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Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Dean

Cecilia E. Rouse

Vice Dean

Keith A. Wailoo

Departmental Representative

Christina Davis Imai

Director of Graduate Studies

Denise L. Mauzerall

Professor

R. Douglas Arnold, Public Affairs, Politics  

Gary J. Bass, International Affairs, Politics  

Roland Benabou, Public Affairs, Economics  

Alan S. Blinder, Economics, Public Affairs  

Carles Boix, Public Affairs, Politics  

Charles M. Cameron, Public Affairs, Politics  

Brandice Canes-Wrone, Public Affairs, Politics  

Anne C. Case, Public Affairs, Economics  

Miguel A. Centeno, Sociology, International Affairs 

Sylvain Chassang, Public Affairs, Economics

Thomas J. Christensen, International Affairs, Politics  

Christopher F. Chyba, International Affairs, Astrophysical Sciences  

Janet M. Currie, Public Affairs, Economics 

Christina Davis, International Affairs, Politics

Angus S. Deaton, International Affairs, Economics  

Paul J. DiMaggio, Sociology, International Affairs  

Christopher L. Eisgruber, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values  

Edward W. Felten, Computer Science, Public Affairs  

Susan T. Fiske, Psychology, Public Affairs

Marc Fleurbaey, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values 

Aaron L. Friedberg, International Affairs, Politics  

Noreen J. Goldman, Public Affairs, Demography  

Bryan Grenfell, Public Affairs, Ecology and Environmental Biology  

Gene M. Grossman, International Affairs, Economics  

G. John Ikenberry, International Affairs, Politics  

Harold James, History, Public Affairs  

Robert O. Keohane, Public and International Affairs  

Atul Kohli, International Affairs, Politics  

Stephen M. Kotkin, History, International Affairs  

Alan B. Krueger, Public Affairs, Economics  

Paul R. Krugman, International Affairs, Economics  

David S. Lee, Public Affairs, Economics  

John B. Londregan, International Affairs, Politics  

Alexandre Mas, Public Affairs, Economics  

Douglas S. Massey, Public Affairs, Sociology  

Denise L. Mauzerall, Public and International Affairs, Civil and Environmental Engineering 

Nolan M. McCarty, Public Affairs, Politics  

Sara S. McLanahan, Public Affairs, Sociology  

Atif R. Mian, Public Affairs, Economics

Helen V. Milner, International Affairs, Politics  

Andrew M. Moravcsik, Politics, International Affairs  

Michael Oppenheimer, International Affairs, Geosciences  

Deborah A. Prentice, Psychology, Public Affairs

Stephen J. Redding, International Affairs, Economics  

Uwe E. Reinhardt, Public Affairs, Economics  

Richard Rogerson, Public Affairs, Economics 

Thomas Romer, Public Affairs, Politics  

Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, International Affairs, Economics  

Cecilia E. Rouse, Public Affairs, Economics  

Kim Lane Scheppele, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values, Sociology  

Eldar B. Shafir, Psychology, Public Affairs  

Harold T. Shapiro, Public Affairs, Economics  

Lee M. Silver, Molecular Biology, Public Affairs  

Paul E. Starr, Sociology, Public Affairs  

Marta Tienda, Public Affairs, Sociology  

James Trussell, Public Affairs, Economics  

Keith A. Wailoo, History, Public Affairs  

Mark W. Watson, Public Affairs, Economics  

Jennifer Widner, International Affairs, Politics  

David S. Wilcove, Public Affairs, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology  

Robert D. Willig, Public Affairs, Economics  

Deborah J. Yashar, Public Affairs, Politics  

Julian E. Zelizer, Public Affairs, History  

Visiting Professor

Daniel C. Kurtzer, S. Daniel Abraham Visiting Professor in Middle East Policy Studies

Associate Professor

Elizabeth M. Armstrong, Sociology, Public Affairs

Grigore Pop-Eleches, Public Affairs, Politics

Markus Prior, Public Affairs, Politics

Emily Pronin, Psychology, Public Affairs

Assistant Professor

Alin I. Coman, Public Affairs, Psychology

Rafaela M. Dancygier, International Affairs, Politics 

Jan DeLoecker, Public Affairs, Economics

Alexander Glaser, International Affairs, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Alexander V. Hirsch, Public Affairs, Politics

Oleg Itskhoki, International Affairs, Economics

Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Psychology, Public Affairs

C. Jessica E. Metcalf, Public Affairs, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Benjamin Moll, International Affairs, Economics

Eduardo Morales, International Affairs, Economics

Jacob N. Shapiro, International Affairs, Politics

Tom S. Vogl, International Affairs, Economics

Keren Yarhi-Milo, International Affairs, Politics

Instructor

Will S. Dobbie, Public Affairs, Economics

Michal Kolesįr, Public Affairs, Economics

Lecturer with Rank of Professor

Stanley N. Katz, Public and International Affairs

Adel A. Mahmoud, Molecular Biology

Lecturer

Barbara K. Bodine, Public and International Affairs

Amy Craft, also Economics

Edward Freeland, Public and International Affairs

Jean Baldwin Grossman, Public and International Affairs, Economics

Jeffrey S. Hammer, Public and International Affairs

Nathan Scovronick, Public and International Affairs

Silvia Weyerbrock, Economics, Public and International Affairs

Associated Faculty

Joćo Biehl, Anthropology

Markus K. Brunnermeier, Economics

Alison E. Isenberg, History

Evan S. Lieberman, Politics


Undergraduate Program

The Woodrow Wilson School (WWS) offers a multidisciplinary liberal arts major for students who desire to be engaged in public service and become leaders in the world of public and international affairs. To enable students to acquire the tools, understanding, and habits of mind necessary to pursue policy problems of their choosing, the major is largely self-designed but with the structure and guidance needed for an education that is both broad and deep.

Information and Departmental Plan of Study

The curriculum is founded upon WWS courses, cross-listed with multiple departments, that are relevant to the study of policymaking, policy analysis, and policy evaluation. Students take courses in at least four disciplines, including economics, history, politics, psychology, sociology, and science for public policy. One course in ethics is also required. Students enroll in policy seminars in the junior year and write a policy thesis in the senior year.

Majors are required to know or take statistics and must be able to use the basics of single-variable calculus in order to take economics courses and some of the courses in science policy. Students are also required to complete one foreign language course beyond the University requirement. In addition, WWS requires study abroad, other cross-cultural experience, or policy-relevant field experience (whether foreign or domestic).

When they designate WWS as their major in the spring of their sophomore year, students will be required to describe their primary policy interests and how their plans for coursework are related to those interests. In particular, students will be asked to select among a list of policy areas designated by WWS or, in the event their interests do not match one of the designated areas, to describe their own area of interest and the coursework that would accompany it. Students will also be asked to describe how they have or plan to meet departmental requirements for additional language study and for cross-cultural or field experience. Each student will then be assigned a faculty course advisor appropriate to their interests and program of study.

For the most updated information on the department plan of study please check the Undergraduate Program website wws.princeton.edu/ugrad/.

Prerequisites

There are four prerequisites for concentrating in the Woodrow Wilson School:

1. A course in Statistics
2. A course in Microeconomics
3. A course in History
4. A course in Politics, Sociology or Psychology

Prerequisites must be completed prior to the beginning of the fall term of the junior year.

All courses taken to meet these prerequisites must be taken on a graded basis (no pass/D/fail). AP courses or courses in which students receive a grade of D may not be used to fulfill prerequisites. Note: A freshman seminar cannot be counted as a prerequisite, and one course cannot be used to fulfill more than one prerequisite.

Prerequisites can be satisfied by the following courses:

One Course in Statistics
WWS 200 Statistics for Social Science
ECO 202 Statistics and Data Analysis for Economics
ECO 302 Econometrics
ORF 245 Fundamentals of Engineering Statistics
POL 345 Quantitative Analysis in Politics

One Course in Microeconomics
ECO 100 Introduction to Microeconomics
ECO 300 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 310 Microeconomic Theory: A Mathematical Approach
WWS 300 Microeconomic for Public Policy

One History course at any level (designated HIS)

A cross-listed course with a HIS designation may also be used.

One Politics, Sociology or Psychology at any level (designated POL, SOC, or PSY)

Cross-listed courses with these designations can also be used. A course taken to meet the statistics requirement cannot be used to meet this requirement.

A summer course or a course taken abroad can be used to meet a WWS prerequisite if the course is certified by the relevant department as equivalent to one of the courses offered at Princeton that would meet the prerequisite and the course is approved for Princeton credit. Any such course taken to meet the statistics prerequisite must also be approved by the WWS Undergraduate Program Office. Courses taken as prerequisites can also be used to meet WWS core requirements if they are among those listed as required and they are taken at Princeton. Courses taken as prerequisites can also be used as electives if they are among those listed as electives by the school.

Core Course Requirements

Prior to graduation, WWS students must complete the core course requirements listed below. All courses used to meet these requirements must be taken at Princeton.

One Course in Microeconomics
WWS 300 Microeconomics for Public Policy
ECO 300 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 310 Microeconomic Theory: A Mathematical Approach

One Course in Politics
POL 220/WWS 310 American Politics
POL 351/WWS 311 Politics in Developing Countries
POL 240/WWS 312 International Relations

One Course in Sociology or Psychology
WWS 330 Population and Public Policy
WWS 331 Race and Public Policy
WWS 340 The Psychology of Decision-Making and Judgment
WWS 344/PSY 312 The Psychology of Social Influence

One Course in Science Policy
WWS 350 The Environment: Science and Public Policy
WWS 351 Information Technology and Public Policy
WWS 353 Science and Global Security
CEE 334/WWS 452 Global Environmental Issues
ENV 304/WWS 455 Disease, Ecology, Economics and Policy
GEO 366/WWS 451 Climate Change: Scientific Basis, Policy Implications

One Course in Ethics
WWS 370 Ethics and Public Policy
POL 313 Global Justice
REL 363 Perspectives on Religious Ethics
CHV 310/PHI 385 Practical Ethics
PHI 202/CHV 202 Introduction to Moral Philosophy
PHI 307/CHV 311 Systematic Ethics
PHI 309/CHV 319 Normative Ethics
REL261/CHV 261 Christian Ethics and Modern Society

Elective Courses

Each student must complete four electives from a list issued by WWS.

No more than three electives can be courses listed or cross-listed by the same department. Courses used by students to meet prerequisites or requirements will not count against this limit; Methodology courses that are on the electives list and all WWS courses will also be exempt, but cross-listings on WWS courses will count. Up to three elective courses can be taken in semester-long study abroad programs. Summer courses may not be used as electives.

Independent Work

To satisfy the junior independent work requirement, each student must complete one policy task force and one policy research seminar in the junior year. The policy research seminar will include a methods laboratory and will also count as a course.

In the task forces, a small group of juniors works together with a faculty director, one or two seniors, and, often, a graduate student toward proposing solutions to current problems in public and international affairs. Each junior conducts research on a topic carefully chosen to shed light on the larger problem that is central to the group. The principal collective product is a final report with policy recommendations, drafted after debates among the entire group.

In the policy research seminars, a faculty member supervises a small group of students similarly engaged in research on a specific topic in public and international affairs. Students also participate in a methods lab designed to teach them methods for quantitative and qualitative research. An important aim of all of the elements of the research seminar is to prepare students for their senior thesis work.

Each student must complete a senior thesis that addresses a specific policy question and either draws out policy implications or offers policy recommendations.

Senior Departmental Examination

The Woodrow Wilson School senior comprehensive examination is an oral defense of the senior thesis that also tests the student's ability to integrate the senior thesis with coursework.

Study Abroad

Any concentrator may study abroad in one of the WWS overseas programs in the first or second semester of the junior year. In recent years, WWS has had programs at the University of Oxford, the Institute of Political and Social Sciences in Paris, Chinese University in Hong Kong, the University of Cape Town in South Africa, the University of Havana in Cuba, and several other locations. At each site, students enroll in coursework at the host university and take a WWS task force that is taken in place of a task force in Princeton.

Cross-Cultural or Field Experience Requirement

Prior to the second semester of the senior year, each student must have completed a requirement for approved cross-cultural or field experience. The requirement may be satisfied in a number of ways, including but not limited to semester study abroad, summer study abroad, summer language study abroad, policy-relevant summer jobs abroad, ROTC training, senior thesis research in the field, extended service in an underserved community, or an internship involving public policy work in a nonprofit, government, or international agency such as the United Nations, the World Bank, the US Congress, or a state or federal agency.

Summer study, language study, or thesis research must be done for at least four weeks to qualify (please note that to meet the WWS language requirement, below, with a new foreign language, eight weeks of summer study is required). Internships, jobs, or community service must be for at least six consecutive weeks or 240 hours.

Cross-cultural or field experience gained during the freshman or sophomore year may count toward this requirement. To meet this requirement, all past or proposed work must be approved by the WWS Undergraduate Program Office.

Language Requirement

WWS majors must complete at least one foreign language course beyond the current University requirement. This may be done by (1) taking an additional course (200 or 300 level) in the language used to meet the requirement or (2) taking a two-semester sequence of courses in a new foreign language (101 and 102), which can be taken at Princeton or in an approved intensive summer language program that meets for at least eight weeks and covers at least two semesters of material.

When they declare their concentration, students who are bilingual may apply to WWS to have this requirement waived. For additional information on the language requirement, please check the Undergraduate Program website.

The program awards several scholarships each year to students from any department for travel and living expenses related to senior thesis research in public policy. The school also awards several scholarships to Woodrow Wilson School students participating in public policy internships. For additional information please consult the WWS Undergraduate Program website wws.princeton.edu/ugrad/.


Courses


WWS 200 Statistics for Social Science   Spring QR

An introduction to probability theory and statistical methods especially as they relate to public policy. The course will consist of a brief introduction to probability theory as well as various topics in statistics and how they can be used in the public policy realm. Subject areas will include random variables, sampling, descriptive statistics, distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, and introduction to the regression model. The data sources will be actual examples taken from the public policy realm. Stata, a general purpose statistical programming package will be used to perform the statistical analysis. Staff

WWS 201 Introduction to Urban Studies (see URB 201)

WWS 300 Microeconomics for Public Policy   Fall, Spring SA

Microeconomics is the study of how people and societies confront scarcity. This course, taught at the intermediate level, focuses on markets as a mechanism for dealing with scarcity, and uses examples that cast light on public policy issues. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Prerequisite: ECO 100. H. Rosen, R. Willig

WWS 301 International Trade (also ECO 352)   Fall SA

Examination of the causes and economic consequences of international trade in goods and services, investment and migration. Stress on the possibility of aggregate national gains from trade, and the distributional conflicts generated by trade. Analysis of policies regarding these issues from the perspective of economics and political economy. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Prerequisites: WWS 100 or ECO 300 or ECO 310. Staff

WWS 302 International Development (also ECO 359)   Fall SA

This course will focus on less developed countries and will consider topics such as economic growth and personal well-being; economic inequality and poverty; intra-household resource allocation and gender inequality; fertility and population change, credit markets and microfinance; labor markets and trade policy. It will tackle these issues both theoretically and empirically. A. Adsera

WWS 306 Environmental Economics (also ECO 329/ENV 319)   Not offered this year SA

An introduction to the use of economics in thinking about and dealing with environmental issues. Stress on economic externalities and the problem of dealing with them as instances of organizing gains from trade. Applications to a wide variety of problems, among them air pollution (including, importantly, global climate change), water pollution, solid waste and hazardous substances management, species preservation, and population policy. Staff

WWS 307 Public Economics (also ECO 349)   Fall SA

Evaluation of public policies in terms of economic efficiency and equity. The course will examine the conditions that lead to efficient markets and those that lead to market failure, as well as the implications for government policy. It will discuss both existing and proposed public policies in a number of areas, including education, health care, poverty, financial markets, the environment, and industrial development. Prerequisites: Economics 100 and 101, or instructor's permission. Two lectures, one preceptorial. E. Bogan

WWS 310 American Politics (see POL 220)

WWS 311 The Politics of Development (see POL 351)

WWS 312 International Relations (see POL 240)

WWS 313 Comparative Constitutional Law (also POL 391/CHV 470)   Not offered this year SA

This course will introduce students to the variety of forms of constitutional government and the way that human rights are understood and enforced by courts around the world. We will trace the emergence of a global constitutional culture and focus more directly on the constitutions of South Africa, India, Germany, France, Hungary, Israel and Canada. We will give primary emphasis to the rights provisions in national constitutions, but will also take transnational constitutional regimes through examining decisions of the European Courts of Human Rights. Two ninety-minute seminars. K. Scheppele

WWS 315 Grand Strategy (also POL 393)   Spring SA

Military strategy was defined by Clauswitz as the use of battle to achieve the objectives of war. Grand strategy is broader, encompassing the attempted use by political leaders of financial economic, and diplomatic, as well as military, power to achieve their objectives in peacetime and in war. This seminar will examine the theory and practice of grand strategy both to illuminate how relations among city-states, empires, kingdoms and nation states have evolved over the centuries and also to identify some common challenges that have confronted all who seek to make and execute grand strategy, from Pericles to Barack Obama. A. Friedberg

WWS 316 China's Foreign Relations (also POL 399)   SA

This course will review and analyze the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to the present. It will examine Beijing's relations with the Soviet Union, the United States, Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Third World during the Cold War, and will discuss the future of Chinese foreign policy in light of the end of the Cold War, changes in the Chinese economy, the post-Tiananmen legitimacy crisis in Beijing, and the continuing rise of Chinese power and influence in Asia and beyond. T. Christensen

WWS 317 International Relations of East Asia (also POL 389/EAS 462)   Not offered this year SA

This course will concentrate on the Cold War and post Cold War international relations of East Asia. In the first two weeks we will cover general theoretical approaches to international relations and a brief historical backdrop of Western and Japanese imperialism in the region. In the following weeks, we will discuss the interaction between changes in the broader international system and changes in international relations in the East Asian region. The course will finish with discussion of implications of events and trends since the end of the Cold War. Two lectures, one preceptorial. T. Christensen

WWS 318 U.S. Military and National and International Diplomacy   SA

This seminar will review concepts of military strategy, national security policy, U.S. diplomatic relations with other global power centers, and efforts to transform international institutions to address emerging global security threats. J. Marshall

WWS 319 Society and Politics in Pakistan   SA

Nuclear weapons, radical Islam, military dictatorship, and war with India commonly come to mind when people think of Pakistan today. This course will examine the politics and economics of state-building in Pakistan, the impact of the cold war and hot wars, the role of militarism and nuclear weapons, the challenges of identity politics, the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, economic development and inequality, and the relationship with the United States. Z. Mian

WWS 330 Population, Society and Public Policy (also SOC 328)   Fall SA

This course focuses on the causes and consequences of population change and the policy levers used to regulate demographic behavior and outcomes. In addition to basic demographic concepts, measures and data, we will address questions such as: What is the carrying capacity of the planet? Why has fertility declined in some countries but not others? How does population growth influence the environment? What does population aging portend for social security solvency? Can countries regulate international migration? Why does China have so many male births? Is marriage obsolete? Is urban life good or bad for your health? M. Tienda

WWS 331 Race and Public Policy (also SOC 312/AAS 317)   Spring SA

Analyzes the historical construction of race as a concept in American society, how and why this concept was institutionalized publicly and privately in various arenas of U.S. public life at different historical junctures, and the progress that has been made in dismantling racialized institutions since the civil rights era. One three-hour seminar. D. Massey

WWS 332 Quantitative Analysis for Public Policy   Not offered this year QR

The course will review the principal methods of data analysis and applied statistics used in political, economic, psychological, and policy research, including multiple regression, analysis of variance, and nonparametric methods. These methods will be introduced in the context of case studies that will incorporate research design, data collection, data management, exploratory and inferential analyses, and the presentation of results. Two lectures, one preceptorial. G. Lord

WWS 334 Media and Public Policy (also SOC 313)   Not offered this year SA

Introduction to communications policy and law, covering such topics as freedom of the press and the development of journalism; intellectual property; regulation of telecommunications, broadcasting, and cable; and policy challenges raised by the Internet and the globalization of the media. P. Starr

WWS 340 The Psychology of Decision Making and Judgment (also PSY 321)   Spring EC

An introduction to the logic of decision making and reasoning under uncertainty. Focus on psychological mechanisms that govern choice and judgment and on characteristic errors found in intuitive judgment and choice. Discussion of divergence from the model of rational agent often assumed in social science theory and economics. Rules governing pleasure, pain, and well-being provide background for analysis of the rationality of some individual choices and for the evaluation of general policies that affect human welfare. Prerequisite: introductory statistics for social science or instructor's permission. E. Shafir

WWS 344 The Psychology of Social Influence (also PSY 312)   Fall EC

This course reviews psychological theories and research on how social groups, interactions, communications, and contexts influence the individual. We examine how, when, why, and by whom people are influenced, as well as the conditions under which they are impervious to influence. Topics include conformity, compliance, obedience, persuasion, social identities, social contagion, group decision-making, power, and leadership. D. Prentice

WWS 350 The Environment: Science and Policy   Not offered this year STN

This course examines a set of critical environmental issues including population growth, ozone layer depletion, climate change, loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services and depletion of global fisheries. It provides an overview of the scientific basis for these problems and examines past, present and possible future policy responses. D. Mauzerall, D. Wilcove

WWS 351 Information Technology and Public Policy (also SOC 353/COS 351)   Fall SA

New technologies have changed the way we communicate with each other and learn about our world. They have also raised public policy dilemmas in every area they touch: communications, regulation, privacy, national security, intellectual property and many others. This course is predicated on the belief that we can only productively address the social and policy dimensions of the Internet if we understand the technology behind the Internet; the social-science concepts and research that illuminate the likely effects of policy options; and tradeoffs among fundamental values that different policy options imply. Two ninety-minute seminars. P. DiMaggio, D. Dobkin

WWS 353 Science and Global Security: From Nuclear Weapons to Cyberwarfare (also MAE 353)   Spring STN

This course will provide students with a basic technical understanding of some of the critical technologies that are relevant to national and global security and will equip students with the skills to better assess the challenge of developing effective policies to manage such technologies. Case studies will inter alia include nuclear weapons and their proliferation, nuclear and radiological terrorism, space weapons, biosecurity and cyberware. Two lectures. A. Glaser

WWS 354 Modern Genetics and Public Policy   Fall SA

Examines modern genetics' implications for public policy focusing on health, law, consumer products, and criminal justice. Topics include: genetic testing and therapy; consumer regulations including FDA rules on at-home genetic testing; the law and genetic discrimination in insurance; and uses of forensic DNA in the courtroom. Explores social, political, and philosophical problems in these areas: changing conceptions of the self; relation of new genetics to the old, racially-charged, eugenics; impact of new theories of gene action and epigenetics on ideas about the "hardwiring" of health and behavior, and on "genetic blame" and future policy. S. Tilghman, K. Wailoo

WWS 363 Public Leadership and Public Policy in the U.S. (also POL 463)   Spring SA

Considers the intellectual (ethical and legal) frameworks for making leadership decisions on major public issues in the United States, as well as the operational frameworks for effective and responsible public leadership. Students review historical cases from federal and state government, discuss the policy decisions made in each case, and examine the decision-making processes in view of these frameworks. Two 90-minute seminars. N. Scovronick

WWS 370 Ethics and Public Policy (also POL 308/CHV 301)   Fall EM

This course examines basic ethical controversies in public life. What rights do persons have at the beginning and end of life? Do people have moral claims to unequal economic rewards or is economic distribution properly subject to political design for the sake of social justice? Do we have significant moral obligations to distant others? Other possible topics include toleration (including the rights of religious and cultural minorities), racial and gender equity, and just war. Two lectures, one preceptorial. S. Macedo

WWS 371 Ethical and Scientific Issues in Environmental Policy (see CHV 321)

WWS 372 Ethics and Public Health (see CHV 331)

WWS 380 Critical Perspectives on Global Health and Health Policy (see GHP 350)

WWS 381 Epidemiology (see GHP 351)

WWS 382 Seminar in Global Health and Health Policy (see GHP 400)

WWS 383 Policy Aspects of Federal and State Budgeting and Fiscal Decision-Making   Fall

The purpose of this course is to discuss the academic and practical aspects of state and federal finance. The course will discuss the major financial processes of governments - budgeting, taxing, raising capital, managing debt, financing pensions, and forecasting long-term trends. Although the total expenditures by state and local governments in this country approximates the amount spent by the federal government, there are vast differences in the way each level of government does its budgets, raises its revenue, issues its debt, and manages its finances; this course will analyze those differences and their impact. R. Keevey

WWS 384 Secrecy, Accountability and the National Security State   Fall SA

National security secrecy presents a conflict of core values: self-government and self-defense. We need information to hold our leaders accountable, but if we know our enemies know too. This course explores that dilemma and the complex relationships that resolve it. Beginning with the traditional rubric of "government versus press," the course maps an increasingly fragmented information marketplace. We will apply competing legal and philosophical models to real-world cases of unauthorized disclosure. Among the subjects: weapons of mass destruction, the "war on terror," domestic surveillance, torture and Wikileaks. B. Gellman

WWS 385 Civil Society and Public Policy (also AMS 350)   Fall SA

Civil society is the arena of voluntary organizations (churches, social welfare organizations, sporting clubs) and communal activity. Scholars now tell us that such voluntary and cooperative activities create "social capital"--a stock of mutual trust that forms the glue that holds society together. The course will be devoted to the study of the history of these concepts, and to the analysis of their application to the United States and other societies. This will be an interdisciplinary effort, embracing history, philosophy, anthropology, sociology, and other disciplines. One three-hour seminar. S. Katz

WWS 386 Race and the American Legal Process: Emancipation to the Voting Rights Act (see AAS 362)

WWS 387 Education Policy in the United States   Fall SA

This course will consider some of the major issues in education policy, with particular focus on attempts to secure equal educational opportunity. It will include discussions of desegregation and resource equity, education for immigrants and the handicapped, school choice and school reform. N. Scovronick

WWS 388 Arts and Cultural Policy in Contemporary Cuba   Spring SA

This course will address the creation, promotion and consumption of art and culture in Cuba and will analyze the policy framework within which this takes place. It will examine the goals of the revolutionary government with respect to literacy and cultural democracy and will review how these objectives have been realized through changing circumstances since 1959. It will ask how cultural policy relates to diversity, emigration, tourism, the preservation of heritage, and the fraught histories of imperialism and nationalism. S. Pillai

WWS 389 Race, Drugs, and Drug Policy in America (see HIS 393)

WWS 401 Policy Seminars   Fall

Open only to students enrolled in the school. (See description above.) Juniors who are concentrators in the school must register for the policy task force as "Junior Independent Work.'' Certificate students and seniors should register for WWS 401 or 402 as a course rather than junior independent work. Staff

WWS 402 Policy Seminars   Spring

Open only to students enrolled in the school. Juniors who are concentrators in the school must register for the policy task force as "Junior Independent Work.'' Certificate students and seniors should register for 401 or 402 as a course rather than junior independent work. Staff

WWS 403 Policy Research Seminar   Fall

The junior policy research seminar serves to introduce departmental majors to the tools, methods, and interpretations employed in policy research and writing. Students may choose from a range of topics. Staff

WWS 404 Policy Research Seminar   Spring SA

The junior policy research seminar serves to introduce departmental majors to the tools, methods, and interpretations employed in policy research and writing. Students may choose from a range of topics. Staff

WWS 406 Issues in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (also ECO 429)   Fall SA

Course introduces use of economics in understanding both the sources of and the remedies to environmental and resource allocation problems. It emphasizes the reoccurrence of economic phenomenon like public goods, externalities, market failure and imperfect information. Students learn about the design and evaluation of environmental policy instruments, the political economy of environmental policy, and the valuation of environmental and natural resource services. These concepts are illustrated in a variety of applications from domestic pollution of air, water and land to international issues such as global warming and sustainable development. S. Brunnermeier

WWS 408 Finance and Public Policy   Spring SA

This course will examine the public policy issues raised by financial markets, including their role in allocating savings to investment, supporting economic growth, preserving systemic stability and pursuing non-economic objectives. It will examine the nature of theoretical efficient financial markets alongside the failures of real markets arising from instability of liquidity, asymmetric information, distorted information and the social, cognitive and emotional factors shaping behavior. It will assess government interventions to correct market failures and their unintended consequences. J. Shafer

WWS 420 International Institutions and Law (also POL 444)   Not offered this year SA

This course will focus on the continual tension between international law and international politics. It will examine the impact of this tension on issues of intervention and also on other issues of substantive importance, including environmental protection, trade, human rights, laws of war applicable to the "war on terror," and crimes of state. The course will also discuss recent developments affecting international institutions and recent changes in international law, such as the changing conception of "sovereignty." One three-hour seminar. R. Keohane

WWS 451 Climate Change: Scientific Basis, Policy Implications (see GEO 366)

WWS 452 Global Environmental Issues (see CEE 334)

WWS 455 Disease Ecology, Economics, and Policy (see ENV 304)

WWS 466 Financial History (also HIS 467)   Fall HA

The course examines the history of financial innovation and its consequences. It examines the evolution of trading practices, bills of exchange, government bonds, equities, banking activity, derivatives markets, and securitization. How do these evolve in particular state or national settings, how are the practices regulated, how do they relate to broader development? What happens as financial instruments are traded across state boundaries, and how does an international financial order evolve? What are the effects of international capital mobility? How is resulting conflict and instability managed, on both a national and international level? H. James

WWS 497 Latin American Studies Seminar (see LAS 406)