Aberdare

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Coordinates: 51°42′47″N 3°26′42″W / 51.713°N 3.445°W / 51.713; -3.445

Aberdare (Welsh: Aberdâr) is an industrial town in Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, situated at the confluence of the River Dar and Cynon. The population at the (1991) census was 31,619. It is 4 miles (6.4 km) south west of Merthyr Tydfil and 24 miles (39 km) north west of Cardiff.

Contents

History

From being, at the beginning of the 19th century, a mere village in an agricultural district, the place grew rapidly in population owing to the abundance of its coal and iron ore, and the population of the whole parish (which was only 1,486 in 1801) increased tenfold during the first half of the 19th century.[1] It has since declined, owing to the loss of most of the heavy industry.

Ironworks were established at Llwydcoed and Abernant in 1799 and 1800 respectively, followed by others at Gadlys and Aberaman in 1827 and 1847. These have not been worked since about 1875. After this, the iron industry was represented only by a small tinplate works, but by this stage the economy of the town was dominated by the coal mining industry. There were also several brickworks and breweries. During the latter half of the 19th century, considerable public improvements were made to the town, which became, despite its neighbouring collieries, a pleasant place to live. Its institutions included a post-graduate theological college (opened in connection with the Church of England in 1892, until 1907, when it was removed to Llandaff).[1]

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