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Abijah (Hebrew: אבים‎ ʼĂḇiyyām, "father of the sea" or "my father is the sea" or "my father is Yah"; Greek: Αβιου; Latin: Abias) was the fourth king of the House of David and the second of the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson of Solomon and the great-grandson of David. The Chronicler refers to him as "Abijah (Hebrew: אביה‎, "my father is The LORD"; Greek: Αβια; Latin: Abia).

Abijah became king of Judah in the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, and reigned for three years.[1] William F. Albright has dated his reign to 915 BC913 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 914/913 – 911/910 BC. [2] As explained in the Rehoboam article, Thiele's chronology for the first kings of Judah contained an internal inconsistency that later scholars corrected by dating these kings one year earlier, so that Abijah's dates are taken as 915/914 to 912/911 BC in the present article.

His mother's name was Maacah, or Micaiah, the granddaughter of the infamous Abishalom (Absalom). Abijah married fourteen wives, and had 22 sons and 16 daughters.[3]


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