3-Quinuclidinyl benzilate

related topics
{disease, patient, cell}
{theory, work, human}
{ship, engine, design}
{war, force, army}
{acid, form, water}
{math, energy, light}
{film, series, show}

3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB, BZ, EA-2277), IUPAC name 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]Oct-3-yl α-hydroxy-α-phenylbenzeneacetate, is an odorless military incapacitating agent.[1] Its NATO code is BZ. The Iraqi incapacitating agent Agent 15 is believed either to be the same as or similar to BZ.

BZ is a glycolate anticholinergic compound related to atropine, scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and other deliriants. Dispersal would be as an aerosolized solid (primarily for inhalation) or as agent dissolved in one or more solvents for ingestion or percutaneous absorption.

Acting as a competitive inhibitor of acetylcholine at postsynaptic and postjunctional muscarinic receptor sites in smooth muscle, exocrine glands, autonomic ganglia, and the brain, BZ decreases the effective concentration of acetylcholine seen by receptors at these sites. Thus, BZ causes PNS effects that in general are the opposite of those seen in nerve agent poisoning. CNS effects include stupor, confusion, and confabulation with concrete and panoramic illusions and hallucinations, and with regression to automatic "phantom" behaviors such as plucking and disrobing.

Physostigmine, which increases the concentration of acetylcholine in synapses and in neuromuscular and neuroglandular junctions, is a specific antidote.

Production of BZ is controlled under schedule 2 of the Chemical Weapons Convention.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Anorexia nervosa
DNA vaccination
Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid
Complex regional pain syndrome
Neuropathy
Thyroid
Cardiac arrest
Common cold
Blood pressure
Lymphatic system
Marfan syndrome
Benzodiazepine
Folic acid
Blood transfusion
Allergy
Cystic fibrosis
Hypothalamus
Haemochromatosis
Serotonin
Eczema
Tuberculosis
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Vitamin C
Syphilis
Endocrine system
Brain tumor
Ebola
Cytomegalovirus
Spinal cord