written for one of the 300-level courses used toward the certificate. Please contact the departmental representative by e-mail in the fall semester of your senior year for approval of the topic. An extra 300-level (or higher) departmental Spanish course may be substituted for the independent work.

3. Students interested in earning a certificate in another department's program and in Spanish may earn both certificates provided that: (a) different courses are used to fulfill the requirements for each certificate (with the exception of PLAS; see above); and (b) the student produces two different pieces of independent work.

Portuguese:
1. Three 300-level (or higher) departmental courses in the Portuguese language, literature, or culture. Courses must be taken for a letter grade, no Pass/D/Fail or Audit. At the discretion of the departmental representative, students who study abroad during the academic year may count one pre-approved course per semester abroad toward the certificate. Also, two pre-approved courses in a summer program abroad can count for one course toward the certificate. In no case, however, can more than two courses taken abroad count toward the certificate. Any 300- or 400-level Portuguese course taught in English will require all written work to be completed in Portuguese in order to count toward the certificate. With the approval of the departmental representative, two 200-level courses in Portuguese literature or culture may count as one departmental.

2. Independent work. During their senior year, students must write a new paper on a topic agreed upon with the departmental representative. The paper must be written in Portuguese and be approximately 6,000 words in length. This paper must be an extension of a paper written for one of the courses used toward the certificate. Please contact the departmental representative by e-mail in the fall semester of your senior year for approval of the topic. An extra 300-level (or higher) departmental Portuguese course may be substituted for the independent work.

3. Students interested in earning a certificate in another department's program and in Portuguese may earn both certificates provided that: (a) different courses are used to fulfill the requirements for each certificate (with the exception of PLAS; see above); and (b) the student produces two different pieces of independent work.


Courses


POR 108 Introductory Portuguese for Spanish Speakers   Fall, Spring

Normally open to students already proficient in Spanish, French, or Italian, this course uses that knowledge as a basis for the accelerated learning of Portuguese. Emphasis on the concurrent development of understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Three classes. Prerequisite: Spanish 107 or equivalent, or instructor's permission. N. Cooney

POR 109 Intermediate Portuguese   Fall, Spring

Students will continue to develop their language skills, especially those of comprehension and written and oral expression through grammar study, readings, film, music, and other activities. Students will read and discuss one novel in Portuguese and will gain further exposure to the cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world. Three classes. Prerequisite: POR 108 or instructor's permission. N. Cooney

POR 110 Intensive Portuguese   Fall, Spring

An intensive course designed for students who have fulfilled the language requirement in Spanish or another Romance language. Knowledge of one of these languages provides the basis for the accelerated learning of Portuguese. This intensive one-semester course teaches fundamental communication skills of comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing and provides some exposure to cultural aspects of the Portuguese-speaking world. Two 90-minute classes. N. Cooney

POR 208 Journeys in Portuguese: Studies in Language and Culture   Fall, Spring

Designed as a journey through the Portuguese-speaking world, this course seeks to present the Portuguese language in context by exploring historical, social, political, and cultural aspects of Brazil, Portugal, Portuguese-speaking Africa and Asia through media, literature, film, music, and other activities. Students will increase their fluency and accuracy in both written and spoken Portuguese, broadening their vocabulary and mastery of syntax through textual analysis, discussions, oral presentations, and grammar review. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 109 or instructor's permission. N. Cooney

POR 209 Portuguese Cultural Themes  

An advanced language and culture course looking at a variety of themes pertaining to the contemporary Portuguese-speaking world. Discussions and compositions expand knowledge of grammar and increase fluency in written and spoken Portuguese, providing a solid foundation for further study of literature and culture. Prerequisite: POR 109 or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. N. Cooney

POR 221 Introduction to the Literature and Culture of the Portuguese-Speaking World (also LAS 223)   LA

Through readings of selected texts and audiovisual materials, this course introduces students to the diverse cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world. Discussions focus on Portugal's expansion during early modern times, and the spread of the Portuguese language in the Americas, Asia, and Africa. Contemporary issues in several geographic areas will be approached comparatively. Prerequisite: POR 208 or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. Staff

POR 300 Luso-Afro-Brazilian Literary Traditions (also LAS 315)   LA

This course focuses on works that have been key for shaping the literary tradition of the Portuguese language, from colonial to postcolonial times. Discussions will focus on the intersections between literature, social change, identity, and history in Brazil, Portugal, and Lusophone Africa. Prerequisite: POR 208 or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. Staff

POR 301 Modern Brazilian Literature and Culture (also LAS 303)   Spring LA

A study of 19th- to 21st-century Brazilian texts with the aim of defining the place of Brazilian literature and culture within the context of Latin America and beyond. To include writers like Machado de Assis, Oswald de Andrade, Guimarães Rosa, Drummond, João Cabral, Clarice Lispector, and Caetano Veloso. Prerequisite: POR 208 or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. M. Camara

POR 304 Topics in Brazilian Cultural and Social History (also LAS 311/MUS 300)   LA

Through the analysis of literary texts, films, and music, the course will consider cultural responses to the construction of a Brazilian national identity. Possible topics include the Brazilian modernist tradition; contemporary culture and media; the city and literature; poetry and song. Prerequisites: POR 208 or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. B. Carvalho

POR 319 Brazilian Cinema (also LAS 319/VIS 346)   Spring LA

An introduction to the richness of Brazilian film, this course explores major cinematic movements: from the Cinema Novo, to critically acclaimed documentaries and more recent commercial successes like City of God. Recurrent and emerging trends will be discussed (e.g., the destruction of the Amazon, urban violence, literary adaptation, musical expressions). Prerequisite: POR 208 or instructor's permission. One three-hour class. B. Carvalho

POR 367 Topics in 20th-Century Art (see ART 344)

SPA 101 Beginner's Spanish I   Fall

An integrated approach to develop the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing Spanish in a cultural context to foster cultural awareness of the Spanish-speaking world. Class activities are devoted to acquiring and developing communicative and cultural competence through aural/oral practice, reading strategies, vocabulary acquisition, and language production. Audiovisual and other media resources are included. Five classes. No credit is given for SPA 101 unless followed by SPA 102. S. Zetterstrand

SPA 102 Beginner's Spanish II   Spring

A continuation of SPA 101. The course continues to stress oral/aural practice with added emphasis on reading and communicative writing strategies. Students will read and analyze literary and cultural texts. Increased expression will be fostered through composition editing, videos, music, and film commentaries. Audiovisual and other media resources are included. Five classes. Prerequisite: SPA 101. The next course in this sequence is SPA 107. S. Zetterstrand

SPA 103 Intensive Beginner's and Intermediate Spanish   Fall

An intensive course that combines 101 and 102 in one semester. Designed for students who have previously studied Spanish. An integrated approach that emphasizes developing and reinforcing language skills. Students will be introduced to various cultural aspects of the Spanish-speaking world through literary readings, videos, music, and films. Audiovisual and other media resources are included. Five classes. Prerequisites: satisfactory score on Princeton Spanish placement test and instructor's permission. Normally followed by 107. S. Zetterstrand

SPA 105 Intermediate Spanish   Fall

Specially designed for students with a good foundation in Spanish. Class activities reinforce language skills through aural/oral practice, grammar review, vocabulary acquisition, reading, editing, composition, oral presentations, and discussion of contemporary Spanish short stories, music, and films. Three classes. Prerequisites: a satisfactory score on the Princeton Spanish placement test. Normally followed by 108. M. Albalá Pelegrín

SPA 107 Intermediate/Advanced Spanish   Fall, Spring

Designed for students who have successfully completed 102 or 103. An integrated approach to increase comprehension and oral and writing expression. Class activities reinforce language skills through aural/oral practice, grammar review, vocabulary acquisition, reading, editing composition, oral presentations, and discussion of contemporary Spanish short stories, music and films. Students will develop their reading comprehension, oral proficiency, and writing skills through various multimedia activities. Five classes. A. Camacho Guardado

SPA 108 Advanced Spanish   Fall, Spring

An intensive course designed to prepare students to enter 200-level courses, with an emphasis on reading, speaking, and writing. The course is aimed at developing advanced language skills through frequent writing exercises, oral presentations, discussions of current events, literary texts, music, and film. Three classes. Prerequisite: 105 or satisfactory score on the Princeton Spanish placement test. M. Bores Martinez

SPA 207 Studies in Spanish Language and Style   Fall, Spring

An advanced course in Spanish composition and conversation designed to give students increased fluency and expertise in written and verbal Spanish skills. Extensive review of grammar and vocabulary through written and oral exercises. Course material includes literary texts, news-related publications, and films. Three classes. Prerequisite: 107 or 108 or instructor's permission. M. Bono

SPA 209 Spanish Language and Culture through Cinema   Fall, Spring

Designed to enhance oral and written skills in Spanish while increasing familiarity with Hispanic cultures through cinema. Language skills development is connected to the content of films and will be combined with in-class debates on cultural topics and writing of compositions. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: SPA 108 or 207 in addition to instructor's permission. G. Bilbao Terreros

SPA 221 Introduction to Medieval and Early Modern Spanish Cultures   LA

Major developments in Spanish literature and civilization from the Muslim conquest to the 17th century. Beliefs and attitudes underlying the rise of the Spanish empire and the ways in which the interaction (convivencia) of Christians, Jews, and Muslims brought about the cultural differentiation of Spain within the European context. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 207 or higher, or instructor's permission. M. Brownlee, R. Surtz

SPA 222 Introduction to Latin American Cultures (also LAS 222/LAO 222)   Fall LA

Introduction to modern Latin American literature including authors such as Juan Rulfo, Pablo Neruda, Gabriela Mistral, Borges, García Márquez, and Bolaño. The quest for Latin American expression and the shaping of cultural values with specific focus on cultural memory, social and political frontiers, the relationship between fiction and history, and the incorporation of popular and mass culture into the literary tradition. Also explores the conflict between the modern and the local, and its manifestations in Latin American cultures. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 207 or higher, or instructor's permission. J. Guerrero

SPA 224 Hispanic Studies: Introduction to Cultural Analysis   Fall, Spring LA

An introduction to textual analysis and interpretation of Hispanic literatures. The course will be organized on discussions of various genre (narrative, poetry, drama, essay). Readings will include authors from early and modern periods from Spain and Latin America, such as Garcilaso de la Vega, Cervantes, Calderón de la Barca, Miguel de Unamuno, García Lorca, Sor Juana, José Hernández, Rubén Darío, Jorge Luis Borges, Mario Vargas Llosa, and Margo Glantz. Popular music and film will also be studied. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 107 or 108, or instructor's permission. M. Loureiro

SPA 300 The Literature and Culture of Spain and Colonial Latin America: Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque (also LAS 300)   LA

Through selected texts from Spain and colonial Latin America, the course will explore the formation of a literary tradition in Spanish. The main objective is to foster comparative studies within literatures and cultures of the Spanish-speaking world so as to identify points of contact and differentiation currently defining this field of studies. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Prerequisite: one 200-level Spanish course. R. Surtz

SPA 301 Topics in Spanish Literature of the Golden Age   LA

Poetry, prose, and drama of the Golden Age. Readings might include the works of authors such as Garcilaso, Saint Theresa, Saint John of the Cross, Góngora, Quevedo, Lope de Vega, and Calderón. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Surtz

SPA 302 Medieval Spanish Literature   LA

Spanish literature and culture from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the 16th century. Emphasis on both literary works (most read in modernized versions) and original documents. Special attention will be given to medieval Spain's pluralistic society of Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in Spanish or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute seminars. R. Surtz

SPA 303 Spanish Literature and Culture: Modern Spain 1700-2000   LA

Key literary works are analyzed in relation to main cultural, political, and social currents in Spain in the last three centuries. The course combines analysis of specific texts with a panoramic view of the complex articulation of cultural forces that have led to the present configuration of contemporary Spain. Prerequisite: one 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes. G. Labrador Méndez

SPA 305 Topics in Spanish Civilization of the Golden Age   Fall LA

Selected literary forms and themes in relation to the major historical, social, and cultural currents of the Golden Age. Possible topics include the function of the theater in the absolutist state; the Inquisition and the literature of alienation; the impact of the Counter-Reformation on artistic activity; the image of woman in literature. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Surtz

SPA 306 Cervantes and His Age (also COM 315)   LA

Since 1605, Don Quixote has elicited passionate reactions: Faulkner read it once a year, as some read the Bible, while Malraux saw it as the most meaningful book for survivors of concentration camps. Quixote has been construed in disparate ways, from debating good and bad reading and writing, to mocking the medieval world view; from exploring the serious impact of the printing press, to benevolently satirizing the conquistadors; from being a study of deviant social behavior and the nature of madness, to a meditation on human sexuality and ageing. One lecture, two precepts. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or equivalent. M. Brownlee

SPA 307 Advanced Spanish Language and Style   Fall, Spring LA

An advanced language and culture course designed to develop proficiency in the use of communicative possibilities of the Spanish language. Emphasis on close reading and writing using literary and audiovisual materials as "texts" (digital image, painting, film and/or music). The goal of this course is to use the classroom as a workshop in which students gain a deeper knowledge of language structures and their expressive potential. Through writing and in-class discussions students develop the language tools needed to form complex opinions and express ideas that will be useful in future courses. A. Bruzos Moro

SPA 309 Translation: Cultures in Context   LA

An introduction to the study and practice of translation, this course provides students with an awareness of the complex tasks involved in translating written materials from one cultural context to another. The cultural encounter between the Hispanic and the Anglo-Saxon will be explored through the translation of increasingly difficult texts--newspaper articles, interviews, economic reports, and scientific articles. Through the examination of the students' own translations, the course will study the process of cultural exchange between Spanish and English. Prerequisite: 307. One three-hour seminar. Staff

SPA 312 The Dramatic Expression of the Golden Age   LA

A survey of the major forms of Spanish drama of the Golden Age, including plays by Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, and Calderón. Emphasis on the development of the theater in relation to the rise of the absolutist state, the Counter-Reformation, and the impact of the Inquisition on Spanish society. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course. Two 90-minute classes. M. Brownlee, R. Surtz

SPA 317 Topics in the Cultural Expression of Protest and Dissent in Spain   LA

Topics may include the literature of non-Castilian cultures in the Peninsula; the nonconformist drama of Galdós, Unamuno, Valle-Inclán, and García Lorca; the artist against the state (poets, essayists, and novelists under the Franco regime); the commitments of the avant-garde. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. G. Labrador Méndez

SPA 319 Topics in Cinema and Culture   Fall LA

Major cinematic movements in Latin America and/or Spain: their influence and their relationship to literary and cultural issues. Possible topics include: the art of adaptation of narrative to film or Spanish surrealism. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: 207 or instructor's permission. M. Loureiro

SPA 320 Modern Spanish Fiction   LA

The development of the novel and short story, as art forms, from 19th-century realism to the avant-garde of the 1920s and 1930s. An analysis of literary problems and their historical background, drawing on the works of Galdós, Clarín, Unamuno, Baroja, Valle-Inclán, Miró, and others. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or equivalent. M. Loureiro

SPA 321 Topics in the Intellectual History of Modern and Contemporary Spain (also LAS 321)   LA

Special attention to its European context. Course may focus on a few important essayists (such as Ortega, Unamuno, d'Ors, and Zambrano) or may trace the development of an influential idea (such as the function of art, the individual and the masses) or map the characteristics of a certain period. One three-hour seminar. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or equivalent. M. Loureiro, G. Labrador Méndez

SPA 326 Modern Spanish Poetry   LA

Poetry from the late 19th century to the Spanish Civil War, considering modernismo and the generations of '98 and '27 in relation to European symbolism and the avant-garde. One three hour seminar. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or equivalent. G. Labrador Méndez

SPA 331 Modern Latin American Fiction (also LAS 331)   LA

Major themes, forms, and techniques in Latin American novels and short stories. Close analysis of texts by Borges, Rulfo, García Márquez, Bolaño, Vallejo, and others. Consideration will be given to historical contexts and contemporary ideological currents. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. Staff

SPA 332 Modern Latin American Poetry (also LAS 332)   LA

An introduction to the major poets and poetic trends in modern Latin America and the Caribbean, with emphasis on Martí, Darío, Huidobro, Vallejo, Mistral, Neruda, Palés Matos, Borges, and Saer. Special attention also to the rich oral traditions represented by popular genres such as boleros, tango, nueva canción and rock, and particularly the work of Silvio Rodríguez, Violeta Parra, Rubén Blades, Tite Curet Alonso, and Charly García available in audio recordings or videos. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or equivalent. Staff

SPA 333 Cultural Systems (see ECS 321)

SPA 342 Topics in Latin American Modernity (also LAS 342)   LA

The development of cultural patterns and literary forms in Spanish America since the late 19th century. Topics may include: the importance of oral traditions and popular music in forging identities; the literary and ideological import of modernismo, travel literature in the 19th century; and the avant-garde movements of the 1920s. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Price

SPA 343 The Invention of Latin American Traditions (also LAS 343)   LA

Fundamental texts of Spanish American literature from colonial times to the present. In a given semester the course could focus on works by Garcilaso, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Sarmiento, José Hernandez, Martí, Borges, Mariátegui, Palés Matos, Henríquez Ureña, or Lezama Lima. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. Staff

SPA 344 Literature and Society in Early Latin America (also LAS 344)   LA

This seminar studies literary, legal, and historical writings in relation to such topics as imperialism and colonialism, the image of the "Indian," cultural identities, and rhetoric and politics, from the writings of Columbus and the cartographic imagination to the formation of the new criollo culture in the vice-regal city. Texts from the following authors will be carefully analyzed: Cortés, Cabeza de Vaca, Las Casas, Garcilaso de la Vega, Huaman Poma, and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. Staff

SPA 345 Topics in Latin American Literature and Ideology (also LAS 345)   LA

Latin American and Caribbean thought from 1800 to the present, focusing on the conflicting cultural and ideological assumptions of liberalism and nationalism. Topics might include slavery and literature, the writing of history, the intellectuals and power, or the writings of some major figures such as Bolívar, Hostos, Martí, Mariátegui, Fernando Ortiz, or Paz. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. G. Nouzeilles

SPA 346 Modern Latin American Fiction in Translation (also COM 346/LAS 364)   LA

Readings and discussion of authors such as Machado de Assis, Cortázar, Lispector, García Márquez, Vargas Llosa, and Puig, considered in relation to the cultures of Latin America and to trends of modern European and American fiction. Does not count as a departmental course for Spanish majors unless readings and papers are done in Spanish. Three hour lecture. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Gallo

SPA 348 Fictions and Communities in the Andes (also LAS 348)   Not offered this year LA

How is the complexity of the Andes imagined or resolved in its literatures? This seminar will study the plurality of narrations and communities that constitute the Andean world, focusing primarily on Peru and two of its major intellectual movements in the 20th century: the indigenismo and the criollo urban literature. Aspects of the Afro-Peruvian narratives will also be studied. Major authors discussed include: Ricardo Palma, Clorinda Matto, González Prada, Mariátegui, Arguedas, Vargas Llosa, Bryce, Ribeyro, Gregorio Martínez. Conducted in Spanish. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. Staff

SPA 349 The Lyric (see COM 309)

SPA 350 Topics in Latin American Cultural Studies (also LAS 349)   LA

A course focusing on elements of Latin American culture that left a strong mark on the history, literature, and arts of the region. Recent topics include the representation of Che Guevara in novels, film, and photography; the literary response to Tango in Argentina; the impact of the invention of radio in avant-garde poetry. The course will emphasize the connections between history, literature, arts, and visual culture of the region. Two 90-minute seminars. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Price

SPA 351 Topics in the Culture of Cities (also LAS 347)   Fall LA

An overview of the cultural production and history of major cities in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking worlds. Possible topics include Mexico City, Barcelona, Saõ Paulo, Buenos Aires, Havana, and Madrid. The course will examine the representation of the city in literature (poetry and prose), film, painting, photography, and music. Discussions will focus on how historical events determine the possibilities of representation. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. G. Labrador Méndez

SPA 352 Topics in the Politics of Writing and Difference (also LAS 356/AAS 363)   LA

A course analyzing various Latin American literary and written traditions produced by, in dialogue with, or on behalf of subjects who have an ambiguous relationship with dominant forms of written expression, for example: indigenous people, black people, and women. Special attention will be given to slave narratives, testimonio, autobiography, and the indigenista novel. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Price, G. Nouzeilles

SPA 353 Topics in Gender and Representation (also COM 354/LAS 353)   LA

An examination of the relationship between gender and genre, between the author's experience as a gendered subject, and experiments with literary form. Topics might include women's writing, gay literature, and the aesthetics of camp. Discussions will emphasize the link between experimental forms of writing and the experience of history as a gendered subject. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Gallo

SPA 380 Translation Workshop: Spanish to English (also TRA 380)   Spring LA

This workshop-style course will focus on developing the student's skills in translating short texts from Spanish into English. Each week one or two students will present their translations from a selection of poems and short stories by writers like Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, Elena Poniatowska, Julio Cortázar, and many others. Students will also read theoretical texts about translation. Several professional translators will visit the class during the semester and present examples from their own work to the class. Prerequisite: reading knowledge of Spanish. One three-hour seminar. Staff

SPA 381 Topics in the Theory of Translation   Not offered this year LA

An overview of recent debates about the practice of translation with special emphasis on how these ideas have been applied in translations of literary works by poets, novelists, and thinkers like Octavio Paz, Alfonso Reyes, Jorge Luis Borges, José Lezama Lima, and José Ortega y Gasset. Readings include essays on translation by Walter Benjamin, Vladimir Nabokov, Georges Steiner, and Lawrence Venutti. Students will be asked to translate a literary text from Spanish to English. Prerequisite: 307. One three-hour seminar. R. Gallo

SPA 401 Topics in Hispanic Culture (Europe and America) (also LAS 428)   Fall LA

Possible topics might include: modernity, empire, and colonialism, European travel literature in Latin America, the encounter of Latin America, and North American cultural traditions. One three-hour seminar. Prerequisite: a 300-level Spanish course or instructor's permission. R. Rojas Gutiérrez

SPA 412 Latin American Studies Seminar (see LAS 401)

SPA 1027 Intensive Intermediate and Advanced Spanish   Not offered this year

An intensive, double-credit course designed to accelerate students' progress and command in the language, and to consolidate and expand oral comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing through grammar review, writing assignments, reading of Spanish texts, and other exercises in listening and speaking. Emphasis also is placed on idiomatic usage of the language. Students will be introduced to various cultural aspects of the Spanish-speaking world through literary readings, videos, music, and films. Five 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 101 and instructor's permission. Staff