The English suffixes -phobia, -phobic, -phobe (of Greek origin: φόβος/φοβία ) occur in technical usage in psychiatry to construct words that describe irrational, disabling fear as a mental disorder (e.g., agoraphobia), in chemistry to describe chemical aversions (e.g., hydrophobic), in biology to describe organisms that dislike certain conditions (e.g., acidophobia), and in medicine to describe hypersensitivity to a stimulus, usually sensory (e.g., photophobia). In common usage they also form words that describe dislike or hatred of a particular thing or subject. The suffix is antonymic to -phil-.
For more information on the psychiatric side, including how psychiatry groups phobias as agoraphobia, social phobia, or simple phobia, see phobia.
The following lists include words ending in -phobia, and include fears that have acquired names. In some cases, the naming of phobias has become a word game, of notable example being a 1998 humorous article published by BBC News.
In some cases a word ending in -phobia may have an antonym with the suffix -phil-, e.g., Germanophobe / Germanophile.
See also the category:Phobias.
A large number of-phobia lists circulate on the Internet, with words collected from indiscriminate sources, often copying each other. Also, a number of psychiatric websites exist that at the first glance cover a huge number of phobias, but in fact use a standard text to fit any phobia and reuse it for all unusual phobias by merely changing the name. Sometimes it leads to bizarre results, such as suggestions to cure "prostitute phobia". Such practice is known as content spamming and is used to attract search engines.
In many cases specialists prefer to avoid the suffix -phobia and use more descriptive terms, see, e.g., personality disorders, anxiety disorders, avoidant personality disorder, love-shyness.
- Ablutophobia – fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning.
- Acrophobia, Altophobia – fear of heights.
- Agoraphobia, Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder – fear of places or events where escape is impossible or when help is unavailable.
- Agraphobia – fear of sexual abuse.
- Aichmophobia – fear of sharp or pointed objects (such as a needle or knife).
- Algophobia – fear of pain.
- Agyrophobia – fear of crossing roads.
- Aibohphobia - fear of palindromes. Recognized as a palindromic version of the word "phobia."
- Androphobia – fear of men.
- Anemomenophobia - fear of windmills.
- Anthropophobia – fear of people or being in a company, a form of social phobia.
- Anthophobia – fear of flowers.
- Aquaphobia – fear of water. Distinct from Hydrophobia, a scientific property that makes chemicals averse to interaction with water, as well as an archaic name for rabies.
- Arachnophobia- fear of spiders.
- Astraphobia, Astrapophobia, Brontophobia, Keraunophobia – fear of thunder, lightning and storms; especially common in young children.
- Atychiphobia, fear of failure
- Aviophobia, Aviatophobia – fear of flying.
- Bacillophobia, Bacteriophobia, Microbiophobia – fear of microbes and bacteria.
- Blood-injection-injury type phobia – a DSM-IV subtype of specific phobias
- Chorophobia - fear of dancing.
- Cibophobia, Sitophobia – aversion to food, synonymous to Anorexia nervosa.
- Claustrophobia – fear of having no escape and being closed in.
- Coulrophobia – fear of clowns (not restricted to evil clowns).
- Decidophobia – fear of making decisions.
- Dental phobia, Dentophobia, Odontophobia – fear of dentists and dental procedures
- Disposophobia, better known as "compulsive hoarding" – the fear of getting rid of or losing things.
- Dysmorphophobia, or body dysmorphic disorder – a phobic obsession with a real or imaginary body defect.
- Emetophobia – fear of vomiting.
- Ergasiophobia, Ergophobia – fear of work or functioning, or a surgeon's fear of operating.
- Ergophobia – fear of work or functioning.
- Eremophobia - fear of being alone
- Erotophobia – fear of sexual love or sexual questions.
- Erythrophobia – pathological blushing.
- Fragariaphobia - fear of strawberries
- Gelotophobia - fear of being laughed at.
- Gephyrophobia – fear of bridges.
- Genophobia, Coitophobia – fear of sexual intercourse.
- Gerascophobia – fear of growing old or aging.
- Gerontophobia – fear of growing old, or a hatred or fear of the elderly
- Geterophobia, Bambakophobia - fear of cotton balls, q-tips, or cotton based products
- Glossophobia – fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak.
- Gymnophobia – fear of nudity.
- Gynophobia – fear of women.
- Halitophobia - fear of bad breath.
- Haptephobia – fear of being touched.
- Heliophobia – fear of sunlight.
- Hemophobia, Haemophobia – fear of blood.
- Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia – fear of the number 666.
- Hoplophobia – fear of weapons, specifically firearms (Generally a political term but the clinical phobia is also documented).
- Koumpounophobia - fear of sewing buttons.
- Ligyrophobia – fear of loud noises.
- Lipophobia – fear/avoidance of fats in food.
- Medication phobia - fear of medications.
- Megalophobia - fear of large/oversized objects.
- Mysophobia – fear of germs, contamination or dirt.* * Necrophobia – fear of death and/or the dead.
- Neophobia, Cainophobia, Cainotophobia, Cenophobia, Centophobia, Kainolophobia, Kainophobia – fear of newness, novelty.
- Nomophobia – fear of being out of mobile phone contact.
- Nosophobia – fear of contracting a disease.
- Nosocomephobia - fear of hospitals.
- Nyctophobia, Achluophobia, Lygophobia, Scotophobia – fear of darkness.
- Oikophobia - fear of home surroundings and household appliances
- Osmophobia, Olfactophobia – fear of smells.
- Paraskavedekatriaphobia, Paraskevidekatriaphobia, Friggatriskaidekaphobia – fear of Friday the 13th.
- Panniophobia - fear of sticky objects.
- Panphobia – fear of everything or constant fear of an unknown cause.
- Phasmophobia - fear of ghosts, spectres or phantasms.
- Phagophobia – fear of swallowing.
- Pharmacophobia – same as medication phobia.
- Phobophobia – fear of having a phobia.
- Phonophobia – fear of loud sounds.
- Pyrophobia – fear of fire.
- Radiophobia – fear of radioactivity or X-rays.
- Sociophobia – fear of people or social situations.
- Scopophobia – fear of being looked at or stared at.
- Somniphobia – fear of sleep.
- Spectrophobia – fear of mirrors and one's own reflections.
- Taphophobia – fear of the grave, or fear of being placed in a grave while still alive.
- Technophobia – fear of technology (see also Luddite).
- Telephone phobia, fear or reluctance of making or taking phone calls.
- Tetraphobia – fear of the number 4.
- Thanatophobia – fear of death.
- Tokophobia – fear of childbirth.
- Tomophobia – fear or anxiety of surgeries/surgical operations (from the Greek tómos "cutting")
- Traumatophobia – a synonym for injury phobia: fear of having an injury.
- Triskaidekaphobia, Terdekaphobia – fear of the number 13.
- Trypanophobia, Belonephobia, Enetophobia – fear of needles or injections.
- Trypophobia - fear of clusters of circles
- Workplace phobia – fear of the workplace.
- Xenophobia – fear of strangers, foreigners, or aliens.
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