1906 Intercalated Games

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The 1906 Intercalated Games or 1906 Olympic Games were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in Athens, Greece. They were at the time considered to be Olympic Games and were referred to as the "Second International Olympic Games in Athens" by the International Olympic Committee.[1] While medals were distributed to the participants during these games, the medals are not officially recognized by the IOC today[2] and are not displayed with the collection of Olympic medals at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Contents

Origin

The first Intercalated Games[citation needed] had been scheduled by the IOC in 1901[citation needed] as part of a new schedule, where every four years, in between the internationally organized games, there would be intermediate games held in Athens. This was apparently a compromise: After the successful games of Athens 1896, the Greeks suggested they could organize the games every four years. Since they had the accommodations and had proven to be able to hold well-organized games, they received some support. However, Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the International Olympic Committee opposed this. De Coubertin had intended the first games to be in Paris in 1900. After Paris lost the premiere Olympics, De Coubertin did not want the games to be permanently hosted elsewhere.[citation needed]

When these games turned out less than perfect and were overshadowed by the Exposition Universelle, the IOC supported the Greek idea by granting them a second series of quadrennial games in between the first series.[citation needed] All of the games would be International Olympic Games; the difference was that half of them would follow De Coubertin's idea of organizing them in different countries to make the Olympic Movement more international, while the other half would follow the Greeks' idea of a permanent home with the Greek NOC as experienced organizers. This was a departure from the ancient schedule, but it was expected that, if the ancient Greeks could keep a four-year schedule, the modern Olympic Movement could keep a two-year schedule. As 1902 was now too close, and Greece experienced internal difficulties, the 2nd Olympic Games in Athens were scheduled for 1906. The IOC as a whole gave the Greek NOC full support for the organization.

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