Ç

related topics
{language, word, form}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

Ç, ç (c-cedilla) is a letter in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish (strictly Kurmanji dialect), Ligurian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, and Zazaki alphabets. This letter also appears in Catalan, French, Friulian, Occitan, and Portuguese as a variant of the letter “c”. It is also occasionally used in Crimean Tatar, Chuvash, and Manx.

It was first used for the sound of the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts/ in old Spanish and stems from the Visigothic form of the letter "z". This phoneme originated in Vulgar Latin from the palatalization of the plosives /t/ and /k/ in some conditions. Later, /ts/ changed into /s/ in many Romance languages and dialects. Spanish has not used this symbol since an orthographic reform in the 18th century, but it was adopted for writing other languages.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ç/ represents the voiceless palatal fricative.

In transliteration of the Indic scripts, ç represents the aspirated voiceless postalveolar affricate: /t͡ʃʰ/.

Contents

Usage as a letter variant in various languages

Full article ▸

related documents
Circumfix
P
Viz.
Oscan language
Lexeme
West Germanic languages
Labial consonant
Senufo languages
Danelaw
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Rhotic consonant
Back-formation
Grammatical mood
Native Esperanto speakers
Gibberish
Estuary English
R
F
Object Agent Verb
Word play
High German languages
M
Slack voice
Austro-Asiatic languages
Macron
Michael
Pitmatic
Hexameter
Homophone
William Stokoe