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Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs


Cecilia E. Rouse

Vice Dean

Brandice Canes-Wrone

Departmental Representative

Christina Davis

Director of Graduate Studies

Denise L. Mauzerall


R. Douglas Arnold, Public Affairs, Politics

Gary J. Bass, International Affairs, Politics

Roland Benabou, Public Affairs, Economics

Alan S. Blinder, Economics, Public Affairs

Carles Boix, Public Affairs, Politics

Charles M. Cameron, Public Affairs, Politics

Brandice Canes-Wrone, Public Affairs, Politics

Anne C. Case, Public Affairs, Economics

Miguel A. Centeno, Sociology, International Affairs

Sylvain Chassang, Public Affairs, Economics

Thomas J. Christensen, International Affairs, Politics

Christopher F. Chyba, International Affairs, Astrophysical Sciences

Janet M. Currie, Public Affairs, Economics

Christina Davis, International Affairs, Politics

Angus S. Deaton, International Affairs, Economics 

Jan De Loecker, International Affairs, Economics

Paul J. DiMaggio, Sociology, International Affairs

Christopher L. Eisgruber, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values

Edward W. Felten, Computer Science, Public Affairs

Susan T. Fiske, Psychology, Public Affairs

Marc Fleurbaey, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values

Aaron L. Friedberg, International Affairs, Politics

Noreen J. Goldman, Public Affairs, Demography

Bryan Grenfell, Public Affairs, Ecology and Environmental Biology

Gene M. Grossman, International Affairs, Economics

G. John Ikenberry, International Affairs, Politics

Harold James, History, Public Affairs

Robert O. Keohane, Public and International Affairs

Atul Kohli, International Affairs, Politics

Stephen M. Kotkin, History, International Affairs

Alan B. Krueger, Public Affairs, Economics

David S. Lee, Public Affairs, Economics

John B. Londregan, International Affairs, Politics

Alexandre Mas, Public Affairs, Economics

Douglas S. Massey, Public Affairs, Sociology

Denise L. Mauzerall, Public and International Affairs, Civil and Environmental Engineering

Nolan M. McCarty, Public Affairs, Politics

Sara S. McLanahan, Public Affairs, Sociology

Atif R. Mian, Public Affairs, Economics

Helen V. Milner, International Affairs, Politics

Andrew M. Moravcsik, Politics, International Affairs

Michael Oppenheimer, International Affairs, Geosciences

Deborah A. Prentice, Psychology, Public Affairs

Stephen J. Redding, International Affairs, Economics

Uwe E. Reinhardt, Public Affairs, Economics

Richard Rogerson, Public Affairs, Economics

Thomas Romer, Public Affairs, Politics

Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, International Affairs, Economics

Cecilia E. Rouse, Public Affairs, Economics

Kim Lane Scheppele, Public Affairs, University Center for Human Values, Sociology

Eldar B. Shafir, Psychology, Public Affairs

Harold T. Shapiro, Public Affairs, Economics

Paul E. Starr, Sociology, Public Affairs

Marta Tienda, Public Affairs, Sociology

Shirley M. Tilghman, Molecular Biology, Public Affairs

Keith A. Wailoo, History, Public Affairs

Leonard Wantchekon, Politics, International Affairs

Mark W. Watson, Public Affairs, Economics

Jennifer Widner, International Affairs, Politics

David S. Wilcove, Public Affairs, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Robert D. Willig, Public Affairs, Economics

Deborah J. Yashar, Public Affairs, Politics

Julian E. Zelizer, Public Affairs, History

Visiting Professor

Daniel C. Kurtzer, S. Daniel Abraham Visiting Professor in Middle East Policy Studies

Associate Professor

Elizabeth M. Armstrong, Sociology, Public Affairs

Oleg Itskhoki, International Affairs, Economics

Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Psychology, Public Affairs

Grigore Pop-Eleches, Public Affairs, Politics

Markus Prior, Public Affairs, Politics

Emily Pronin, Psychology, Public Affairs

Jacob N. Shapiro, International Affairs, Politics

Assistant Professor

Alin I. Coman, Public Affairs, Psychology

Rafaela M. Dancygier, International Affairs, Politics

Will S. Dobbie, Public Affairs, Economics

Alexander Glaser, International Affairs, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Michal Kolesár, Public Affairs, Economics

C. Jessica E. Metcalf, Public Affairs, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Benjamin Moll, International Affairs, Economics

Eduardo Morales, International Affairs, Economics

Christopher A. Neilson, Public Affairs, Economics

Rory O. Truex, International Affairs, Politics

Tom S. Vogl, International Affairs, Economics

Keren Yarhi-Milo, International Affairs, Politics

Lecturer with Rank of Professor

Stanley N. Katz, Public and International Affairs

Adel A. Mahmoud, Molecular Biology


Amy Craft, also Economics

Edward Freeland, Public and International Affairs

Jean Baldwin Grossman, Public and International Affairs, Economics

Jeffrey S. Hammer, Public and International Affairs

Nathan Scovronick, Public and International Affairs

Silvia Weyerbrock, Economics, Public and International Affairs

Associated Faculty

João Biehl, Anthropology

Markus K. Brunnermeier, Economics

Martin I. Gilens, Politics

Alison E. Isenberg, History

Undergraduate Program

The Woodrow Wilson School (WWS) offers a multidisciplinary liberal arts major for students who desire to be engaged in public service and become leaders in the world of public and international affairs. To enable students to acquire the tools, understanding, and habits of mind necessary to pursue policy problems of their choosing, the major is largely self-designed but with the structure and guidance needed for an education that is both broad and deep.

Information and Departmental Plan of Study

The curriculum is founded upon WWS courses, cross-listed with multiple departments, that are relevant to the study of policymaking, policy analysis, and policy evaluation. Students take courses in economics, politics, and either psychology or sociology. One course in ethics and one in science policy are also required. Students enroll in policy seminars in the junior year and write a policy thesis in the senior year.

Majors are required to know or take statistics and must be able to use the basics of single-variable calculus in order to take economics courses and some of the courses in science policy. Students who are concerned about their preparation should consider taking MAT 102. Students are also required to complete one foreign language course beyond the University requirement. In addition, WWS requires study abroad, other cross-cultural experience, or policy-relevant field experience (whether foreign or domestic).

When they designate WWS as their major in the spring of their sophomore year, students will be required to describe their primary policy interests and how their plans for coursework are related to those interests. In particular, students will be asked to select among a list of policy areas designated by WWS or, in the event their interests do not match one of the designated areas, to describe their own area of interest and the coursework that would accompany it. Students will also be asked to describe how they have or plan to meet departmental requirements for additional language study and for cross-cultural or field experience. Each student will then be assigned a faculty course advisor appropriate to their interests and program of study.

For the most updated information on the department plan of study please check the Undergraduate Program website


There are four prerequisites for concentrating in the Woodrow Wilson School:

1. A course in Statistics
2. A course in Microeconomics
3. A course in History
4. A course in Politics, Sociology or Psychology

Prerequisites must be completed prior to the beginning of the fall term of the junior year.

All courses taken to meet these prerequisites must be taken on a graded basis (no pass/D/fail). AP courses or courses in which students receive a grade of D may not be used to fulfill prerequisites. Note: A freshman seminar cannot be counted as a prerequisite, and one course cannot be used to fulfill more than one prerequisite.

Prerequisites can be satisfied by the following courses:

One Course in Statistics
WWS 200 Statistics for Social Science
ECO 202 Statistics and Data Analysis for Economics
ECO 312 Econometrics: A Mathematical Approach
ECO 302 Econometrics
ORF 245 Fundamentals of Engineering Statistics
POL 345 Quantitative Analysis in Politics
POL 346 Applied Quantitative Analysis

One Course in Microeconomics
ECO 100 Introduction to Microeconomics
ECO 300 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 310 Microeconomic Theory: A Mathematical Approach
WWS 300 Microeconomic for Public Policy

One History course at any level (designated HIS)

A cross-listed course with a HIS designation may also be used.

One Politics, Sociology or Psychology at any level (designated POL, SOC, or PSY)

Cross-listed courses with these designations can also be used. A course taken to meet the statistics requirement cannot be used to meet this requirement.

A summer course or a course taken abroad can be used to meet a WWS prerequisite if the course is certified by the relevant department as equivalent to one of the courses offered at Princeton that would meet the prerequisite and the course is approved for Princeton credit. Any such course taken to meet the statistics prerequisite must also be approved by the WWS Undergraduate Program Office (approval is granted only for special circumstances).

Courses taken at Princeton and used as a prerequisite can also be used to meet either a WWS core requirement (if it is on the list of core requirements) or as a WWS elective (if it is on the electives list).

Core Course Requirements

Prior to graduation, WWS students must complete the core course requirements listed below. All courses used to meet these requirements must be taken at Princeton on a graded basis (no pdf). Courses taken to meet elective requirements cannot be used to fulfill core requirements.

One Course in Microeconomics
WWS 300 Microeconomics for Public Policy
ECO 300 Microeconomic Theory
ECO 310 Microeconomic Theory: A Mathematical Approach

One Course in Politics
POL 220/WWS 310 American Politics
POL 230/WWS 325 Introduction to Comparative Politics
POL 240/WWS 312 International Relations
POL 351/WWS 311 Politics in Developing Countries

One Course in Sociology or Psychology
WWS 330 Population and Public Policy
WWS 331 Race and Public Policy
WWS 333/SOC 326 Law, Institutions and Public Policy
WWS 340 The Psychology of Decision-Making and Judgment
WWS 344/PSY 312 The Psychology of Social Influence

One Course in Science Policy
WWS 350 The Environment: Science and Public Policy
WWS 351 Information Technology and Public Policy
WWS 353 Science and Global Security
WWS 354 Modern Genetics & Public Policy
CEE 334/WWS 452 Global Environmental Issues
ENV 304/WWS 455 Disease, Ecology, Economics and Policy
GEO 366/WWS 451 Climate Change: Scientific Basis, Policy Implications

One Course in Ethics
WWS 370 Ethics and Public Policy
POL 313 Global Justice
REL 363 Perspectives on Religious Ethics
CHV 310/PHI 385 Practical Ethics
PHI 202/CHV 202 Introduction to Moral Philosophy
PHI 307/CHV 311 Systematic Ethics
PHI 309/CHV 309 Political Philosophy
PHI 319/CHV 319 Normative Ethics
REL261/CHV 261 Christian Ethics and Modern Society

Elective Courses

Each student must complete four electives from a list issued by WWS.

No more than three electives can be courses listed or cross-listed by the same department. Methodology courses that are on the electives list and all WWS courses will be exempt, but cross-listings on WWS courses will count. Up to three elective courses can be taken in semester-long study abroad programs. Elective courses taken at Princeton must be taken on a graded basis (no pdf). Summer courses may not be used as electives.

Independent Work

To satisfy the junior independent work requirement, each student must complete one policy task force and one policy research seminar in the junior year. The policy research seminar will include a methods laboratory and will also count as a course.

In the task forces, a small group of juniors works together with a faculty director, one or two seniors, and, often, a graduate student toward proposing solutions to current problems in public and international affairs. Each junior conducts research on a topic carefully chosen to shed light on the larger problem that is central to the group. The principal collective product is a final report with policy recommendations, drafted after debates among the entire group.

In the policy research seminars, a faculty member supervises a small group of students similarly engaged in research on a specific topic in public and international affairs. Students also participate in a methods lab designed to teach them methods for quantitative and qualitative research. An important aim of all of the elements of the research seminar is to prepare students for their senior thesis work.

Each student must complete a senior thesis that addresses a specific policy question and either draws out policy implications or offers policy recommendations.

Senior Departmental Examination

The Woodrow Wilson School senior comprehensive examination is an oral defense of the senior thesis that also tests the student's ability to integrate the senior thesis with coursework.

Study Abroad

Any concentrator may study abroad in one of the WWS overseas programs in the first or second semester of the junior year. In recent years, WWS has had programs at the University of Oxford, the Institute of Political and Social Sciences in Paris, the University of Cape Town in South Africa, and several other locations in Latin America and Asia. At each site, students enroll in coursework at the host university and take a WWS task force that is taken in place of a task force in Princeton.

Cross-Cultural or Field Experience Requirement

Prior to the second semester of the senior year, each student must have completed a requirement for approved cross-cultural or field experience. The requirement may be satisfied in a number of ways, including but not limited to semester study abroad, summer study abroad, summer language study abroad, policy-relevant summer jobs abroad, ROTC training, senior thesis research in the field, extended service in an underserved community, or an internship involving public policy work in a nonprofit, government, or international agency such as the United Nations, the World Bank, the US Congress, or a state or federal agency.

Summer study, language study, or thesis research must be done for at least four weeks to qualify (please note that to meet the WWS language requirement, below, with a new foreign language, eight weeks of summer study is required). Internships, jobs, or community service must be for at least six consecutive weeks or 240 hours.

Cross-cultural or field experience gained during the freshman or sophomore year may count toward this requirement. To meet this requirement, all past or proposed work must be approved by the WWS Undergraduate Program Office.

Language Requirement

WWS majors must complete at least one foreign language course beyond the current University requirement. This may be done:

(1) by taking an additional course (200 or 300 level) in the language used to meet the University requirement. Either a language course or a course taught in the foreign language may be used; or

(2) by taking a course at least at the 102 level in a language other than the one used to fulfill the University foreign language requirement.

Courses used to meet this requirement may be taken at Princeton or elsewhere; all courses must be taken on a graded basis.

When they declare their concentration, students who are bilingual may apply to WWS to have this requirement waived.

The program awards several scholarships each year to students from any department for travel and living expenses related to senior thesis research in public policy. The school also awards several scholarships to Woodrow Wilson School students participating in public policy internships. For additional information please consult the WWS Undergraduate Program website.


WWS 200 Statistics for Social Science   Spring QR

An introduction to probability theory and statistical methods especially as they relate to public policy. The course will consist of a brief introduction to probability theory as well as various topics in statistics and how they can be used in the public policy realm. Subject areas will include random variables, sampling, descriptive statistics, distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, and introduction to the regression model. The data sources will be actual examples taken from the public policy realm. Stata, a general purpose statistical programming package will be used to perform the statistical analysis. M. Kolesár

WWS 201 Introduction to Urban Studies (see URB 201)

WWS 210 Urbanism and Urban Policy (see URB 200)

WWS 300 Microeconomics for Public Policy   Spring SA

Microeconomics is the study of how people and societies confront scarcity. This course, taught at the intermediate level, focuses on markets as a mechanism for dealing with scarcity, and uses examples that cast light on public policy issues. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Prerequisite: ECO 100. Staff

WWS 301 International Trade (also ECO 352)   Fall SA

Examination of the causes and economic consequences of international trade in goods and services, investment and migration. Stress on the possibility of aggregate national gains from trade, and the distributional conflicts generated by trade. Analysis of policies regarding these issues from the perspective of economics and political economy. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Prerequisites: WWS 100 or ECO 300 or ECO 310. Staff

WWS 302 International Development (also ECO 359)   Fall SA

This course will focus on less developed countries and will consider topics such as economic growth and personal well-being; economic inequality and poverty; intra-household resource allocation and gender inequality; fertility and population change, credit markets and microfinance; labor markets and trade policy. It will tackle these issues both theoretically and empirically. A. Adsera

WWS 306 Environmental Economics (also ECO 329/ENV 319)   Fall SA

An introduction to the use of economics in thinking about and dealing with environmental issues. Stress on economic externalities and the problem of dealing with them as instances of organizing gains from trade. Applications to a wide variety of problems, among them air pollution (including, importantly, global climate change), water pollution, solid waste and hazardous substances management, species preservation, and population policy. S. Brunnermeier

WWS 307 Public Economics (also ECO 349)   Fall SA

Evaluation of public policies in terms of economic efficiency and equity. The course will examine the conditions that lead to efficient markets and those that lead to market failure, as well as the implications for government policy. It will discuss both existing and proposed public policies in a number of areas, including education, health care, poverty, financial markets, the environment, and industrial development. Prerequisites: Economics 100 and 101, or instructor's permission. Two lectures, one preceptorial. E. Bogan

WWS 310 American Politics (see POL 220)

WWS 311 The Politics of Development (see POL 351)

WWS 312 International Relations (see POL 240)

WWS 315 Grand Strategy (also POL 393)   Spring SA

Military strategy was defined by Clauswitz as the use of battle to achieve the objectives of war. Grand strategy is broader, encompassing the attempted use by political leaders of financial economic, and diplomatic, as well as military, power to achieve their objectives in peacetime and in war. This seminar will examine the theory and practice of grand strategy both to illuminate how relations among city-states, empires, kingdoms and nation states have evolved over the centuries and also to identify some common challenges that have confronted all who seek to make and execute grand strategy, from Pericles to Barack Obama. A. Friedberg, G. Ikenberry

WWS 317 International Relations of East Asia (also POL 389/EAS 462)   Spring SA

This course will concentrate on the Cold War and post Cold War international relations of East Asia. In the first two weeks we will cover general theoretical approaches to international relations and a brief historical backdrop of Western and Japanese imperialism in the region. In the following weeks, we will discuss the interaction between changes in the broader international system and changes in international relations in the East Asian region. The course will finish with discussion of implications of events and trends since the end of the Cold War. Two lectures, one preceptorial. T. Christensen

WWS 318 U.S. Military and National and International Diplomacy   Fall SA

This seminar will review concepts of military strategy, national security policy, U.S. diplomatic relations with other global power centers, and efforts to transform international institutions to address emerging global security threats. M. Mullen

WWS 323 Chinese Politics (see POL 362)

WWS 325 Introduction to Comparative Politics (see POL 230)

WWS 326 The Arab-Israeli Conflict (also NES 376/POL 470)   Spring SA

The course examines the history and dynamics of the struggle between the Jewish and Palestinian national movements for sovereignty and control over territory each claims as its historic homeland. The course will review the inter-state dimension: the competition between national movements; wars and their aftermath; and diplomatic efforts to achieve peace. D. Kurtzer

WWS 330 Population, Society and Public Policy (also SOC 328)   Not offered this year SA

This course focuses on the causes and consequences of population change and the policy levers used to regulate demographic behavior and outcomes. In addition to basic demographic concepts, measures and data, we will address questions such as: What is the carrying capacity of the planet? Why has fertility declined in some countries but not others? How does population growth influence the environment? What does population aging portend for social security solvency? Can countries regulate international migration? Why does China have so many male births? Is marriage obsolete? Is urban life good or bad for your health? M. Tienda

WWS 331 Race and Public Policy (also SOC 312/AAS 317)   Not offered this year SA

Analyzes the historical construction of race as a concept in American society, how and why this concept was institutionalized publicly and privately in various arenas of U.S. public life at different historical junctures, and the progress that has been made in dismantling racialized institutions since the civil rights era. One three-hour seminar. D. Massey

WWS 332 Quantitative Analysis for Public Policy   Not offered this year QR

The course will review the principal methods of data analysis and applied statistics used in political, economic, psychological, and policy research, including multiple regression, analysis of variance, and nonparametric methods. These methods will be introduced in the context of case studies that will incorporate research design, data collection, data management, exploratory and inferential analyses, and the presentation of results. Two lectures, one preceptorial. Staff

WWS 333 Law, Institutions and Public Policy (also SOC 326)   Spring SA

This course will examine how institutions develop, vary in design, and shape public policy. Law will be a primary focus because it is central to the development of institutions in modern societies and provides the formal means for expressing and fixing policy. The course will cover a wide range of institutions- social, economic, and political- not only in an American context but also in comparative perspective. P. Starr

WWS 334 Media and Public Policy (also JRN 334)   Not offered this year SA

Introduction to communications policy and law, covering such topics as freedom of the press and the development of journalism; intellectual property; regulation of telecommunications, broadcasting, and cable; and policy challenges raised by the Internet and the globalization of the media. J. Zelizer

WWS 340 The Psychology of Decision Making and Judgment (also PSY 321)   Fall EC

An introduction to the logic of decision making and reasoning under uncertainty. Focus on psychological mechanisms that govern choice and judgment and on characteristic errors found in intuitive judgment and choice. Discussion of divergence from the model of rational agent often assumed in social science theory and economics. Rules governing pleasure, pain, and well-being provide background for analysis of the rationality of some individual choices and for the evaluation of general policies that affect human welfare. Prerequisite: introductory statistics for social science or instructor's permission. E. Shafir

WWS 350 The Environment: Science and Policy (also ENV 350)   Spring STN

This course examines a set of critical environmental issues including population growth, ozone layer depletion, climate change, loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services and depletion of global fisheries. It provides an overview of the scientific basis for these problems and examines past, present and possible future policy responses. D. Wilcove

WWS 351 Information Technology and Public Policy (also SOC 353/COS 351)   Not offered this year SA

New technologies have changed the way we communicate with each other and learn about our world. They have also raised public policy dilemmas in every area they touch: communications, regulation, privacy, national security, intellectual property and many others. This course is predicated on the belief that we can only productively address the social and policy dimensions of the Internet if we understand the technology behind the Internet; the social-science concepts and research that illuminate the likely effects of policy options; and tradeoffs among fundamental values that different policy options imply. Two ninety-minute seminars. P. DiMaggio, E. Felten

WWS 353 Science and Global Security: From Nuclear Weapons to Cyberwarfare (also MAE 353)   Fall STN

This course will provide students with a basic technical understanding of some of the critical technologies that are relevant to national and global security and will equip students with the skills to better assess the challenge of developing effective policies to manage such technologies. Case studies will inter alia include nuclear weapons and their proliferation, nuclear and radiological terrorism, space weapons, biosecurity and cyberware. Two lectures. A. Glaser

WWS 354 Modern Genetics and Public Policy   Fall SA

Examines modern genetics' implications for public policy focusing on health, law, consumer products, and criminal justice. Topics include: genetic testing and therapy; consumer regulations including FDA rules on at-home genetic testing; the law and genetic discrimination in insurance; and uses of forensic DNA in the courtroom. Explores social, political, and philosophical problems in these areas: changing conceptions of the self; relation of new genetics to the old, racially-charged, eugenics; impact of new theories of gene action and epigenetics on ideas about the "hardwiring" of health and behavior, and on "genetic blame" and future policy. S. Tilghman

WWS 355 Infection: Biology, Burden, Policy (see MOL 425)

WWS 357 Cybersecurity Law, Technology and Policy   Spring SA

This seminar will introduce students to the significant challenges that government, law enforcement and the private sector face in addressing cybersecurity risks. The seminar will focus on cyber threats that jeopardize national security as well as threats that have significant legal, economic and social consequences. Students will learn about US technological vulnerabilities, the existing legal and policy framework and the development of new policies to protect US interests including those for cyber-defenses and the protection of civil liberties. J. Reidenberg

WWS 363 Public Leadership and Public Policy in the U.S. (also POL 463)   Spring SA

Considers the intellectual (ethical and legal) frameworks for making leadership decisions on major public issues in the United States, as well as the operational frameworks for effective and responsible public leadership. Students review historical cases from federal and state government, discuss the policy decisions made in each case, and examine the decision-making processes in view of these frameworks. Two 90-minute seminars. N. Scovronick

WWS 370 Ethics and Public Policy (also POL 308/CHV 301)   Fall EM

This course examines basic ethical controversies in public life. What rights do persons have at the beginning and end of life? Do people have moral claims to unequal economic rewards or is economic distribution properly subject to political design for the sake of social justice? Do we have significant moral obligations to distant others? Other possible topics include toleration (including the rights of religious and cultural minorities), racial and gender equity, and just war. Two lectures, one preceptorial. S. Macedo

WWS 375 The United States and Iran: Ghosts in the Room   Fall SA

This course will examine the complex relationship between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran. For 36 years the two countries' interaction has consisted mostly of trading insults, threats, and accusations. In the last two years there has been a partial thaw, but deep differences remain. We will examine how the relationship between the U.S. and Iran affects domestic politics in both capitals and will consider alternatives to the current enmity, prospects for change, and policy choices for both sides. J. Limbert

WWS 380 Critical Perspectives in Global Health (see GHP 350)

WWS 381 Epidemiology: an ecological and evolutionary perspective (see GHP 351)

WWS 382 Seminar in Global Health and Health Policy (see GHP 400)

WWS 385 Civil Society and Public Policy (also AMS 350)   Spring SA

Civil society is the arena of voluntary organizations (churches, social welfare organizations, sporting clubs) and communal activity. Scholars now tell us that such voluntary and cooperative activities create "social capital"--a stock of mutual trust that forms the glue that holds society together. The course will be devoted to the study of the history of these concepts, and to the analysis of their application to the United States and other societies. This will be an interdisciplinary effort, embracing history, philosophy, anthropology, sociology, and other disciplines. One three-hour seminar. S. Katz

WWS 386 Race and the American Legal Process: Emancipation to the Voting Rights Act (see AAS 362)

WWS 387 Education Policy in the United States (also AMS 387)   Fall SA

This course will consider some of the major issues in education policy, with particular focus on attempts to secure equal educational opportunity. It will include discussions of desegregation and resource equity, education for immigrants and the handicapped, school choice and school reform. N. Scovronick

WWS 389 Race, Drugs, and Drug Policy in America (see HIS 393)

WWS 392 Urban Studies Research Seminar (see URB 300)

WWS 393 Health Reform in the US: The Affordable Care Act's Origins, Impact and Implementation Challenges (also GHP 406)   Spring SA

The Affordable Care Act, enacted by President Obama in 2010, is an unprecedented federal-state initiative, with provisions to expand health insurance coverage, control health care costs, and improve the health care delivery system. This course will focus on the history of health reform, as well as the implementation challenges since its enactment. We will examine the federal regulatory process, the role that states are playing in implementation, legal challenges to the statute, and Congressional oversight. H. Howard

WWS 400 Intermediate Statistics for Social Science   Spring SA

This course has two related goals. The first goal is to give you the tools needed to evaluate empirical studies in social sciences. The second goal is to learn how to use these tools to analyze a data set methodically and comprehensively. At the end of this class you should be well-equipped for writing a successful, rigorous senior thesis. An important part of the course will be analysis of real datasets to shed light on particular policy issues in precepts, in the homework, and in the take-home exams. M. Kolesár

WWS 401 Policy Seminars   Fall

Open only to students enrolled in the school. (See description above.) Juniors who are concentrators in the school must register for the policy task force as "Junior Independent Work.'' Certificate students and seniors should register for WWS 401 or 402 as a course rather than junior independent work. Staff

WWS 402 Policy Seminars   Spring

Open only to students enrolled in the school. Juniors who are concentrators in the school must register for the policy task force as "Junior Independent Work.'' Certificate students and seniors should register for 401 or 402 as a course rather than junior independent work. Staff

WWS 403 Policy Research Seminar   Fall

The junior policy research seminar serves to introduce departmental majors to the tools, methods, and interpretations employed in policy research and writing. Students may choose from a range of topics. Staff

WWS 404 Policy Research Seminar   Spring SA

The junior policy research seminar serves to introduce departmental majors to the tools, methods, and interpretations employed in policy research and writing. Students may choose from a range of topics. Staff

WWS 406 Issues in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (also ECO 429)   Not offered this year SA

Course introduces use of economics in understanding both the sources of and the remedies to environmental and resource allocation problems. It emphasizes the reoccurrence of economic phenomenon like public goods, externalities, market failure and imperfect information. Students learn about the design and evaluation of environmental policy instruments, the political economy of environmental policy, and the valuation of environmental and natural resource services. These concepts are illustrated in a variety of applications from domestic pollution of air, water and land to international issues such as global warming and sustainable development. S. Brunnermeier

WWS 407 The Economics of Health Policy in Developing Countries (also ECO 407)   Spring SA

Early death is arguably the worst manifestation of poverty in developing countries. Much of this premature death, and the low quality of life that goes with it, is avoidable with well conceived and executed public policy. Setting priorities for what government (and well-meaning outsiders) should do with very limited means requires hard choices-matters of life and death. The choices are limited both by the severe resource constraints in poor countries and constraints of and constraints of effective implementation of programs. This course focuses on how economic reasoning can help inform effective policy. J. Hammer

WWS 420 International Institutions and Law (also POL 444)   Fall SA

This course will focus on the continual tension between international law and international politics. It will examine the impact of this tension on issues of intervention and also on other issues of substantive importance, including environmental protection, trade, human rights, laws of war applicable to the "war on terror," and crimes of state. The course will also discuss recent developments affecting international institutions and recent changes in international law, such as the changing conception of "sovereignty." One three-hour seminar. R. Keohane

WWS 421 Comparative Constitutional Law (also POL 479/CHV 470)   Not offered this year SA

This course will introduce students to the variety of forms of constitutional government and the way that human rights are understood and enforced by courts around the world. We will trace the emergence of a global constitutional culture and focus more directly on the constitutions of South Africa, India, Germany, France, Hungary, Israel and Canada. We will give primary emphasis to the rights provisions in national constitutions, but will also take transnational constitutional regimes through examining decisions of the European Courts of Human Rights. Two ninety-minute seminars. K. Scheppele

WWS 451 Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation, Policy (see GEO 366)

WWS 452 Global Environmental Issues (see CEE 334)

WWS 453 Health and Human Rights (also GHP 407)   Fall SA

This seminar is an introduction to the discipline of health and human rights, with an emphasis on how human rights abuses are investigated and how advocacy is conducted. The seminar will use cases and discuss current debates around "human rights approach" to health and the methods and ethics of health-related human rights research. Specific topics will include: HIV/TB, environmental health, humanitarian response, and LGBT rights. Students will also choose their own topic to research related to health and human rights. J. Amon

WWS 455 Disease Ecology, Economics, and Policy (see ENV 304)

WWS 466 Financial History (also HIS 467)   Spring HA

The course examines the history of financial innovation and its consequences. It examines the evolution of trading practices, bills of exchange, government bonds, equities, banking activity, derivatives markets, and securitization. How do these evolve in particular state or national settings, how are the practices regulated, how do they relate to broader development? What happens as financial instruments are traded across state boundaries, and how does an international financial order evolve? What are the effects of international capital mobility? How is resulting conflict and instability managed, on both a national and international level? H. James