The 2,000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain which is open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run on the Rowley Mile at Newmarket over a distance of 1 mile (1,609 metres), and it is scheduled to take place each year in late April or early May. Both the 2000 and 1000 Guineas are currently sponsored by bookmakers, StanJames.com.
It was first run on 18 April 1809, preceding the introduction of the equivalent race for fillies only, the 1,000 Guineas, by five years. The Jockey Club launched both races under the direction of Sir Charles Bunbury, who had earlier co-founded the Epsom Derby. The races were named according to their original prize funds (one guinea amounted to 21 shillings, or £1.05). Since 2001 both races have offered equal prize money, with each totalling £400,000 in 2009.
The 2,000 Guineas is presently the first of five British races to be run during the year which are designated as "Classics". These races are all restricted to three-year-olds, and those which are open to both colts and fillies – the 2,000 Guineas, the Derby and the St. Leger Stakes – comprise the Triple Crown. Fifteen horses have won all three races, most recently Nijinsky in 1970.
The format of the 2,000 Guineas has been adopted by many racing authorities around the world, giving rise to such races as the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, the Irish 2,000 Guineas, the Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen and the Premio Parioli.
Trial races include the Craven Stakes and the Greenham Stakes in mid April, but many horses start the 2,000 Guineas without a run since the previous autumn. In recent years fillies have been absent from the race – the most recent to win was Garden Path in 1944.
Leading jockey (9 wins):
- Jem Robinson – Enamel (1825), Cadland (1828), Riddlesworth (1831), Clearwell (1833), Glencoe (1834), Ibrahim (1835), Bay Middleton (1836), Conyngham (1847), Flatcatcher (1848)
Leading trainer (7 wins):
- John Scott – Meteor (1842), Cotherstone (1843), Nunnykirk (1849), West Australian (1853), Fazzoletto (1856), The Wizard (1860), The Marquis (1862)
Leading owner (6 wins): (includes part ownership)
Full article ▸