61 Cygni

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GJ 820 A/B, Struve 2758 A/B, ADS 14636 A/B, V1803 Cyg A/B, GCTP 5077.00 A/B [10]

V1803 Cyg, HD 201091, HIP 104214, HR 8085, BD+38°4343, LHS 62 [1]

HD 201092, HIP 104217, HR 8086, BD+38°4344, LHS 63

61 Cygni,[note 1] sometimes called Bessel's Star[11] or Piazzi's Flying Star,[12] is a binary star system in the constellation Cygnus. It consists of a pair of K-type dwarf stars that orbit each other in a period of about 659 years, forming a visual binary. At fifth and sixth apparent magnitudes, they are among the least conspicuous stars visible in the night sky to an observer without an optical instrument.

61 Cygni first attracted the attention of astronomers because of its large proper motion. In 1838, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel measured its distance from Earth at about 10.4 light years, very close to the actual value of about 11.4 light years; this was the first distance estimate for any star other than the Sun,[13] and first star to have its stellar parallax measured. Over the course of the twentieth century, several different astronomers reported detections of a massive planet orbiting one of the two stars, but recent high-precision radial velocity observations have shown that all such claims were erroneous.[14][15][16] To date, no planets have been confirmed in this system and all of the past claims are now considered spurious.


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